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hwloc-gather-topology - Man Page

Saves the relevant Linux and x86 topology files and the lstopo textual and XML outputs for later (possibly offline) usage


hwloc-gather-topology [options] <path>



Also gather I/O related files. The gathering may be much slower, and the generated archive may be much bigger.


Also gather DMI/SMBIOS related files. The gathering requires root access, and the dmi-sysfs kernel module should be loaded.


Also gather Device-Tree CPU files. These files aren't needed for hwloc, but they may be used for debugging what Linux exposes in /sys.


Do not gather x86 CPUID dump using hwloc-gather-cpuid.


Keep the temporary copy of dumped files instead of destroying it.


Report version and exit.

-h --help

Display help message and exit.


hwloc-gather-topology saves all the relevant topology files into an archive (<path>.tar.bz2), the lstopo output (<path>.output), and the lstopo XML (<path>.xml). The utility for example stores the /proc/cpuinfo file and the entire /sys/devices/system/node/ directory tree.

These files can be used later to explore the machine topology offline. Once the tarball has been extracted, it may for instance be given to some hwloc command-line utilities through their --input option. It is also possible to override the default topology that the hwloc library will read by setting the extracted path in the HWLOC_FSROOT environment variable.

The archive and the lstopo textual and XML outputs may also be submitted to hwloc developers to debug issues remotely.

hwloc-gather-topology is a Linux specific tool, it is not installed on other operating systems.

NOTE: hwloc-gather-topology gathers many hardware details about the platform. The outputs and tarball should not be posted on public lists or websites unless it is clear that they contain no sensitive information.

NOTE: The gathering may take several minutes, especially on large nodes.

NOTE: It is highly recommended that you read the hwloc(7) overview page before reading this man page.


To store topology information to be used later (possibly on a different host) please run:

hwloc-gather-topology /tmp/myhost

It will store all relevant topology files in the /tmp/myhost.tar.bz2 archive, the lstopo output in the /tmp/myhost.output file, and the lstopo XML in the /tmp/myhost.xml file. These files can be transferred on another host for later/offline analysis and/or as the input to various hwloc utilities.

To use these data with hwloc utilities you have to unpack myhost.tar.bz2 archive first:

tar jxvf /tmp/myhost.tar.bz2

A new directory named myhost now contains all topology files. Then you ask various hwloc utilities to use this topology instead of the one of the real machine by passing --input myhost. To display the topology just run:

lstopo --input ./myhost

It is not necessary that the topology is extracted in the current directory, absolute or relative paths are also supported:

lstopo --input /path/to/remote/host/extracted/topology/

To see how hwloc would distribute 8 parallel jobs on the original host:

hwloc-distrib --input myhost --single 8

To get the corresponding physical indexes in the previous command:

hwloc-calc --input myhost --po --li --proclist $(hwloc-distrib --input myhost --single 8)

Any program may actually override the default topology with a given archived one even if it does not have a --input option. The HWLOC_FSROOT environment variable should be used to do so:

HWLOC_FSROOT=myhost hwloc-calc --po --li --proclist $(hwloc-distrib --single 8)

All these commands will produce the same output as if executed directly on the host on which the topology information was originally gathered by the hwloc-gather-topology script.

Return Value

Upon successful execution, hwloc-gather-topology will exit with the code 0.

hwloc-gather-topology will return nonzero exit status if any kind of error occurs, such as (but not limited to) failure to create the archive or output files.

See Also

hwloc(7), lstopo(1), hwloc-gather-cpuid(1), hwloc-calc(1), hwloc-distrib(1)

Referenced By

hwloc-gather-cpuid(1), lstopo(1).

Jul 04, 2024 2.11.1 hwloc