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gerbera - Man Page

UPnP MediaServer


gerbera [ -h|--help ] [ -D|--debug ] [ -v|--version ] [ --compile-info ] [ --create-config ] [ --create-example-config ] [ --check-config ] [ --print-options ] [ --offline ] [ -d|-daemon ] [ -u|--user username ] [ -P|--pidfile pid file ] [ -c|--config config file ] [ -f|--cfgdir config dir ] [ -l|--logfile logfile ] [ --rotatelog logfile ] [ --syslog LOG ] [ --add-file file ] [ --set-option opt=val ] [ -p|--port port ] [ -i|--ip IP address ] [ -e|--interface interface ] [ -m|--home home dir ] [ --magic magic ] [ --import-mode mt|grb ] [ -l|--debug-mode facilities ]


This manual page describes the command line parameters for Gerbera. For a detailed documentation please see the README file which is distributed with Gerbera or visit https://gerbera.io.


-i,  --ip

The server will bind to the given IP address, currently we can not bind to multiple interfaces so binding to will not be possible.

-e,  --interface

The server will bind to the given network interface, currently we can only bind to one interface at a time.

-p,  --port

Specify the server port that will be used for the web user interface, for serving media and for UPnP requests, minimum allowed value is 49152. If this option is omitted a default port will be chosen, however, in this case it is possible that the port will change upon server restart.

-u,  --user

Drop privs to user on startup. Make sure all mediafiles are readable by this user. Also make sure that home directory is writable for this user.

-c,  --config

By default Gerbera will search for a file named "config.xml" in the ~/.config/gerbera directory. This option allows you to specify a config file by the name and location of your choice. The file name must be absolute.

-m,  --home

Specify an alternative home directory. By default Gerbera will try to retrieve the users home directory from the environment (HOME), then it will look for the .config/gerbera directory in users home. If .config/gerbera was found we will try to find the default configuration file (config.xml).

This option is useful in two cases: when the home directory cannot be retrieved from the environment (in this case you could also use -c to point Gerbera to your configuration file) or when you want to test a new configuration in a non standard location (for example, when setting up daemon mode). In the latter case you can combine this parameter with the parameter described in "Config Directory"

-f,  --cfgdir

The default configuration directory is combined by the users home and the default that equals to .config/gerbera, this option allows you to override the default directory naming. This is useful when you want to set up the server in a nonstandard location.

-f, --magic

The magic file is set/overwritten. By default it is read from environment variables GERBERA_MAGIC_FILE or MEDIATOMB_MAGIC_FILE.


Add the specified file name to the database without UI interaction. The path must be absolute, if path is a directory then it will be added recursively. If path is a file, then only the given file will be imported.


Print all option numbers available for use with --set-option.


Set the specified option number to its proper value like in config.xml. This overwrites values from config.xml. See --print-options for valid options. Multiple options can either be specified sperated by commas or with another use of --set-option.

-l,  --logfile

Do not output log messages to stdout, but redirect everything to a specified file.

-l, --rotatelog

Do not output log messages to stdout, but redirect everything to a specified rotating file. It will rotate 10 files at 5MB.

-l, --syslog

Do not output log messages to stdout, but redirect everything to syslog. The optional argument contains the syslog facility. If no argument is given LOG_USER is used.

-D,  --debug

Enable debug log output.

-d,  --daemon

Daemonize after startup.


Print the compilation configuration (defaults for used libraries and enabled features) and exit.


--create-example-config Output the default/example configuration to stdout and exit. Copy the output to your config.xml and adjust to your needs.


Check the current configuration before running the service and exit. Helpful in conjunction with --debug.


Do not answer UPnP requests like browse. This is helpful when running a large scan to initialize the database so no client can slow down the import by accessing the database.


Print version information and exit.

-h,  --help

Print a summary about the available command line options.