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lpr-cups - Man Page

print files


lpr [ -H server[:port] ] [ -E ] [ -U username ] [ -P destination[/instance] ] [ -# num-copies [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -m ] [ -o option[=value] ] [ -p ] [ -q ] [ -r ] [ -C title ] [ -J title ] [ -T title ] [ file(s) ]


lpr submits files for printing. Files named on the command line are sent to the named printer or the default destination if no destination is specified. If no files are listed on the command-line, lpr reads the print file from the standard input.

The Default Destination

CUPS provides many ways to set the default destination. The LPDEST and PRINTER environment variables are consulted first. If neither are set, the current default set using the lpoptions(1) command is used, followed by the default set using the lpadmin(8) command.


The following options are recognized by lpr:


Forces encryption when connecting to the server.

-H server[:port]

Specifies an alternate server. Note: This option must occur before all others.

-C "name"
-J "name"
-T "name"

Sets the job name/title.

-P destination[/instance]

Prints files to the named printer.

-U username

Specifies an alternate username.

-# copies

Sets the number of copies to print.


Disables banner printing. This option is equivalent to -o job-sheets=none.


Specifies that the print file is already formatted for the destination and should be sent without filtering. This option is equivalent to -o raw.


Send an email on job completion.

-o option[=value]

Sets a job option. See "Common Job Options" below.


Specifies that the print file should be formatted with a shaded header with the date, time, job name, and page number. This option is equivalent to -o prettyprint and is only useful when printing text files.


Hold job for printing.


Specifies that the named print files should be deleted after submitting them.

Common Job Options

Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1) command, the following generic options are available:

-o job-sheets=name

Prints a cover page (banner) with the document. The "name" can be "classified", "confidential", "secret", "standard", "topsecret", or "unclassified".

-o media=size

Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least the size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".

-o number-up={2|4|6|9|16}

Prints 2, 4, 6, 9, or 16 document (input) pages on each output page.

-o orientation-requested=4

Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise).

-o orientation-requested=5

Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees clockwise).

-o orientation-requested=6

Prints the job in reverse portrait (rotated 180 degrees).

-o print-quality=3
-o print-quality=4
-o print-quality=5

Specifies the output quality - draft (3), normal (4), or best (5).

-o sides=one-sided

Prints on one side of the paper.

-o sides=two-sided-long-edge

Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.

-o sides=two-sided-short-edge

Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.


The -c, -d, -f, -g, -i, -n, -t, -v, and -w options are not supported by CUPS and produce a warning message if used.


Print two copies of a document to the default printer:

    lpr -# 2 filename

Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":

    lpr -P foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename

Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "foo":

    lpr -P foo -o number-up=2 filename

See Also

cancel(1), lp(1), lpadmin(8), lpoptions(1), lpq(1), lprm(1), lpstat(1), CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help)


CUPS 2022-05-02 OpenPrinting