debcommit [options] [--all | files to commit]
debcommit generates a commit message based on new text in debian/changelog, and commits the change to a package's repository. It must be run in a working copy for the package. Supported version control systems are: cvs, git, hg (mercurial), svk, svn (Subversion), baz, bzr, tla (arch), darcs.
- -c, --changelog path
Specify an alternate location for the changelog. By default debian/changelog is used.
- -r, --release
Commit a release of the package. The version number is determined from debian/changelog, and is used to tag the package in the repository.
Note that svn/svk tagging conventions vary, so debcommit uses svnpath(1) to determine where the tag should be placed in the repository.
- -R, --release-use-changelog
When used in conjunction with --release, if there are uncommitted changes to the changelog then derive the commit message from those changes rather than using the default message.
- -m text, --message text
Specify a commit message to use. Useful if the program cannot determine a commit message on its own based on debian/changelog, or if you want to override the default message.
- -n, --noact
Do not actually do anything, but do print the commands that would be run.
- -d, --diff
Instead of committing, do print the diff of what would have been committed if this option were not given. A typical usage scenario of this option is the generation of patches against the current working copy (e.g. when you don't have commit access right).
- -C, --confirm
Display the generated commit message and ask for confirmation before committing it. It is also possible to edit the message at this stage; in this case, the confirmation prompt will be re-displayed after the editing has been performed.
- -e, --edit
Edit the generated commit message in your favorite editor before committing it.
- -a, --all
Commit all files. This is the default operation when using a VCS other than git.
- -s, --strip-message, --no-strip-message
If this option is set and the commit message has been derived from the changelog, the characters “* ” will be stripped from the beginning of the message.
This option is set by default and ignored if more than one line of the message begins with “[*+-] ”.
- --sign-commit, --no-sign-commit
If this option is set, then the commits that debcommit creates will be signed using gnupg. Currently this is only supported by git, hg, and bzr.
- --sign-tags, --no-sign-tags
If this option is set, then tags that debcommit creates will be signed using gnupg. Currently this is only supported by git.
If this option is set, the commit author and date will be determined from the Maintainer and Date field of the first paragraph in debian/changelog. This is mainly useful when using debchange(1) with the --no-mainttrailer option.
The two configuration files /etc/devscripts.conf and ~/.devscripts are sourced by a shell in that order to set configuration variables. Command line options can be used to override configuration file settings. Environment variable settings are ignored for this purpose. The currently recognised variables are:
If this is set to no, then it is the same as the --no-strip-message command line parameter being used. The default is yes.
If this is set to yes, then it is the same as the --sign-tags command line parameter being used. The default is no.
If this is set to yes, then it is the same as the --sign-commit command line parameter being used. The default is no.
If this is set to yes, then it is the same as the --release-use-changelog command line parameter being used. The default is no.
This is the key id used for signing tags. If not set, a default will be chosen by the revision control system.
VCS Specific Features
- tla / baz
If the commit message contains more than 72 characters, a summary will be created containing as many full words from the message as will fit within 72 characters, followed by an ellipsis.
Each of the features described below is applicable only if the commit message has been automatically determined from the changelog.
If only a single change is detected in the changelog, debcommit will unfold it to a single line and behave as if --strip-message was used.
Otherwise, the first change will be unfolded and stripped to form a summary line and a commit message formed using the summary line followed by a blank line and the changes as extracted from the changelog. debcommit will then spawn an editor so that the message may be fine-tuned before committing.
- hg / darcs
The first change detected in the changelog will be unfolded to form a single line summary. If multiple changes were detected then an editor will be spawned to allow the message to be fine-tuned.
If the changelog entry used for the commit message closes any bugs then --fixes options to “bzr commit” will be generated to associate the revision and the bugs.
This code is copyright by Joey Hess <email@example.com>, all rights reserved. This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. You are free to redistribute this code under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2 or later.
Joey Hess <firstname.lastname@example.org>