gdal_polygonize - Man Page

Produces a polygon feature layer from a raster.

Synopsis [--help] [--help-general]
                   [-8] [-o <name>=<value>]... [-nomask] [-mask <filename>] <raster_file> [-b <band>]
                   [-q] [-f <ogr_format>] [-lco <name>=<value>]... [-overwrite]
                   <out_file> [<layer>] [<fieldname>]


This utility creates vector polygons for all connected regions of pixels in the raster sharing a common pixel value.  Each polygon is created with an attribute indicating the pixel value of that polygon.  A raster mask may also be provided to determine which pixels are eligible for processing.

The utility will create the output vector datasource if it does not already exist, otherwise it will try to append to an existing one.

The utility is based on the :GDALPolygonize() function which has additional details on the algorithm.


Show this help message and exit


Gives a brief usage message for the generic GDAL commandline options and exit.


Use 8 connectedness. Default is 4 connectedness.


Do not use the default validity mask for the input band (such as nodata, or alpha masks).

-mask <filename>

Use the first band of the specified file as a validity mask (zero is invalid, non-zero is valid). If not specified, the default validity mask for the input band (such as nodata, or alpha masks) will be used (unless -nomask is specified)


The source raster file from which polygons are derived.

-b <band>

The band on <raster_file> to build the polygons from. Starting with GDAL 2.2, the value can also be set to "mask", to indicate that the mask band of the first band must be used (or "mask,band_number" for the mask of a specified band)

-f <ogr_format>

Select the output format. Starting with GDAL 2.3, if not specified, the format is guessed from the extension (previously was GML). Use the short format name


New in version 3.7.

Polygonize option. See :GDALPolygonize() documentation.

-lco <NAME>=<VALUE>

New in version 3.7.

Layer creation option (format specific)


New in version 3.8.

Overwrite the output layer if it already exists.


The destination vector file to which the polygons will be written.


The name of the layer created to hold the polygon features.


The name of the field to create (defaults to "DN").


The script runs in quiet mode.  The progress monitor is suppressed and routine messages are not displayed.


Frank Warmerdam <>


Apr 02, 2024 GDAL