gnutls-serv man page

gnutls-serv — GnuTLS server

Synopsis

gnutls-serv [-flags] [-flag [value]] [--option-name[[=| ]value]]

All arguments must be options.

Description

Server program that listens to incoming TLS connections.

Options

-d number, --debug=number

Enable debugging. This option takes an integer number as its argument. The value of number is constrained to being:

in the range  0 through 9999

Specifies the debug level.

--sni-hostname=string

Server's hostname for server name extension.

Server name of type host_name that the server will recognise as its own. If the server receives client hello with different name, it will send a warning-level unrecognized_name alert.

--sni-hostname-fatal

Send fatal alert on sni-hostname mismatch.

--alpn=string

Specify ALPN protocol to be enabled by the server. This option may appear an unlimited number of times.

Specify the (textual) ALPN protocol for the server to use.

--alpn-fatal

Send fatal alert on non-matching ALPN name.

--noticket

Don't accept session tickets.

-g, --generate

Generate Diffie-Hellman parameters.

-q, --quiet

Suppress some messages.

--nodb

Do not use a resumption database.

--http

Act as an HTTP server.

--echo

Act as an Echo server.

-u, --udp

Use DTLS (datagram TLS) over UDP.

--mtu=number

Set MTU for datagram TLS. This option takes an integer number as its argument. The value of number is constrained to being:

in the range  0 through 17000
--srtp-profiles=string

Offer SRTP profiles.

-a, --disable-client-cert

Do not request a client certificate.

-r, --require-client-cert

Require a client certificate.

This option before 3.6.0 used to imply --verify-client-cert. Since 3.6.0 it will no longer verify the certificate by default.

--verify-client-cert

If a client certificate is sent then verify it..

Do not require, but if a client certificate is sent then verify it and close the connection if invalid.

-b, --heartbeat

Activate heartbeat support.

Regularly ping client via heartbeat extension messages

--x509fmtder

Use DER format for certificates to read from.

--priority=string

Priorities string.

TLS algorithms and protocols to enable. You can use predefined sets of ciphersuites such as PERFORMANCE, NORMAL, SECURE128, SECURE256. The default is NORMAL.

Check  the  GnuTLS  manual  on  section  “Priority strings” for more information on allowed keywords

--dhparams=file

DH params file to use.

--x509cafile=string

Certificate file or PKCS #11 URL to use.

--x509crlfile=file

CRL file to use.

--pgpkeyfile=file

PGP Key file to use.

NOTE: THIS OPTION IS DEPRECATED

--x509keyfile=string

X.509 key file or PKCS #11 URL to use. This option may appear an unlimited number of times.

Specify the private key file or URI to use; it must correspond to the certificate specified in --x509certfile. Multiple keys and certificates can be specified with this option and in that case each occurence of keyfile must be followed by the corresponding x509certfile or vice-versa.

--x509certfile=string

X.509 Certificate file or PKCS #11 URL to use. This option may appear an unlimited number of times.

Specify the certificate file or URI to use; it must correspond to the key specified in --x509keyfile. Multiple keys and certificates can be specified with this option and in that case each occurence of keyfile must be followed by the corresponding x509certfile or vice-versa.

--x509dsakeyfile

This is an alias for the --x509keyfile option.

NOTE: THIS OPTION IS DEPRECATED

--x509dsacertfile

This is an alias for the --x509certfile option.

NOTE: THIS OPTION IS DEPRECATED

--x509ecckeyfile

This is an alias for the --x509keyfile option.

NOTE: THIS OPTION IS DEPRECATED

--x509ecccertfile

This is an alias for the --x509certfile option.

NOTE: THIS OPTION IS DEPRECATED

--srppasswd=file

SRP password file to use.

--srppasswdconf=file

SRP password configuration file to use.

--pskpasswd=file

PSK password file to use.

--pskhint=string

PSK identity hint to use.

--ocsp-response=file

The OCSP response to send to client.

If the client requested an OCSP response, return data from this file to the client.

-p number, --port=number

The port to connect to. This option takes an integer number as its argument.

-l, --list

Print a list of the supported algorithms and modes.

Print a list of the supported algorithms and modes. If a priority string is given then only the enabled ciphersuites are shown.

--provider=file

Specify the PKCS #11 provider library.

This will override the default options in /etc/gnutls/pkcs11.conf

-h, --help

Display usage information and exit.

-!, --more-help

Pass the extended usage information through a pager.

-v [{v|c|n --version [{v|c|n}]}]

Output version of program and exit.  The default mode is `v', a simple version.  The `c' mode will print copyright information and `n' will print the full copyright notice.

Examples

Running your own TLS server based on GnuTLS can be useful when debugging clients and/or GnuTLS itself.  This section describes how to use gnutls-serv as a simple HTTPS server.

The most basic server can be started as:

gnutls-serv --http --priority "NORMAL:+ANON-ECDH:+ANON-DH"

It will only support anonymous ciphersuites, which many TLS clients refuse to use.

The next step is to add support for X.509.  First we generate a CA:

$ certtool --generate-privkey > x509-ca-key.pem
$ echo 'cn = GnuTLS test CA' > ca.tmpl
$ echo 'ca' >> ca.tmpl
$ echo 'cert_signing_key' >> ca.tmpl
$ certtool --generate-self-signed --load-privkey x509-ca-key.pem   --template ca.tmpl --outfile x509-ca.pem

Then generate a server certificate.  Remember to change the dns_name value to the name of your server host, or skip that command to avoid the field.

$ certtool --generate-privkey > x509-server-key.pem
$ echo 'organization = GnuTLS test server' > server.tmpl
$ echo 'cn = test.gnutls.org' >> server.tmpl
$ echo 'tls_www_server' >> server.tmpl
$ echo 'encryption_key' >> server.tmpl
$ echo 'signing_key' >> server.tmpl
$ echo 'dns_name = test.gnutls.org' >> server.tmpl
$ certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey x509-server-key.pem   --load-ca-certificate x509-ca.pem --load-ca-privkey x509-ca-key.pem   --template server.tmpl --outfile x509-server.pem

For use in the client, you may want to generate a client certificate as well.

$ certtool --generate-privkey > x509-client-key.pem
$ echo 'cn = GnuTLS test client' > client.tmpl
$ echo 'tls_www_client' >> client.tmpl
$ echo 'encryption_key' >> client.tmpl
$ echo 'signing_key' >> client.tmpl
$ certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey x509-client-key.pem   --load-ca-certificate x509-ca.pem --load-ca-privkey x509-ca-key.pem   --template client.tmpl --outfile x509-client.pem

To be able to import the client key/certificate into some applications, you will need to convert them into a PKCS#12 structure. This also encrypts the security sensitive key with a password.

$ certtool --to-p12 --load-ca-certificate x509-ca.pem   --load-privkey x509-client-key.pem --load-certificate x509-client.pem   --outder --outfile x509-client.p12

For icing, we'll create a proxy certificate for the client too.

$ certtool --generate-privkey > x509-proxy-key.pem
$ echo 'cn = GnuTLS test client proxy' > proxy.tmpl
$ certtool --generate-proxy --load-privkey x509-proxy-key.pem   --load-ca-certificate x509-client.pem --load-ca-privkey x509-client-key.pem   --load-certificate x509-client.pem --template proxy.tmpl   --outfile x509-proxy.pem

Then start the server again:

$ gnutls-serv --http             --x509cafile x509-ca.pem             --x509keyfile x509-server-key.pem             --x509certfile x509-server.pem

Try connecting to the server using your web browser.  Note that the server listens to port 5556 by default.

While you are at it, to allow connections using ECDSA, you can also create a ECDSA key and certificate for the server.  These credentials will be used in the final example below.

$ certtool --generate-privkey --ecdsa > x509-server-key-ecc.pem
$ certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey x509-server-key-ecc.pem   --load-ca-certificate x509-ca.pem --load-ca-privkey x509-ca-key.pem   --template server.tmpl --outfile x509-server-ecc.pem

The next step is to add support for SRP authentication. This requires an SRP password file created with srptool. To start the server with SRP support:

gnutls-serv --http --priority NORMAL:+SRP-RSA:+SRP             --srppasswdconf srp-tpasswd.conf             --srppasswd srp-passwd.txt

Let's also start a server with support for PSK. This would require a password file created with psktool.

gnutls-serv --http --priority NORMAL:+ECDHE-PSK:+PSK             --pskpasswd psk-passwd.txt

Finally, we start the server with all the earlier parameters and you get this command:

gnutls-serv --http --priority NORMAL:+PSK:+SRP             --x509cafile x509-ca.pem             --x509keyfile x509-server-key.pem             --x509certfile x509-server.pem             --x509keyfile x509-server-key-ecc.pem             --x509certfile x509-server-ecc.pem             --srppasswdconf srp-tpasswd.conf             --srppasswd srp-passwd.txt             --pskpasswd psk-passwd.txt

Exit Status

One of the following exit values will be returned:

0  (EXIT_SUCCESS)

Successful program execution.

1  (EXIT_FAILURE)

The operation failed or the command syntax was not valid.

70  (EX_SOFTWARE)

libopts had an internal operational error.  Please report it to autogen-users@lists.sourceforge.net.  Thank you.

See Also

gnutls-cli-debug(1), gnutls-cli(1)

Authors

Nikos Mavrogiannopoulos, Simon Josefsson and others; see /usr/share/doc/gnutls/AUTHORS for a complete list.

Bugs

Please send bug reports to: bugs@gnutls.org

Notes

This manual page was AutoGen-erated from the gnutls-serv option definitions.

Referenced By

gnutls-cli(1), gnutls-cli-debug(1), psktool(1), srptool(1).

21 Aug 2017 3.6.0 User Commands