mysql_install_db man page

mysql_install_db — initialize MariaDB data directory

Synopsis

mysql_install_db [options]

Description

mysql_install_db initializes the MariaDB data directory and creates the system tables that it contains, if they do not exist.

To invoke mysql_install_db, use the following syntax:

shell> mysql_install_db [options]

Because the MariaDB server, mysqld, needs to access the data directory when it runs later, you should either run mysql_install_db from the same account that will be used for running mysqld or run it as root and use the --user option to indicate the user name that mysqld will run as. It might be necessary to specify other options such as --basedir or --datadir if mysql_install_db does not use the correct locations for the installation directory or data directory. For example:

shell> bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql \
         --basedir=/opt/mysql/mysql \
         --datadir=/opt/mysql/mysql/data

mysql_install_db needs to invoke mysqld with the --bootstrap and --skip-grant-tables options (see Section 2.3.2, “Typical configure Options”). If MariaDB was configured with the --disable-grant-options option, --bootstrap and --skip-grant-tables will be disabled. To handle this, set the MYSQLD_BOOTSTRAP environment variable to the full path name of a server that has all options enabled. mysql_install_db will use that server.

mysql_install_db supports the following options, which can be specified on the command line or in the [mysql_install_db] and (if they are common to mysqld) [mysqld] option file groups.

See Also

For more information, please refer to the MariaDB Knowledge Base, available online at https://mariadb.com/kb/

Author

MariaDB Foundation (http://www.mariadb.org/).