guestfs-release-notes-1.36 - Man Page

libguestfs Release Notes

Release Notes for Libguestfs 1.36

These release notes only cover the differences from the previous stable/dev branch split (1.34.0).  For detailed changelogs, please see the git repository, or the ChangeLog file distributed in the tarball.

New features

New tools

Virt-tail is a new tool for following (tailing) log files within a guest, similar to the regular tail -f command.

New features in existing tools

Virt-customize, virt-get-kernel, virt-sparsify and virt-sysprep can now handle encrypted guests (Pino Toscano).

Virt-builder and virt-customize now support --append-line, which is useful for adding lines to the end of configuration files.

Virt-resize can now shrink and expand swap partitions (Pino Toscano).

Virt-resize can now output to non-local disks (Pino Toscano).

Virt-sysprep has a new operation called backup-files for removing editor backups, and passwd-backups for removing /etc/passwd- and similar.

Virt-dib can now create checksums using the new --checksum option (Pino Toscano).

Virt-dib can now create tgz files.  In addition, extended attributes and SELinux labels are preserved in the output tar file (Pino Toscano).

Virt-dib can now create squashfs files (Pino Toscano).

Bash tab-completion is now available in every command line tool that is shipped.

virt-v2v and virt-p2v

Conversions of Debian (6+) and Ubuntu (10.04+) guests are now supported (Tomáš Golembiovský, Pino Toscano).

Conversions from SUSE Xen hypervisor have now been tested (Cédric Bosdonnat).

Windows conversions may now install a program pnp_wait.exe which prevents conflicts between the Windows Plug-and-Play Manager and our own scripts that install virtio device drivers.  Enabling this requires the pnp_wait.exe program to be built separately (Roman Kagan).

OVA files exported from AWS can now be converted (Shahar Havivi).

When converting OVA files, in some circumstances virt-v2v can now read disk images directly from the OVA input file instead of needing to unpack the OVA file to a temporary directory.  This can save large amounts of disk space, and is quicker (Tomáš Golembiovský).

Virt-p2v can now be built on RHEL 5 (2007-era) Linux and RHEL 6, which means that 32 bit and hardware with ancient fakeraid disks can be virtualized.  Binaries of virt-p2v based on these old versions of RHEL can be found at http://oirase.annexia.org/virt-p2v/

Virt-p2v can now use nbdkit (an NBD server) as an alternative to qemu-nbd.  In addition, virt-p2v can use “socket activation” which is a more robust method for opening the NBD listening socket.  Socket activation works with qemu-nbd or nbdkit, but requires the most up to date versions.

To prevent timeouts during P2V conversions, virt-p2v inhibits power saving on the physical machine, and also sends ping packets over the ssh control and data connections.

Virt-v2v no longer removes the Processor and Intelppm nodes from the Windows Registry.

Xen and vCenter conversions can now be done using the libvirt backend, provided libvirt ≥ 2.1.0 is used.

/dev/srX (SCSI CD-ROM) devices are ignored (Tomáš Golembiovský).

When converting SUSE Linux guests, use /etc/modprobe.conf.local if it exists.

Removing VMware tools from Linux guests should now work reliably (Pino Toscano).

When converting OVA files, virt-v2v now checks the disk image hash contained in the manifest file, whereas previously it was ignored because of a mistake in the code.  In addition, SHA256 hashes are now supported (Tomáš Golembiovský).

When converting OVA files that contain compressed disk images, we now trust the ovf:compression attribute from the metadata instead of using content sniffing on the disk image (Tomáš Golembiovský).

A new flag --vdsm-compat has been added to -o vdsm mode, allowing more efficient qcow2 images to be generated.

Since the RHEV product [commercially supported version of oVirt] has now been renamed to RHV, “RHEV” was changed to “RHV” throughout the tooling.  In particular, -o rhev becomes -o rhv, although the old name can be used for backwards compatibility.

The RHEV-APT utility is only installed when the output hypervisor is oVirt or RHV.

A problem with virt-v2v running out of memory when doing an SELinux relabel of the guest filesystem should now be resolved.

Language bindings

Setting EXTRA_JAVAC_FLAGS before ./configure allows you to add arbitrary flags to javac when compiling the Java bindings.

Use of any libguestfs API which returned a single struct, from Perl or Java bindings, would have leaked memory.  This has now been fixed (Pino Toscano).

Inspection

Inspection of Windows guests with mildly corrupted Windows Registry hives should now work instead of failing with an error.  This feature requires hivex ≥ 1.3.14 (Dawid Zamirski).

For Debian guests, we can now read the URL, source name, summary and full description of installed packages.  For RPM-based guests we can read the URL, summary and description (Pino Toscano).

Inspection of guest operating systems that use a separate /usr partition should now work more reliably (Pino Toscano).

When parsing guest /etc/fstab, paths are reduced to a canonical form (eg. "///usr//local//""/usr/local").

Inspection of btrfs subvolumes now works where the /etc/fstab options field contains commas.

/dev/cdN devices in guest /etc/fstab are ignored (Pino Toscano).

Architectures and platforms

Stable releases are now tested on aarch64, ppc64 and ppc64le architectures.

The RISC-V architecture is now handled as a guest, and libguestfs will now at least compile on RISC-V (but probably not work as there is no usable qemu at the time of writing).

Detection of S/390 and S/390x binaries and guests is now supported.

Other

ExFAT filesystems are now supported (Miles Wolbe).

Security

See also guestfs-security(1).

There were no CVEs reported in this development cycle.  However some security-related hardening was carried out as described below.

Temporary filenames are now always generated using randomness from /dev/urandom (previously the C function random(3) was used in one case).

The $TERM environment variable is now validated before passing it through to the appliance kernel command line.

API

New APIs

guestfs_aug_transform

Exposes the Augeas aug_transform API (Pino Toscano).

guestfs_find_inode

Find files by inode number (Matteo Cafasso).

guestfs_inspect_get_windows_software_hive
guestfs_inspect_get_windows_system_hive

Return the path to the Windows HKLM\SYSTEM and HKLM\SOFTWARE hives computed during inspection.

guestfs_mksquashfs

Create a squashfs filesystem from a path (Pino Toscano).

Other API changes

guestfs_add_domain

This call now handles libvirt file-based volumes correctly, where previously these would have been ignored.  Also handled are disks which require libvirt authentication secrets to open (Pino Toscano).

guestfs_canonical_device_name

This call will no longer incorrectly modify Linux software RAID device names (like /dev/mdX).

guestfs_file_architecture

Previously the file_architecture API could return either of the strings i386 or i486 for 32 bit x86 binaries.  It now only returns i386 (as documented).

This API can now return the following new values: riscv32, riscv64, riscv128, s390, s390x.

guestfs_hivex_open

This now has an optional GUESTFS_HIVEX_OPEN_UNSAFE flag which allows certain corrupted Windows Registry hives to be opened.  This feature requires hivex ≥ 1.3.14 (Dawid Zamirski).

guestfs_list_partitions

This call now returns Linux software RAID partitions.

guestfs_part_to_dev

This call now correctly handles partition names which include p<N> (Pino Toscano).

guestfs_set_label

This call can now change the labels of swap partitions (Pino Toscano).

Build changes

libmagic, the library part of the file command, is now required at build time (previously optional).

GCC 7 is now supported.

“Silent rules” are now used for OCaml programs, Java bindings.  To show the full command line executed, add V=1 on the make command line (Pino Toscano).

Slow testing (make check-slow) now covers: firstboot scripts in Linux guests; v2v conversion of a selection of real Linux guests; the virt-customize --hostname and --timezone settings; the --root-password parameter; that the serial console works in virt-builder guests.

Large generated C source files, eg. the list of commands found in fish/cmds.c (and many more), have been split into smaller files to speed parallel compilation.

make maintainer-check-extra-dist now checks that all generated files are included in the tarball.

The tests no longer assume that . is in Perl's @INC, as it is going to be removed soon (Pino Toscano).

Debian hosts using UsrMerge are now supported (Pino Toscano).

Header files and C structs can now have internal documentation using the special /** ... */ comments.

@VAR@ subtitutions in ./run are now fully quoted.  This is necessary so that (eg) ./configure PYTHON=/some/path works robustly if /some/path contains characters that need to be quoted (Hilko Bengen).

gperf ≥ 3.1 is now supported.

Kraxel's old edk2 builds can no longer be used for UEFI support.  UEFI code is now fully free software, so use the versions bundled with your Linux distro instead.

Virt-p2v can now be compiled on RHEL 5 (2007-era) Linux with Gtk 2.10.

Internals

The generator and mllib Common_utils modules are now shared from the same source file.

A considerable amount of common code has been moved into the common directory in the source and is now compiled only once.  The mini-libraries located under here are: common/edit, common/errnostring, common/miniexpect, common/options, common/parallel, common/progress, common/protocol, common/utils, common/visit, common/windows.

The directory containing the main library code has moved from srclib.

All tests written in shell script now use a common file of utility functions (tests/test-functions.sh).  There are several new utility functions, mainly for skipping tests.  Also these test scripts can now use autoconf-like path variables like $abs_top_srcdir.

UEFI paths are now stored in the generator (generator/uefi.ml).

The way the generator handles actions and procedure numbers was changed quite substantially.  See generator/actions_*.ml and generator/proc_nr.ml.

The gnulib getprogname module is now used everywhere when needing/printing the program name (Pino Toscano).

perl/Guestfs.c is not translatable (Nikos Skalkotos).

Virt-builder templates moved from builder/website to builder/templates and there is now a single unified program which can build any template.

All Windows registry utilities used by virt-customize and virt-v2v have been moved to a common module called Registry under mllib.

All POSIX bindings have been moved to a new module called Unix_utils under mllib.

Inspection, virt-customize and virt-v2v no longer recompute the Windows %systemroot%, CurrentControlSet or paths to the HKLM\SYSTEM and HKLM\SOFTWARE hives in multiple places.  Instead these are all computed once (during inspection) and passed to the other tools through various guestfs_inspect_get_windows_* APIs.

/dev/pts is now available inside the appliance, so any tools we run which require a pty will now work (Pino Toscano).

Most OCaml warnings have been fixed.

There is now a single common function for creating temporary files (guestfs_int_make_temp_path) (Matteo Cafasso).

The $TERM environment variable is now validated before passing it through to the appliance kernel command line.

Useless USB and memballoon devices are no longer created in the appliance (Laine Stump).

On aarch64 we now use virtio-pci for the appliance.  This is somewhat faster than virtio-mmio.

Use of srandom(3) and random(3) has been minimized.  In particular, temporary filenames are no longer created based on randomness returned by random(3), but /dev/urandom is used instead.

Bugs fixed

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1425306

typo error in virt-tail man page

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1418283

virt-v2v: appliance runs out of memory running setfiles command

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1417549

/usr/bin/x86_64-linux-gnu-ld.bfd.real: ../common/progress/.libs/libprogress.a(libprogress_la-progress.o): undefined reference to symbol 'UP@@NCURSES_TINFO_5.0.19991023'

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1417444

*** No rule to make target '../perl/lib/Sys/Guestfs.c', needed by 'libguestfs.pot'

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1416941

compile of 1.34.3 fails with gperf 3.1

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1414682

guestfs_canonical_device_name incorrectly returns /dev/sd0 for MD devices (/dev/md0)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1414510

guestfs_list_filesystems does not recognize ddf partitions

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1409023

[Debian] ldmtool not installed in the appliance

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1404287

qemu-kvm cannot boot RHEL 7 kernel with TCG, hangs at “Probing EDD (edd=off to disable)...”

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1404182

RFE: virt-resize should support a URL as the outdisk

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1401474

Importing VMs from VMware is failing with error “Inspection field 'i_arch' was 'unknown”'

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1401320

RFE: Increate virt-sysprep coverage a bit

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1400205

Add --vdsm-compat=1.1 flag for VDSM

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1398070

typo error in man page

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1392798

secrets from libvirt domains are not read

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1390876

“--machine-readable” info should be updated in virt-v2v manual page

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1379289

RFE: virt-p2v should support mnemonic operations

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1378022

There is virt-v2v warning about <listen type='none'> during converting a guest which has listen type='none' in XML

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1377081

virt-p2v manual should update the new dialog information

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1375157

virt-v2v: -i ova: Permission denied when using libvirt and running as root

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1374651

Can't install qxl driver for display device in win7 guest after converting to glance by virt-v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1374405

There is HTTP 404 error info when convert guest to glance by virt-v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1374232

selinux relabel fails on RHEL 6.2 guests with “libguestfs error: selinux_relabel: : Success”

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1372668

Process status is not normal in windows guest after converted from kvm to rhev by virt-v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1372269

Builder does not set hostname properly for Debian 8 (Jessie)

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1371843

Improve OVA import compatibility

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1370424

virt-manager coredump when vm with gluster image exists

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1367839

Cannot import VMs from Xen and VMware when using RHEL7.3 host.

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1367738

Missing bash completion scripts for: virt-diff guestunmount virt-copy-in virt-copy-out virt-customize virt-get-kernel virt-p2v-make-disk virt-p2v-make-kickstart virt-tar-in virt-tar-out virt-v2v-copy-to-local virt-win-reg

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1367615

OVMF file which is built for rhel7.3  can't be used for virt-v2v uefi conversion

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1366456

Converting rhel7 host installed on RAID:warning: fstrim: fstrim: /sysroot/: the discard operation is not supported

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1366049

RFE: libvirt backend: support handling disks stored as volume name in a pool

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1365005

Guest name is incorrect if convert guest from disk image by virt-v2v

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1362649

RFE: virt-sysprep does not utilize libguestfs encryption support

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1354507

virt-v2v conversions from vCenter do not consistently obey the proxy environment variables

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1168144

warning: fstrim: fstrim: /sysroot/: FITRIM ioctl failed: Operation not supported (ignored) when convert win2003 guest from xen server

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1161019

RFE: Only install RHEV-APT if virt-v2v -o rhev/-o vdsm option is used

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1152369

virt-v2v failed to convert RHEL 6.7 UEFI guest: no grub1/grub-legacy or grub2 configuration file was found

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1141631

[RFE] virt-v2v should support convert a guest to a dir-pool with using pool's uuid

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1134878

libvirt reports json “backing file” is missing

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1019388

firstboot scripts (virt-builder, virt-sysprep) don't work for Debian 6 & 7 guests

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/737600

virt-v2v windows xp - machine dies BSOD - processr,sys - workaround provided

See Also

guestfs-examples(1), guestfs-faq(1), guestfs-performance(1), guestfs-recipes(1), guestfs-testing(1), guestfs(3), guestfish(1), http://libguestfs.org/

Author

Richard W.M. Jones

License

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

Bugs

To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

When reporting a bug, please supply:

Info

2020-03-09 libguestfs-1.42.0 Virtualization Support