echo man page

echo — display a line of text


echo {{"Hello World"}}

echo {{"My path is $PATH"}}

echo -n {{"Hello World"}}

echo -e {{"Column 1\tColumn 2"}}


echo [SHORT-OPTION]... [STRING]...


Echo the STRING(s) to standard output.

do not output the trailing newline
enable interpretation of backslash escapes
disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default)
display this help and exit
output version information and exit

If -e is in effect, the following sequences are recognized:

alert (BEL)
produce no further output
form feed
new line
carriage return
horizontal tab
vertical tab
byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)
byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)

NOTE: your shell may have its own version of echo, which usually supersedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell's documentation for details about the options it supports.


Written by Brian Fox and Chet Ramey.

Reporting Bugs

GNU coreutils online help: <>
Report echo translation bugs to <>

See Also

Full documentation at: <…>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) echo invocation'

Referenced By

cclive(1), cmdtest(1), cpuset(7), dash(1), foomatic-rip(1), ii(1), ksh(1), ldapcompare(1), libarchive-formats(5), mailx(1), mksh(1), nawk(1), shtool(1), shtool-echo(1), tcsh(1), xmessage(1), zshoptions(1).

November 2016 GNU coreutils 8.26 User Commands