i.tasscap.1grass man page

i.tasscap — Performs Tasseled Cap (Kauth Thomas) transformation.


imagery, transformation, Landsat, MODIS, Tasseled Cap transformation


i.tasscap --help
i.tasscap input=name[,name,...] output=basename sensor=string  [--overwrite]  [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]



Allow output files to overwrite existing files


Print usage summary


Verbose module output


Quiet module output


Force launching GUI dialog


input=name[,name,...] [required]

For Landsat4-7: bands 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7; for Landsat8: bands 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; for MODIS: bands 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

output=basename [required]

Name for output basename raster map(s)
Name for output basename raster map(s)

sensor=string [required]

Satellite sensor
Options: landsat4_tm, landsat5_tm, landsat7_etm, landsat8_oli, modis
landsat4_tm: Use transformation rules for Landsat 4 TM
landsat5_tm: Use transformation rules for Landsat 5 TM
landsat7_etm: Use transformation rules for Landsat 7 ETM
landsat8_oli: Use transformation rules for Landsat 8 OLI
modis: Use transformation rules for MODIS


i.tasscap calculates Tasseled Cap (Kauth Thomas, TC) transformation for Landsat TM data (TM4, TM5, ETM7) and MODIS data. The tasseled cap transformation is effectively a compression method to reduce multiple spectral data into a few bands. The method was originally developed for understanding important phenomena of crop development in spectral space (Kauth and Thomas 1976).

Tasseled cap coefficients for Landsat 7 ETM+ are at-satellite reflectance values (C. Huang et al., 2001), the conversion can be achieved with i.landsat.toar.

The following TC components are generated:

  • tasscap.1: corresponds to brightness,
  • tasscap.2: corresponds to greenness,
  • tasscap.3: corresponds to wetness,
  • tasscap.4: corresponds to atmospheric haze (only selected sensors: Landsat 5,7,8).


Calculation of TC maps from North Carolina Landsat 7 ETM scene:

g.region raster=lsat7_2002_10 -p
i.tasscap sensor=landsat7_etm \
  input=lsat7_2002_10,lsat7_2002_20,lsat7_2002_30,lsat7_2002_40,lsat7_2002_50,lsat7_2002_70 \


’Brightness’ Tasseled Cap component 1 ’Greenness’ Tasseled Cap component 2
’Wetness’ Tasseled Cap component 3 ’Atmospheric haze’ Tasseled Cap component 4


  • LANDSAT-4/LANDSAT-5: TC-factor changed to CRIST et al. 1986, Proc. IGARSS 1986, p.1467
  • Crist, E. P., 1985, A TM tasseled cap equivalent transformation for reflectance factor data, Remote Sensing of Environment, 17: 301-306.
  • LANDSAT-7: TASSCAP factors cited from: DERIVATION OF A TASSELED CAP TRANSFORMATION BASED ON LANDSAT 7 AT-SATELLITE REFLECTANCE. Chengquan Huang, Bruce Wylie, Limin Yang, Collin Homer and Gregory Zylstra Raytheon ITSS, USGS EROS Data Center Sioux Falls, SD 57198, USA http://landcover.usgs.gov/pdf/tasseled.pdf
    This is published as well in INT. J. OF RS, 2002, VOL 23, NO. 8, 1741-1748.
  • MODIS Tasselled Cap coefficients - Ref: Lobser & Cohen (2007). MODIS tasselled cap: land cover characteristics expressed through transformed MODIS data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Volume 28(22), Table 3

See Also

i.albedo, i.aster.toar, i.landsat.toar, i.atcorr, i.vi


Markus Neteler, ITC-irst, based on a script by Agustin Lobo

Last changed: $Date: 2014-12-19 22:55:37 +0100 (Fri, 19 Dec 2014) $

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