doveadm-user man page

doveadm-user — Perform a user lookup in Dovecot's userdbs

Synopsis

doveadm [-Dv] user [-a userdb_socket_path] [-f field] [-u] [-x auth_info] user ...

Description

The user command is used to perform a user lookup - to show what information Dovecot sees about the user(s), or if it exists at all in the configured userdb(s).

The auth_info may be useful when the userdb is for example a SQL database and you are using %variables, like %s or %l, in the user_query setting. Or when you have configured the userdb in a way like this:

userdb {
  driver = passwd-file
  args = /etc/%s.passwd
}

Options

Global doveadm(1) options:

-D
Enables verbosity and debug messages.
-o setting=value
Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.
-v
Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

Command specific options:

-a userdb_socket_path
This option is used to specify an absolute path to an alternative UNIX domain socket.

By default doveadm(1) will use the socket /var/run/dovecot/auth-userdb. The socket may be located in another directory, when the default base_dir setting was overridden in /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf.
-f field
When this option and the name of a userdb field is given, doveadm(1) will show only the value of the specified field.
-u
When this option is given, doveadm(1) will only show values from the userdb. Without -u parameter if any of the uid, gid, home or mail fields are missing, their defaults are taken from configuration file.
-x auth_info

auth_info specifies additional conditions for the user command. The auth_info option string has to be given as name=value pair. For multiple conditions the -x option could be supplied multiple times.
Possible names for the auth_info are:

service
The service for which the userdb lookup should be tested. The value may be the name of a service, commonly used with Dovecot. For example: imap, pop3 or smtp.
lip
The local IP address (server) for the test.
rip
The remote IP address (client) for the test.
lport
The local port, e.g. 143
rport
The remote port, e.g. 24567

Arguments

user
Is a user's login name. Depending on the configuration, a login name may be for example jane or john@example.com. It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u *@example.org).

Example

Perform a user lookup for the users jane and john@example.com.

doveadm user jane john@example.com
userdb: jane
  uid       : 8001
  gid       : 8001
  home      : /home/jane
  mail      : sdbox:~/sdbox
  plugins   : sieve
  quota_rule: *:storage=150M

userdb: john@example.com
  home      : /srv/mail/8/70312/79832
  uid       : 79832
  gid       : 70312
  mail      : mdbox:~/mdbox

The next example shows a user lookup, using wildcards.

doveadm user *.?oe@example.net
jane.doe@example.net
judy.roe@example.net
john.doe@example.net

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <dovecot@dovecot.org>. Information about reporting bugs is available at: http://dovecot.org/bugreport.html

See Also

doveadm(1)

Referenced By

doveadm(1), doveadm-auth(1).

2013-11-23 Dovecot v2.2 Dovecot