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grub2-mkstandalone - Man Page

make a memdisk-based GRUB image


grub-mkstandalone [OPTION...] [OPTION] SOURCE...


Generate a standalone image (containing all modules) in the selected format


Add a note segment reserving SIZE bytes for an appended signature


compress GRUB files [optional]


disable shim_lock verifier


embed a specific DTB

-d,  --directory=DIR

use images and modules under DIR [default=/usr/lib/grub/<platform>]


install FONTS [default=unicode]


install only MODULES and their dependencies [default=all]

-k,  --pubkey=FILE

embed FILE as public key for signature checking

--locale-directory=DIR use translations under DIR



install only LOCALES [default=all]


pre-load specified modules MODULES


SBAT metadata


install THEMES [default=starfield]

-v,  --verbose

print verbose messages.

-x,  --x509key=FILE

embed FILE as an x509 certificate for signature checking


choose the compression to use for core image

-o,  --output=FILE

save output in FILE [required]

-O,  --format=FILE

generate an image in FORMAT available formats: i386-coreboot, i386-multiboot, i386-pc, i386-xen_pvh, i386-pc-pxe, i386-pc-eltorito, i386-efi, i386-ieee1275, i386-qemu, x86_64-efi, i386-xen, x86_64-xen, mipsel-yeeloong-flash, mipsel-fuloong2f-flash, mipsel-loongson-elf, powerpc-ieee1275, sparc64-ieee1275-raw, sparc64-ieee1275-cdcore, sparc64-ieee1275-aout, ia64-efi, mips-arc, mipsel-arc, mipsel-qemu_mips-elf, mips-qemu_mips-flash, mipsel-qemu_mips-flash, mips-qemu_mips-elf, arm-uboot, arm-coreboot-vexpress, arm-coreboot-veyron, arm-efi, arm64-efi, riscv32-efi, riscv64-efi

-?,  --help

give this help list


give a short usage message

-V,  --version

print program version

Mandatory or optional arguments to long options are also mandatory or optional for any corresponding short options.

Graft point syntax (E.g. /boot/grub/grub.cfg=./grub.cfg) is accepted

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs to <bug-grub@gnu.org>.

See Also


The full documentation for grub-mkstandalone is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and grub-mkstandalone programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info grub-mkstandalone

should give you access to the complete manual.


April 2024 GRUB 2.06