m.transform.1grass man page

m.transform — Computes a coordinate transformation based on the control points.

Keywords

miscellaneous, transformation, GCP

Synopsis

m.transform
m.transform --help
m.transform [-srx] group=name order=integer  [format=string[,string,...]]   [input=name]   [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]

Flags

-s

Display summary information

-r

Reverse transform of coords file or coeff. dump
Target east,north coordinates to local x,y

-x

Display transform matrix coefficients

--help

Print usage summary

--verbose

Verbose module output

--quiet

Quiet module output

--ui

Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters

group=name [required]

Name of input imagery group

order=integer [required]

Rectification polynomial order
Options: 1-3

format=string[,string,...]

Output format
Options: idx, src, dst, fwd, rev, fxy, rxy, fd, rd
Default: fd,rd
idx: point index
src: source coordinates
dst: destination coordinates
fwd: forward coordinates (destination)
rev: reverse coordinates (source)
fxy: forward coordinates difference (destination)
rxy: reverse coordinates difference (source)
fd: forward error (destination)
rd: reverse error (source)

input=name

File containing coordinates to transform ("-" to read from stdin)
Local x,y coordinates to target east,north

Description

m.transform is an utility to compute transformation based upon GCPs and output error measurements.

Notes

For coordinates given with the input file option or fed from stdin, the input format is "x y" with one coordinate pair per line.

The transformations are:

order=1:

    e = [E0 E1][1].[1]
        [E2  0][e] [n]
    n = [N0 N1][1].[1]
        [N2  0][e] [n]

order=2:

    e = [E0 E1 E3][1 ] [1 ]
        [E2 E4  0][e ].[n ]
        [E5  0  0][e²] [n²]
    n = [N0 N1 N3][1 ] [1 ]
        [N2 N4  0][e ].[n ]
        [N5  0  0][e²] [n²]

order=3:

    e = [E0 E1 E3 E6][1 ] [1 ]
        [E2 E4 E7  0][e ].[n ]
        [E5 E8  0  0][e²] [n²]
        [E9  0  0  0][e³] [n³]
    n = [N0 N1 N3 N6][1 ] [1 ]
        [N2 N4 N7  0][e ].[n ]
        [N5 N8  0  0][e²] [n²]
        [N9  0  0  0][e³] [n³]

["." = dot-product, (AE).N = N’EA.]

In other words, order=1 and order=2 are equivalent to order=3 with the higher coefficients equal to zero.

See Also

i.rectify, v.rectify, v.transform

Authors

Brian J. Buckley
Glynn Clements
Hamish Bowman

Last changed: $Date: 2014-11-28 16:43:22 +0100 (Fri, 28 Nov 2014) $

Source Code

Available at: m.transform source code (history)

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