distrobox-assemble - Man Page

distrobox assemble distrobox-assemble

Description

distrobox-assemble takes care of creating or destroying containers in batches, based on a manifest file. The manifest file by default is ./distrobox.ini, but can be specified using the --file flag.

Synopsis

distrobox assemble

--file:         path to the distrobox manifest/ini file
--name/-n:          run against a single entry in the manifest/ini file
--replace/-R:       replace already existing distroboxes with matching names
--dry-run/-d:       only print the container manager command generated
--verbose/-v:       show more verbosity
--version/-V:       show version

Examples

This is an example manifest file to create two containers:

[ubuntu]
additional_packages="git vim tmux nodejs"
image=ubuntu:latest
init=false
nvidia=false
pull=true
root=false
replace=true
start_now=false

# You can add comments using this #
[arch] # also inline comments are supported
additional_packages="git vim tmux nodejs"
home=/tmp/home
image=archlinux:latest
init=false
start_now=true
init_hooks="touch /init-normal"
nvidia=true
pre_init_hooks="touch /pre-init"
pull=true
root=false
replace=false
volume="/tmp/test:/run/a /tmp/test:/run/b"

Create

We can bring them up simply using

distrobox assemble create

If the file is called distrobox.ini and is in the same directory you’re launching the command, no further arguments are needed. You can specify a custom path for the file using

distrobox assemble create --file /my/custom/path.ini

Replace

By default, distrobox assemble will replace a container only if replace=true is specified in the manifest file.

In the example of the manifest above, the ubuntu container will always be replaced when running distrobox assemble create, while the arch container will not.

To force a replace for all containers in a manifest use the --replace flag

distrobox assemble create --replace [--file my/custom/path.ini]

Remove

We can bring down all the containers in a manifest file by simply doing

distrobox assemble rm

Or using a custom path for the ini file

distrobox assemble rm --file my/custom/path.ini

Test

You can always test what distrobox would do by using the --dry-run flag. This command will only print what commands distrobox would do without actually running them.

Available options

This is a list of available options with the corresponding type:

Flag NameType
additional_flagsstring
additional_packagesstring
homestring
imagestring
init_hooksstring
pre_init_hooksstring
volumestring
exported_appsstring
exported_binsstring
exported_bins_pathstring
entrybool
start_nowbool
initbool
nvidiabool
pullbool
rootbool
unshare_ipcbool
unshare_netnsbool
unshare_processbool
unshare_devsysbool
unshare_allbool

boolean options default to false if not specified. string options can be broken in multiple declarations additively in order to improve readability of the file:

[ubuntu]
image=ubuntu:latest
additional_packages="git vim tmux nodejs"
additional_packages="htop iftop iotop"
additional_packages="zsh fish"

Be aware that if you’re doing lines with spaces, you need to quote them. If you’re doing multiple hooks (init or pre_init) in multiple lines, end the line with a semicolon (;) in order to execute them one after the other.

For an explanation of each of the option in the list, take a look at the distrobox create usage, each option corresponds to one of the create flags.

Advanced example

[tumbleweed_distrobox]
image=registry.opensuse.org/opensuse/distrobox
pull=true
additional_packages="acpi bash-completion findutils iproute iputils sensors inotify-tools unzip"
additional_packages="net-tools nmap openssl procps psmisc rsync man tig tmux tree vim htop xclip yt-dlp"
additional_packages="git git-credential-libsecret"
additional_packages="patterns-devel-base-devel_basis"
additional_packages="ShellCheck ansible-lint clang clang-tools codespell ctags desktop-file-utils gcc golang jq python3"
additional_packages="python3-bashate python3-flake8 python3-mypy python3-pipx python3-pycodestyle python3-pyflakes python3-pylint python3-python-lsp-server python3-rstcheck python3-yapf python3-yamllint rustup shfmt"
additional_packages="kubernetes-client helm"
init_hooks=GOPATH="${HOME}/.local/share/system-go" GOBIN=/usr/local/bin go install github.com/golangci/golangci-lint/cmd/golangci-lint@latest;
init_hooks=GOPATH="${HOME}/.local/share/system-go" GOBIN=/usr/local/bin go install github.com/onsi/ginkgo/v2/ginkgo@latest;
init_hooks=GOPATH="${HOME}/.local/share/system-go" GOBIN=/usr/local/bin go install golang.org/x/tools/cmd/goimports@latest;
init_hooks=GOPATH="${HOME}/.local/share/system-go" GOBIN=/usr/local/bin go install golang.org/x/tools/gopls@latest;
init_hooks=GOPATH="${HOME}/.local/share/system-go" GOBIN=/usr/local/bin go install sigs.k8s.io/kind@latest;
init_hooks=ln -sf /usr/bin/distrobox-host-exec /usr/local/bin/conmon;
init_hooks=ln -sf /usr/bin/distrobox-host-exec /usr/local/bin/crun;
init_hooks=ln -sf /usr/bin/distrobox-host-exec /usr/local/bin/docker;
init_hooks=ln -sf /usr/bin/distrobox-host-exec /usr/local/bin/docker-compose;
init_hooks=ln -sf /usr/bin/distrobox-host-exec /usr/local/bin/flatpak;
init_hooks=ln -sf /usr/bin/distrobox-host-exec /usr/local/bin/podman;
init_hooks=ln -sf /usr/bin/distrobox-host-exec /usr/local/bin/xdg-open;
exported_apps="htop"
exported_bins="/usr/bin/htop /usr/bin/git"
exported_bins_path="~/.local/bin"

Info

Nov 2023 Distrobox User Manual