flatpak-run man page

flatpak-run — Run an application or open a shell in a runtime

Synopsis

flatpak run [OPTION...] REF [ARG...]

Description

If REF names an installed application, flatpak runs the application in a sandboxed environment. Extra arguments are passed on to the application.

If REF names a runtime, a shell is opened in the runtime. This is useful for development and testing.

flatpak creates a sandboxed environment for the application to run in by mounting the right runtime at /usr and a writable directory at /var, whose content is preserved between application runs. The application itself is mounted at /app.

The details of the sandboxed environment are controlled by the application metadata and various options like --share and --socket that are passed to the run command: Access is allowed if it was requested either in the application metadata file or with an option and the user hasn't overridden it.

The remaining arguments are passed to the command that gets run in the sandboxed environment. See the --file-forwarding for handling of file arguments.

Options

The following options are understood:

-h, --help

Show help options and exit.

-v, --verbose

Print debug information during command processing.

--version

Print version information and exit.

--arch=ARCH

The architecture to install for.

--command=COMMAND

The command to run instead of the one listed in the application metadata.

--branch=BRANCH

The branch to use.

-d, --devel

Use the devel runtime that is specified in the application metadata instead of the regular runtime, and use a seccomp profile that is less likely to break development tools.

--runtime=RUNTIME

Use this runtime instead of the one that is specified in the application metadata. This is a full tuple, like for example org.freedesktop.Sdk/x86_64/1.2, but partial tuples are allowed. Any empty or missing parts are filled in with the corresponding values specified by the app.

--runtime-version=VERSION

Use this version of the runtime instead of the one that is specified in the application metadata. This overrides any version specified with the --runtime option.

--share=SUBSYSTEM

Share a subsystem with the host session. This overrides the Context section from the application metadata. SUBSYSTEM must be one of: network, ipc. This option can be used multiple times.

--unshare=SUBSYSTEM

Don't share a subsystem with the host session. This overrides the Context section from the application metadata. SUBSYSTEM must be one of: network, ipc. This option can be used multiple times.

--socket=SOCKET

Expose a well known socket to the application. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. SOCKET must be one of: x11, wayland, pulseaudio, system-bus, session-bus. This option can be used multiple times.

--nosocket=SOCKET

Don't expose a well known socket to the application. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. SOCKET must be one of: x11, wayland, pulseaudio, system-bus, session-bus. This option can be used multiple times.

--device=DEVICE

Expose a device to the application. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. DEVICE must be one of: dri, kvm, all. This option can be used multiple times.

--nodevice=DEVICE

Don't expose a device to the application. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. DEVICE must be one of: dri, kvm, all. This option can be used multiple times.

--allow=FEATURE

Allow access to a specific feature. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. FEATURE must be one of: devel, multiarch. This option can be used multiple times.

--disallow=FEATURE

Disallow access to a specific feature. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. FEATURE must be one of: devel, multiarch. This option can be used multiple times.

--filesystem=FS

Allow the application access to a subset of the filesystem. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. FS can be one of: home, host, xdg-desktop, xdg-documents, xdg-download, xdg-music, xdg-pictures, xdg-public-share, xdg-templates, xdg-videos, xdg-run, xdg-config, xdg-cache, xdg-data, an absolute path, or a homedir-relative path like ~/dir or paths relative to the xdg dirs, like xdg-download/subdir. The optional :ro suffix indicates that the location will be read-only. The optional :create suffix indicates that the location will be read-write and created if it doesn't exist. This option can be used multiple times.

--nofilesystem=FILESYSTEM

Remove access to the specified subset of the filesystem from the application. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. FILESYSTEM can be one of: home, host, xdg-desktop, xdg-documents, xdg-download xdg-music, xdg-pictures, xdg-public-share, xdg-templates, xdg-videos, an absolute path, or a homedir-relative path like ~/dir. This option can be used multiple times.

--add-policy=SUBSYSTEM.KEY=VALUE

Add generic policy option. For example, "--add-policy=subsystem.key=v1 --add-policy=subsystem.key=v2" would map to this metadata:

[Policy subsystem]
key=v1;v2;

This option can be used multiple times.

--remove-policy=SUBSYSTEM.KEY=VALUE

Remove generic policy option. This option can be used multiple times.

--env=VAR=VALUE

Set an environment variable in the application. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. This option can be used multiple times.

--own-name=NAME

Allow the application to own the well known name NAME on the session bus. If NAME ends with .*, it allows the application to own all matching names. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. This option can be used multiple times.

--talk-name=NAME

Allow the application to talk to the well known name NAME on the session bus. If NAME ends with .*, it allows the application to talk to all matching names. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. This option can be used multiple times.

--system-own-name=NAME

Allow the application to own the well known name NAME on the system bus. If NAME ends with .*, it allows the application to own all matching names. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. This option can be used multiple times.

--system-talk-name=NAME

Allow the application to talk to the well known name NAME on the system bus. If NAME ends with .*, it allows the application to talk to all matching names. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. This option can be used multiple times.

--persist=FILENAME

If the application doesn't have access to the real homedir, make the (homedir-relative) path FILENAME a bind mount to the corresponding path in the per-application directory, allowing that location to be used for persistent data. This overrides to the Context section from the application metadata. This option can be used multiple times.

--log-session-bus

Log session bus traffic. This can be useful to see what access you need to allow in your D-Bus policy.

--log-system-bus

Log system bus traffic. This can be useful to see what access you need to allow in your D-Bus policy.

--file-forwarding

If this option is specified, the remaining arguments are scanned, and all arguments that are enclosed between a pair of '@@' arguments are interpreted as file paths, exported in the document store, and passed to the command in the form of the resulting document path. Arguments between '@@u' and '@@' are considered uris, and any file: uris are exported. The exports are non-persistent and with read and write permissions for the application.

Examples

$ flatpak run org.gnome.GEdit

$ flatpak run --devel --command=bash org.gnome.Builder

$ flatpak run --command=bash org.gnome.Sdk

See Also

flatpak(1), flatpak-override(1), flatpak-enter(1)

Referenced By

flatpak(1), flatpak-enter(1), flatpak-metadata(5), flatpak-override(1).

flatpak run