httrack man page

httrack — offline browser : copy websites to a local directory

Synopsis

httrack [ url ]... [ -filter ]... [ +filter ]... [ -O, --path ] [ -w, --mirror ] [ -W, --mirror-wizard ] [ -g, --get-files ] [ -i, --continue ] [ -Y, --mirrorlinks ] [ -P, --proxy ] [ -%f, --httpproxy-ftp[=N] ] [ -%b, --bind ] [ -rN, --depth[=N] ] [ -%eN, --ext-depth[=N] ] [ -mN, --max-files[=N] ] [ -MN, --max-size[=N] ] [ -EN, --max-time[=N] ] [ -AN, --max-rate[=N] ] [ -%cN, --connection-per-second[=N] ] [ -GN, --max-pause[=N] ] [ -cN, --sockets[=N] ] [ -TN, --timeout[=N] ] [ -RN, --retries[=N] ] [ -JN, --min-rate[=N] ] [ -HN, --host-control[=N] ] [ -%P, --extended-parsing[=N] ] [ -n, --near ] [ -t, --test ] [ -%L, --list ] [ -%S, --urllist ] [ -NN, --structure[=N] ] [ -%D, --cached-delayed-type-check ] [ -%M, --mime-html ] [ -LN, --long-names[=N] ] [ -KN, --keep-links[=N] ] [ -x, --replace-external ] [ -%x, --disable-passwords ] [ -%q, --include-query-string ] [ -o, --generate-errors ] [ -X, --purge-old[=N] ] [ -%p, --preserve ] [ -%T, --utf8-conversion ] [ -bN, --cookies[=N] ] [ -u, --check-type[=N] ] [ -j, --parse-java[=N] ] [ -sN, --robots[=N] ] [ -%h, --http-10 ] [ -%k, --keep-alive ] [ -%B, --tolerant ] [ -%s, --updatehack ] [ -%u, --urlhack ] [ -%A, --assume ] [ -@iN, --protocol[=N] ] [ -%w, --disable-module ] [ -F, --user-agent ] [ -%R, --referer ] [ -%E, --from ] [ -%F, --footer ] [ -%l, --language ] [ -%a, --accept ] [ -%X, --headers ] [ -C, --cache[=N] ] [ -k, --store-all-in-cache ] [ -%n, --do-not-recatch ] [ -%v, --display ] [ -Q, --do-not-log ] [ -q, --quiet ] [ -z, --extra-log ] [ -Z, --debug-log ] [ -v, --verbose ] [ -f, --file-log ] [ -f2, --single-log ] [ -I, --index ] [ -%i, --build-top-index ] [ -%I, --search-index ] [ -pN, --priority[=N] ] [ -S, --stay-on-same-dir ] [ -D, --can-go-down ] [ -U, --can-go-up ] [ -B, --can-go-up-and-down ] [ -a, --stay-on-same-address ] [ -d, --stay-on-same-domain ] [ -l, --stay-on-same-tld ] [ -e, --go-everywhere ] [ -%H, --debug-headers ] [ -%!, --disable-security-limits ] [ -V, --userdef-cmd ] [ -%W, --callback ] [ -K, --keep-links[=N] ] [

Description

httrack allows you to download a World Wide Web site from the Internet to a local directory, building recursively all directories, getting HTML, images, and other files from the server to your computer. HTTrack arranges the original site's relative link-structure. Simply open a page of the "mirrored" website in your browser, and you can browse the site from link to link, as if you were viewing it online. HTTrack can also update an existing mirrored site, and resume interrupted downloads.

Examples

httrack www.someweb.com/bob/
mirror site www.someweb.com/bob/ and only this site
httrack www.someweb.com/bob/ www.anothertest.com/mike/ +*.com/*.jpg -mime:application/*
mirror the two sites together (with shared links) and accept any .jpg files on .com sites
httrack www.someweb.com/bob/bobby.html +* -r6
means get all files starting from bobby.html, with 6 link-depth, and possibility of going everywhere on the web
httrack www.someweb.com/bob/bobby.html --spider -P proxy.myhost.com:8080
runs the spider on www.someweb.com/bob/bobby.html using a proxy
httrack --update
updates a mirror in the current folder
httrack
will bring you to the interactive mode
httrack --continue
continues a mirror in the current folder

Options

General options

-O
path for mirror/logfiles+cache (-O path mirror[,path cache and logfiles]) (--path <param>)

Action options

-w
*mirror web sites (--mirror)
-W
mirror web sites, semi-automatic (asks questions) (--mirror-wizard)
-g
just get files (saved in the current directory) (--get-files)
-i
continue an interrupted mirror using the cache (--continue)
-Y
mirror ALL links located in the first level pages (mirror links) (--mirrorlinks)

Proxy options

-P
proxy use (-P proxy:port or -P user:pass@proxy:port) (--proxy <param>)
-%f
*use proxy for ftp (f0 don t use) (--httpproxy-ftp[=N])
-%b
use this local hostname to make/send requests (-%b hostname) (--bind <param>)

Limits options

-rN
set the mirror depth to N (* r9999) (--depth[=N])
-%eN
set the external links depth to N (* %e0) (--ext-depth[=N])
-mN
maximum file length for a non-html file (--max-files[=N])
-mN,N2
maximum file length for non html (N) and html (N2)
-MN
maximum overall size that can be uploaded/scanned (--max-size[=N])
-EN
maximum mirror time in seconds (60=1 minute, 3600=1 hour) (--max-time[=N])
-AN
maximum transfer rate in bytes/seconds (1000=1KB/s max) (--max-rate[=N])
-%cN
maximum number of connections/seconds (*%c10) (--connection-per-second[=N])
-GN
pause transfer if N bytes reached, and wait until lock file is deleted (--max-pause[=N])

Flow control

-cN
number of multiple connections (*c8) (--sockets[=N])
-TN
timeout, number of seconds after a non-responding link is shutdown (--timeout[=N])
-RN
number of retries, in case of timeout or non-fatal errors (*R1) (--retries[=N])
-JN
traffic jam control, minimum transfert rate (bytes/seconds) tolerated for a link (--min-rate[=N])
-HN
host is abandonned if: 0=never, 1=timeout, 2=slow, 3=timeout or slow (--host-control[=N])

Build options

-NN
structure type (0 *original structure, 1+: see below) (--structure[=N])
-or
user defined structure (-N "%h%p/%n%q.%t")
-%N
delayed type check, don t make any link test but wait for files download to start instead (experimental) (%N0 don t use, %N1 use for unknown extensions, * %N2 always use)
-%D
cached delayed type check, don t wait for remote type during updates, to speedup them (%D0 wait, * %D1 don t wait) (--cached-delayed-type-check)
-%M
generate a RFC MIME-encapsulated full-archive (.mht) (--mime-html)
-LN
long names (L1 *long names / L0 8-3 conversion / L2 ISO9660 compatible) (--long-names[=N])
-KN
keep original links (e.g. http://www.adr/link) (K0 *relative link, K absolute links, K4 original links, K3 absolute URI links, K5 transparent proxy link) (--keep-links[=N])
-x
replace external html links by error pages (--replace-external)
-%x
do not include any password for external password protected websites (%x0 include) (--disable-passwords)
-%q
*include query string for local files (useless, for information purpose only) (%q0 don t include) (--include-query-string)
-o
*generate output html file in case of error (404..) (o0 don t generate) (--generate-errors)
-X
*purge old files after update (X0 keep delete) (--purge-old[=N])
-%p
preserve html files as is (identical to -K4 -%F "" ) (--preserve)
-%T
links conversion to UTF-8 (--utf8-conversion)

Spider options

-bN
accept cookies in cookies.txt (0=do not accept,* 1=accept) (--cookies[=N])
-u
check document type if unknown (cgi,asp..) (u0 don t check, * u1 check but /, u2 check always) (--check-type[=N])
-j
*parse Java Classes (j0 don t parse, bitmask: |1 parse default, |2 don t parse .class |4 don t parse .js |8 don t be aggressive) (--parse-java[=N])
-sN
follow robots.txt and meta robots tags (0=never,1=sometimes,* 2=always, 3=always (even strict rules)) (--robots[=N])
-%h
force HTTP/1.0 requests (reduce update features, only for old servers or proxies) (--http-10)
-%k
use keep-alive if possible, greately reducing latency for small files and test requests (%k0 don t use) (--keep-alive)
-%B
tolerant requests (accept bogus responses on some servers, but not standard!) (--tolerant)
-%s
update hacks: various hacks to limit re-transfers when updating (identical size, bogus response..) (--updatehack)
-%u
url hacks: various hacks to limit duplicate URLs (strip //, www.foo.com==foo.com..) (--urlhack)
-%A
assume that a type (cgi,asp..) is always linked with a mime type (-%A php3,cgi=text/html;dat,bin=application/x-zip) (--assume <param>)
-can
also be used to force a specific file type: --assume foo.cgi=text/html
-@iN
internet protocol (0=both ipv6+ipv4, 4=ipv4 only, 6=ipv6 only) (--protocol[=N])
-%w
disable a specific external mime module (-%w htsswf -%w htsjava) (--disable-module <param>)

Browser ID

-F
user-agent field sent in HTTP headers (-F "user-agent name") (--user-agent <param>)
-%R
default referer field sent in HTTP headers (--referer <param>)
-%E
from email address sent in HTTP headers (--from <param>)
-%F
footer string in Html code (-%F "Mirrored [from host %s [file %s [at %s]]]" (--footer <param>)
-%l
preffered language (-%l "fr, en, jp, *" (--language <param>)
-%a
accepted formats (-%a "text/html,image/png;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.1" (--accept <param>)
-%X
additional HTTP header line (-%X "X-Magic: 42" (--headers <param>)

Log, index, cache

-C
create/use a cache for updates and retries (C0 no cache,C1 cache is prioritary,* C2 test update before) (--cache[=N])
-k
store all files in cache (not useful if files on disk) (--store-all-in-cache)
-%n
do not re-download locally erased files (--do-not-recatch)
-%v
display on screen filenames downloaded (in realtime) - * %v1 short version - %v2 full animation (--display)
-Q
no log - quiet mode (--do-not-log)
-q
no questions - quiet mode (--quiet)
-z
log - extra infos (--extra-log)
-Z
log - debug (--debug-log)
-v
log on screen (--verbose)
-f
*log in files (--file-log)
-f2
one single log file (--single-log)
-I
*make an index (I0 don t make) (--index)
-%i
make a top index for a project folder (* %i0 don t make) (--build-top-index)
-%I
make an searchable index for this mirror (* %I0 don t make) (--search-index)

Expert options

-pN
priority mode: (* p3) (--priority[=N])
-p0
just scan, don t save anything (for checking links)
-p1
save only html files
-p2
save only non html files
-*p3
save all files
-p7
get html files before, then treat other files
-S
stay on the same directory (--stay-on-same-dir)
-D
*can only go down into subdirs (--can-go-down)
-U
can only go to upper directories (--can-go-up)
-B
can both go up&down into the directory structure (--can-go-up-and-down)
-a
*stay on the same address (--stay-on-same-address)
-d
stay on the same principal domain (--stay-on-same-domain)
-l
stay on the same TLD (eg: .com) (--stay-on-same-tld)
-e
go everywhere on the web (--go-everywhere)
-%H
debug HTTP headers in logfile (--debug-headers)

Guru options: (do NOT use if possible)

-#X
*use optimized engine (limited memory boundary checks) (--fast-engine)
-#0
filter test (-#0 *.gif www.bar.com/foo.gif ) (--debug-testfilters <param>)
-#1
simplify test (-#1 ./foo/bar/../foobar)
-#2
type test (-#2 /foo/bar.php)
-#C
cache list (-#C *.com/spider*.gif (--debug-cache <param>)
-#R
cache repair (damaged cache) (--repair-cache)
-#d
debug parser (--debug-parsing)
-#E
extract new.zip cache meta-data in meta.zip
-#f
always flush log files (--advanced-flushlogs)
-#FN
maximum number of filters (--advanced-maxfilters[=N])
-#h
version info (--version)
-#K
scan stdin (debug) (--debug-scanstdin)
-#L
maximum number of links (-#L1000000) (--advanced-maxlinks)
-#p
display ugly progress information (--advanced-progressinfo)
-#P
catch URL (--catch-url)
-#R
old FTP routines (debug) (--repair-cache)
-#T
generate transfer ops. log every minutes (--debug-xfrstats)
-#u
wait time (--advanced-wait)
-#Z
generate transfer rate statictics every minutes (--debug-ratestats)

Dangerous options: (do NOT use unless you exactly know what you are doing)

-%!
bypass built-in security limits aimed to avoid bandwidth abuses (bandwidth, simultaneous connections) (--disable-security-limits)
-IMPORTANT
NOTE: DANGEROUS OPTION, ONLY SUITABLE FOR EXPERTS
-USE
IT WITH EXTREME CARE

Command-line specific options

-V
execute system command after each files ($0 is the filename: -V "rm \$0") (--userdef-cmd <param>)
-%W
use an external library function as a wrapper (-%W myfoo.so[,myparameters]) (--callback <param>)

Details: Option N

-N0
Site-structure (default)
-N1
HTML in web/, images/other files in web/images/
-N2
HTML in web/HTML, images/other in web/images
-N3
HTML in web/, images/other in web/
-N4
HTML in web/, images/other in web/xxx, where xxx is the file extension (all gif will be placed onto web/gif, for example)
-N5
Images/other in web/xxx and HTML in web/HTML
-N99
All files in web/, with random names (gadget !)
-N100
Site-structure, without www.domain.xxx/
-N101
Identical to N1 exept that "web" is replaced by the site s name
-N102
Identical to N2 exept that "web" is replaced by the site s name
-N103
Identical to N3 exept that "web" is replaced by the site s name
-N104
Identical to N4 exept that "web" is replaced by the site s name
-N105
Identical to N5 exept that "web" is replaced by the site s name
-N199
Identical to N99 exept that "web" is replaced by the site s name
-N1001
Identical to N1 exept that there is no "web" directory
-N1002
Identical to N2 exept that there is no "web" directory
-N1003
Identical to N3 exept that there is no "web" directory (option set for g option)
-N1004
Identical to N4 exept that there is no "web" directory
-N1005
Identical to N5 exept that there is no "web" directory
-N1099
Identical to N99 exept that there is no "web" directory

Details: User-defined option N

%n Name of file without file type (ex: image)
%N Name of file, including file type (ex: image.gif)
%t File type (ex: gif)
%p Path [without ending /] (ex: /someimages)
%h Host name (ex: www.someweb.com)
%M URL MD5 (128 bits, 32 ascii bytes)
%Q query string MD5 (128 bits, 32 ascii bytes)
%k full query string
%r protocol name (ex: http)
%q small query string MD5 (16 bits, 4 ascii bytes)
%s? Short name version (ex: %sN)
%[param] param variable in query string
%[param:before:after:empty:notfound] advanced variable extraction

Details: User-defined option N and advanced variable extraction

%[param:before:after:empty:notfound]

-param
: parameter name
-before
: string to prepend if the parameter was found
-after
: string to append if the parameter was found
-notfound
: string replacement if the parameter could not be found
-empty
: string replacement if the parameter was empty
-all
fields, except the first one (the parameter name), can be empty

Details: Option K

-K0
foo.cgi?q=45 -> foo4B54.html?q=45 (relative URI, default)
-K
-> http://www.foobar.com/folder/foo.cgi?q=… (absolute URL) (--keep-links[=N])
-K3
-> /folder/foo.cgi?q=45 (absolute URI)
-K4
-> foo.cgi?q=45 (original URL)
-K5
-> http://www.foobar.com/folder/foo4B54.ht… (transparent proxy URL)

Shortcuts

--mirror
<URLs> *make a mirror of site(s) (default)
--get
<URLs> get the files indicated, do not seek other URLs (-qg)
--list
<text file> add all URL located in this text file (-%L)
--mirrorlinks
<URLs> mirror all links in 1st level pages (-Y)
--testlinks
<URLs> test links in pages (-r1p0C0I0t)
--spider
<URLs> spider site(s), to test links: reports Errors & Warnings (-p0C0I0t)
--testsite
<URLs> identical to --spider
--skeleton
<URLs> make a mirror, but gets only html files (-p1)
--update
update a mirror, without confirmation (-iC2)
--continue
continue a mirror, without confirmation (-iC1)
--catchurl
create a temporary proxy to capture an URL or a form post URL
--clean
erase cache & log files
--http10
force http/1.0 requests (-%h)

Details: Option %W: External callbacks prototypes

see htsdefines.h

Files

/etc/httrack.conf

The system wide configuration file.

Environment

HOME
Is being used if you defined in /etc/httrack.conf the line path ~/websites/#

Diagnostics

Errors/Warnings are reported to hts-log.txt by default, or to stderr if the -v option was specified.

Limits

These are the principals limits of HTTrack for that moment. Note that we did not heard about any other utility that would have solved them.

- Several scripts generating complex filenames may not find them (ex: img.src='image'+a+Mobj.dst+'.gif')

- Some java classes may not find some files on them (class included)

- Cgi-bin links may not work properly in some cases (parameters needed). To avoid them: use filters like -*cgi-bin*

Bugs

Please reports bugs to <bugs@httrack.com>. Include a complete, self-contained example that will allow the bug to be reproduced, and say which version of httrack you are using. Do not forget to detail options used, OS version, and any other information you deem necessary.

Availability

The most recent released version of httrack can be found at: http://www.httrack.com

Author

Xavier Roche <roche@httrack.com>

See Also

The HTML documentation (available online at http://www.httrack.com/html/ ) contains more detailed information. Please also refer to the httrack FAQ (available online at http://www.httrack.com/html/faq.html )

Referenced By

htsserver(1), proxytrack(1), webhttrack(1).

15 March 2016 httrack website copier