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mstflint - Man Page

Flash Interface

Description

NAME mstflint - Flash Interface

Synopsis

mstflint [Options] <command> [Parameters]

[-d|--device <device>] [-i|--image <image>] [--latest_fw] [--ir] [-h|--help] [--hh] [-y|--yes] [--no] [--guid <GUID>] [--guids <GUIDS...>] [--mac <MAC>] [--macs <MACs...>] [--uid <UID>] [--blank_guids] [--clear_semaphore] [--qq] [--low_cpu] [--flashed_version] [--nofs] [--allow_rom_change] [--override_cache_replacement] [--no_flash_verify] [--use_fw] [-s|--silent] [--vsd <string>] [--use_image_ps] [--use_image_guids] [--use_image_rom] [--use_dev_rom] [--ignore_dev_data] [--no_fw_ctrl] [--dual_image] [--striped_image] [--banks <bank>] [--log <log_file>] [--flash_params <type, log2size, num_of_flashes>] [-v|--version] [--private_key <key_file>] [--key_uuid <uuid_file>] [--private_key2 <key_file>] [--hmac_key <hmac_key>] [--key_uuid2 <uuid_file>]

Description

flint is a FW (firmware) burning and flash memory operations tool for Mellanox Infiniband HCAs,Ethernet NIC cards, and switch devices.

Options

-d|--device <device>

Device flash is connected to. Commands affected: all

-i|--image <image>

Binary image file. Commands affected: burn, verify

--latest_fw

: Commands affected: burn

--ir

: Commands affected: burn

-h|--help

Prints this message and exits

--hh

Prints extended command help

-y|--yes

Non interactive mode - assume answer "yes" to all questions. Commands affected: all

--no

Non interactive mode - assume answer "no" to all questions. Commands affected: all

--guid <GUID>

GUID base value. 4 GUIDs are automatically assigned to the following values:

guid

-> node GUID

guid+1 -> port1

guid+2 -> port2 guid+3 -> system image GUID.

Note: port2 guid will be assigned even for a

single port HCA - The HCA ignores this value.

Commands affected: burn, sg

--guids <GUIDS...>

4 GUIDs must be specified here. The specified GUIDs are assigned to the following fields, respectively: node, port1, port2 and system image GUID.

Note: port2 guid must be specified even for

a single port HCA - The HCA ignores this value. It can be set to 0x0.

Commands affected: burn, sg

--mac <MAC>

MAC address base value. 2 MACs are automatically assigned to the following values:

mac

-> port1

mac+1

-> port2

Commands affected: burn, sg

--macs <MACs...>

2 MACs must be specified here. The specified MACs are assigned to port1, port2, respectively. Commands affected: burn, sg

Note: -mac/-macs flags are applicable only

for Mellanox

Technologies ethernet products.

--uid <UID>

ConnectIB/SwitchIB only. Derive and set the device UIDs (GUIDs, MACs, WWNs). UIDs are derived from the given base UID according to Mellanox Methodology Commands affected: burn, sg

--blank_guids

Burn the image with blank GUIDs and MACs (where applicable). These values can be set later using the "sg" command (see details below).

Commands affected: burn

--clear_semaphore

Force clear the flash semaphore on the device. No command is allowed when this flag is used. NOTE: May result in system instability or flash corruption if the device or another application is currently using the flash. Exercise caution.

--qq

Run a quick query. When specified, flint will not perform full image integrity checks during the query operation. This may shorten execution time when running over slow interfaces (e.g., I2C, MTUSB-1). Commands affected: query

--low_cpu

: When specified, cpu usage will be reduced. Run time might be increased Commands affected: query

--flashed_version

: When specified, only flashed fw version is fetched Commands affected: query

--nofs

Burn image in a non failsafe manner.

--allow_rom_change

Allow burning/removing a ROM to/from FW image when product version is present. Use only if you know what you are doing

--override_cache_replacement

On SwitchX/ConnectIB devices: Allow accessing the flash even if the cache replacement mode is enabled. NOTE: This flag is intended for advanced users only. Running in this mode may cause the firmware to hang.

--no_flash_verify

Do not verify each write on the flash.

--use_fw

Flash access will be done using FW (ConnectX-3/ConnectX-3Pro only).

-s|--silent

Do not print burn progress flyer. Commands affected: burn

--vsd <string>

Write this string, of up to 208 characters, to VSD when burn.

--use_image_ps

Burn vsd as appears in the given image - do not keep existing VSD on flash. Commands affected: burn

--use_image_guids

Burn (guids/macs) as appears in the given image. Commands affected: burn

--use_image_rom

Do not save the ROM which exists in the device. Commands affected: burn

--use_dev_rom

Save the ROM which exists in the device. Commands affected: burn

--ignore_dev_data

Do not attempt to take device data sections from device(sections will be taken from the image. FS3 Only). Commands affected: burn

--no_fw_ctrl

Do not attempt to work with the FW Ctrl update commands

--dual_image

Make the burn process burn two images on flash (previously default algorithm). Current default failsafe burn process burns a single image (in alternating locations). Commands affected: burn

--striped_image

Use this flag to indicate that the given image file is in a "striped image" format. Commands affected: query verify

--banks <bank>

Set the number of attached flash devices (banks)

--log <log_file>

Print the burning status to the specified log file

--flash_params <type, log2size,

num_of_flashes>

Use the given parameters to access the flash

instead of reading them from the flash.

Supported parameters: Type: The type of the flash, such as:M25PXxx, M25Pxx, N25Q0XX, SST25VFxx, W25QxxBV, W25Xxx, W25Qxxx, W25Qxxx, AT25DFxxx, S25FLXXXP, S25FL11xx, MX25L16xxx, MX25Lxxx, S25FLxxx, IS25LPxxx. log2size: The log2 of the flash size.num_of_flashes: the number of the flashes connected to the device.

-v|--version

Version info.

--private_key <key_file>

path to PEM formatted private key to be used by the sign command

--key_uuid <uuid_file>

UUID matching the given private key to be used by the sign command

--private_key2 <key_file>

path to PEM formatted private key to be used by the sign command

--hmac_key <hmac_key>

path to file containing key (For FS4 image only).

--key_uuid2 <uuid_file>

UUID matching the given private key to be used by the sign command

COMMANDS SUMMARY

burn|b -ir

Burn flash. Use "-ir burn" flag to perform

image reactivation prior burning.

query|q [full]

Query misc. flash/firmware characteristics,

use "full" to get more information.

verify|v [showitoc]

Verify entire flash, use "showitoc" to see

ITOC headers in FS3/FS4 image only.

swreset

SW reset the target switch device.This

command is supported only in the In-Band access method.

brom

<ROM-file>                            : Burn the specified ROM file on the flash.

drom

Remove the ROM section from the flash.

rrom

<out-file>                            : Read the ROM section from the flash.

bb

Burn Block - Burns the given image as is. No

checks are done.

sg

[guids_num=<num|num_port1,num_port2>

step_size=<size|size_port1,size_port2>] | [nocrc]                                      : Set GUIDs. sv                                           : Set the VSD. ri   <out-file>                              : Read the fw image on the flash. dc   [out-file]                              : Dump Configuration: print fw configuration

file for the given image.

dh

[out-file]                              : Dump Hash: dump the hash if it is integrated

in the FW image

set_key

[key]                              : Set/Update the HW access key which is used to

enable/disable access to HW.

The key can be provided in the command line or interactively typed after the command is given NOTE: The new key is activated only after the device is reset.

hw_access

<enable|disable> [key]           : Enable/disable the access to the HW.

The key can be provided in the command line

or interactively typed after the command is given

hw

query                                   : Query HW info and flash attributes.

erase|e <addr>

Erases sector.

rw

<addr>                                  : Read one dword from flash

ww

<addr> <data>                           : Write one dword to flash

wwne

<addr> <data>                         : Write one dword to flash without sector

erase

wbne

<addr> <size> <data ...>              : Write a data block to flash without sector

erase.

wb

<data-file> <addr>                      : Write a data block to flash.

rb

<addr> <size> [out-file]                : Read  a data block from flash

clear_semaphore

Clear flash semaphore.

qrom

query ROM image.

checksum|cs

perform MD5 checksum on FW.

timestamp|ts <set|query|reset> [timestamp] [FW version]                                 : FW time stamping. cache_image|ci                               : cache FW image(Windows only). sign                                         : Sign firmware image file sign_with_hmac                               : Sign image with HMAC set_public_keys   [public keys binary file]  : Set Public Keys (For FS3/FS4 image only). set_forbidden_versions   [forbidden versions binary file]                                 : Set Forbidden Versions (For FS3/FS4 image

only).

image_reactivate|ir

: Reactivate previous flash image. For FW

controlled devices only.

binary_compare|bc

: Binary compare between device firmware and

given BIN file. If there is a silent mode, no progress is displayed.

Return Values

0

Successful completion.

1

An error has occurred.

7

For burn command - FW already updated - burn was aborted.

See Also

mstarchive(1)

Referenced By

mstarchive(1), mstconfig(1), mstcongestion(1), mstfwmanager(1), mstfwreset(1), mstfwtrace(1), mstlink(1), mstmcra(1), mstmread(1), mstmtserver(1), mstmwrite(1), mstprivhost(1), mstreg(1), mstregdump(1), mstresourcedump(1), mstvpd(1).

March 2020