git-ignore man page
git-ignore — Add .gitignore patterns
git-ignore [<context>] [<pattern> [<pattern>]...]
Adds the given _pattern_s to a .gitignore file if it doesn´t already exist.
- -l, --local
- Sets the context to the .gitignore file in the current working directory. (default)
- -g, --global
- Sets the context to the global gitignore file for the current user.
A space delimited list of patterns to append to the file in context.
Pattern format as described in the git manual
- A blank line matches no files, so it can serve as a separator for readability. To append a blank line use empty quotes "".
- A line starting with # serves as a comment. For example, "# This is a comment"
- An optional prefix ! which negates the pattern; any matching file excluded by a previous pattern will become included again. If a negated pattern matches, this will override lower precedence patterns sources. To use an exclamation ! as command line argument it is best placed between single quotes ´´. For example, ´!src´
- If the pattern ends with a slash, it is removed for the purpose of the following description, but it would only find a match with a directory. In other words, foo/ will match a directory foo and paths underneath it, but will not match a regular file or a symbolic link foo (this is consistent with the way how pathspec works in general in git).
- If the pattern does not contain a slash /, git treats it as a shell glob pattern and checks for a match against the pathname relative to the location of the .gitignore file (relative to the top level of the work tree if not from a .gitignore file).
- Otherwise, git treats the pattern as a shell glob suitable for consumption by fnmatch(3) with the FNM_PATHNAME flag: wildcards in the pattern will not match a / in the pathname. For example, "Documentation/*.html" matches "Documentation/git.html" but not "Documentation/ppc/ppc.html" or "tools/perf/Documentation/perf.html".
- A leading slash matches the beginning of the pathname. For example, "/*.c" matches "cat-file.c" but not "mozilla-sha1/sha1.c".
All arguments are optional so calling git-ignore alone will display first the global then the local gitignore files:
$ git ignore Global gitignore: /home/alice/.gitignore # Numerous always-ignore extensions *.diff *.err *.orig *.rej *.swo *.swp *.vi *~ *.sass-cache # OS or Editor folders .DS_Store .Trashes ._* Thumbs.db --------------------------------- Local gitignore: .gitignore .cache .project .settings .tmproj nbproject
If you only want to see the global context use the --global argument (for local use --local):
$ git ignore Global gitignore: /home/alice/.gitignore .DS_Store .Trashes ._* Thumbs.db
To quickly append a new pattern to the default/local context simply:
$ git ignore *.log Adding pattern(s) to: .gitignore ... adding ´*.log´
You can now configure any patterns without ever using an editor, with a context and pattern arguments: The resulting configuration is also returned for your convenience.
$ git ignore --local "" "# Temporary files" *.tmp "*.log" tmp/* "" "# Files I´d like to keep" ´!work´ "" Adding pattern(s) to: .gitignore ... adding ´´ ... adding ´# Temporary files´ ... adding ´index.tmp´ ... adding ´*.log´ ... adding ´tmp/*´ ... adding ´´ ... adding ´# Files I´d like to keep´ ... adding ´!work´ ... adding ´´ Local gitignore: .gitignore # Temporary files index.tmp *.log # Files I´d like to keep !work
Written by Tj Holowaychuk <firstname.lastname@example.org> and Tema Bolshakov <email@example.com> and Nick Lombard <firstname.lastname@example.org>