dnsviz-grok - Man Page

assess diagnostic DNS queries

Synopsis

dnsviz grok [ options ] [ domain_name... ]

Description

Process the results of diagnostic DNS queries previously performed, e.g., using dnsviz-probe(1), to assess the health of the associated DNS deployments for one or more domain names specified.  The results of this processing are serialized into JSON format for further programmatic diagnostics or alerts.

The source of the diagnostic query input is either a file specified with -r or standard input.

Domain names to be processed may be passed either as command-line arguments, in a file (using the -f option), or simply implied using the diagnostic query input.  The latter is the preferred methodology (and the simplest) and is useful, except in cases where the input contains diagnostic queries for multiple domain names, only a subset of which are to be processed.

If -f is not used and no domain names are supplied on the command line, then the domain names to be processed are extracted from the diagnostic query input.  If the -f option is used, then names may not be specified on the command line.

The domain names passed as input are fully-qualified domain names, such as example.com, www.example.com, _443._tcp.example.com, 1.2.0.192.in-addr.arpa, or 8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa.  Because it is implied that specified domain names are fully qualified, no trailing dot is necessary.

Options

-f,  --names-file filename

Read names from a file (one name per line), instead of from command line.

If this option is used, then names may not be specified on the command line.

-r,  --input-file filename

Read diagnostic query input from the specified file, instead of from standard input.

-t,  --trusted-keys-file filename

Use trusted keys from the specified file when processing diagnostic queries. This overrides the default behavior of using the installed keys for the root zone.

The format of this file is master zone file format and should contain DNSKEY records that correspond to one more trusted keys for one or more DNS zones.

This option may be used multiple times on the command line.

-a,  --algorithms alg[,alg...]

Support only the DNSSEC algorithms specified.  If this option is used, any algorithms not specified will appear as "unsupported."  The status of any RRSIG records corresponding to unsupported algorithms will be unknown.  Additionally, when a zone has only DS records with unsupported algorithms, the zone is treated as "insecure", assuming the DS records are properly authenticated.

-d,  --digest-algorithms digest_alg[,digest_alg...]

Support only the DNSSEC digest algorithms specified.  If this option is used, any digest algorithms not specified will appear as "unsupported."  The status of any DS records corresponding to unsupported digest algorithms will be unknown.  Additionally, when a zone has only DS records with unsupported digest algorithms, the zone is treated as "insecure", assuming the DS records are properly authenticated.

-b,  --validate-prohibited-algs

Validate algorithms for which validation is otherwise prohibited.  Current DNSSEC specification prohibits validators from validating older, weaker algorithms associated with DNSKEY and DS records (see RFC 8624).  If this option is used, then a warning will be still be issued for DNSSEC records that use these older algorithms, but the code will still assess their cryptographic status, rather than ignoring them.

-C,  --enforce-cookies

Enforce DNS cookies strictly. Require a server to return a "BADCOOKIE" response when a query contains a COOKIE option with no server cookie or with an invalid server cookie.

-P,  --allow-private

Allow private IP addresses for authoritative DNS servers.  By default, if the IP address corresponding to an authoritative server is in IP address space designated as "private", it is flagged as an error.  However, there are some cases where this is allowed.  For example, if the diagnostic queries are issued to servers in an experimental environment, this might be permissible.

-o,  --output-file filename

Write the output to the specified file instead of to standard output, which is the default.

-c,  --minimize-output

Format JSON output minimally instead of "pretty" (i.e., with indentation and newlines).

-l,  --log-level level

Display only information at the specified log priority or higher.  Valid values (in increasing order of priority) are: "error", "warning", "info", and "debug". The default is "debug".

-h,  --help

Display the usage and exit.

Exit Codes

The exit codes are:

0

Program terminated normally.

1

Incorrect usage.

2

Required package dependencies were not found.

3

There was an error processing the input or saving the output.

4

Program execution was interrupted, or an unknown error occurred.

See Also

dnsviz(1), dnsviz-probe(1), dnsviz-graph(1), dnsviz-print(1), dnsviz-query(1)

Referenced By

dnsviz(1), dnsviz-graph(1), dnsviz-print(1), dnsviz-probe(1), dnsviz-query(1).

11 Mar 2021 0.9.3