echo man page

echo — display a line of text


echo "Hello World"

echo "My path is $PATH"

echo -n "Hello World"

echo -e "Column 1\tColumn 2"


echo [SHORT-OPTION]... [STRING]...


Echo the STRING(s) to standard output.


do not output the trailing newline


enable interpretation of backslash escapes


disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default)


display this help and exit


output version information and exit

If -e is in effect, the following sequences are recognized:




alert (BEL)




produce no further output




form feed


new line


carriage return


horizontal tab


vertical tab


byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)


byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)

NOTE: your shell may have its own version of echo, which usually supersedes the version described here.  Please refer to your shell's documentation for details about the options it supports.


Written by Brian Fox and Chet Ramey.

Reporting Bugs

GNU coreutils online help: <>
Report echo translation bugs to <>

See Also

Full documentation at: <>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) echo invocation'

Referenced By

cclive(1), cmdtest(1), cpuset(7), dash(1), ebuild(5), foomatic-rip(1), ii(1), ksh(1), ldapcompare(1), libarchive-formats(5), mailx(1), mksh(1), nawk(1), picocom(1), shtool(1), shtool-echo(1), tcsh(1), xmessage(1), zshoptions(1).

December 2017 GNU coreutils 8.29 User Commands