git-commit-graph - Man Page

Write and verify Git commit-graph files


git commit-graph verify [--object-dir <dir>] [--shallow] [--[no-]progress]
git commit-graph write <options> [--object-dir <dir>] [--[no-]progress]


Manage the serialized commit-graph file.



Use given directory for the location of packfiles and commit-graph file. This parameter exists to specify the location of an alternate that only has the objects directory, not a full .git directory. The commit-graph file is expected to be in the <dir>/info directory and the packfiles are expected to be in <dir>/pack. If the directory could not be made into an absolute path, or does not match any known object directory, git commit-graph ... will exit with non-zero status.


Turn progress on/off explicitly. If neither is specified, progress is shown if standard error is connected to a terminal.



Write a commit-graph file based on the commits found in packfiles.

With the --stdin-packs option, generate the new commit graph by walking objects only in the specified pack-indexes. (Cannot be combined with --stdin-commits or --reachable.)

With the --stdin-commits option, generate the new commit graph by walking commits starting at the commits specified in stdin as a list of OIDs in hex, one OID per line. OIDs that resolve to non-commits (either directly, or by peeling tags) are silently ignored. OIDs that are malformed, or do not exist generate an error. (Cannot be combined with --stdin-packs or --reachable.)

With the --reachable option, generate the new commit graph by walking commits starting at all refs. (Cannot be combined with --stdin-commits or --stdin-packs.)

With the --append option, include all commits that are present in the existing commit-graph file.

With the --changed-paths option, compute and write information about the paths changed between a commit and its first parent. This operation can take a while on large repositories. It provides significant performance gains for getting history of a directory or a file with git log -- <path>.

With the --split[=<strategy>] option, write the commit-graph as a chain of multiple commit-graph files stored in <dir>/info/commit-graphs. Commit-graph layers are merged based on the strategy and other splitting options. The new commits not already in the commit-graph are added in a new "tip" file. This file is merged with the existing file if the following merge conditions are met:

  • If --split=no-merge is specified, a merge is never performed, and the remaining options are ignored. --split=replace overwrites the existing chain with a new one. A bare --split defers to the remaining options. (Note that merging a chain of commit graphs replaces the existing chain with a length-1 chain where the first and only incremental holds the entire graph).
  • If --size-multiple=<X> is not specified, let X equal 2. If the new tip file would have N commits and the previous tip has M commits and X times N is greater than M, instead merge the two files into a single file.
  • If --max-commits=<M> is specified with M a positive integer, and the new tip file would have more than M commits, then instead merge the new tip with the previous tip.

    Finally, if --expire-time=<datetime> is not specified, let datetime be the current time. After writing the split commit-graph, delete all unused commit-graph whose modified times are older than datetime.


Read the commit-graph file and verify its contents against the object database. Used to check for corrupted data.

With the --shallow option, only check the tip commit-graph file in a chain of split commit-graphs.



Part of the git(1) suite

Referenced By

git-config(1), git-fsck(1), git-gc(1).

2020-07-27 Git 2.28.0 Git Manual