mkfs.jffs2 - Man Page

Create a JFFS2 file system image from directory


mkfs.jffs2 [ -p,--pad[=SIZE] ] [ -r,-d,--root directory ] [ -s,--pagesize=SIZE ] [ -e,--eraseblock=SIZE ] [ -c,--cleanmarker=SIZE ] [ -n,--no-cleanmarkers ] [ -o,--output image.jffs2 ] [ -l,--little-endian ] [ -b,--big-endian ] [ -D,--devtable=FILE ] [ -f,--faketime ] [ -q,--squash ] [ -U,--squash-uids ] [ -P,--squash-perms ] [ --with-xattr ] [ --with-selinux ] [ --with-posix-acl ] [ -m,--compression-mode=MODE ] [ -x,--disable-compressor=NAME ] [ -X,--enable-compressor=NAME ] [ -y,--compressor-priority=PRIORITY:NAME ] [ -L,--list-compressors ] [ -t,--test-compression ] [ -h,--help ] [ -v,--verbose ] [ -V,--version ] [ -i,--incremental image.jffs2 ]


The program mkfs.jffs2 creates a JFFS2 (Second Journalling Flash File System) file system image and writes the resulting image to the file specified by the -o option or by default to the standard output, unless the standard output is a terminal device in which case mkfs.jffs2 will abort.

The file system image is created using the files and directories contained in the directory specified by the option -r or the present directory, if the -r option is not specified.

Each block of the files to be placed into the file system image are compressed using one of the available compressors depending on the selected compression mode.

File systems are created with the same endianness as the host, unless the -b or -l options are specified.  JFFS2 driver in the 2.4 Linux kernel only supported images having the same endianness as the CPU. As of 2.5.48, the kernel can be changed with a #define to accept images of the non-native endianness. Full bi-endian support in the kernel is not planned.

It is unlikely that JFFS2 images are useful except in conjunction with the MTD (Memory Technology Device) drivers in the Linux kernel, since the JFFS2 file system driver in the kernel requires MTD devices.


Options that take SIZE arguments can be specified as either decimal (e.g., 65536), octal (0200000), or hexadecimal (0x1000).

-p,  --pad[=SIZE]

Pad output to SIZE bytes with 0xFF.  If SIZE is not specified, the output is padded to the end of the final erase block.

-r,  -d,  --root=DIR

Build file system from directory DIR.  The default is the current directory.

-s,  --pagesize=SIZE

Use page size SIZE.  The default is 4 KiB.  This size is the maximum size of a data node.  Set according to target system's memory management page size (NOTE: this is NOT related to NAND page size).

-e,  --eraseblock=SIZE

Use erase block size SIZE.  The default is 64 KiB.  If you use a erase block size different than the erase block size of the target MTD device, JFFS2 may not perform optimally. If the SIZE specified is below 4096, the units are assumed to be KiB.

-c,  --cleanmarker=SIZE

Write ´CLEANMARKER´ nodes with the size specified. It is not normally appropriate to specify a size other than the default 12 bytes.

-n,  --no-cleanmarkers

Do not write ´CLEANMARKER´ nodes to the beginning of each erase block. This option can be useful for creating JFFS2 images for use on NAND flash, and for creating images which are to be used on a variety of hardware with differing eraseblock sizes.

-o,  --output=FILE

Write JFFS2 image to file FILE.  Default is the standard output.

-l,  --little-endian

Create a little-endian JFFS2 image.  Default is to make an image with the same endianness as the host.

-b,  --big-endian

Create a big-endian JFFS2 image.  Default is to make an image with the same endianness as the host.

-D,  --devtable=FILE

Use the named FILE as a device table file, for including devices and changing permissions in the created image when the user does not have appropriate permissions to create them on the file system used as source.

-f,  --faketime

Change all file timestamps to ´0´ for regression testing.

-q,  --squash

Squash permissions and owners, making all files be owned by root and removing write permission for ´group´ and ´other´.

-U,  --squash-uids

Squash owners making all files be owned by root.

-P,  --squash-perms

Squash permissions, removing write permission for ´group´ and ´other´.


Enables xattr, stuff all xattr entries into jffs2 image file.


Enables xattr, stuff only SELinux Labels into jffs2 image file.


Enable xattr, stuff only POSIX ACL entries into jffs2 image file.

-m,  --compression-mode=MODE

Set the default compression mode. The default mode is priority which tries the compressors in a predefinied order and chooses the first successful one. The alternatives are: none (mkfs will not compress) and size (mkfs will try all compressor and chooses the one which have the smallest result).

-x,  --disable-compressor=NAME

Disable a compressor. Use -L to see the list of the available compressors and their default states.

-X,  --enable-compressor=NAME

Enable a compressor. Use -L to see the list of the available compressors and their default states.

-y,  --compressor-priority=PRIORITY:NAME

Set the priority of a compressor. Use -L to see the list of the available compressors and their default priority. Priorities are used by priority compression mode.

-L,  --list-compressors

Show the list of the available compressors and their states.

-t,  --test-compression

Call decompress after every compress - and compare the result with the original data -, and some other check.

-h,  --help

Display help text.

-v,  --verbose

Verbose operation.

-V,  --version

Display version information.

-i,  --incremental=FILE

Generate an appendage image for FILE. If FILE is written to flash and flash is appended with the output, then it seems as if it was one thing.


The format and grammar of the device table file does not allow it to create symbolic links when the symbolic links are not already present in the root working directory.

However, symbolic links may be specified in the device table file using the l type for the purposes of setting their permissions and ownership.


JFFS2 limits device major and minor numbers to 8 bits each.  Some consider this a bug.

mkfs.jffs2 does not properly handle hard links in the input directory structure. Currently, hard linked files will be expanded to multiple identical files in the output image.


David Woodhouse
Manual page written by David Schleef <>

See Also

mkfs(8), mkfs.jffs(1), fakeroot(1)

Referenced By