guestfs-release-notes-1.38 - Man Page

libguestfs Release Notes

Release Notes for Libguestfs 1.38

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.36.0).  For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

New tools

Virt-builder-repository is a new tool allowing end users to create and update virt-builder repositories (Cédric Bosdonnat).

Virt-rescue (while not a new tool) has been substantially rewritten, implementing job control, -m and -i options, escape keys, etc.

New features in existing tools

Virt-builder planner has been improved so that faster and more efficient build plans are chosen for complex cases, especially when either the tmpdir or output is on networked storage.

New virt-builder Fedora templates (starting with Fedora 26) will have plain partition layout and use GPT for partitions.

Virt-customize “firstboot” scripts in guests using systemd are now installed under the multi-user.target instead of default.target so they will only run when the system is booted normally.

Virt-customize now sets a random /etc/machine-id for Linux guests, if one is not already set.

Virt-df now works correctly on filesystems with block sizes smaller than 1K (Nikolay Ivanets).

Virt-dib has further compatibility enhancements with diskimage-builder (Pino Toscano).

Virt-sysprep removes DHCP_HOSTNAME from ifcfg-* files.

Virt-sysprep now works on Oracle Linux (Jamie Iles).

Virt-resize now correctly copies GPT partition attributes from the source to the destination (Cédric Bosdonnat).

Bash tab completion implemented or enhanced for: virt-win-reg, virt-v2v-copy-to-local.

virt-v2v and virt-p2v

Virt-v2v can now read VMware VMX files directly, either from local disk, NFS storage, or over SSH from an ESXi hypervisor.

Virt-v2v can now use VDDK as an input source.

Both virt-v2v and virt-p2v are now able to pass through the source CPU vendor, model and topology.  However unfortunately not all source and target hypervisors are able to provide or consume this data at present (Tomáš Golembiovský).

Virt-v2v now supports encrypted guests (Pino Toscano).

Virt-v2v can now handle VMware snapshots.  Note that the snapshots are collapsed — it does not convert the chain of snapshots into a chain of snapshots.

Virt-v2v now installs Windows 10 / Windows Server 2016 virtio block drivers correctly (Pavel Butsykin, Kun Wei).

Virt-v2v now installs virtio-rng, balloon and pvpanic drivers, and correctly sets this in the target hypervisor metadata for hypervisors which support that (Tomáš Golembiovský).

Virt-v2v now installs both legacy and modern virtio keys in the Windows registry (Ladi Prosek).

Virt-p2v can now preserve (in some cases) the offset of the Real Time Clock from UTC.

Virt-p2v now combines several scp commands to the conversion server into a single command, improving conversion times.

Virt-v2v now detects the special Linux Xen PV-only kernels correctly (Laszlo Ersek).

Virt-v2v -o glance now generates the right properties for UEFI guests (Pino Toscano).

Virt-v2v -o null now avoids spooling the guest to a temporary file, instead it writes to the qemu “null block device”.  This makes it faster and use almost no disk space.

Virt-v2v -o rhv now supports Windows 2016 Server guest type.

Virt-v2v -i libvirtxml can now open network disks over http or https.

Virt-v2v will now give a warning about host passthrough devices (Pino Toscano).

The virt-v2v --machine-readable output has been enhanced so it includes vcenter-https, xen-ssh and in-place facts (Pino Toscano).

Language bindings

Fix multiple memory leaks and other data corruption problems in the Java bindings (Pino Toscano).

Perl %guestfs_introspection has been dropped.

Inspection

Inspection support was rewritten in OCaml and included inside the daemon.  This makes inspection considerably faster, more robust and more easily extensible in future.

Better icon support for ALT Linux guests (Pino Toscano).

Better support for NeoKylin (Qingzheng Zhang).

Can handle OSes like Void Linux which do not include VERSION_ID in /etc/os-release (Pino Toscano).

Add support for Microsoft MS-DOS (Daniel Berrangé).

Architectures and platforms

Multiple fixes for S/390 architecture.  Libguestfs and all the tools should now compile and run on this architecture.

Other

The libguestfs API is now thread-safe (although not parallel).  You can call APIs on the same handle from multiple threads without needing to take a lock.

Security

There were multiple vulnerabilities in the icoutils wrestool program which is run by libguestfs to create icons for Windows guests. Using the latest wrestool is recommended.

API

New APIs

hivex_value_string

This replaces the deprecated hivex_value_utf8 API, but does the same thing.

part_get_gpt_attributes
part_set_gpt_attributes

Read and write GPT partition attribute flags (Cédric Bosdonnat).

part_resize

Enlarge or shrink an existing partition (Nikos Skalkotos).

yara_destroy
yara_load
yara_scan

Support for the Yara malware scanning engine (Matteo Cafasso).

Other API changes

APIs implemented in the daemon can now be written in either C or OCaml.  Several APIs were rewritten in OCaml, although we are not planning to rewrite all of them.

You will now get a clear error message if you try to add too many disks to the appliance, instead of getting a peculiar failure from qemu.

Certain APIs accidentally allowed you to use /dev/urandom as an input “device”, eg. g.copy_device_to_device("/dev/urandom", "/dev/sda").  The code has been modified to forbid this usage.

All APIs for inspecting installer CDs have been deprecated.  Use libosinfo for this task.

Build changes

A working OCaml compiler ≥ 4.01 is now required for building libguestfs.  The ./configure --disable-ocaml option remains but is only used to disable the OCaml language bindings.

Add RELEASES file which lists release dates for each version of libguestfs.  You must update this file when making a new release.

Documentation generated by gtk-doc has been removed.  ./configure --enable-gtk-doc now does nothing.

Libtirpc is now used for XDR functions and rpcgen.  Note that glibc has deprecated and in most Linux distros dropped these, so for most people this will be an extra dependency (Martin Kletzander).

Libxcrypt is now used for crypt(3).  This is required if using glibc ≥ 2.27.

ocaml-hivex is now required.

Libvirt ≥ 1.2.20 is now required.

There is now a make check-root target for tests which need to be run as root (analogous to make check-slow).

./configure-time check for __attribute__((cleanup)) now works in the cross-compilation case (Yann E. Morin).

The AUTHORS and p2v/about-authors.c files are now generated from a single place.

Either GnuPG v1 or v2 can be used.

./configure --with-guestfs-path may be used to set the default LIBGUESTFS_PATH.  In addition the way that the path is searched has changed slightly so that all types of appliances are searched in each path element separately (Pavel Butsykin).

GUESTFSD_EXT_CMD which was used to mark external commands in the daemon has been removed.  It was originally used by SUSE builds, but they have not been using it for a while.

The output from ./configure is now visually grouped under headings related to what it is doing, making it much easier to scan (Pino Toscano).

OCaml dependencies are now generated from a single script instead of multiple not-quite-the-same Makefile fragments.

./configure --with-distro=ID can be used to override automatic Linux distro detection at build time (Pino Toscano).

qemu ≥ 2.10 is supported (but not required).  This adds mandatory locking to disks and libguestfs turns this off in certain circumstances when it is known to be safe (Lars Seipel, Peter Krempa, Daniel Berrangé, Pino Toscano, Fam Zheng, Yongkui Guo, Václav Kadlčík).

Internals

Most common code has been moved to the common/ subdirectory, with OCaml common code being in common/ml* directories (eg. common/visit and common/mlvisit contain the visitor library in C and OCaml respectively).  The mllib directory has been deleted and replaced by common/mltools.

There is now a lightweight OCaml binding for PCRE, see common/mlpcre.  Use of OCaml Str library has been mostly replaced with PCRE.

Add more calls to udev_settle to improve stability of partition code (Dawid Zamirski).

Run udev_settle with --exit-if-exists option, which improves the speed of this command (Pavel Butsykin).

Detect new locations of major(3), minor(3), makedev(3).

Actions can now be deprecated with no suggested replacement, for APIs such as guestfs_wait_ready that should simply be removed from client code.

Use gnulib set_nonblocking_flag wrapper instead of calling fcntl(2) with O_NONBLOCK (Eric Blake).  Similarly set_cloexec_flag.

Fix memory leak in XFS version of guestfs_vfs_minimum_size (Pino Toscano).

Valgrind checks now run on the virt-p2v binary.

Unicode single quotes (‘’) and now used in place of '' or `' throughout the code and documentation.  Similarly for ’s instead of 's.

The is_zero function has been reimplemented for greater speed (Eric Blake).

In the direct backend, virtio-blk support has been removed. Virtio-scsi is now the only supported way to add disks.

Generator string parameter and return types have been rationalised so there are only two types (String, StringList) with many subtypes eg. FileIn becomes String (FileIn, ...).

The appliance disk image can now be in formats other than raw (Pavel Butsykin).

Multiple improvements to how we automatically build Debian templates for virt-builder (Pino Toscano).  Enable serial console for these templates (Florian Klink).

In the daemon, instead of making a private copy of lvm.conf and modifying it (eg for filters), start with an empty file since LVM understands that to mean “all defaults” (Alasdair Kergon, Zdenek Kabelac).

The direct backend can now run QMP queries against the QEMU binary, enhancing the kinds of information we can detect.  In addition the code to query QEMU has been made more robust for handling multiple parallel queries of different versions of QEMU.

OCaml Augeas bindings are bundled under common/mlaugeas.  The long term plan is to remove this and use system ocaml-augeas when it is more widely available in distros (Pino Toscano).

All OCaml modules (*.ml files) are now required to have an interface file (*.mli).  If they don't export anything then the interface will be empty except for comments.

Certain OCaml features in OCaml ≥ 4.01 are used throughout the code, including replacing ‘{ field = field }’ with ‘{ field }’.

Virt-builder make-template utility now uses the virt-install --transient option so that we should never need to clean up left over domains after a crash.  It also saves kickstarts and virt-install commands, which are committed to git for future reference.

/dev/shm is now created in the appliance (Nicolas Hicher).

In verbose mode on Fedora guests, virt-customize will now use dnf --verbose enabling better debugging output.

Virt-v2v input and output classes now contain a #precheck method which is used to perform environmental checks before conversion starts.

Virt-p2v enables miniexpect debugging.  It is written to stderr (of virt-p2v).

Virt-v2v free space checks are more liberal especially for smaller guests (Pino Toscano).

Bugs fixed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1540535

Example URI of “Convert from ESXi hypervisor over SSH to local libvirt” is incorrect in v2v man page

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1539395

virt-customize segfaults after upgrading to 1.37.35-3

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1536765

Libguestfs Perl bindings can leak a small amount of memory on error

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1536763

libguestfs Lua bindings use strerror(), which isn’t thread safe

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1536603

man page makes no mention of using '--' when trying to change exit on error behavior

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1525241

virt-df displays zeros for filesystems with block size =512

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1519204

v2v should improve the result when convert a rhel7.4 guest with no available kernels found in the bootloader

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1518517

virt-v2v fails with “unsupported configuration: shared access for  disk 'sdb' requires use of supported storage format”

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1516094

Mere presence of QEMU file locking options breaks NBD (Block protocol 'nbd' doesn't support the option 'locking')

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1514756

./configure --disable-ocaml breaks building common/mlpcre which breaks building daemon

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1513884

[RFE]Should update some vddk info in v2v man page

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1508874

virt-v2v: warning: ova disk has an unknown VMware controller type (20)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1506572

virt-v2v '-i ova' is not parsing the MAC address from the source OVF

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1506511

virt-builder fails to parse repo file if it has blank space after the repository identifier

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1503958

Failed to convert the rhel5 guest with kmod-xenpv installed from xen server by virt-v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1503497

qemu-kvm fails to open qcow2 files in read-only mode with qemu-kvm 1.5.3

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1500673

Error info shows wrong sometimes when ssh to conversion server using non-root user with sudo on p2v client

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1500537

/dev/shm does not exist in the appliance environment

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1497475

guestfish cannot list commands from interactive mode

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1493048

Unbound constructor Hivex.OPEN_UNSAFE

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1484957

bump debian images to use single-partition layout

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1482737

virt-resize failed to expand swap partition for RHEL5.11 guest image with “parsing UUID failed”

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1477623

Running file API on a special chardev may hang forever

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1476081

inspect-os  report error: could not parse integer in version number: V7Update2

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1472719

[RFE]Add warning in process of v2v converting guest which has pci passthrough device

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1472208

virt-v2v fails on opensuse 13.2 guest with error: statns: statns_stub: path must start with a / character

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1469655

firstboot scripts are not correctly installed in Fedora 26

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1466563

Libguestfs should pass copyonread flag through to the libvirt XML

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1465665

1.36.x build failure: gtkdocize fails using newer autotools due to missing GTK_DOC_CHECK in configure.ac

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1460338

guestfs_shutdown hangs if main process sets signal handlers

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1459979

guestfs_add_domain_argv fails with readonly option when vdi/vhd disk is attached to libvirt domain

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1451665

RFE: Virt-v2v can't convert the guest which has encrypted partition

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1450325

document URI format for -a parameters of tools

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1448739

RFE: Support multicore decompression for OVA files using pigz and pxz

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1447202

Win 2016 guest is described as Win 10 after imported to RHEVM

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1441197

RFE: ability to convert VMware virtual machines via vmx

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1438939

Please drop or update GnuPG (1.4.x) dependency

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1438794

[RFE] Install Windows virtio-rng drivers on VMs imported

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1433937

virt-inspector can't get icon info from altlinux-centaurus

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1433577

policycoreutils setfiles >= 2.6 does .. nothing

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1431579

Windows 8 UEFI from VMware to KVM fails to boot after conversion

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1430680

There is error info about “No such file or directory” when convert a guest from ova file by v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1430184

virt-dib should generate sha256 checksum instead of sha512

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1429506

RFE: OVMF should be detected on conversion server to prevent failed conversion

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1429491

Should rename network name of rhv in virt-v2v man page

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1427529

virt-sysprep should remove DHCP_HOSTNAME

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1417306

QEMU image file locking (libguestfs)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1409024

[Debian] Missing db_dump abort inspection

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1406906

Segmentation fault when reading corrupted path with Python 3 bindings

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1379289

RFE: virt-p2v should support mnemonic operations

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1378022

There is virt-v2v warning about <listen type='none'> during converting a guest which has listen type='none' in XML

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1376547

qemu-system-s390x: -device isa-serial,chardev=charserial0,id=serial0: 'isa-serial' is not a valid device model name

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1374232

selinux relabel fails on RHEL 6.2 guests with “libguestfs error: selinux_relabel: : Success”

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1367738

Missing bash completion scripts for: virt-diff guestunmount virt-copy-in virt-copy-out virt-customize virt-get-kernel virt-p2v-make-disk virt-p2v-make-kickstart virt-tar-in virt-tar-out virt-v2v-copy-to-local virt-win-reg

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1362649

RFE: virt-sysprep does not utilize libguestfs encryption support

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1172425

[RFE]virt-v2v failed to convert VMware ESX VM with snapshot

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1171654

Modify a file in virt-rescue with vi on some linux terminal such as yakuake, can lead to abnormal display in virt-rescue shell

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1167623

Remove “If reporting bugs, run virt-v2v with debugging enabled ..” message when running virt-p2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1152819

Can not end a running command in virt-rescue by press ^C or other keys, the only way is to exit virt-rescue

See Also

guestfs-examples(1), guestfs-faq(1), guestfs-performance(1), guestfs-recipes(1), guestfs-testing(1), guestfs(3), guestfish(1), http://libguestfs.org/

Author

Richard W.M. Jones

License

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

Bugs

To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

When reporting a bug, please supply:

Info

2020-03-09 libguestfs-1.42.0 Virtualization Support