gtags-cscope man page

gtags-cscope — interactively examine a C program.

Synopsis

gtags-cscope [-bCdehLlVv][-F file ][-012345678 pattern][-p n]

Description

gtags-cscope is an interactive, screen-oriented tool that allows the user to browse through source files for specified elements of code.

gtags-cscope builds the symbol cross-reference the first time it is used on the source files for the program being browsed. On a subsequent invocation, gtags-cscope rebuilds the cross-reference only if a source file has changed or the list of source files is different. When the cross-reference is rebuilt, it is updated incrementally, which makes rebuilding faster than the initial build.

gtags-cscope is a tool which just borrows user interface of cscope; it is GLOBAL itself for the substance.

Options

Some command line arguments can only occur as the only argument in the execution of gtags-cscope. They cause the program to just print out some output and exit immediately:

-h
View the long usage help display.
-V
Print the version number of gtags-cscope.
--help
Same as -h
--version
Same as -V

The following options can appear in any combination:

-a
Print absolute path names.
-b
Build the cross-reference only.
-C
Ignore letter case when searching.
-d
Do not update the cross-reference.
-e
Suppress the ´^e´ command prompt between files.
-F file
Read symbol reference lines from file. (A symbol reference file is created by > and >>, and can also be read using the < command, described under “Issuing Subsequent Requests”, below.)
-i
Ignore SIGINT signal in line-oriented mode.
-L
Do a single search with line-oriented output when used with the -num pattern option.
-l
Line-oriented interface. This option implies the -d option.
-[0-9] pattern
Go to input field num (counting from 0) and find pattern.
-p n
Display the last n file path components instead of the default (1). Use ´0´ to not display the file name at all.
-v
Be more verbose in line-oriented mode.

Issuing subsequent requests

If the search is successful, any of these single-character commands can be used:

0-9a-zA-Z
Edit the file referenced by the given line number.
<Space>
Display next set of matching lines.
<Tab>
Alternate between the menu and the list of matching lines
<Up>
Move to the previous menu item (if the cursor is in the menu) or move to the previous matching line (if the cursor is in the matching line list).
<Down>
Move to the next menu item (if the cursor is in the menu) or move to the next matching line (if the cursor is in the matching line list).
+
Display next set of matching lines.
-
Display previous set of matching lines.
^e
Edit displayed files in order.
>
Write the displayed list of lines to a file.
>>
Append the displayed list of lines to a file.
<
Read lines from a file that is in symbol reference format (created by ´>´ or ´>>´), just like the -F option.
^
Filter all lines through a shell command and display the resulting lines, replacing the lines that were already there.
|
Pipe all lines to a shell command and display them without changing them.
^g
Read lines from the result of the execution of global(1).

At any time these single-character commands can also be used:

<Return>
Move to next input field.
^n
Move to next input field.
^p
Move to previous input field.
^y
Search with the last text typed.
^b
Move to previous input field and search pattern.
^f
Move to next input field and search pattern.
^c
Toggle ignore/use letter case when searching. (When ignoring letter case, a search for ´FILE´ will match ´File´ and ´file´.)
^r
Rebuild the cross-reference.
!
Start an interactive shell (type ´^d´ to return to gtags-cscope).
^l
Redraw the screen.
?
Give help information about gtags-cscope commands.
^d
Exit gtags-cscope.

NOTE: If the first character of the text to be searched for matches one of the above commands, escape it by typing a ´\' (backslash) first.

Substituting new text for old text

After the text to be changed has been typed, gtags-cscope will prompt for the new text, and then it will display the lines containing the old text. Select the lines to be changed with these single-character commands:

0-9a-zA-Z
Mark or unmark the line to be changed.
*
Mark or unmark all displayed lines to be changed.
<Space>
Display next set of lines.
+
Display next set of lines.
-
Display previous set of lines.
^a
Mark or unmark all lines to be changed.
^d
Change the marked lines and exit.
<Esc>
Exit without changing the marked lines.
!
Start an interactive shell (type ´^d´ to return to gtags-cscope).
^l
Redraw the screen.
?
Give help information about gtags-cscope commands.
Special keys
If your terminal has arrow keys that work in vi, you can use them to move around the input fields. The up-arrow key is useful to move to the previous input field instead of using the <Tab> key repeatedly. If you have <CLEAR>, <NEXT>, or <PREV> keys they will act as the ´^l´, ´+´, and ´-´ commands, respectively.

Line-Oriented interface

The -l option lets you use gtags-cscope where a screen-oriented interface would not be useful, for example, from another screen-oriented program.

gtags-cscope will prompt with ´>>´ when it is ready for an input line, which starts with the field number (counting from 0), immediately followed by the search pattern. For example, ´1main´ finds the definition of the ´main´ function.

If you just want a single search, instead of the -l option use the -L and -num pattern options, and you won't get the ´>>´ prompt.

For -l, gtags-cscope outputs the number of reference lines:
cscope: 2 lines

For each reference found, gtags-cscope outputs a line consisting of the file name, function name, line number, and line text, separated by spaces. For example:
main.c main 161 main(argc, argv)

Note that the editor is not called to display a single reference, unlike the screen-oriented interface.

You can use the ´c´ command to toggle ignore/use letter case when searching. (When ignoring letter case, a search for ´FILE´ will match ´File´ and ´file´.)

You can use the ´r´ command to rebuild the database.

gtags-cscope will quit when it detects end-of-file, or when the first character of an input line is ´^d´ or ´q´.

Environment Variables

The following environment variables are of cscope origin.

CSCOPE_EDITOR
Overrides the EDITOR and VIEWER variables. Use this if you wish to use a different editor with cscope than that specified by your EDITOR/VIEWER variables.
CSCOPE_LINEFLAG
Format of the line number flag for your editor. By default, cscope invokes your editor via the equivalent of ´editor +N file´, where N is the line number that the editor should jump to. This format is used by both emacs and vi. If your editor needs something different, specify it in this variable, with ´%s´ as a placeholder for the line number. Eg: if your editor needs to be invoked as ´editor -#103 file´ to go to line 103, set this variable to ´-#%s´.
CSCOPE_LINEFLAG_AFTER_FILE
Set this variable to ´yes´ if your editor needs to be invoked with the line number option after the filename to be edited. To continue the example from CSCOPE_LINEFLAG, above: if your editor needs to see ´editor file -#number´, set this environment variable. Users of most standard editors (vi, emacs) do not need to set this variable.
EDITOR
Preferred editor, which defaults to vi.
HOME
Home directory, which is automatically set at login.
SHELL
Preferred shell, which defaults to sh.
TERM
Terminal type, which must be a screen terminal.
TERMINFO
Terminal information directory full path name. If your terminal is not in the standard terminfo directory, see curses and terminfo for how to make your own terminal description.
TMPDIR
Temporary file directory, which defaults to ´/tmp´.
VIEWER
Preferred file display program (such as less), which overrides EDITOR (see above).

The following environment variables are of GLOBAL origin.

GTAGSCONF
Configuration file.
GTAGSGLOBAL
If this variable is set, ´$GTAGSGLOBAL´ is used as the name of global(1). The default is global.
GTAGSGTAGS
If this variable is set, ´$GTAGSGTAGS´ is used as the name of gtags(1). The default is gtags.
GTAGSDBPATH
The directory in which the tag files exist. This value is ignored when GTAGSROOT is not defined.
GTAGSLABEL
Configuration label. The default is ´default´.
GTAGSLIBPATH
If this variable is set, it is used as the path to search for library functions. If the specified tags is not found in the project, global also searches in these paths. Since only ´GTAGS´ is targeted in the retrieval, this variable is ignored when -r or -s is specified.
GTAGSROOT
The root directory of the project.
MAKEOBJDIR
If this variable is set, ´$MAKEOBJDIR´ is used as the name of BSD-style objdir. The default is ´obj´.
MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX
If this variable is set, ´$MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX´ is used as the prefix of BSD-style objdir. The default is ´/usr/obj´.

Files

´GTAGS´
Tag file for definitions.
´GRTAGS´
Tag file for references.
´GPATH´
Tag file for source files.
´GTAGSROOT´
If environment variable GTAGSROOT is not set and file ´GTAGSROOT´ exists in the same directory as ´GTAGS´ then global sets GTAGSROOT to the contents of the file.
´gtags.conf´, ´$HOME/.globalrc´
See gtags.conf(5).

See Also

gtags(1), global(1), htags(1).

GNU GLOBAL source code tag system
(http://www.gnu.org/software/global/).

Bug

The function field of the display is almost <unknown> since GLOBAL doesn't recognize it.

'Find functions called by this function' is not implemented.

Author

Joe Steffen (original author) and others.

History

Cscope was originally developed at Bell Labs in the early 1980s, and was released as free software under the BSD license in April 2000. Gtags-cscope is a derivative of cscope to use GLOBAL as the back-end. Its line-oriented interface was originally written in 2006, and was re-implemented in 2011 using cscope itself.

Info

March 2011 GNU Project