makepkg-template man page

makepkg-template — package build templating utility

Synopsis

makepkg-template [options]

Description

makepkg-template is a script to ease the work of maintaining multiple similar PKGBUILDs. It allows you to move most of the code from the PKGBUILD into a template file and uses markers to allow in-place updating of existing PKGBUILDs if the template has been changed.

Template files can contain any code allowed in a PKGBUILD. You can think of them like external files included with "." or "source", but they will be inlined into the PKGBUILD by makepkg-template so you do not depend on the template file when building the package.

Markers are bash comments in the form of:

# template start; key=value; key2=value2; ...

and

# template end;

Currently used keys are: name (mandatory) and version. Template names are limited to alphanumerics, "@", "+", ".", "-", and "_". Versions are limited to numbers and ".".

For initial creation there is a one line short cut which does not need an end marker:

# template input; key=value;

Using this short-cut will result in makepkg-template replacing it with start and end markers and the template code on the first run.

Template files should be stored in one directory and filenames should be "$template_name-$version.template" with a symlink "$template_name.template" pointing to the most recent template. If the version is not set in the marker, makepkg-template will automatically use the target of "$template_name.template", otherwise the specified version will be used. This allows for easier verification of untrusted PKGBUILDs if the template is trusted. You verify the non-template code and then use a command similar to this:

diff -u <(makepkg-template -o -) PKGBUILD

Template files may also contain markers leading to nested templates in the resulting PKGBUILD. If you use markers in a template, please set the version you used/tested with in the start/input marker so other people can properly recreate from templates.

Options

-p, --input <build script>
Read the package script build script instead of the default.
-o, --output <build script>
Write the updated file to build script instead of overwriting the input file.
-n, --newest
Always use the newest available template file.
--template-dir <dir>
Change the dir where we are looking for template files. This option may be given multiple times in which case files found in directory given last will take precedence.

Example Pkgbuild

pkgname=perl-config-simple
pkgver=4.58
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="simple configuration file class"
arch=('any')
license=('PerlArtistic' 'GPL')
depends=('perl')
source=("http://search.cpan.org/CPAN/authors/id/S/SH/SHERZODR/Config-Simple-${pkgver}.tar.gz")
md5sums=('f014aec54f0a1e2e880d317180fce502')
_distname="Config-Simple"
# template start; name=perl-module; version=1.0;
_distdir="${_distname}-${pkgver}"
url="https://metacpan.org/release/${_distname}"
options+=('!emptydirs')
build() {
        cd "$srcdir/$_distdir"
        perl Makefile.PL INSTALLDIRS=vendor
        make
}
check() {
        cd "$srcdir/$_distdir"
        make test
}
package() {
        cd "$srcdir/$_distdir"
        make DESTDIR="$pkgdir" install
}
# template end;

See Also

makepkg(8), PKGBUILD(5)

See the pacman website at https://www.archlinux.org/pacman/ for current information on pacman and its related tools.

Bugs

Bugs? You must be kidding; there are no bugs in this software. But if we happen to be wrong, send us an email with as much detail as possible to pacman-dev@archlinux.org.

Authors

Current maintainers:

· Allan McRae <allan@archlinux.org>

· Andrew Gregory <andrew.gregory.8@gmail.com>

· Dan McGee <dan@archlinux.org>

· Dave Reisner <dreisner@archlinux.org>

Past major contributors:

· Judd Vinet <jvinet@zeroflux.org>

· Aurelien Foret <aurelien@archlinux.org>

· Aaron Griffin <aaron@archlinux.org>

· Xavier Chantry <shiningxc@gmail.com>

· Nagy Gabor <ngaba@bibl.u-szeged.hu>

For additional contributors, use git shortlog -s on the pacman.git repository.

Info

2016-03-31 Pacman 5.0.1 Pacman Manual