kdig man page

kdig — Advanced DNS lookup utility

Synopsis

kdig [common-settings] [query [settings]]...

kdig -h

Description

This utility sends one or more DNS queries to a nameserver. Each query can have individual settings, or it can be specified globally via common-settings, which must precede query specification.

Parameters

query

name | -q name | -x address | -G tapfile

common-settings, settings

[query_class] [query_type] [@server]... [options]

name

Is a domain name that is to be looked up.

server

Is a domain name or an IPv4 or IPv6 address of the nameserver to send a query to. An additional port can be specified using address:port ([address]:port for IPv6 address), address@port, or address#port notation. If no server is specified, the servers from /etc/resolv.conf are used.

If no arguments are provided, kdig sends NS query for the root zone.

Query classes

A query_class can be either a DNS class name (IN, CH) or generic class specification CLASSXXXXX where XXXXX is a corresponding decimal class number. The default query class is IN.

Query types

A query_type can be either a DNS resource record type (A, AAAA, NS, SOA, DNSKEY, ANY, etc.) or one of the following:

TYPEXXXXX

Generic query type specification where XXXXX is a corresponding decimal type number.

AXFR

Full zone transfer request.

IXFR=serial

Incremental zone transfer request for specified starting SOA serial number.

NOTIFY=serial

Notify message with a SOA serial hint specified.

NOTIFY

Notify message with a SOA serial hint unspecified.

The default query type is A.

Options

-4

Use the IPv4 protocol only.

-6

Use the IPv6 protocol only.

-b address

Set the source IP address of the query to address. The address must be a valid address for local interface or :: or 0.0.0.0. An optional port can be specified in the same format as the server value.

-c class

An explicit query_class specification. See possible values above.

-d

Enable debug messages.

-h, --help

Print the program help.

-k keyfile

Use the TSIG key stored in a file keyfile to authenticate the request. The file must contain the key in the same format as accepted by the -y option.

-p port

Set the nameserver port number or service name to send a query to. The default port is 53.

-q name

Set the query name. An explicit variant of name specification.

-t type

An explicit query_type specification. See possible values above.

-V, --version

Print the program version.

-x address

Send a reverse (PTR) query for IPv4 or IPv6 address. The correct name, class and type is set automatically.

-y [alg:]name:key

Use the TSIG key named name to authenticate the request. The alg part specifies the algorithm (the default is hmac-sha256) and key specifies the shared secret encoded in Base64.

-E tapfile

Export a dnstap trace of the query and response messages received to the file tapfile.

-G tapfile

Generate message output from a previously saved dnstap file tapfile.

+[no]multiline

Wrap long records to more lines and improve human readability.

+[no]short

Show record data only.

+[no]generic

Use the generic representation format when printing resource record types and data.

+[no]crypto

Display the DNSSEC keys and signatures values in hexdump, instead of omitting them.

+[no]aaflag

Set the AA flag.

+[no]tcflag

Set the TC flag.

+[no]rdflag

Set the RD flag.

+[no]recurse

Same as +[no]rdflag

+[no]raflag

Set the RA flag.

+[no]zflag

Set the zero flag bit.

+[no]adflag

Set the AD flag.

+[no]cdflag

Set the CD flag.

+[no]dnssec

Set the DO flag.

+[no]all

Show all packet sections.

+[no]qr

Show the query packet.

+[no]header

Show the packet header.

+[no]opt

Show the EDNS pseudosection.

+[no]question

Show the question section.

+[no]answer

Show the answer section.

+[no]authority

Show the authority section.

+[no]additional

Show the additional section.

+[no]tsig

Show the TSIG pseudosection.

+[no]stats

Show trailing packet statistics.

+[no]class

Show the DNS class.

+[no]ttl

Show the TTL value.

+[no]tcp

Use the TCP protocol (default is UDP for standard query and TCP for AXFR/IXFR).

+[no]fastopen

Use TCP Fast Open (default with TCP).

+[no]ignore

Don't use TCP automatically if a truncated reply is received.

+[no]tls

Use TLS with the Opportunistic privacy profile.

+[no]tls-ca[=FILE]

Use TLS with the Out-Of-Band privacy profile, use a specified PEM file (default is system certificate storage if no argument is provided). Can be specified multiple times.

+[no]tls-pin=BASE64

Use TLS with a pinned certificate check. The PIN must be a Base64 encoded SHA-256 hash of the X.509 SubjectPublicKeyInfo. Can be specified multiple times.

+[no]tls-hostname=STR

Use TLS with a remote server hostname check.

+[no]nsid

Request the nameserver identifier (NSID).

+[no]bufsize=B

Set EDNS buffer size in bytes (default is 512 bytes).

+[no]padding[=B]

Use EDNS(0) padding option to pad queries, optionally to a specific size. The default is to pad queries with a sensible amount when using +tls, and not to pad at all when queries are sent without TLS.  With no argument (i.e., just +padding) pad every query with a sensible amount regardless of the use of TLS. With +nopadding, never pad.

+[no]alignment[=B]

Align the query to B-byte-block message using the EDNS(0) padding option (default is no or 128 if no argument is specified).

+[no]subnet=SUBN

Set EDNS(0) client subnet SUBN=addr/prefix.

+[no]edns[=N]

Use EDNS version (default is 0).

+[no]time=T

Set the wait-for-reply interval in seconds (default is 5 seconds). This timeout applies to each query attempt.

+[no]retry=N

Set the number (>=0) of UDP retries (default is 2). This doesn't apply to AXFR/IXFR.

+noidn

Disable the IDN transformation to ASCII and vice versa. IDNA2003 support depends on libidn availability during project building!

Notes

Options -k and -y can not be used simultaneously.

Dnssec-keygen keyfile format is not supported. Use keymgr(8) instead.

Examples

1.

Get A records for example.com:

$ kdig example.com A
2.

Perform AXFR for zone example.com from the server 192.0.2.1:

$ kdig example.com -t AXFR @192.0.2.1
3.

Get A records for example.com from 192.0.2.1 and reverse lookup for address 2001:DB8::1 from 192.0.2.2. Both using the TCP protocol:

$ kdig +tcp example.com -t A @192.0.2.1 -x 2001:DB8::1 @192.0.2.2
4.

Get SOA record for example.com, use TLS, use system certificates, check for specified hostname, check for certificate pin, and print additional debug info:

$ kdig -d @185.49.141.38 +tls-ca +tls-host=getdnsapi.net \
  +tls-pin=foxZRnIh9gZpWnl+zEiKa0EJ2rdCGroMWm02gaxSc9S= soa example.com

Files

/etc/resolv.conf

See Also

khost(1), knsupdate(1), keymgr(8).

Author

CZ.NIC Labs <http://www.knot-dns.cz>

Referenced By

khost(1), knsupdate(1).

2017-11-02 2.6.1 Knot DNS