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debrelease - Man Page

a wrapper around dupload or dput


debrelease [debrelease options] [dupload/dput options]


debrelease is a simple wrapper around dupload or dput.  It is called from within the source code tree of a package, and figures out the current version of a package.  It then looks for the corresponding .changes file (which lists the files needed to upload in order to release the package) in the parent directory of the source code tree and calls dupload or dput with the .changes file as parameter in order to perform the actual uploading.

Options may be given to debrelease; except for the ones listed below, they are passed on unchanged to dupload or dput. The devscripts configuration files are also read by debrelease as described below.

Directory name checking

In common with several other scripts in the devscripts package, debrelease will climb the directory tree until it finds a debian/changelog file.  As a safeguard against stray files causing potential problems, it will examine the name of the parent directory once it finds the debian/changelog file, and check that the directory name corresponds to the package name.  Precisely how it does this is controlled by two configuration file variables DEVSCRIPTS_CHECK_DIRNAME_LEVEL and DEVSCRIPTS_CHECK_DIRNAME_REGEX, and their corresponding command-line options --check-dirname-level and --check-dirname-regex.

DEVSCRIPTS_CHECK_DIRNAME_LEVEL can take the following values:


Never check the directory name.


Only check the directory name if we have had to change directory in our search for debian/changelog.  This is the default behaviour.


Always check the directory name.

The directory name is checked by testing whether the current directory name (as determined by pwd(1)) matches the regex given by the configuration file option DEVSCRIPTS_CHECK_DIRNAME_REGEX or by the command line option --check-dirname-regex regex.  Here regex is a Perl regex (see perlre(3perl)), which will be anchored at the beginning and the end.  If regex contains a '/', then it must match the full directory path.  If not, then it must match the full directory name.  If regex contains the string ´PACKAGE', this will be replaced by the source package name, as determined from the changelog.  The default value for the regex is: ´PACKAGE(-.+)?', thus matching directory names such as PACKAGE and PACKAGE-version.


--dupload,  --dput

This specifies which uploader program to use; the default is dupload.


If this option is used, or the default .changes file is not found but a source-only .changes file is present, then this source-only .changes file will be uploaded instead of an arch-specific one.

-adebian-architecture, -tGNU-system-type

See dpkg-architecture(1) for a description of these options. They affect the search for the .changes file.  They are provided to mimic the behaviour of dpkg-buildpackage when determining the name of the .changes file.  If a plain -t is given, it is taken to be the dupload host-specifying option, and therefore signifies the end of the debrelease-specific options.


Multiarch .changes mode: This signifies that debrelease should use the most recent file with the name pattern package_version_*+*.changes as the .changes file, allowing for the .changes files produced by dpkg-cross.

--debs-dir directory

Look for the .changes and .deb files in directory instead of the parent of the source directory.  This should either be an absolute path or relative to the top of the source directory.

--check-dirname-level N

See the above section Directory name checking for an explanation of this option.

--check-dirname-regex regex

See the above section Directory name checking for an explanation of this option.

--no-conf,  --noconf

Do not read any configuration files.  This can only be used as the first option given on the command-line.

--help,  -h

Display a help message and exit successfully.


Display version and copyright information and exit successfully.

Configuration Variables

The two configuration files /etc/devscripts.conf and ~/.devscripts are sourced in that order to set configuration variables.  Command line options can be used to override configuration file settings.  Environment variable settings are ignored for this purpose.  The currently recognised variables are:


The currently recognised values are dupload and dput, and it specifies which uploader program should be used.  It corresponds to the --dupload and --dput command line options.


This specifies the directory in which to look for the .changes and .deb files, and is either an absolute path or relative to the top of the source tree.  This corresponds to the --debs-dir command line option.  This directive could be used, for example, if you always use pbuilder or svn-buildpackage to build your packages.  Note that it also affects debc(1) and debi(1).


See the above section Directory name checking for an explanation of these variables.  Note that these are package-wide configuration variables, and will therefore affect all devscripts scripts which check their value, as described in their respective manpages and in devscripts.conf(5).

See Also

dput(1), dupload(1), devscripts.conf(5)


Julian Gilbey <jdg@debian.org>, based on the original release script by Christoph Lameter <clameter@debian.org>.

Referenced By

cvs-debrelease(1), debc(1), debdiff(1), debi(1), debsign(1), devscripts(1).

Debian Utilities