db2x_texixml - Man Page

Make Texinfo files from Texi-XML


db2x_texixml [options]... [xml-document]


db2x_texixml converts a Texi-XML document into one or  more Texinfo documents.

If xml-document is not given, then the document to convert comes from standard input.

The filenames of the Texinfo documents are determined by markup in the Texi-XML source. (If the filenames are not specified in the markup, then db2x_texixml attempts to deduce them from the name of the input file. However, the Texi-XML source should specify the filename, because it does not work when there are multiple output files or when the Texi-XML source comes from standard input.)



Select the character encoding used for the output files. The available encodings are those of  iconv(1).  The default encoding is us-ascii.

The XML source may contain characters that are not representable in the encoding that you select; in this case the program will bomb out during processing, and you should  choose another encoding. (This is guaranteed not to happen with any Unicode encoding such as  UTF-8, but unfortunately not everyone is able to  process Unicode texts.)

If you are using GNU’s version of  iconv(1), you can affix  //TRANSLIT to the end of the encoding name to attempt transliterations of any unconvertible characters in the output. Beware, however, that the really inconvertible characters will be turned into another of those damned question marks. (Aren’t you sick of this?)

The suffix //TRANSLIT applied to a Unicode encoding — in particular, utf-8//TRANSLIT — means that the output files are to remain in Unicode, but markup-level character translations using utf8trans  are still to be done. So in most cases, an English-language document, converted using  --encoding=utf-8//TRANSLIT will actually end up as a US-ASCII document, but any untranslatable characters  will remain as UTF-8 without any warning whatsoever. (Note: strictly speaking this is not “transliteration”.) This method of conversion is a compromise over strict --encoding=us-ascii processing, which aborts if any untranslatable characters are  encountered.

Note that man pages and Texinfo documents  in non-ASCII encodings (including UTF-8) may not be portable to older (non-internationalized) systems, which is why the default value for this option is  us-ascii.

To suppress any automatic character mapping or encoding conversion whatsoever, pass the option  --encoding=utf-8.


Write a list of all the output files to standard output, in addition to normal processing.


Specify the directory where the output files are placed. The default is the current working directory.

This option is ignored if the output is to be written to standard output (triggered by the  option --to-stdout).


Write the output to standard output instead of to individual files.

If this option is used even when there are supposed to be multiple output documents, then everything is concatenated to standard output. But beware that most other programs will not accept this concatenated output.

This option is incompatible with --list-files, obviously.


Pipe the Texinfo output to  makeinfo(1), creating Info files directly instead of Texinfo files.


Pipe the Texinfo output to makeinfo --no-headers, thereby creating plain text files.


Show brief usage information and exit.


Show version and exit.

This program uses certain other programs for its operation. If they are not in their default installed locations, then use the following options to set their location:

--utf8trans-program=path, --utf8trans-map=charmap

Use the character map charmap with the utf8trans(1) program, included with docbook2X, found under path.


The location of the  iconv(1) program, used for encoding conversions.


Texinfo language compatibility.  The Texinfo files generated by db2x_texixml sometimes require Texinfo version 4.7 (the latest version) to work properly. In particular:

Relation of Texi-XML with the XML output format of makeinfo.  The Texi-XML format used by docbook2X is different and incompatible with the XML format generated by  makeinfo(1) with its --xml option. This situation arose partly because the Texi-XML format of docbook2X was designed and implemented independently  before the appearance of makeinfo’s XML format. Also Texi-XML is very much geared towards being  machine-generated from other XML formats, while there seems to be no non-trivial applications of makeinfo’s XML format. So there is no reason at this point for docbook2X to adopt makeinfo’s XML format in lieu of Texi-XML.



Steve Cheng <stevecheng@users.sourceforge.net>.

See Also

The docbook2X manual (in Texinfo or HTML format) fully describes how to convert DocBook to man pages and Texinfo.

Up-to-date information about this program can be found  at the docbook2X Web site .

The input to db2x_texixml is defined by the XML DTD present at dtd/Texi-XML in the docbook2X distribution.

Referenced By

db2x_docbook2man(1), db2x_docbook2texi(1).

3 March 2007 docbook2X 0.8.8