dcm2json man page

dcm2json ā€” Convert DICOM file and data set to JSON

Synopsis

dcm2json [options] dcmfile-in [jsonfile-out]

Description

The dcm2json utility converts the contents of a DICOM file (file format or raw data set) to JSON (JavaScript Object Notation). The output refers to the 'DICOM JSON Model', which is found in DICOM Part 18 Section F.

If dcm2json reads a raw data set (DICOM data without a file format meta-header) it will attempt to guess the transfer syntax by examining the first few bytes of the file. It is not always possible to correctly guess the transfer syntax and it is better to convert a data set to a file format whenever possible (using the dcmconv utility). It is also possible to use the -f and -t[ieb] options to force dcm2json to read a data set with a particular transfer syntax.

Parameters

dcmfile-in    DICOM input filename to be converted

jsonfile-out  JSON output filename (default: stdout)

Options

general options

  -h    --help
          print this help text and exit

        --version
          print version information and exit

        --arguments
          print expanded command line arguments

  -q    --quiet
          quiet mode, print no warnings and errors

  -v    --verbose
          verbose mode, print processing details

  -d    --debug
          debug mode, print debug information

  -ll   --log-level  [l]evel: string constant
          (fatal, error, warn, info, debug, trace)
          use level l for the logger

  -lc   --log-config  [f]ilename: string
          use config file f for the logger

input options

input file format:

  +f    --read-file
          read file format or data set (default)

  +fo   --read-file-only
          read file format only

  -f    --read-dataset
          read data set without file meta information

input transfer syntax:

  -t=   --read-xfer-auto
          use TS recognition (default)

  -td   --read-xfer-detect
          ignore TS specified in the file meta header

  -te   --read-xfer-little
          read with explicit VR little endian TS

  -tb   --read-xfer-big
          read with explicit VR big endian TS

  -ti   --read-xfer-implicit
          read with implicit VR little endian TS

output options

output format:

  +fc   --formatted-code
          enable whitespace formatting (default)

          # prints additional spaces and newlines for increased
          # readability

  -fc   --compact-code
          print only required characters

  +m    --write-meta
          write data set with meta information
          (warning: not conforming to the DICOM standard)

JSON Format

The basic structure of the JSON output created from a DICOM file looks like the following (see DICOM Part 18 Section F for details):

{
    "00080005": {
        "vr": "CS",
        "Value": [
            "ISO_IR 192"
        ]
    },
    "00080020": {
        "vr": "DT",
        "Value": [
            "20130409"
        ]
    },
    "00080030": {
        "vr": "TM",
        "Value": [
            "131600.0000"
        ]
    },
    "00080050": {
        "vr": "SH",
        "Value": [
            "11235813"
        ]
    },
    "00080056": {
        "vr": "CS",
        "Value": [
            "ONLINE"
        ]
    },
    "00080061": {
        "vr": "CS",
        "Value": [
            "CT",
            "PET"
        ]
    },
    "00080090": {
        "vr": "PN",
        "Value": [
          {
            "Alphabetic": "^Bob^^Dr."
          }
        ]
    },
    "00081190": {
        "vr": "UR",
        "Value": [
            "http://wado.nema.org/studies/
            1.2.392.200036.9116.2.2.2.1762893313.1029997326.945873"
        ]
    },
    "00090010": {
        "vr": "LO",
        "Value": [
            "Vendor A"
        ]
    },
    "00091002": {
        "vr": "UN",
        "InlineBinary": "z0x9c8v7"
    },
    "00100010": {
        "vr": "PN",
        "Value": [
          {
            "Alphabetic": "Wang^XiaoDong"
          }
        ]
    },
    "00100020": {
        "vr": "LO",
        "Value": [
            "12345"
        ]
    },
    "00100021": {
        "vr": "LO",
        "Value": [
            "Hospital A"
        ]
    },
    "00100030": {
        "vr": "DT",
        "Value": [
            "19670701"
        ]
    },
    "00100040": {
        "vr": "CS",
        "Value": [
            "M"
        ]
    },
    "00101002": {
        "vr": "SQ",
        "Value": [
            {
                "00100020": {
                    "vr": "LO",
                    "Value": [
                        "54321"
                    ]
                },
                "00100021": {
                    "vr": "LO",
                    "Value": [
                        "Hospital B"
                    ]
                }
            },
            {
                "00100020": {
                    "vr": "LO",
                    "Value": [
                        "24680"
                    ]
                },
                "00100021": {
                    "vr": "LO",
                    "Value": [
                        "Hospital C"
                    ]
                }
            }
        ]
    },
    "0020000D": {
        "vr": "UI",
        "Value": [
            "1.2.392.200036.9116.2.2.2.1762893313.1029997326.945873"
        ]
    },
    "00200010": {
        "vr": "SH",
        "Value": [
            "11235813"
        ]
    },
    "00201206": {
        "vr": "IS",
        "Value": [
            4
        ]
    },
    "00201208": {
        "vr": "IS",
        "Value": [
            942
        ]
    }
}

Bulk Data

Binary data, i.e. DICOM element values with Value Representations (VR) of OB or OW, as well as OD, OF and UN values are by default not written to the JSON output because of their size. Instead, for each element, a new Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) is being generated and written as an value of a BulkDataURI JSON element. So far, there is no possibility to write an additional file to hold the binary data for each of the binary data chunks.

Notes

Character Encoding

dcm2json always tries to output in UTF-8 encoding. If this is not possible, e.g. because there is no support for character set conversion, ASCII is used instead (which is a subset of UTF-8).

Logging

The level of logging output of the various command line tools and underlying libraries can be specified by the user. By default, only errors and warnings are written to the standard error stream. Using option --verbose also informational messages like processing details are reported. Option --debug can be used to get more details on the internal activity, e.g. for debugging purposes. Other logging levels can be selected using option --log-level. In --quiet mode only fatal errors are reported. In such very severe error events, the application will usually terminate. For more details on the different logging levels, see documentation of module 'oflog'.

In case the logging output should be written to file (optionally with logfile rotation), to syslog (Unix) or the event log (Windows) option --log-config can be used. This configuration file also allows for directing only certain messages to a particular output stream and for filtering certain messages based on the module or application where they are generated. An example configuration file is provided in <etcdir>/logger.cfg.

Command Line

All command line tools use the following notation for parameters: square brackets enclose optional values (0-1), three trailing dots indicate that multiple values are allowed (1-n), a combination of both means 0 to n values.

Command line options are distinguished from parameters by a leading '+' or '-' sign, respectively. Usually, order and position of command line options are arbitrary (i.e. they can appear anywhere). However, if options are mutually exclusive the rightmost appearance is used. This behavior conforms to the standard evaluation rules of common Unix shells.

In addition, one or more command files can be specified using an '@' sign as a prefix to the filename (e.g. @command.txt). Such a command argument is replaced by the content of the corresponding text file (multiple whitespaces are treated as a single separator unless they appear between two quotation marks) prior to any further evaluation. Please note that a command file cannot contain another command file. This simple but effective approach allows one to summarize common combinations of options/parameters and avoids longish and confusing command lines (an example is provided in file <datadir>/dumppat.txt).

Environment

The dcm2json utility will attempt to load DICOM data dictionaries specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. By default, i.e. if the DCMDICTPATH environment variable is not set, the file <datadir>/dicom.dic will be loaded unless the dictionary is built into the application (default for Windows).

The default behavior should be preferred and the DCMDICTPATH environment variable only used when alternative data dictionaries are required. The DCMDICTPATH environment variable has the same format as the Unix shell PATH variable in that a colon (':') separates entries. On Windows systems, a semicolon (';') is used as a separator. The data dictionary code will attempt to load each file specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. It is an error if no data dictionary can be loaded.

Info

Fri Jul 14 2017 Version 3.6.2 OFFIS DCMTK