mosquitto_rr man page

mosquitto_rr — an MQTT version 5/3.1.1 client for request/response messaging

Synopsis

mosquitto_rr {[-h hostname] [-p port-number] [-u username] [-P password-t message-topic...  | -L URL [-t message-topic...]  | [-e response-topic]} {-f file | -m message | -n | -s} [-A bind-address] [-c] [-d] [-D command identifier value] [-i client-id] [-I client-id-prefix] [-k keepalive-time] [-N] [-q message-QoS] [-R] [-S] [-v] [-V protocol-version] [-W message-processing-timeout] [--proxy socks-url] [--quiet] [--will-topic topic [--will-payload payload] [--will-qos qos] [--will-retain]] [[{--cafile file | --capath dir} [--cert file] [--key file] [--ciphers ciphers] [--tls-version version] [--tls-alpn protocol] [--tls-engine engine] [--keyform {pem | engine}] [--tls-engine-kpass-sha1 kpass-sha1] [--insecure]] | [--psk hex-key --psk-identity identity [--ciphers ciphers] [--tls-version version]]]

mosquitto_rr [--help]

Description

mosquitto_rr is an MQTT version 5/3.1.1 client that can be used to publish a request message and wait for a response. When using MQTT v5, which is the default, mosquitto_rr will use the Request-Response feature.

Encrypted Connections

mosquitto_rr supports TLS encrypted connections. It is strongly recommended that you use an encrypted connection for anything more than the most basic setup.

To enable TLS connections when using x509 certificates, one of either --cafile or --capath must be provided as an option.

To enable TLS connections when using TLS-PSK, you must use the --psk and the --psk-identity options.

Options

The options below may be given on the command line, but may also be placed in a config file located at $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/mosquitto_rr or $HOME/.config/mosquitto_rr with one pair of -option value per line. The values in the config file will be used as defaults and can be overridden by using the command line. The exceptions to this is -t, which if given in the config file will not be overridden. Note also that currently some options cannot be negated, e.g. -S. Config file lines that have a # as the first character are treated as comments and not processed any further.

-A

Bind the outgoing connection to a local ip address/hostname. Use this argument if you need to restrict network communication to a particular interface.

-c, --disable-clean-session

Disable the 'clean session' flag. This means that all of the subscriptions for the client will be maintained after it disconnects, along with subsequent QoS 1 and QoS 2 messages that arrive. When the client reconnects, it will receive all of the queued messages.

If using this option, the client id must be set manually with --id

--cafile

Define the path to a file containing PEM encoded CA certificates that are trusted. Used to enable SSL communication.

See also --capath

--capath

Define the path to a directory containing PEM encoded CA certificates that are trusted. Used to enable SSL communication.

For --capath to work correctly, the certificate files must have ".crt" as the file ending and you must run "openssl rehash <path to capath>" each time you add/remove a certificate.

See also --cafile

--cert

Define the path to a file containing a PEM encoded certificate for this client, if required by the server.

See also --key.

--ciphers

An openssl compatible list of TLS ciphers to support in the client. See ciphers(1) for more information.

-d, --debug

Enable debug messages.

-D, --property

Use an MQTT v5 property with this publish. If you use this option, the client will be set to be an MQTT v5 client. This option has two forms:

-D command identifier value

-D command identifier name value

command is the MQTT command/packet identifier and can be one of Connect, PUBACK, PUBREC, PUBCOMP, Subscribe, Unsubscribe, Disconnect, AUTH, or WILL. The properties available for each command are listed in the Properties section.

identifier is the name of the property to add. This is as described in the specification, but with '-' as a word separator. For example: payload-format-indicator. More details are in the Properties section.

value is the value of the property to add, with a data type that is property specific.

name is only used for the user-property property as the first of the two strings in the string pair. In that case, value is the second of the strings in the pair.

-f, --file

Send the contents of a file as the request message.

-F

Specify output printing format. This option allows you to choose what information from each message is printed to the screen. See the Output Format section below for full details.

This option overrides the -v option, but does not override the -N option.

--help

Display usage information.

-h, --host

Specify the host to connect to. Defaults to localhost.

-i, --id

The id to use for this client. If not given, defaults to mosquitto_rr_ appended with the process id of the client. Cannot be used at the same time as the --id-prefix argument.

-I, --id-prefix

Provide a prefix that the client id will be built from by appending the process id of the client. This is useful where the broker is using the clientid_prefixes option. Cannot be used at the same time as the --id argument.

--insecure

When using certificate based encryption, this option disables verification of the server hostname in the server certificate. This can be useful when testing initial server configurations but makes it possible for a malicious third party to impersonate your server through DNS spoofing, for example. Use this option in testing only. If you need to resort to using this option in a production environment, your setup is at fault and there is no point using encryption.

-k, --keepalive

The number of seconds between sending PING commands to the broker for the purposes of informing it we are still connected and functioning. Defaults to 60 seconds.

--key

Define the path to a file containing a PEM encoded private key for this client, if required by the server.

See also --cert.

--keyform

Specifies the type of private key in use when making TLS connections.. This can be "pem" or "engine". This parameter is useful when a TPM module is being used and the private key has been created with it. Defaults to "pem", which means normal private key files are used.

See also --tls-engine.

-L, --url

Specify specify user, password, hostname, port and topic at once as a URL. The URL must be in the form: mqtt(s)://[username[:password]@]host[:port]/topic

If the scheme is mqtt:// then the port defaults to 1883. If the scheme is mqtts:// then the port defaults to 8883.

-m, --message

Send a single request message from the command line.

-N

Do not append an end of line character to the payload when printing. This allows streaming of payload data from multiple messages directly to another application unmodified. Only really makes sense when not using -v.

-n, --null-message

Send a null (zero length) request message.

-p, --port

Connect to the port specified. If not given, the default of 1883 for plain MQTT or 8883 for MQTT over TLS will be used.

-P, --pw

Provide a password to be used for authenticating with the broker. Using this argument without also specifying a username is invalid when using MQTT v3.1 or v3.1.1. See also the --username option.

--proxy

Specify a SOCKS5 proxy to connect through. "None" and "username" authentication types are supported. The socks-url must be of the form socks5h://[username[:password]@]host[:port]. The protocol prefix socks5h means that hostnames are resolved by the proxy. The symbols %25, %3A and %40 are URL decoded into %, : and @ respectively, if present in the username or password.

If username is not given, then no authentication is attempted. If the port is not given, then the default of 1080 is used.

More SOCKS versions may be available in the future, depending on demand, and will use different protocol prefixes as described in curl(1).

--psk

Provide the hexadecimal (no leading 0x) pre-shared-key matching the one used on the broker to use TLS-PSK encryption support. --psk-identity must also be provided to enable TLS-PSK.

--psk-identity

The client identity to use with TLS-PSK support. This may be used instead of a username if the broker is configured to do so.

-q, --qos

Specify the quality of service desired for the incoming messages, from 0, 1 and 2. Defaults to 0. See mqtt(7) for more information on QoS.

The QoS is identical for all topics subscribed to in a single instance of mosquitto_rr.

--quiet

If this argument is given, no runtime errors will be printed. This excludes any error messages given in case of invalid user input (e.g. using --port without a port).

-R

If this argument is given, messages that are received that have the retain bit set will not be printed. Messages with retain set are "stale", in that it is not known when they were originally published. When subscribing to a wildcard topic there may be a large number of retained messages. This argument suppresses their display.

-S

Use SRV lookups to determine which host to connect to. Performs lookups to _mqtt._tcp.<host> when used in conjunction with -h, otherwise uses _mqtt._tcp.<local dns domain>.

-s, --stdin-file

Send a request message read from stdin, sending the entire content as a single message.

-t, --topic

The MQTT topic to subscribe to, where responses will be waited for. See mqtt(7) for more information on MQTT topics.

This option may be repeated to subscribe to multiple topics.

--tls-alpn

Provide a protocol to use when connecting to a broker that has multiple protocols available on a single port, e.g. MQTT and WebSockets.

--tls-engine

A valid openssl engine id. These can be listed with openssl engine command.

See also --keyform.

--tls-engine-kpass-sha1

SHA1 of the private key password when using an TLS engine. Some TLS engines such as the TPM engine may require the use of a password in order to be accessed. This option allows a hex encoded SHA1 hash of the password to the engine directly, instead of the user being prompted for the password.

See also --tls-engine.

--tls-version

Choose which TLS protocol version to use when communicating with the broker. Valid options are tlsv1.3, tlsv1.2 and tlsv1.1. The default value is tlsv1.2. Must match the protocol version used by the broker.

-u, --username

Provide a username to be used for authenticating with the broker. See also the --pw argument.

-v, --verbose

Print received messages verbosely. With this argument, messages will be printed as "topic payload". When this argument is not given, the messages are printed as "payload".

-V, --protocol-version

Specify which version of the MQTT protocol should be used when connecting to the rmeote broker. Can be 5, 311, 31, or the more verbose mqttv5, mqttv311, or mqttv31. Defaults to 311.

--will-payload

Specify a message that will be stored by the broker and sent out if this client disconnects unexpectedly. This must be used in conjunction with --will-topic.

--will-qos

The QoS to use for the Will. Defaults to 0. This must be used in conjunction with --will-topic.

--will-retain

If given, if the client disconnects unexpectedly the message sent out will be treated as a retained message. This must be used in conjunction with --will-topic.

--will-topic

The topic on which to send a Will, in the event that the client disconnects unexpectedly.

Output Format

There are three ways of formatting the output from mosquitto_rr. In all cases a new-line character is appended for each message received unless the -N argument is passed to mosquitto_rr.

Payload-only is the default output format and will print the payload exactly as it is received.

Verbose mode is activated with -v and prints the message topic and the payload, separated by a space.

The final option is formatted output, which allows the user to define a custom output format. The behaviour is controlled with the -F format-string option. The format string is a free text string where interpreted sequences are replaced by different parameters. The available interpreted sequences are described below.

Three characters are used to start an interpreted sequence: %, @ and \. Sequences starting with % are either parameters related to the MQTT message being printed, or are helper sequences to avoid the need to type long date format strings for example. Sequences starting with @ are passed to the strftime(3) function (with the @ replaced with a % - note that only the character immediately after the @ is passed to strftime). This allows the construction of a wide variety of time based outputs. The output options for strftime vary from platform to platform, so please check what is available for your platform. mosquitto_rr does provide one extension to strftime which is @N, which can be used to obtain the number of nanoseconds passed in the current second. The resolution of this option varies depending on the platform. The final sequence character is \, which is used to input some characters that would otherwise be difficult to enter.

Helpers

  • %I ISO-8601 format date and time, e.g. 2016-08-10T09:47:38+0100
  • %j JSON output of message parameters and timestamp, with a quoted and escaped payload. For example {"tst":1470825369,"topic":"greeting","qos":0,"retain":0,"payload":"hello world"}
  • %J JSON output of message parameters and timestamp, with a non-quoted and non-escaped payload - this means the payload must itself be valid JSON. For example: {"tst":1470825369,"topic":"foo","qos":0,"retain":0,"payload":{"temperature":27.0,"humidity":57}}.
  • %I ISO-8601 format date and time, e.g. 2016-08-10T09:47:38+0100
  • %U Unix timestamp with nanoseconds, e.g. 1470818943.786368637

Escape characters

  • \\ a literal \.
  • \0 a null character. Can be used to separate different parameters that may contain spaces (e.g. topic, payload) so that processing with tools such as xargs(1) is easier.
  • \a alert/bell.
  • \e the escape sequence, which can be used with ANSI colour codes to provide coloured output for example.
  • \n end of line.
  • \r carriage return.
  • \t horizontal tab.
  • \v vertical tab.

Wills

mosquitto_rr can register a message with the broker that will be sent out if it disconnects unexpectedly. See mqtt(7) for more information.

The minimum requirement for this is to use --will-topic to specify which topic the will should be sent out on. This will result in a non-retained, zero length message with QoS 0.

Use the --will-retain, --will-payload and --will-qos arguments to modify the other will parameters.

Properties

The -D / --property option allows adding properties to different stages of the mosquitto_rr run. The properties supported for each command are as follows:

Connect

  • authentication-data (binary data - note treated as a string in mosquitto_rr)
  • authentication-method (UTF-8 string pair)
  • maximum-packet-size (32-bit unsigned integer)
  • receive-maximum (16-bit unsigned integer)
  • request-problem-information (8-bit unsigned integer)
  • request-response-information (8-bit unsigned integer)
  • session-expiry-interval (32-bit unsigned integer)
  • topic-alias-maximum (16-bit unsigned integer)
  • user-property (UTF-8 string pair)

Publish

  • content-type (UTF-8 string)
  • correlation-data (binary data - note treated as a string in mosquitto_rr)
  • message-expiry-interval (32-bit unsigned integer)
  • payload-format-indicator (8-bit unsigned integer)
  • response-topic (UTF-8 string)
  • topic-alias (16-bit unsigned integer)
  • user-property (UTF-8 string pair)

Subscribe

  • user-property (UTF-8 string pair)

Unsubscribe

  • user-property (UTF-8 string pair)

Disconnect

  • session-expiry-interval (32-bit unsigned integer)
  • user-property (UTF-8 string pair)

Will properties

  • content-type (UTF-8 string)
  • correlation-data (binary data - note treated as a string in mosquitto_pub)
  • message-expiry-interval (32-bit unsigned integer)
  • payload-format-indicator (8-bit unsigned integer)
  • response-topic (UTF-8 string)
  • user-property (UTF-8 string pair)
  • will-delay-interval (32-bit unsigned integer)

Files

$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/mosquitto_rr, $HOME/.config/mosquitto_rr

Configuration file for default options.

Bugs

mosquitto bug information can be found at https://github.com/eclipse/mosquitto/issues

See Also

mqtt(7), mosquitto_pub(1), mosquitto_sub(1), mosquitto(8), libmosquitto(3), mosquitto-tls(7)

Author

Roger Light <roger@atchoo.org>

Referenced By

mosquitto(8), mosquitto_pub(1), mosquitto_sub(1).

08/01/2019 Mosquitto Project Commands