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ddgr - Man Page

DuckDuckGo from the terminal

Examples (TL;DR)


ddgr [Options] [KEYWORD [KEYWORD ...]]


ddgr is a command-line tool to search DuckDuckGo (html version). ddgr shows the title, URL and text context for each result. Results are fetched in pages. Keyboard shortcuts are available for page navigation. Results are indexed and a result URL can be opened in a browser using the index number. There is no configuration file as aliases serve the same purpose for this utility. Supports sequential searches in a single instance.


 * Fast and clean; custom color
 * Designed for maximum readability at minimum space
 * Instant answers (supported by DDG html version)
 * Custom number of results per page
 * Navigation, browser integration
 * Search and option completion scripts (Bash, Fish, Zsh)
 * DuckDuckGo Bangs (along with completion)
 * Open the first result in browser (I'm Feeling Ducky)
 * REPL for continuous searches
 * Keywords (e.g. `filetype:mime`, `site:somesite.com`)
 * Limit search by time, specify region, disable safe search
 * HTTPS proxy support, optionally disable User Agent
 * Do Not Track set by default
 * Supports custom url handler script or cmdline utility
 * Thoroughly documented, man page with examples
 * Minimal dependencies


-h,  --help

Show help text and exit.

-n,  --num=N

Show N results per page (default 10). N must be between 0 and 25. N=0 disables fixed paging and shows actual number of results fetched per page.

-r,  --reg=REG

Region-specific search e.g. 'us-en' for US (default); visit https://duckduckgo.com/params.

-C,  --nocolor

Disable color output.


Set output colors. Refer to the Colors section below for details.

-j,  --ducky

Open the first result in a web browser; implies --noprompt. Feeling Ducky?

-t,  --time=SPAN

Time limit search [d=past day, w=past week, m=past month, y=past year] (default=any time).

-w,  --site=SITE

Search a site using DuckDuckGo.

-x,  --expand

Expand URLs instead of showing only the domain name (default).

-p,  --proxy=URI

Tunnel traffic through an HTTP proxy. URI is of the form [http[s]://][user:pwd@]host[:port]. The proxy server must support HTTP CONNECT tunneling and must not block port 443 for the relevant DuckDuckGo hosts. If a proxy is not explicitly given, the https_proxy or HTTPS_PROXY environment variable (if available) is used instead.


Disable safe search.


Disable user agent. Results are fetched faster.


Output in JSON format; implies --noprompt.

--gb,  --gui-browser

Open a bang directly in a GUI browser.

--np,  --noprompt

Perform search and exit; do not prompt for further interactions.

--rev,  --reverse

List the entries in reversed order.


Custom script or command-line utility to open urls with.


Do not suppress browser output when opening result in browser; that is, connect stdout and stderr of the browser to ddgr's stdout and stderr instead of /dev/null. By default, browser output is suppressed (due to certain graphical browsers spewing messages to console) unless the BROWSER environment variable is a known text-based browser: elinks, links, lynx, w3m or www-browser.

-v,  --version

Show version number and exit.

-d,  --debug

Enable debugging.

Omniprompt Keys

n, p, f

Fetch the next, previous or first set of search results.


Open the result corresponding to index in browser.

o [index|range|a ...]

Open space-separated result indices, numeric ranges or all indices, if 'a' is specified, in the browser.

O [index|range|a ...]

Works similar to key 'o', but tries to ignore text-based browsers (even if BROWSER is set) and open links in a GUI browser.

d keywords

Initiate a new DuckDuckGo search for keywords with original options. This key should be used to search omniprompt keys (including itself) and indices.


Toggle url expansion.

c index

Copy url to clipboard.

q, ^D, double Enter

Exit ddgr.


Show omniprompt help.


Any other string initiates a new search with original options.


ddgr allows you to customize the color scheme via a six-letter string, reminiscent of BSD LSCOLORS. The six letters represent the colors of








metadata/publishing info





respectively. The six-letter string is passed in either as the argument to the --colors option, or as the value of the environment variable DDGR_COLORS.
We offer the following colors/styles:
ibright black
jbright red
kbright green
lbright yellow
mbright blue
nbright magenta
obright cyan
pbright white
A-Hbold version of the lowercase-letter color
I-Pbold version of the lowercase-letter bright color
yreverse video
Ybold reverse video
The default colors string is oCdgxy, which stands for

bright cyan indices


bold green titles


yellow URLs


cyan metadata/publishing info


normal abstracts


reverse video prompts

Note that

Bright colors (implemented as \x1b[90m - \x1b[97m) may not be available in all color-capable terminal emulators;


Some terminal emulators draw bold text in bright colors instead;


Some terminal emulators only distinguish between bold and bright colors via a default-off switch.

Please consult the manual of your terminal emulator as well as https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ANSI_escape_code for details.



Overrides the default browser. Ref: http://docs.python.org/library/webbrowser.html


Refer to the Colors section.


Force a plain omniprompt if you are facing issues with colors at the prompt.

HTTPS_PROXY, https_proxy

Refer to the --proxy option.


  1. DuckDuckGo hello world:

    ddgr hello world
  2. I'm Feeling Ducky search:

    ddgr -j lucky ducks
  3. DuckDuckGo Bang search 'hello world' in Wikipedia:

    ddgr !w hello world
    ddgr \!w hello world // bash-specific, need to escape ! on bash

    Bangs work at the omniprompt too. To look up bangs, visit https://duckduckgo.com/bang?#bangs-list.

  4. Bang alias to fire from the cmdline, open results in a GUI browser and exit:

    alias bang='ddgr --gb --np'
        bang !w hello world
        bang \!w hello world // bash-specific, need to escape ! on bash
  5. Website specific search:

    ddgr -w amazon.com digital camera

    Site specific search continues at omniprompt.

  6. Search for a specific file type:

    ddgr instrumental filetype:mp3
  7. Fetch results on IPL cricket from India in English:

    ddgr -r in-en IPL cricket

    To find your region parameter token visit https://duckduckgo.com/params.

  8. Search quoted text:

    ddgr it\'s a \"beautiful world\" in spring
  9. Show complete urls in search results (instead of only domain name):

    ddgr -x ddgr
  10. Use a custom color scheme, e.g., one warm color scheme designed for Solarized Dark:

    ddgr --colors bjdxxy hello world
        DDGR_COLORS=bjdxxy ddgr hello world
  11. Tunnel traffic through an HTTPS proxy, e.g., a local Privoxy instance listening on port 8118:

    ddgr --proxy localhost:8118 hello world

    By default the environment variable https_proxy (or HTTPS_PROXY) is used, if defined.

  12. Look up n, p, o, O, q, d keywords or a result index at the omniprompt: as the omniprompt recognizes these keys or index strings as commands, you need to prefix them with d, e.g.,
    d n
    d d keywords
    d 1


Arun Prakash Jana <engineerarun@gmail.com>



Reporting Bugs



Copyright © 2016-2022 Arun Prakash Jana <engineerarun@gmail.com>

License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


22 Oct 2022 Version 2.1