module - Man Page

command interface to the Modules package

Examples (TL;DR)

Synopsis

module [switches] [sub-command [sub-command-args]]

Description

module is a user interface to the Modules package. The Modules package provides for the dynamic modification of the user's environment via modulefiles.

Each modulefile contains the information needed to configure the shell for an application. Once the Modules package is initialized, the environment can be modified on a per-module basis using the module command which interprets modulefiles. Typically modulefiles instruct the module command to alter or set shell environment variables such as PATH, MANPATH, etc. Modulefiles may be shared by many users on a system and users may have their own set to supplement or replace the shared modulefiles.

The modulefiles are added to and removed from the current environment by the user. The environment changes contained in a modulefile can be summarized through the module command as well. If no arguments are given, a summary of the module usage and sub-commands are shown.

The action for the module command to take is described by the sub-command and its associated arguments.

Package Initialization

The Modules package and the module command are initialized when a shell-specific initialization script is sourced into the shell. The script executes the autoinit sub-command of the modulecmd.tcl program located in /usr/share/Modules/libexec for the corresponding shell. The output of this execution is evaluated by shell which creates the module command as either an alias or function and creates Modules environment variables.

During this initialization process, if the Modules environment is found undefined (when both MODULEPATH and LOADEDMODULES are found either unset or empty), the modulespath and initrc configuration files located in /etc/environment-modules are evaluated if present and following this order. modulespath file contains the list of modulepaths to enable during initialization. In this file, the modulepaths are separated by newline or colon characters. initrc is a modulefile that defines during initialization the modulepaths to enable, the modules to load and the module configuration to apply.

During the initialization process, if the Modules environment is found defined a module refresh is automatically applied to restore in the current environment all non-persistent components set by loaded modules.

The module alias or function executes the modulecmd.tcl program and has the shell evaluate the command's output. The first argument to modulecmd.tcl specifies the type of shell.

The initialization scripts are kept in /usr/share/Modules/init/<shell> where <shell> is the name of the sourcing shell. For example, a C Shell user sources the /usr/share/Modules/init/csh script. The sh, csh, tcsh, bash, ksh, zsh and fish shells are supported by modulecmd.tcl. In addition, python, perl, ruby, tcl, cmake, r and lisp "shells" are supported which writes the environment changes to stdout as python, perl, ruby, tcl, lisp, r or cmake code.

Initialization may also be performed by directly calling the autoinit sub-command of the modulecmd.tcl program.

A ml alias or function may also be defined at initialization time if enabled (see MODULES_ML section). ml is a handy frontend leveraging all module command capabilities with less character typed. See ml(1) for detailed information.

Examples of initialization

C Shell initialization (and derivatives):

source /usr/share/Modules/init/csh
module load modulefile modulefile ...

Bourne Shell (sh) (and derivatives):

. /usr/share/Modules/init/sh
module load modulefile modulefile ...

Perl:

require "/usr/share/Modules/init/perl.pm";
&module('load', 'modulefile', 'modulefile', '...');

Python:

import os
exec(open('/usr/share/Modules/init/python.py').read())
module('load', 'modulefile', 'modulefile', '...')

Bourne Shell (sh) (and derivatives) with autoinit sub-command:

eval "`/usr/share/Modules/libexec/modulecmd.tcl sh autoinit`"

Modulecmd startup

Upon invocation modulecmd.tcl sources a site-specific configuration script if it exists. The location for this script is /etc/environment-modules/siteconfig.tcl. An additional siteconfig script may be specified with the MODULES_SITECONFIG environment variable, if allowed by modulecmd.tcl configuration, and will be loaded if it exists after /etc/environment-modules/siteconfig.tcl. Siteconfig is a Tcl script that enables to supersede any global variable or procedure definition of modulecmd.tcl.

Afterward, modulecmd.tcl sources rc files which contain global, user and modulefile specific setups. These files are interpreted as modulefiles. See modulefile(4) for detailed information.

Upon invocation of modulecmd.tcl module run-command files are sourced in the following order:

  1. Global RC file as specified by MODULERCFILE variable or /etc/environment-modules/rc. If MODULERCFILE points to a directory, the modulerc file in this directory is used as global RC file.
  2. User specific module RC file $HOME/.modulerc
  3. All .modulerc and .version files found during modulefile seeking.

These module run-command files must begins like modulefiles with the magic cookie #%Module. A version number may be placed after this string. The version number reflects the minimum version of modulecmd.tcl required to interpret the run-command file. If a version number doesn't exist, then modulecmd.tcl will assume the run-command file is compatible. Files without the magic cookie or with a version number greater than the current version of modulecmd.tcl will not be interpreted and an error is reported. Such error does not abort the whole module evaluation. If the mcookie_version_check configuration is disabled the version number set is not checked.

Command line switches

The module command accepts command line switches as its first parameter. These may be used to control output format of all information displayed and the module behavior in case of locating and interpreting modulefiles.

All switches may be entered either in short or long notation. The following switches are accepted:

--all,  -a

Include hidden modules in search performed with avail, aliases, list, search or whatis sub-commands. Hard-hidden modules are not affected by this option.

--auto

On load, unload and switch sub-commands, enable automated module handling mode. See also MODULES_AUTO_HANDLING section.

--color=<WHEN>

Colorize the output. WHEN defaults to always or can be never or auto. See also MODULES_COLOR section.

--contains,  -C

On avail sub-command, return modules whose fully qualified name contains search query string.

--debug,  -D,  -DD

Debug mode. Causes module to print debugging messages about its progress. Multiple -D options increase the debug verbosity.  The maximum is 2.

--default,  -d

On avail sub-command, display only the default version of each module name. Default version is the explicitly set default version or also the implicit default version if the configuration option implicit_default is enabled (see Locating Modulefiles section in the modulefile(4) man page for further details on implicit default version).

--force,  -f

On load, unload and switch sub-commands, by-pass any unsatisfied modulefile constraint corresponding to the declared prereq and conflict. Which means for instance that a modulefile will be loaded even if it comes in conflict with another loaded modulefile or that a modulefile will be unloaded even if it is required as a prereq by another modulefile.

On clear sub-command, skip the confirmation dialog and proceed.

--help,  -h

Give some helpful usage information, and terminates the command.

--icase,  -i

Match module specification arguments in a case insensitive manner.

--indepth

On avail sub-command, include in search results the matching modulefiles and directories and recursively the modulefiles and directories contained in these matching directories.

--json,  -j

Display avail, list, savelist, whatis and search output in JSON format.

--latest,  -L

On avail sub-command, display only the highest numerically sorted version of each module name (see Locating Modulefiles section in the modulefile(4) man page).

--long,  -l

Display avail, list and savelist output in long format.

--no-auto

On load, unload and switch sub-commands, disable automated module handling mode. See also MODULES_AUTO_HANDLING section.

--no-indepth

On avail sub-command, limit search results to the matching modulefiles and directories found at the depth level expressed by the search query. Thus modulefiles contained in directories part of the result are excluded.

--no-pager

Do not pipe message output into a pager.

--output=LIST, -o LIST

Define the content to report in addition to module names. This option is supported by avail and list sub-commands on their regular or terse output modes. Accepted values are a LIST of elements to report separated by colon character (:). The order of the elements in LIST does not matter.

Accepted elements in LIST for avail sub-command are: modulepath, alias, dirwsym, sym, tag and key.

Accepted elements in LIST for list sub-command are: header, idx, variant, sym, tag and key.

The order of the elements in LIST does not matter. Module names are the only content reported when LIST is set to an empty value.

See also MODULES_AVAIL_OUTPUT and MODULES_LIST_OUTPUT.

--paginate

Pipe all message output into less (or if set, to the command referred in MODULES_PAGER variable) if error output stream is a terminal. See also MODULES_PAGER section.

--silent,  -s

Turn off error, warning and informational messages. module command output result is not affected by silent mode.

--starts-with,  -S

On avail sub-command, return modules whose name starts with search query string.

--terse,  -t

Display avail, list and savelist output in short format.

--trace,  -T

Trace mode. Report details on module searches, resolutions, selections and evaluations in addition to printing verbose messages.

--verbose,  -v,  -vv

Enable verbose messages during module command execution. Multiple -v options increase the verbosity level. The maximum is 2.

--version,  -V

Lists the current version of the module command. The command then terminates without further processing.

--width=COLS, -w COLS

Set the width of the output to COLS columns. See also MODULES_TERM_WIDTH section.

Module Sub-Commands

add [--auto|--no-auto] [-f] modulefile...

See load.

aliases [-a]

List all available symbolic version-names and aliases in the current MODULEPATH.  All directories in the MODULEPATH are recursively searched in the same manner than for the avail sub-command. Only the symbolic version-names and aliases found in the search are displayed.

append-path [-d C|--delim C|--delim=C] [--duplicates] variable value...

Append value to environment variable. The variable is a colon, or delimiter, separated list. See append-path in the modulefile(4) man page for further explanation.

When append-path is called as a module sub-command, the reference counter variable, which denotes the number of times value has been added to environment variable, is not updated unless if the --duplicates option is set.

apropos [-a] [-j] string

See search.

avail [-d|-L] [-t|-l|-j] [-a] [-o LIST] [-S|-C] [--indepth|--no-indepth] [path...]

List all available modulefiles in the current MODULEPATH. All directories in the MODULEPATH are recursively searched for files containing the modulefile magic cookie. If an argument is given, then each directory in the MODULEPATH is searched for modulefiles whose pathname, symbolic version-name or alias match the argument. Argument may contain wildcard characters. Multiple versions of an application can be supported by creating a subdirectory for the application containing modulefiles for each version.

Symbolic version-names and aliases found in the search are displayed in the result of this sub-command. Symbolic version-names are displayed next to the modulefile they are assigned to within parenthesis. Aliases are listed in the MODULEPATH section where they have been defined. To distinguish aliases from modulefiles a @ symbol is added within parenthesis next to their name. Aliases defined through a global or user specific module RC file are listed under the global/user modulerc section.

When colored output is enabled and a specific graphical rendition is defined for module default version, the default symbol is omitted and instead the defined graphical rendition is applied to the relative modulefile. When colored output is enabled and a specific graphical rendition is defined for module alias, the @ symbol is omitted. The defined graphical rendition applies to the module alias name. See MODULES_COLOR and MODULES_COLORS sections for details on colored output.

Module tags applying to the available modulefiles returned by the avail sub-command are reported along the module name they are associated to (see Module tags section).

A Key section is added at the end of the output in case some elements are reported in parentheses or chevrons along module name or if some graphical rendition is made over some outputed elements. This Key section gives hints on the meaning of such elements.

The parameter path may also refer to a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

clear [-f]

Force the Modules package to believe that no modules are currently loaded. A confirmation is requested if command-line switch -f (or --force) is not passed. Typed confirmation should equal to yes or y in order to proceed.

config [--dump-state|name [value]|--reset name]

Gets or sets modulecmd.tcl options. Reports the currently set value of passed option name or all existing options if no name passed. If a name and a value are provided, the value of option name is set to value. If command-line switch --reset is passed in addition to a name, overridden value for option name is cleared.

When a reported option value differs from default value a mention is added to indicate whether the overridden value is coming from a command-line switch (cmd-line) or from an environment variable (env-var). When a reported option value is locked and cannot be altered a (locked) mention is added.

If no value is currently set for an option name, the mention <undef> is reported.

When command-line switch --dump-state is passed, current modulecmd.tcl state and Modules-related environment variables are reported in addition to currently set modulecmd.tcl options.

Existing option names are:

advanced_version_spec

Advanced module version specification to finely select modulefiles. Defines environment variable MODULES_ADVANCED_VERSION_SPEC when set.

auto_handling

Automated module handling mode. Defines MODULES_AUTO_HANDLING.

avail_indepth

avail sub-command in depth search mode. Defines MODULES_AVAIL_INDEPTH.

avail_output

Content to report in addition to module names on avail sub-command regular output mode. Defines MODULES_AVAIL_OUTPUT.

avail_terse_output

Content to report in addition to module names on avail sub-command terse output mode. Defines MODULES_AVAIL_TERSE_OUTPUT.

collection_pin_version

Register exact modulefile version in collection. Defines MODULES_COLLECTION_PIN_VERSION.

collection_target

Collection target which is valid for current system. Defines MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET.

color

Colored output mode. Defines MODULES_COLOR.

colors

Chosen colors to highlight output items. Defines MODULES_COLORS.

contact

Modulefile contact address. Defines MODULECONTACT.

extended_default

Allow partial module version specification. Defines MODULES_EXTENDED_DEFAULT.

editor

Text editor command to open modulefile with through edit sub-command. Defines MODULES_EDITOR.

extra_siteconfig

Additional site-specific configuration script location. Defines MODULES_SITECONFIG.

home

Location of Modules package main directory. Defines MODULESHOME.

icase

Enable case insensitive match. Defines MODULES_ICASE.

ignored_dirs

Directories ignored when looking for modulefiles.

The value of this option cannot be altered.

implicit_default

Set an implicit default version for modules. Defines MODULES_IMPLICIT_DEFAULT.

implicit_requirement

Implicitly define a requirement onto modules specified on module commands in modulefile. Defines MODULES_IMPLICIT_REQUIREMENT.

list_output

Content to report in addition to module names on list sub-command regular output mode. Defines MODULES_LIST_OUTPUT.

list_terse_output

Content to report in addition to module names on list sub-command terse output mode. Defines MODULES_LIST_TERSE_OUTPUT.

locked_configs

Configuration options that cannot be superseded. All options referred in locked_configs value are locked, thus their value cannot be altered.

The value of this option cannot be altered.

mcookie_version_check

Defines if the version set in the Modules magic cookie used in modulefile should be checked against the version of modulecmd.tcl to determine if the modulefile could be evaluated or not. Defines MODULES_MCOOKIE_VERSION_CHECK.

ml

Define ml command at initialization time. Defines MODULES_ML.

nearly_forbidden_days

Set the number of days a module should be considered nearly forbidden prior reaching its expiry date. Defines MODULES_NEARLY_FORBIDDEN_DAYS.

pager

Text viewer to paginate message output. Defines MODULES_PAGER.

quarantine_support

Defines if code for quarantine mechanism support should be generated in module shell function definition. Defines MODULES_QUARANTINE_SUPPORT.

rcfile

Global run-command file location. Defines MODULERCFILE.

run_quarantine

Environment variables to indirectly pass to modulecmd.tcl. Defines MODULES_RUN_QUARANTINE.

silent_shell_debug

Disablement of shell debugging property for the module command. Also defines if code to silence shell debugging property should be generated in module shell function definition. Defines MODULES_SILENT_SHELL_DEBUG.

search_match

Module search match style. Defines MODULES_SEARCH_MATCH.

set_shell_startup

Ensure module command definition by setting shell startup file. Defines MODULES_SET_SHELL_STARTUP.

shells_with_ksh_fpath

Ensure module command is defined in ksh when it is started as a sub-shell from the listed shells. Defines MODULES_SHELLS_WITH_KSH_FPATH.

siteconfig

Primary site-specific configuration script location.

The value of this option cannot be altered.

tag_abbrev

Abbreviations to use to report module tags. Defines MODULES_TAG_ABBREV.

tag_color_name

Tags whose name should be colored instead of module name. Defines MODULES_TAG_COLOR_NAME.

tcl_ext_lib

Modules Tcl extension library location.

The value of this option cannot be altered.

term_background

Terminal background color kind. Defines MODULES_TERM_BACKGROUND.

term_width

Set the width of the output. Defines MODULES_TERM_WIDTH.

unload_match_order

Unload firstly loaded or lastly loaded module matching request. Defines MODULES_UNLOAD_MATCH_ORDER.

variant_shortcut

Shortcut characters that could be used to specify or report module variants. Defines MODULES_VARIANT_SHORTCUT.

verbosity

Module command verbosity level. Defines MODULES_VERBOSITY.

wa_277

Workaround for Tcsh history issue. Defines MODULES_WA_277.

display modulefile...

Display information about one or more modulefiles. The display sub-command will list the full path of the modulefile and the environment changes the modulefile will make if loaded. (Note: It will not display any environment changes found within conditional statements.)

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

edit modulefile

Open modulefile for edition with text editor command designated by the editor configuration option.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

help [modulefile...]

Print the usage of each sub-command. If an argument is given, print the Module-specific help information for the modulefile.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

info-loaded modulefile

Returns the names of currently loaded modules matching passed modulefile. Returns an empty string if passed modulefile does not match any loaded modules. See module-info loaded in the modulefile(4) man page for further explanation.

initadd modulefile...

Add modulefile to the shell's initialization file in the user's home directory. The startup files checked (in order) are:

C Shell

.modules, .cshrc, .csh_variables and .login

TENEX C Shell

.modules, .tcshrc, .cshrc, .csh_variables and .login

Bourne and Korn Shells

.modules, .profile

GNU Bourne Again Shell

.modules, .bash_profile, .bash_login, .profile and .bashrc

Z Shell

.modules, .zshrc, .zshenv and .zlogin

Friendly Interactive Shell

.modules, .config/fish/config.fish

If a module load line is found in any of these files, the modulefiles are appended to any existing list of modulefiles. The module load line must be located in at least one of the files listed above for any of the init sub-commands to work properly. If the module load line is found in multiple shell initialization files, all of the lines are changed.

initclear

Clear all of the modulefiles from the shell's initialization files.

initlist

List all of the modulefiles loaded from the shell's initialization file.

initprepend modulefile...

Does the same as initadd but prepends the given modules to the beginning of the list.

initrm modulefile...

Remove modulefile from the shell's initialization files.

initswitch modulefile1 modulefile2

Switch modulefile1 with modulefile2 in the shell's initialization files.

is-avail modulefile...

Returns a true value if any of the listed modulefiles exists in enabled MODULEPATH. Returns a false value otherwise. See is-avail in the modulefile(4) man page for further explanation.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

is-loaded [modulefile...]

Returns a true value if any of the listed modulefiles has been loaded or if any modulefile is loaded in case no argument is provided. Returns a false value otherwise. See is-loaded in the modulefile(4) man page for further explanation.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

is-saved [collection...]

Returns a true value if any of the listed collections exists or if any collection exists in case no argument is provided. Returns a false value otherwise. See is-saved in the modulefile(4) man page for further explanation.

is-used [directory...]

Returns a true value if any of the listed directories has been enabled in MODULEPATH or if any directory is enabled in case no argument is provided. Returns a false value otherwise. See is-used in the modulefile(4) man page for further explanation.

keyword [-a] [-j] string

See search.

list [-a] [-o LIST] [-t|-l|-j]

List loaded modules.

Module tags applying to the loaded modules are reported along the module name they are associated to (see Module tags section).

Module variants selected on the loaded modules are reported along the module name they belong to (see Module variants section).

A Key section is added at the end of the output in case some elements are reported in parentheses or chevrons along module name or if some graphical rendition is made over some outputed elements. This Key section gives hints on the meaning of such elements.

load [--auto|--no-auto] [-f] modulefile...

Load modulefile into the shell environment.

Once loaded, the loaded module tag is associated to the loaded module. If module has been automatically loaded by another module, the auto-loaded tag is associated instead (see Module tags section).

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

path modulefile

Print path to modulefile.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

paths modulefile

Print path of available modulefiles matching argument.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

prepend-path [-d C|--delim C|--delim=C] [--duplicates] variable value...

Prepend value to environment variable. The variable is a colon, or delimiter, separated list. See prepend-path in the modulefile(4) man page for further explanation.

When prepend-path is called as a module sub-command, the reference counter variable, which denotes the number of times value has been added to environment variable, is not updated unless if the --duplicates option is set.

purge [-f]

Unload all loaded modulefiles.

When the --force option is set, also unload modulefiles that are depended by unloadable modules.

refresh

Force a refresh of all non-persistent components of currently loaded modules. This should be used on derived shells where shell aliases or shell functions need to be reinitialized but the environment variables have already been set by the currently loaded modules.

Loaded modules are evaluated in refresh mode following their load order. In this evaluation mode only the set-alias and set-function modulefile commands will produce environment changes. Other modulefile commands that produce environment changes (like setenv or append-path) are ignored during a refresh evaluation as their changes should already be applied.

reload

Unload then load all loaded modulefiles.

No unload then load is performed and an error is returned if the loaded modulefiles have unsatisfied constraint corresponding to the prereq and conflict they declare.

remove-path [-d C|--delim C|--delim=C] [--index] variable value...

Remove value from the colon, or delimiter, separated list in environment variable. See remove-path in the modulefile(4) man page for further explanation.

When remove-path is called as a module sub-command, the reference counter variable, which denotes the number of times value has been added to environment variable, is ignored and value is removed whatever the reference counter value set.

restore [collection]

Restore the environment state as defined in collection. If collection name is not specified, then it is assumed to be the default collection. If collection is a fully qualified path, it is restored from this location rather than from a file under the user's collection directory. If MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET is set, a suffix equivalent to the value of this variable is appended to the collection file name to restore.

When restoring a collection, the currently set MODULEPATH directory list and the currently loaded modulefiles are unused and unloaded then used and loaded to exactly match the MODULEPATH and loaded modulefiles lists saved in this collection file. The order of the paths and modulefiles set in collection is preserved when restoring. It means that currently loaded modules are unloaded to get the same LOADEDMODULES root than collection and currently used module paths are unused to get the same MODULEPATH root. Then missing module paths are used and missing modulefiles are loaded.

If a module, without a default version explicitly defined, is recorded in a collection by its bare name: loading this module when restoring the collection will fail if the configuration option implicit_default is disabled.

rm [--auto|--no-auto] [-f] modulefile...

See unload.

save [collection]

Record the currently set MODULEPATH directory list and the currently loaded modulefiles in a collection file under the user's collection directory $HOME/.module. If collection name is not specified, then it is assumed to be the default collection. If collection is a fully qualified path, it is saved at this location rather than under the user's collection directory.

If MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET is set, a suffix equivalent to the value of this variable will be appended to the collection file name.

By default, if a loaded modulefile corresponds to the explicitly defined default module version, the bare module name is recorded. If the configuration option implicit_default is enabled, the bare module name is also recorded for the implicit default module version. If MODULES_COLLECTION_PIN_VERSION is set to 1, module version is always recorded even if it is the default version.

No collection is recorded and an error is returned if the loaded modulefiles have unsatisfied constraint corresponding to the prereq and conflict they declare.

savelist [-t|-l|-j]

List collections that are currently saved under the user's collection directory. If MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET is set, only collections matching the target suffix will be displayed.

saverm [collection]

Delete the collection file under the user's collection directory. If collection name is not specified, then it is assumed to be the default collection. If MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET is set, a suffix equivalent to the value of this variable will be appended to the collection file name.

saveshow [collection]

Display the content of collection. If collection name is not specified, then it is assumed to be the default collection. If collection is a fully qualified path, this location is displayed rather than a collection file under the user's collection directory. If MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET is set, a suffix equivalent to the value of this variable will be appended to the collection file name.

search [-a] [-j] string

Seeks through the module-whatis information of all modulefiles for the specified string. All module-whatis information matching the string in a case insensitive manner will be displayed. string may contain wildcard characters.

sh-to-mod shell script [arg...]

Evaluate with shell the designated script with defined arguments to find out the environment changes it does. Environment prior and after script evaluation are compared to determine these changes. They are translated into modulefile commands to output the modulefile content equivalent to the evaluation of shell script.

Changes on environment variables, shell aliases, shell functions and current working directory are tracked.

Shell could be specified as a command name or a fully qualified pathname. The following shells are supported: sh, dash, csh, tcsh, bash, ksh, ksh93, zsh and fish.

show modulefile...

See display.

source scriptfile...

Execute scriptfile into the shell environment. scriptfile must be written with modulefile syntax and specified with a fully qualified path. Once executed scriptfile is not marked loaded in shell environment which differ from load sub-command.

swap [--auto|--no-auto] [-f] [modulefile1] modulefile2

See switch.

switch [--auto|--no-auto] [-f] [modulefile1] modulefile2

Switch loaded modulefile1 with modulefile2. If modulefile1 is not specified, then it is assumed to be the currently loaded module with the same root name as modulefile2.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

try-add [--auto|--no-auto] [-f] modulefile...

See try-load.

test modulefile...

Execute and display results of the Module-specific tests for the modulefile.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

try-load [--auto|--no-auto] [-f] modulefile...

Like load sub-command, load modulefile into the shell environment, but do not complain if modulefile cannot be found. If modulefile is found but its evaluation fails, error is still reported.

Once loaded, the loaded module tag is associated to the loaded module. If module has been automatically loaded by another module, the auto-loaded tag is associated instead (see Module tags section).

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

unload [--auto|--no-auto] [-f] modulefile...

Remove modulefile from the shell environment.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

unuse directory...

Remove one or more directories from the MODULEPATH environment variable.

If module unuse is called during a modulefile evaluation, the reference counter environment variable __MODULES_SHARE_MODULEPATH, which denotes the number of times directory has been enabled, is checked and directory is removed only if its relative counter is equal to 1 or not defined. Otherwise directory is kept and reference counter is decreased by 1.  When module unuse is called from the command-line or within an initialization modulefile script directory is removed whatever the reference counter value set.

If directory corresponds to the concatenation of multiple paths separated by colon character, each path is treated separately.

Changed in version 5.0: directory is removed whatever its reference counter value if module unuse is called from the command-line or within an initialization modulefile script

Changed in version 5.0: Accept several modulepaths passed as a single string

use [-a|--append] directory...

Prepend one or more directories to the MODULEPATH environment variable.  The --append flag will append the directory to MODULEPATH.

When directory is already defined in MODULEPATH, it is not added again or moved at the end or at the beginning of the environment variable.

If module use is called during a modulefile evaluation, the reference counter environment variable __MODULES_SHARE_MODULEPATH is also set to increase the number of times directory has been added to MODULEPATH. Reference counter is not updated when module use is called from the command-line or within an initialization modulefile script.

A directory that does not exist yet can be specified as argument and then be added to MODULEPATH.

whatis [-a] [-j] [modulefile...]

Display the information set up by the module-whatis commands inside the specified modulefiles. These specified modulefiles may be expressed using wildcard characters. If no modulefile is specified, all module-whatis lines will be shown.

The parameter modulefile may also be a symbolic modulefile name or a modulefile alias. It may also leverage a specific syntax to finely select module version (see Advanced module version specifiers section below).

Modulefiles

modulefiles are written in the Tool Command Language (Tcl) and are interpreted by modulecmd.tcl. modulefiles can use conditional statements. Thus the effect a modulefile will have on the environment may change depending upon the current state of the environment.

Environment variables are unset when unloading a modulefile. Thus, it is possible to load a modulefile and then unload it without having the environment variables return to their prior state.

Advanced module version specifiers

When the advanced module version specifiers mechanism is enabled (see MODULES_ADVANCED_VERSION_SPEC), the specification of modulefile passed on Modules sub-commands changes. After the module name a version constraint and variants may be added.

Version specifiers

After the module name a version constraint prefixed by the @ character may be added. It could be directly appended to the module name or separated from it with a space character.

Constraints can be expressed to refine the selection of module version to:

  • a single version with the @version syntax, for instance foo@1.2.3 syntax will select module foo/1.2.3
  • a list of versions with the @version1,version2,... syntax, for instance foo@1.2.3,1.10 will match modules foo/1.2.3 and foo/1.10
  • a range of versions with the @version1:, @:version2 and @version1:version2 syntaxes, for instance foo@1.2: will select all versions of module foo greater than or equal to 1.2, foo@:1.3 will select all versions less than or equal to 1.3 and foo@1.2:1.3 matches all versions between 1.2 and 1.3 including 1.2 and 1.3 versions

Advanced specification of single version or list of versions may benefit from the activation of the extended default mechanism (see MODULES_EXTENDED_DEFAULT) to use an abbreviated notation like @1 to refer to more precise version numbers like 1.2.3. Range of versions on its side natively handles abbreviated versions.

In order to be specified in a range of versions or compared to a range of versions, the version major element should corresponds to a number. For instance 10a, 1.2.3, 1.foo are versions valid for range comparison whereas default or foo.2 versions are invalid for range comparison.

Range of versions can be specified in version list, for instance foo@:1.2,1.4:1.6,1.8:. Such specification helps to exclude specific versions, like versions 1.3 and 1.7 in previous example.

If the implicit default mechanism is also enabled (see MODULES_IMPLICIT_DEFAULT), a default and latest symbolic versions are automatically defined for each module name (also at each directory level for deep modulefiles). These automatic version symbols are defined unless a symbolic version, alias, or regular module version already exists for these default or latest version names. Using the mod@latest (or mod/latest) syntax ensures highest available version will be selected.

The symbolic version loaded may be used over loaded module name to designate the loaded version of the module with associated selected variants. This version symbol should be specified using the @ prefix notation (e.g., foo@loaded). An error is returned if no version of designated module is currently loaded.

Variants

After the module name, variants can be specified. Module variants are alternative evaluation of the same modulefile. A variant is specified by associating a value to its name. This specification is then transmitted to the evaluating modulefile which instantiates the variant in the ModuleVariant array variable when reaching the variant modulefile command declaring this variant.

Variant can be specified with the name=value syntax where name is the declared variant name and value, the value this variant is set to when evaluating the modulefile.

Boolean variants can be specified with the +name syntax to set this variant on and with the -name or ~name syntaxes to set this variant off. The -name syntax is not supported on ml(1) command as the minus sign already means to unload designated module. The ~name and +name syntaxes could also be defined appended to another specification word (e.g., the module name, version or another variant specification), whereas -name syntax must be the start of a new specification word.

Boolean variants may also be specified with the name=value syntax. value should be set to 1, true, t, yes, y or on to enable the variant or it should be set to 0, false, f, no, n or off to disable the variant.

Shortcuts may be used to abbreviate variant specification. The variant_shortcut configuration option associates shortcut character to variant name. With a shortcut defined, variant could be specified with the <shortcut>value syntax. For instance if character % is set as a shortcut for variant foo, the %value syntax is equivalent to the foo=value syntax.

Specific characters used in variant specification syntax cannot be used as part of the name of a module. These specific characters are +, ~, = and all characters set as variant shortcut. Exception is made for + character which could be set one or several consecutive times at the end of module name (e.g., name+ or name++).

Module tags

Module tags are piece of information that can be associated to individual modulefiles. Tags could be purely informational or may lead to specific behaviors.

Module tags may be inherited from the module state set by a modulefile command or consequence of a module action. The inherited tags are:

  • auto-loaded: module has been automatically loaded by another module
  • forbidden: module has been set forbidden through the use of the module-forbid command and thus this module cannot be loaded.
  • hidden: module has been set hidden through the use of the module-hide command and thus it is not reported by default among the result of an avail sub-command.
  • hidden-loaded: module has been set hidden once loaded through the use of the module-hide --hidden-loaded command thus it is not reported bu default among the result of a list sub-command.
  • loaded: module is currently loaded
  • nearly-forbidden: module will soon be forbidden, which has been set through the use of the module-forbid command. Thus this module will soon not be able to load anymore.

Tags may also be associated to modules by using the module-tag modulefile command. Among tags that could be set this way, some have a special meaning:

  • sticky: module once loaded cannot be unloaded unless forced or reloaded (see Sticky modules section)
  • super-sticky: module once loaded cannot be unloaded unless reloaded, module cannot be unloaded even if forced (see Sticky modules section)

Module tags are reported along the module they are associated to on avail and list sub-command results. Tags could be reported either:

  • along the module name, all tags set within angle brackets, each tag separated from the others with a colon character (e.g., foo/1.2 <tag1:tag2>).
  • graphically rendered over the module name for each tag associated to a Select Graphic Rendition (SGR) code in the color palette (see MODULES_COLORS)

When an abbreviated string is associated to a tag name (see MODULES_TAG_ABBREV), this abbreviation is used to report tag along the module name or the tag is graphically rendered over the module name if a SGR code is associated with tag abbreviation in the color palette. With an abbreviation set, the SGR code associated to the tag full name is ignored thus an SGR code should be associated to the abbreviation to get a graphical rendering of tag. If the abbreviation associated to a tag corresponds to the empty string, tag is not reported.

Graphical rendering is made over the tag name or abbreviation instead of over the module name for each tag name or abbreviation set in the MODULES_TAG_COLOR_NAME environment variable.

When several tags have to be rendered graphically over the same module name, each tag is rendered over a sub-part of the module name. In case more tags need to be rendered than the total number of characters in the module name, the remaining tags are graphically rendered over the tag name instead of over the module name.

When the JSON output mode is enabled (with --json), tags are reported by their name under the tags attribute. Tag abbreviation and color rendering do not apply on JSON output.

Module tags cannot be used in search query to designate a modulefile.

Sticky modules

Modules are said sticky when they cannot be unloaded (they stick to the loaded environment). Two kind of stickyness can be distinguished:

  • sticky module: cannot be unloaded unless if the unload is forced or if the module is reloaded after being unloaded
  • super-sticky module: cannot be unloaded unless if the module is reloaded after being unloaded; super-sticky modules cannot be unloaded even if the unload is forced.

Modules are designated sticky by associating them the sticky or the super-sticky module tag with the module-tag modulefile command.

When stickyness is defined over the generic module name (and not over a specific module version, a version list or a version range), sticky or super-sticky module can be swapped by another version of module. For instance if the sticky tag is defined over foo module, loaded module foo/1.2 can be swapped by foo/2.0. Such stickyness definition means one version of module should stay loaded whatever version it is.

Module variants

Module variants are alternative evaluation of the same modulefile. A variant is specified by associating a value to its name when designating module. Variant specification relies on the Advanced module version specifiers mechanism.

Once specified, variant's value is transmitted to the evaluating modulefile which instantiates the variant in the ModuleVariant array variable when reaching the variant modulefile command declaring this variant. For instance the module load foo/1.2 bar=value1 command leads to the evaluation of foo/1.2 modulefile with bar=value1 variant specification. When reaching the variant bar value1 value2 value3 command in modulefile during its evaluation, the ModuleVariant(bar) array element is set to the value1 string.

Once variants are instantiated, modulefile's code could check the variant values to adapt the evaluation and define for instance different module requirements or produce different environment variable setup.

Variants are interpreted in contexts where modulefiles are evaluated. Thus the variants specified on module designation are ignored by the avail, whatis, is-avail, path or paths sub-commands.

When modulefile is evaluated a value should be specified for each variant this modulefile declares. When reaching the variant modulefile command declaring a variant, an error is raised if no value is specified for this variant and if no default value is declared. Specified variant value should match a value from the declared accepted value list otherwise an error is raised. Additionally if a variant is specified but does not correspond to a variant declared in modulefile, an error is raised.

Module variants are reported along the module they are associated to on list sub-command results. Variants are reported within curly braces next to module name, each variant definition separated from the others with a colon character (e.g., foo/1.2{variant1=value:+variant2}). Boolean variants are reported with the +name or -name syntaxes. When a shortcut character is defined for a variant (see MODULES_VARIANT_SHORTCUT) it is reported with the <shortcut>value syntax. For instance if % character is defined as a shortcut for variant1: foo/1.2{%value:+variant2}.

When the JSON output mode is enabled (with --json), variants are reported under the variants JSON object as name/value pairs. Values of Boolean variant are set as JSON Boolean. Other values are set as JSON strings. Variant shortcut and color rendering do not apply on JSON output.

Collections

Collections describe a sequence of module use then module load commands that are interpreted by modulecmd.tcl to set the user environment as described by this sequence. When a collection is activated, with the restore sub-command, module paths and loaded modules are unused or unloaded if they are not part or if they are not ordered the same way as in the collection.

Collections are generated by the save sub-command that dumps the current user environment state in terms of module paths and loaded modules. By default collections are saved under the $HOME/.module directory.

Collections may be valid for a given target if they are suffixed. In this case these collections can only be restored if their suffix correspond to the current value of the MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET environment variable (see the dedicated section of this topic below).

Exit Status

The module command exits with 0 if its execution succeed. Otherwise 1 is returned.

Environment

__MODULES_AUTOINIT_INPROGRESS

If set to 1, the autoinit sub-command process is skipped.

This environment variable is set to 1 by the autoinit sub-command after checking it is not set. It ensures no nested initialization of Modules occur. At the end of the processing of the autoinit sub-command, __MODULES_AUTOINIT_INPROGRESS is unset.

__MODULES_LMALTNAME

A colon separated list of the alternative names set through module-version and module-alias statements corresponding to all loaded modulefiles. Each element in this list starts by the name of the loaded modulefile followed by all alternative names resolving to it. The loaded modulefile and its alternative names are separated by the ampersand character.

Each alternative name stored in __MODULES_LMALTNAME is prefixed by the al| string if it corresponds to a module alias or prefixed by the as| string if it corresponds to an automatic version symbol. These prefixes help to distinguish the different kind of alternative name.

This environment variable is intended for module command internal use to get knowledge of the alternative names matching loaded modulefiles in order to keep environment consistent when conflicts or pre-requirements are set over these alternative designations. It also helps to find a match after modulefiles being loaded when unload, is-loaded or info-loaded actions are run over these names.

Starting version 4.7 of Modules, __MODULES_LMALTNAME is also used on list sub-command to report the symbolic versions associated with the loaded modules.

__MODULES_LMCONFLICT

A colon separated list of the conflict statements defined by all loaded modulefiles. Each element in this list starts by the name of the loaded modulefile declaring the conflict followed by the name of all modulefiles it declares a conflict with. These loaded modulefiles and conflicting modulefile names are separated by the ampersand character.

This environment variable is intended for module command internal use to get knowledge of the conflicts declared by the loaded modulefiles in order to keep environment consistent when a conflicting module is asked for load afterward.

__MODULES_LMPREREQ

A colon separated list of the prereq statements defined by all loaded modulefiles. Each element in this list starts by the name of the loaded modulefile declaring the pre-requirement followed by the name of all modulefiles it declares a prereq with. These loaded modulefiles and pre-required modulefile names are separated by the ampersand character. When a prereq statement is composed of multiple modulefiles, these modulefile names are separated by the pipe character.

This environment variable is intended for module command internal use to get knowledge of the pre-requirement declared by the loaded modulefiles in order to keep environment consistent when a pre-required module is asked for unload afterward.

__MODULES_LMSOURCESH

A colon separated list of the source-sh statements defined by all loaded modulefiles. Each element in this list starts by the name of the loaded modulefile declaring the environment changes made by the evaluation of source-sh scripts. This name is followed by each source-sh statement call and corresponding result achieved in modulefile. The loaded modulefile name and each source-sh statement description are separated by the ampersand character. The source-sh statement call and each resulting modulefile command (corresponding to the environment changes done by sourced script) are separated by the pipe character.

This environment variable is intended for module command internal use to get knowledge of the modulefile commands applied for each source-sh command when loading the modulefile. In order to reverse these modulefile commands when modulefile is unloaded to undo the environment changes.

__MODULES_LMTAG

A colon separated list of the tags corresponding to all loaded modulefiles that have been set through module-tag statements or from other modulefile statements like module-forbid (that may apply the nearly-forbidden tag in specific situation) (see Module tags section). Each element in this list starts by the name of the loaded modulefile followed by all tags applying to it. The loaded modulefile and its tags are separated by the ampersand character.

This environment variable is intended for module command internal use to get knowledge of the tags applying to loaded modulefiles in order to report these tags on list sub-command output or to apply specific behavior when unloading modulefile.

__MODULES_LMVARIANT

A colon separated list of the variant instantiated through variant statements by all loaded modulefiles (see Module variants section). Each element in this list starts by the name of the loaded modulefile followed by all the variant definitions set during the load of this module. The loaded modulefile and each of its variant definition are separated by the ampersand character. Each variant definition starts with the variant name, followed by the variant value set, then a flag to know if variant is of the Boolean type and last element in this definition is a flag to know if the chosen value is the default one for this variant and if it has been automatically set or not. These four elements composing the variant definition are separated by the pipe character.

This environment variable is intended for module command internal use to get knowledge of the variant value defined by the loaded modulefiles in order to keep environment consistent when requirements are set over a specific variant value or just to report these variant values when listing loaded modules.

__MODULES_QUAR_<VAR>

Value of environment variable <VAR> passed to modulecmd.tcl in order to restore <VAR> to this value once started.

__MODULES_QUARANTINE_SET

If set to 1, restore the environment variables set on hold by the quarantine mechanism when starting modulecmd.tcl script. This variable is automatically defined by Modules shell initialization scripts or module shell function when they apply the quarantine mechanism. (see MODULES_QUARANTINE_SUPPORT).

__MODULES_SHARE_<VAR>

Reference counter variable for path-like variable <VAR>. A colon separated list containing pairs of elements. A pair is formed by a path element followed its usage counter which represents the number of times this path has been enabled in variable <VAR>. A colon separates the two parts of the pair.

An element of a path-like variable is added to the reference counter variable as soon as it is added more than one time. When an element of a path-like variable is not found in the reference counter variable, it means this element has only be added once to the path-like variable.

When an empty string is added as an element in the path-like variable, it is added to the reference counter variable even if added only once to distinguish between an empty path-like variable and a path-like variable containing an empty string as single element.

_LMFILES_

A colon separated list of the full pathname for all loaded modulefiles.

LOADEDMODULES

A colon separated list of all loaded modulefiles.

MODULECONTACT

Email address to contact in case any issue occurs during the interpretation of modulefiles.

MODULEPATH

The path that the module command searches when looking for modulefiles. Typically, it is set to the main modulefiles directory, /usr/share/Modules/modulefiles, by the initialization script. MODULEPATH can be set using module use or by the module initialization script to search group or personal modulefile directories before or after the main modulefile directory.

Path elements registered in the MODULEPATH environment variable may contain reference to environment variables which are converted to their corresponding value by module command each time it looks at the MODULEPATH value. If an environment variable referred in a path element is not defined, its reference is converted to an empty string.

MODULERCFILE

The location of a global run-command file containing modulefile specific setup. See Modulecmd startup section for detailed information.

MODULES_ADVANCED_VERSION_SPEC

If set to 1, enable advanced module version specifiers (see Advanced module version specifiers section). If set to 0, disable advanced module version specifiers.

Advanced module version specifiers enablement is defined in the following order of preference: MODULES_ADVANCED_VERSION_SPEC environment variable then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_ADVANCED_VERSION_SPEC overrides default configuration.

MODULES_AUTO_HANDLING

If set to 1, enable automated module handling mode. If set to 0 disable automated module handling mode. Other values are ignored.

Automated module handling mode consists in additional actions triggered when loading or unloading a modulefile to satisfy the constraints it declares. When loading a modulefile, following actions are triggered:

  • Requirement Load: load of the modulefiles declared as a prereq of the loading modulefile.
  • Dependent Reload: reload of the modulefiles declaring a prereq onto loaded modulefile or declaring a prereq onto a modulefile part of this reloading batch.

When unloading a modulefile, following actions are triggered:

  • Dependent Unload: unload of the modulefiles declaring a non-optional prereq onto unloaded modulefile or declaring a non-optional prereq onto a modulefile part of this unloading batch. A prereq modulefile is considered optional if the prereq definition order is made of multiple modulefiles and at least one alternative modulefile is loaded.
  • Useless Requirement Unload: unload of the prereq modulefiles that have been automatically loaded for either the unloaded modulefile, an unloaded dependent modulefile or a modulefile part of this useless requirement unloading batch. Modulefiles are added to this unloading batch only if they are not required by any other loaded modulefiles.
  • Dependent Reload: reload of the modulefiles declaring a conflict or an optional prereq onto either the unloaded modulefile, an unloaded dependent or an unloaded useless requirement or declaring a prereq onto a modulefile part of this reloading batch.

In case a loaded modulefile has some of its declared constraints unsatisfied (pre-required modulefile not loaded or conflicting modulefile loaded for instance), this loaded modulefile is excluded from the automatic reload actions described above.

For the specific case of the switch sub-command, where a modulefile is unloaded to then load another modulefile. Dependent modulefiles to Unload are merged into the Dependent modulefiles to Reload that are reloaded after the load of the switched-to modulefile.

Automated module handling mode enablement is defined in the following order of preference: --auto/--no-auto command line switches, then MODULES_AUTO_HANDLING environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_AUTO_HANDLING overrides default configuration and --auto/--no-auto command line switches override every other ways to enable or disable this mode.

MODULES_AVAIL_INDEPTH

If set to 1, enable in depth search results for avail sub-command. If set to 0 disable avail sub-command in depth mode. Other values are ignored.

When in depth mode is enabled, modulefiles and directories contained in directories matching search query are also included in search results. When disabled these modulefiles and directories contained in matching directories are excluded.

avail sub-command in depth mode enablement is defined in the following order of preference: --indepth/--no-indepth command line switches, then MODULES_AVAIL_INDEPTH environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_AVAIL_INDEPTH overrides default configuration and --indepth/--no-indepth command line switches override every other ways to enable or disable this mode.

MODULES_AVAIL_OUTPUT

A colon separated list of the elements to report in addition to module names on avail sub-command regular output mode.

Accepted elements that can be set in value list are:

  • alias: module aliases.
  • dirwsym: directories associated with symbolic versions.
  • key: legend appended at the end of the output to explain it.
  • modulepath: modulepath names set as header prior the list of available modules found in them.
  • sym: symbolic versions associated with available modules.
  • tag: tags associated with available modules.

The order of the elements in the list does not matter. Module names are the only content reported when LIST is set to an empty value.

In case the modulepath element is missing from value list, the available modules from global/user rc and all enabled modulepaths are reported as a single list.

avail sub-command regular output content is defined in the following order of preference: --output/-o command line switches, then MODULES_AVAIL_OUTPUT environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_AVAIL_OUTPUT overrides default configuration and --output/-o command line switches override every other ways to configure regular output content.

MODULES_AVAIL_TERSE_OUTPUT

A colon separated list of the elements to report in addition to module names on avail sub-command terse output mode.

See MODULES_AVAIL_OUTPUT to get the accepted elements that can be set in value list.

The order of the elements in the list does not matter. Module names are the only content reported when LIST is set to an empty value.

avail sub-command terse output content is defined in the following order of preference: --output/-o command line switches, then MODULES_AVAIL_TERSE_OUTPUT environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_AVAIL_TERSE_OUTPUT overrides default configuration and --output/-o command line switches override every other ways to configure terse output content.

MODULES_CMD

The location of the active module command script.

MODULES_COLLECTION_PIN_VERSION

If set to 1, register exact version number of modulefiles when saving a collection. Otherwise modulefile version number is omitted if it corresponds to the explicitly set default version and also to the implicit default when the configuration option implicit_default is enabled.

MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET

The collection target that determines what collections are valid thus reachable on the current system.

Collection directory may sometimes be shared on multiple machines which may use different modules setup. For instance modules users may access with the same HOME directory multiple systems using different OS versions. When it happens a collection made on machine 1 may be erroneous on machine 2.

When a target is set, only the collections made for that target are available to the restore, savelist, saveshow and saverm sub-commands. Saving a collection registers the target footprint by suffixing the collection filename with .$MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET. The collection target is not involved when collection is specified as file path on the saveshow, restore and save sub-commands.

For example, the MODULES_COLLECTION_TARGET variable may be set with results from commands like lsb_release, hostname, dnsdomainname, etc.

MODULES_COLOR

Defines if output should be colored or not. Accepted values are never, auto and always.

When color mode is set to auto, output is colored only if the standard error output channel is attached to a terminal.

Colored output enablement is defined in the following order of preference: --color command line switch, then MODULES_COLOR environment variable, then NO_COLOR, CLICOLOR and CLICOLOR_FORCE environment variables, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_COLOR overrides default configuration and the NO_COLOR and CLICOLOR/CLICOLOR_FORCE variables. --color command line switch overrides every other ways to enable or disable this mode.

NO_COLOR, CLICOLOR and CLICOLOR_FORCE environment variables are also honored to define color mode. The never mode is set if NO_COLOR is defined (regardless of its value) or if CLICOLOR equals to 0. If CLICOLOR is set to another value, it corresponds to the auto mode. The always mode is set if CLICOLOR_FORCE is set to a value different than 0. NO_COLOR variable prevails over CLICOLOR and CLICOLOR_FORCE. Color mode set with these three variables is superseded by mode set with MODULES_COLOR environment variable.

MODULES_COLORS

Specifies the colors and other attributes used to highlight various parts of the output. Its value is a colon-separated list of output items associated to a Select Graphic Rendition (SGR) code. It follows the same syntax than LS_COLORS.

Output items are designated by keys. Items able to be colorized are: highlighted element (hi), debug information (db), trace information (tr), tag separator (se); Error (er), warning (wa), module error (me) and info (in) message prefixes; Modulepath (mp), directory (di), module alias (al), module variant (va), module symbolic version (sy), module default version (de) and modulefile command (cm).

Module tags can also be colorized. The key to set in the color palette to get a graphical rendering of a tag is the tag name or the tag abbreviation if one is defined for tag. The SGR code applied to a tag name is ignored if an abbreviation is set for this tag thus the SGR code should be defined for this abbreviation to get a graphical rendering. Each basic tag has by default a key set in the color palette, based on its abbreviated string: auto-loaded (aL), forbidden (F), hidden and hidden-loaded (H), loaded (L), nearly-forbidden (nF), sticky (S) and super-sticky (sS).

See the Select Graphic Rendition (SGR) section in the documentation of the text terminal that is used for permitted values and their meaning as character attributes. These substring values are integers in decimal representation and can be concatenated with semicolons. Modules takes care of assembling the result into a complete SGR sequence (\33[...m). Common values to concatenate include 1 for bold, 4 for underline, 30 to 37 for foreground colors and 90 to 97 for 16-color mode foreground colors. See also https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ANSI_escape_code#SGR_(Select_Graphic_Rendition)_parameters for a complete SGR code reference.

No graphical rendition will be applied to an output item that could normally be colored but which is not defined in the color set. Thus if MODULES_COLORS is defined empty, no output will be colored at all.

The color set is defined for Modules in the following order of preference: MODULES_COLORS environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_COLORS overrides default configuration.

MODULES_EDITOR

Text editor command name or path for use to open modulefile through the edit sub-command.

Editor command is defined for Modules in the following order of preference: MODULES_EDITOR, or VISUAL or EDITOR environment variables, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_EDITOR overrides VISUAL or EDITOR environment variables and default configuration.

MODULES_EXTENDED_DEFAULT

If set to 1, a specified module version is matched against starting portion of existing module versions, where portion is a substring separated from the rest of the version string by a . character. For example specified modules mod/1 and mod/1.2 will match existing  modulefile mod/1.2.3.

In case multiple modulefiles match the specified module version and a single module has to be selected, the explicitly set default version is returned if it is part of matching modulefiles. Otherwise the implicit default among matching modulefiles is returned if defined (see MODULES_IMPLICIT_DEFAULT section)

This environment variable supersedes the value of the configuration option extended_default set in modulecmd.tcl script.

MODULES_ICASE

When module specification are passed as argument to module sub-commands or modulefile Tcl commands, defines the case sensitiveness to apply to match them. When MODULES_ICASE is set to never, a case sensitive match is applied in any cases. When set to search, a case insensitive match is applied to the avail, whatis and paths sub-commands. When set to always, a case insensitive match is also applied to the other module sub-commands and modulefile Tcl commands for the module specification they receive as argument.

Case sensitiveness behavior is defined in the following order of preference: --icase command line switch, which corresponds to the always mode, then MODULES_ICASE environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_ICASE overrides default configuration and --icase command line switch overrides every other ways to set case sensitiveness behavior.

MODULES_IMPLICIT_DEFAULT

Defines (if set to 1) or not (if set to 0) an implicit default version for modules without a default version explicitly defined (see Locating Modulefiles section in the modulefile(4) man page).

Without either an explicit or implicit default version defined a module must be fully qualified (version should be specified in addition to its name) to get:

  • targeted by module load, switch, display, help, test and path sub-commands.
  • restored from a collection, unless already loaded in collection-specified order.
  • automatically loaded by automated module handling mechanisms (see MODULES_AUTO_HANDLING section) when declared as module requirement, with prereq or module load modulefile commands.

An error is returned in the above situations if either no explicit or implicit default version is defined.

This environment variable supersedes the value of the configuration option implicit_default set in modulecmd.tcl script. This environment variable is ignored if implicit_default has been declared locked in locked_configs configuration option.

MODULES_IMPLICIT_REQUIREMENT

Defines (if set to 1) or not (if set to 0) an implicit prereq or conflict requirement onto modules specified respectively on module load or module unload commands in modulefile. When enabled an implicit conflict requirement onto switched-off module and a prereq requirement onto switched-on module are also defined for module switch commands used in modulefile.

This environment variable supersedes the value of the configuration option implicit_requirement set in modulecmd.tcl script. MODULES_IMPLICIT_REQUIREMENT is in turn superseded by the --not-req option that applies to a module command in a modulefile.

MODULES_LIST_OUTPUT

A colon separated list of the elements to report in addition to module names on list sub-command regular output mode.

Accepted elements that can be set in value list are:

  • header: sentence to introduce the list of loaded modules or to state that no modules are loaded currently.
  • idx: index position of each loaded module.
  • key: legend appended at the end of the output to explain it.
  • variant: variant values selected for loaded modules.
  • sym: symbolic versions associated with loaded modules.
  • tag: tags associated with loaded modules.

The order of the elements in the list does not matter. Module names are the only content reported when LIST is set to an empty value.

list sub-command regular output content is defined in the following order of preference: --output/-o command line switches, then MODULES_LIST_OUTPUT environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_LIST_OUTPUT overrides default configuration and --output/-o command line switches override every other ways to configure regular output content.

MODULES_LIST_TERSE_OUTPUT

A colon separated list of the elements to report in addition to module names on list sub-command terse output mode.

See MODULES_LIST_OUTPUT to get the accepted elements that can be set in value list.

The order of the elements in the list does not matter. Module names are the only content reported when LIST is set to an empty value.

list sub-command regular output content is defined in the following order of preference: --output/-o command line switches, then MODULES_LIST_TERSE_OUTPUT environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_LIST_TERSE_OUTPUT overrides default configuration and --output/-o command line switches override every other ways to configure regular output content.

MODULES_MCOOKIE_VERSION_CHECK

If set to 1, the version set in the Modules magic cookie in modulefile is checked against the current version of modulecmd.tcl to determine if the modulefile can be evaluated.

MODULES_ML

If set to 1, define ml command when initializing Modules (see Package Initialization section). If set to 0, ml command is not defined.

ml command enablement is defined in the following order of preference: MODULES_ML environment variable then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_ML overrides default configuration.

MODULES_NEARLY_FORBIDDEN_DAYS

Number of days a module is considered nearly forbidden prior reaching its expiry date set by module-forbid modulefile command. When a nearly forbidden module is evaluated a warning message is issued to inform module will soon be forbidden. If set to 0, modules will never be considered nearly forbidden. Accepted values are integers comprised between 0 and 365.

This configuration is defined in the following order of preference: MODULES_NEARLY_FORBIDDEN_DAYS environment variable then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_NEARLY_FORBIDDEN_DAYS overrides default configuration.

MODULES_PAGER

Text viewer for use to paginate message output if error output stream is attached to a terminal. The value of this variable is composed of a pager command name or path eventually followed by command-line options.

Paging command and options are defined for Modules in the following order of preference: MODULES_PAGER environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_PAGER overrides default configuration.

If MODULES_PAGER variable is set to an empty string or to the value cat, pager will not be launched.

MODULES_QUARANTINE_SUPPORT

If set to 1, produces the shell code for quarantine mechanism when the autoinit sub-command generates the module shell function.

The generated shell code for quarantine mechanism indirectly passes the environment variable defined in MODULES_RUN_QUARANTINE to the modulecmd.tcl script to protect its run-time environment from side-effect coming from the current definition of these variables.

To enable quarantine support, MODULES_QUARANTINE_SUPPORT should be set to 1 prior Modules initialization or the quarantine_support configuration should be set to 1 in the initrc configuration file.

Generated code for quarantine mechanism sets the __MODULES_QUARANTINE_SET environment variable when calling the modulecmd.tcl script to make it restore the environment variable put in quarantine.

Quarantine mechanism support is defined for Modules in the following order of preference: MODULES_QUARANTINE_SUPPORT environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_QUARANTINE_SUPPORT overrides default configuration.

MODULES_RUN_QUARANTINE

A space separated list of environment variable names that should be passed indirectly to modulecmd.tcl to protect its run-time environment from side-effect coming from their current definition.

If the quarantine mechanism has been included in module shell function (see MODULES_QUARANTINE_SUPPORT), each variable found in MODULES_RUN_QUARANTINE will have its value emptied or set to the value of the corresponding MODULES_RUNENV_<VAR> variable when defining modulecmd.tcl run-time environment.

Original values of these environment variables set in quarantine are passed to modulecmd.tcl via __MODULES_QUAR_<VAR> variables.

MODULES_RUNENV_<VAR>

Value to set to environment variable <VAR> for modulecmd.tcl run-time execution if <VAR> is referred in MODULES_RUN_QUARANTINE.

MODULES_SEARCH_MATCH

When searching for modules with avail sub-command, defines the way query string should match against available module names. With starts_with value, returned modules are those whose name begins by search query string. When set to contains, any modules whose fully qualified name contains search query string are returned.

Module search match style is defined in the following order of preference: --starts-with and --contains command line switches, then MODULES_SEARCH_MATCH environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_SEARCH_MATCH overrides default configuration and --starts-with/--contains command line switches override every other ways to set search match style.

MODULES_SET_SHELL_STARTUP

If set to 1, defines when module command initializes the shell startup file to ensure that the module command is still defined in sub-shells. Setting shell startup file means defining the ENV and BASH_ENV environment variable to the Modules bourne shell initialization script. If set to 0, shell startup file is not defined.

MODULES_SHELLS_WITH_KSH_FPATH

A list of shell on which the FPATH environment variable should be defined at initialization time to point to the ksh-functions directory where the ksh initialization script for module command is located. It enables for the listed shells to get module function defined when starting ksh as sub-shell from there.

Accepted values are a list of shell among sh, bash, csh, tcsh and fish separated by colon character (:).

MODULES_SILENT_SHELL_DEBUG

If set to 1, disable any xtrace or verbose debugging property set on current shell session for the duration of either the module command or the module shell initialization script. Only applies to Bourne Shell (sh) and its derivatives.

To generate the code to silence shell debugging property in the module shell function, MODULES_SILENT_SHELL_DEBUG should be set to 1 prior Modules initialization or the silent_shell_debug configuration option should be set to 1 in the initrc configuration file.

MODULES_SITECONFIG

Location of a site-specific configuration script to source into modulecmd.tcl. See also Modulecmd startup section.

This environment variable is ignored if extra_siteconfig has been declared locked in locked_configs configuration option.

MODULES_TAG_ABBREV

Specifies the abbreviation strings used to report module tags (see Module tags section). Its value is a colon-separated list of module tag names associated to an abbreviation string (e.g. tagname=abbrev).

If a tag is associated to an empty string abbreviation, this tag will not be reported. In case the whole MODULES_TAG_ABBREV environment variable is set to an empty string, tags are reported but not abbreviated.

The tag abbreviation definition set in MODULES_TAG_ABBREV environment variable supersedes the default configuration set in modulecmd.tcl script.

MODULES_TAG_COLOR_NAME

Specifies the tag names or abbreviations whose graphical rendering should be applied over themselves instead of being applied over the name of the module they are attached to. Value of MODULES_TAG_COLOR_NAME is a colon-separated list of module tag names or abbreviation strings (see Module tags section).

When a select graphic rendition is defined for a tag name or a tag abbreviation string, it is applied over the module name associated with the tag and tag name or abbreviation is not displayed. When listed in MODULES_TAG_COLOR_NAME environment variable, a tag name or abbreviation is displayed and select graphic rendition is applied over it.

The definition set in MODULES_TAG_COLOR_NAME environment variable supersedes the default configuration set in modulecmd.tcl script.

MODULES_TERM_BACKGROUND

Inform Modules of the terminal background color to determine if the color set for dark background or the color set for light background should be used to color output in case no specific color set is defined with the MODULES_COLORS variable. Accepted values are dark and light.

MODULES_TERM_WIDTH

Specifies the number of columns of the output. If set to 0, the output width will be the full terminal width, which is automatically detected by the module command. Accepted values are integers comprised between 0 and 1000.

This configuration is defined in the following order of preference: --width or -w command line switches, then MODULES_TERM_WIDTH environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_TERM_WIDTH overrides default configuration. --width or -w command line switches override every other configuration.

MODULES_UNLOAD_MATCH_ORDER

When a module unload request matches multiple loaded modules, unload firstly loaded module or lastly loaded module. Accepted values are returnfirst and returnlast.

MODULES_VARIANT_SHORTCUT

Specifies the shortcut characters that could be used to specify and report module variants (see Module variants section). Its value is a colon-separated list of variant names associated to a shortcut character (e.g., variantname=shortcutchar).

A variant shortcut must be of one character length and must avoid characters used for other concerns or in module names (i.e., [-+~/@=a-zA-Z0-9]).

If a shortcut is associated to an empty string or an invalid character, this shortcut definition will be ignored.

The variant shortcut definition set in MODULES_VARIANT_SHORTCUT environment variable supersedes the default configuration set in modulecmd.tcl script.

MODULES_VERBOSITY

Defines the verbosity level of the module command. Available verbosity levels from the least to the most verbose are:

  • silent: turn off error, warning and informational messages but does not affect module command output result.
  • concise: enable error and warning messages but disable informational messages.
  • normal: turn on informational messages, like a report of the additional module evaluations triggered by loading or unloading modules, aborted evaluation issues or a report of each module evaluation occurring during a restore or source sub-commands.
  • verbose: add additional informational messages, like a systematic report of the loading or unloading module evaluations.
  • verbose2: report loading or unloading module evaluations of hidden-loaded modules, report if loading module is already loaded or if unloading module is not loaded.
  • trace: provide details on module searches, resolutions, selections and evaluations.
  • debug: print debugging messages about module command execution.
  • debug2: report modulecmd.tcl procedure calls in addition to printing debug messages.

Module command verbosity is defined in the following order of preference: --silent, --verbose, --debug and --trace command line switches, then MODULES_VERBOSITY environment variable, then the default set in modulecmd.tcl script configuration. Which means MODULES_VERBOSITY overrides default configuration and --silent/--verbose/--debug/--trace command line switches overrides every other ways to set verbosity level.

MODULES_WA_277

If set to 1 prior to Modules package initialization, enables workaround for Tcsh history issue (see https://github.com/cea-hpc/modules/issues/277). This issue leads to erroneous history entries under Tcsh shell. When workaround is enabled, an alternative module alias is defined which fixes the history mechanism issue. However the alternative definition of the module alias weakens shell evaluation of the code produced by modulefiles. Characters with a special meaning for Tcsh shell (like { and }) may not be used anymore in shell alias definition otherwise the evaluation of the code produced by modulefiles will return a syntax error.

MODULESHOME

The location of the main Modules package file directory containing module command initialization scripts, the executable program modulecmd.tcl, and a directory containing a collection of main modulefiles.

Files

/usr/share/Modules

The MODULESHOME directory.

/etc/environment-modules/initrc

The configuration file evaluated by modulecmd.tcl when it initializes to enable the default modulepaths, load the default modules and set module command configuration.

initrc is a modulefile(4) so it is written as a Tcl script and defines modulepaths to enable with module use, modules to load with module load and configuration to apply with module config. As any modulefile initrc must begin with the magic cookie #%Module.

initrc is optional. When this configuration file is present it is evaluated after the modulespath configuration file. See the Package Initialization section for details.

/etc/environment-modules/modulespath

The configuration file evaluated by modulecmd.tcl when it initializes to enable the default modulepaths. This file contains the list of modulepaths separated by either newline or colon characters.

modulespath is optional. When this configuration file is present it is evaluated before the initrc configuration file. See the Package Initialization section for details.

/etc/environment-modules/siteconfig.tcl

The site-specific configuration script of modulecmd.tcl. An additional configuration script could be defined using the MODULES_SITECONFIG environment variable.

/etc/environment-modules/rc

The system-wide modules rc file. The location of this file can be changed using the MODULERCFILE environment variable as described above.

$HOME/.modulerc

The user specific modules rc file.

$HOME/.module

The user specific collection directory.

/usr/share/Modules/modulefiles

The directory for system-wide modulefiles. The location of the directory can be changed using the MODULEPATH environment variable as described above.

/usr/share/Modules/libexec/modulecmd.tcl

The modulefile interpreter that gets executed upon each invocation of module.

/usr/share/Modules/init/<shell>

The Modules package initialization file sourced into the user's environment.

See Also

ml(1), modulefile(4)

Referenced By

ml(1), modulefile(4).

2021-10-16 5.0.1 Modules