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doveadm-who - Man Page

Show who is logged in to the Dovecot server


doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] who [-1] [-a anvil_socket_path] [user] [ip[/mask]]


The who command is used to show which users from which hosts are currently connected to which service.


Global doveadm(1) options:


Enables verbosity and debug messages.

-f formatter

Specifies the formatter for formatting the output. Supported formatters are:


prints each line with key=value pairs.


prints each keyvalue pair on its own line and separates records with form feed character (^L).


prints a table header followed by tab separated value lines.


prints a table header followed by adjusted value lines.

-o setting=value

Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.


Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

This command uses by default the output formatter table.

Command specific options:


Print one line per user and connection. Otherwise the connections are grouped by the username.

-a anvil_socket_path

This option is used to specify an alternative socket. The option's argument is either an absolute path to a local UNIX domain socket, or a hostname and port (hostname:port), in order to connect a remote host via a TCP socket.

By default doveadm(1) will use the socket /run/dovecot/anvil. The socket may be located in another directory, when the default base_dir setting was overridden in /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf.



Specify an ip address or network range, in CIDR notation, to reduce the result to matching connections.


List only users, whose name match user. It's also possible to use wildcards in the user name.


Show authenticated sessions, filtered by the client's IP address.

doveadm who ::1
username                       # proto (pids)        (ips)
jane                           2 imap  (30155 30412) (::1)
doveadm who
username                        # proto (pids)  (ips)
john@example.com                1 imap  (30257) (

Show authenticated sessions, filtered by username.

doveadm who pvo
username         # proto (pids)                    (ips)
pvo              1 sieve (30343)                   (fd95:4eed:38ba::25)
pvo              4 imap  (25693 25686 25679 25669) (fd95:4eed:38ba::25)
doveadm who ja*
username                    # proto (pids)        (ips)
james                       1 imap  (30091)       (
jane                        2 imap  (30155 30412) (::1)

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <dovecot@dovecot.org>. Information about reporting bugs is available at: http://dovecot.org/bugreport.html

See Also

doveadm(1), doveadm-kick(1)

Referenced By

doveadm(1), doveadm-kick(1).

2010-07-12 Dovecot v2.3