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msgen - Man Page

create English message catalog




Creates an English translation catalog.  The input file is the last created English PO file, or a PO Template file (generally created by xgettext).  Untranslated entries are assigned a translation that is identical to the msgid.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

Input file location


input PO or POT file

-D, --directory=DIRECTORY

add DIRECTORY to list for input files search

If input file is -, standard input is read.

Output file location

-o,  --output-file=FILE

write output to specified file

The results are written to standard output if no output file is specified or if it is -.

Input file syntax

-P,  --properties-input

input file is in Java .properties syntax


input file is in NeXTstep/GNUstep .strings syntax

Output details


set 'Language' field in the header entry


use colors and other text attributes always


use colors and other text attributes if WHEN. WHEN may be 'always', 'never', 'auto', or 'html'.


specify CSS style rule file for --color

-e,  --no-escape

do not use C escapes in output (default)

-E,  --escape

use C escapes in output, no extended chars


write PO file even if empty

-i,  --indent

indented output style


suppress '#: filename:line' lines

-n,  --add-location

preserve '#: filename:line' lines (default)


strict Uniforum output style

-p,  --properties-output

write out a Java .properties file


write out a NeXTstep/GNUstep .strings file

-w,  --width=NUMBER

set output page width


do not break long message lines, longer than the output page width, into several lines

-s,  --sort-output

generate sorted output

-F,  --sort-by-file

sort output by file location

Informative output

-h,  --help

display this help and exit

-V,  --version

output version information and exit


Written by Bruno Haible.

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs in the bug tracker at <https://savannah.gnu.org/projects/gettext> or by email to <bug-gettext@gnu.org>.

See Also

The full documentation for msgen is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and msgen programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info msgen

should give you access to the complete manual.


February 2024 GNU gettext-tools 0.22.5