latex - Man Page

structured text formatting and typesetting

Examples (TL;DR)


latex [first-line]


This manual page is a mere skeleton.

The LaTeX language is described in the book LaTeX - A Document Preparation System. LaTeX is a TeX macro package, not a modification to the TeX source program, so all the capabilities described in tex(1) are present.

The LaTeX macros encourage writers to think about the content of their documents, rather than the form.  The ideal, very difficult to realize, is to have no formatting commands (like “switch to italic” or “skip 2 picas”) in the document at all; instead, everything is done by specific markup instructions: “emphasize”, “start a section”.

The primary source of documentation for LaTeX is the LaTeX manual  referenced below.

lualatex, pdflatex, pdfcslatex, xelatex are LaTeX formats based on the respective engines.  All output PDF by default.
platex, uplatex are Japanese LaTeX formats based on e-pTeX and e-upTeX (DVI output).
lamed is the Aleph-based LaTeX format (DVI output).
dvilualatex is LuaTeX-based and outputs DVI.
cslatex is csTeX-based (primitives integrated into pdfTeX) and outputs DVI.

On some systems latex209 and slitex may still be available for compatibility with older versions of LaTeX.  These should not be used for new texts.

See Also

amstex(1), luatex(1), pdftex(1), ptex(1), tex(1), xetex(1).

Leslie Lamport, LaTeX - A Document Preparation System, Addison-Wesley, 1985, ISBN 020115790X.

Frank Mittelbach, Michel Goossens, Johannes Braams, David Carlisle, and Chris Rowley, LaTeX Companion, Addison-Wesley, 2004, ISBN 0201362996 (2nd edition).

The LaTeX home page is
A list of some LaTeX tutorials is at
An unofficial reference manual for LaTeX is at

Referenced By

amstex(1), arlatex(1), aux2bib(1), bibtex(1), bibtool(1), bundledoc(1), catdoc(1), ctanify(1), dvibook(1), dviconcat(1), dvips(1), dviselect(1), dvitodvi(1), fig2ps(1), fig2ps2tex(1), fpclasschart(1), fpdoc(1), gpg-key2latex(1), jadetex(1), lacheck(1), latex2html(1), latex2rtf(1), latex-dev(1), latexmk(1), linuxdoc(1), logiweb(5), lyx(1), makeskel(1), mendex(1), musixtex(1), pdftex(1), perltex(1), ps2frag(1), pslatex(1), purifyeps(1), rubber(1), sgml2latex(1), tex2lyx(1), upmendex(1), xetex(1).

The man pages platex(1), uplatex(1) and xelatex(1) are aliases of latex(1).

30 April 2018 Web2C 2021