g.findfile.1grass man page

g.findfile — Searches for GRASS data base files and sets variables for the shell.

Keywords

general, map management, scripts

Synopsis

g.findfile
g.findfile --help
g.findfile [-nl] element=string file=string [mapset=string] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

Flags

-n
Do not add quotes
-l
List available elements and exit
--help
Print usage summary
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output
--ui
Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters

element=string [required]
Name of an element
file=string [required]
Name of an existing map
mapset=string
Name of a mapset (default: search path)
’.’ for current mapset

Description

g.findfile is designed for Bourne shell or Python scripts that need to search for mapset elements, including: raster, vector maps, region definitions and imagery groups.

The list of element names to search for is not fixed; any subdirectory of the mapset directory is a valid element name.

However, the user can find the list of standard GRASS element names in the file $GISBASE/etc/element_list. This is the file which g.remove, g.rename and g.copy use to determine which files need to be deleted/renamed/copied for a given entity type.

Notes

g.findfile writes four lines to standard output:

name=’file_name’
mapset=’mapset_name’
file=’unix_filename’
fullname=’grass_fullname

The output is Bash commands to set the variable name to the GRASS data base file name, mapset to the mapset in which the file resides, and file to the full UNIX path name for the named file. These variables may be set in the Bash as follows:

eval `g.findfile element=name mapset=name file=name`

Examples

Shell

Raster map example:

eval `g.findfile element=cell file=elevation`

If the specified file (here: raster map) does not exist, the variables will be set as follows:

name=
mapset=
fullname=
file=

The following is a way to test for this case:

if [ ! "$file" ]
then
	exit 1
fi

Vector map example (including error message):

eval `g.findfile element=vector file="$G_OPT_V_INPUT"`
if [ ! "$file" ] ; then
   g.message -e "Vector map <$G_OPT_V_INPUT> not found"
   exit 1
fi

Python

See Python Scripting Library for more info.

Note: The Python shell in the wxGUI can be used for entering the following code:

import grass.script as gcore
gcore.find_file(’elevation’, element = ’cell’)

See Also

g.filename, g.gisenv, g.mapsets, g.parser

Author

Michael Shapiro, U.S.Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory

Last changed: $Date: 2016-03-15 22:08:33 +0100 (Tue, 15 Mar 2016) $

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© 2003-2016 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.0.4 Reference Manual

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GRASS 7.0.4 Grass User's Manual