doveadm-fetch man page

doveadm-fetch — Fetch partial/full messages or message information

Synopsis

doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] fetch [-S socket_path] fields search_query
doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] fetch [-S socket_path] -A fields search_query
doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] fetch [-S socket_path] -F file fields search_query
doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] fetch [-S socket_path] -u user fields search_query

Description

doveadm fetch can be used to fetch messages' contents and metadata. This can be useful for scripts and for debugging. If you want to fetch messages one at a time, see doveadm-search(1).

Important:

Please respect your users' privacy.

Options

Global doveadm(1) options:

-D

Enables verbosity and debug messages.

-f formatter

Specifies the formatter for formatting the output. Supported formatters are:

flow

prints each line with key=value pairs.

pager

prints each keyvalue pair on its own line and separates records with form feed character (^L).

tab

prints a table header followed by tab separated value lines.

table

prints a table header followed by adjusted value lines.

-o setting=value

Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.

-v

Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

This command uses by default the output formatter pager.

Command specific options:

-A

If the -A option is present, the command will be performed for all users. Using this option in combination with system users from userdb { driver = passwd } is not recommended, because it contains also users with a lower UID than the one configured with the first_valid_uid setting.

When the SQL userdb module is used make sure that the iterate_query setting in /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext matches your database layout. When using the LDAP userdb module, make sure that the iterate_attrs and iterate_filter settings in /etc/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf.ext match your LDAP schema. Otherwise doveadm(1) will be unable to iterate over all users.

-F file

Execute the command for all the users in the file. This is similar to the -A option, but instead of getting the list of users from the userdb, they are read from the given file. The file contains one username per line.

-S socket_path

The option's argument is either an absolute path to a local UNIX domain socket, or a hostname and port (hostname:port), in order to connect a remote host via a TCP socket.

This allows an administrator to execute doveadm(1) mail commands through the given socket.

-u user/mask

Run the command only for the given user. It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u *@example.org).
When neither the -A option, nor the -F file option, nor the -u user was specified, the command will be executed with the environment of the currently logged in user.

Arguments

fields

One or more result field names to display, if the search_query matches any messages. In order to specify multiple fields, enclose them in single or double quotes.
Supported fields are:

body

The body of a message.

date.received

Date and time of final delivery, when the message was delivered to a user's mailbox for the first time.
The internal date and time of the source message, when the message was copied by the IMAP COPY command.
The date-time attribute when present, otherwise the current time, when the message was saved by the IMAP APPEND command.

date.saved

Date and time when the message was saved to mailbox.

date.sent

Date and time of the message's Date: header.

flags

A message's IMAP flags, e.g. \Seen

guid

A message's globally unique identifier.

hdr

The header of the message.

imap.body

IMAP BODY output of the message (see RFC 3501).

imap.bodystructure

IMAP BODYSTRUCTURE output of the message (see RFC 3501).

imap.envelope

IMAP ENVELOPE output of the message (see RFC 3501).

mailbox

Name of the mailbox, in which the message is stored. The name is in UTF-8.

mailbox-guid

The globally unique identifier of the mailbox, in which the message is located.

pop3.uidl

A message's unique (POP3) identifier within a mailbox.

seq

A message's sequence number in a mailbox.

size.physical

A message's physical size.

size.virtual

A message's virtual size, computed with CRLF line terminators.

text

The entire message (header and body).

text.utf8

The entire message (header and body) — UTF-8 encoded.

uid

A message's unique (IMAP) identifier in a mailbox.

user

A message owner's login name.

search_query

Fetch messages matching this search query. See doveadm-search-query(7) for details.

Example

This example based on the first example from doveadm-search(1). We are fetching the fields mailbox and date.sent from user bob's mailbox with the guid "3a94c928d66ebe4bda04000015811c6a" for the messages with the UIDs 825 and 45.

doveadm fetch -u bob "mailbox date.sent" \
mailbox-guid 3a94c928d66ebe4bda04000015811c6a uid 8,25,45
mailbox: dovecot/pigeonhole/2.0
date.sent: 2010-01-19 01:17:41 (+0100)
^L
mailbox: dovecot/pigeonhole/2.0
date.sent: 2010-01-28 09:38:49 (+0100)
^L
mailbox: dovecot/pigeonhole/2.0
date.sent: 2010-03-28 18:41:14 (+0200)
^L

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <dovecot@dovecot.org>. Information about reporting bugs is available at: http://dovecot.org/bugreport.html

See Also

doveadm(1), doveadm-search(1), doveadm-search-query(7)

Referenced By

doveadm(1), doveadm-deduplicate(1), doveadm-expunge(1), doveadm-flags(1), doveadm-import(1), doveadm-search(1).

2015-05-09 Dovecot v2.2