d.vect.1grass man page

d.vect — Displays user-specified vector map in the active graphics frame.

Keywords

display, graphics, vector, level1

Synopsis

d.vect
d.vect --help
d.vect [-cirs] map=name  [layer=string]  display=string[,string,...]  [type=string[,string,...]]   [cats=range]   [where=sql_query]   [color=name]   [fill_color=name]   [rgb_column=name]   [zcolor=style]   [width=integer]   [width_column=name]   [width_scale=float]   [icon=string]   [size=float]   [size_column=name]   [rotation_column=name]   [icon_area=string]   [icon_line=string]   [legend_label=string]   [label_layer=string]   [attribute_column=name]   [label_color=name]   [label_bgcolor=name]   [label_bcolor=name]   [label_size=integer]   [font=string]   [encoding=string]   [xref=string]   [yref=string]   [minreg=float]   [maxreg=float]   [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]

Flags

-c

Random colors according to category number (or layer number if ’layer=-1’ is given)

-i

Use values from ’cats’ option as feature id

-r

Use square root of the value of size_column
This makes circle areas proportionate to the size_column values instead of circle radius

-s

Do not show this layer in vector legend

--help

Print usage summary

--verbose

Verbose module output

--quiet

Quiet module output

--ui

Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters

map=name [required]

Name of vector map
Or data source for direct OGR access

layer=string

Layer number or name (’-1’ for all layers)
A single vector map can be connected to multiple database tables. This number determines which table to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: 1

display=string[,string,...] [required]

Display
Options: shape, cat, topo, vert, dir, zcoor
Default: shape
shape: Display geometry of features
cat: Display category numbers of features
topo: Display topology information (nodes, edges)
vert: Display vertices of features
dir: Display direction of linear features
zcoor: Display z-coordinate of features (only for 3D vector maps)

type=string[,string,...]

Input feature type
Options: point, line, boundary, centroid, area, face
Default: point,line,area,face

cats=range

Category values
Example: 1,3,7-9,13

where=sql_query

WHERE conditions of SQL statement without ’where’ keyword
Example: income < 1000 and population >= 10000

color=name

Feature color
Either a standard color name, R:G:B triplet, or "none"
Default: black

fill_color=name

Area fill color
Either a standard color name, R:G:B triplet, or "none"
Default: 200:200:200

rgb_column=name

Colorize features according to color definition column
Color definition in R:G:B form

zcolor=style

Colorize point or area features according to z-coordinate
Options: aspect, aspectcolr, bcyr, bgyr, blues, byg, byr, celsius, corine, curvature, differences, elevation, etopo2, evi, fahrenheit, gdd, grass, greens, grey, grey.eq, grey.log, grey1.0, grey255, gyr, haxby, inferno, kelvin, magma, ndvi, ndwi, oranges, plasma, population, population_dens, precipitation, precipitation_daily, precipitation_monthly, rainbow, ramp, random, reds, roygbiv, rstcurv, ryb, ryg, sepia, slope, soilmoisture, srtm, srtm_plus, terrain, viridis, water, wave
aspect: aspect oriented grey colors [range: map values]
aspectcolr: aspect oriented rainbow colors [range: 0 to 360]
bcyr: blue through cyan through yellow to red [range: map values]
bgyr: blue through green through yellow to red [range: map values]
blues: white to blue [range: map values]
byg: blue through yellow to green [range: map values]
byr: blue through yellow to red [range: map values]
celsius: blue to red for degree Celsius temperature [range: -80 to 80]
corine: EU Corine land cover colors [range: 111 to 995]
curvature: for terrain curvatures (from v.surf.rst and r.slope.aspect) [range: map values]
differences: differences oriented colors [range: map values]
elevation: maps relative ranges of raster values to elevation color ramp [range: map values]
etopo2: colors for ETOPO2 worldwide bathymetry/topography [range: -11000 to 8850]
evi: enhanced vegetative index colors [range: -1 to 1]
fahrenheit: blue to red for Fahrenheit temperature [range: -112 to 176]
gdd: accumulated growing degree days [range: 0 to 6000]
grass: GRASS GIS green (perceptually uniform) [range: map values]
greens: white to green [range: map values]
grey: grey scale [range: map values]
grey.eq: histogram-equalized grey scale [range: map values]
grey.log: histogram logarithmic transformed grey scale [range: map values]
grey1.0: grey scale for raster values between 0.0-1.0 [range: 0 to 1]
grey255: grey scale for raster values between 0-255 [range: 0 to 255]
gyr: green through yellow to red [range: map values]
haxby: relative colors for bathymetry or topography [range: map values]
inferno: perceptually uniform sequential color table inferno [range: map values]
kelvin: blue to red for temperature in Kelvin scale [range: 193.15 to 353.15]
magma: perceptually uniform sequential color table magma [range: map values]
ndvi: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index colors [range: -1 to 1]
ndwi: Normalized Difference Water Index colors [range: -200 to 200]
oranges: white to orange [range: map values]
plasma: perceptually uniform sequential color table plasma [range: map values]
population: color table covering human population classification breaks [range: 0 to 2e+09]
population_dens: color table covering human population density classification breaks [range: 0 to 1e+09]
precipitation: precipitation color table (0..2000mm) [range: 0 to 7000]
precipitation_daily: precipitation color table (0..1000mm) [range: 0 to 10000]
precipitation_monthly: precipitation color table (0..1000mm) [range: 0 to 1000]
rainbow: rainbow color table [range: map values]
ramp: color ramp [range: map values]
random: random color table [range: map values]
reds: white to red [range: map values]
roygbiv:  [range: map values]
rstcurv: terrain curvature (from r.resamp.rst) [range: map values]
ryb: red through yellow to blue [range: map values]
ryg: red through yellow to green [range: map values]
sepia: yellowish-brown through to white [range: map values]
slope: r.slope.aspect-type slope colors for raster values 0-90 [range: 0 to 90]
soilmoisture: soilmoisture color table (0.0-1.0) [range: 0 to 1]
srtm: color palette for Shuttle Radar Topography Mission elevation [range: -11000 to 8850]
srtm_plus: color palette for Shuttle Radar Topography Mission elevation (with seafloor colors) [range: -11000 to 8850]
terrain: global elevation color table covering -11000 to +8850m [range: -11000 to 8850]
viridis: perceptually uniform sequential color table viridis [range: map values]
water: water depth [range: map values]
wave: color wave [range: map values]

width=integer

Line width
Default: 0

width_column=name

Name of numeric column containing line width
These values will be scaled by width_scale

width_scale=float

Scale factor for width_column
Default: 1

icon=string

Point and centroid symbol
Options: basic/arrow, basic/arrow1, basic/arrow2, basic/arrow3, basic/box, basic/circle, basic/cross1, basic/cross2, basic/cross3, basic/diamond, basic/hexagon, basic/marker, basic/octagon, basic/pin, basic/pin_dot, basic/point, basic/pushpin, basic/star, basic/triangle, basic/x, demo/muchomurka, demo/smrk, extra/4pt_star, extra/adcp, extra/airport, extra/alpha_flag, extra/bridge, extra/dim_arrow, extra/dive_flag, extra/fiducial, extra/fish, extra/half-box, extra/half-circle, extra/offbox_ne, extra/offbox_nw, extra/offbox_se, extra/offbox_sw, extra/pentagon, extra/ping, extra/ring, extra/simple_zia, extra/target, geology/circle_cross, geology/half-arrow_left, geology/half-arrow_right, geology/strike_box, geology/strike_circle, geology/strike_cleavage, geology/strike_half-bowtie, geology/strike_line, geology/strike_parallel, geology/strike_triangle, legend/area, legend/area_curved, legend/line, legend/line_crooked, n_arrows/basic_compass, n_arrows/fancy_compass, n_arrows/n_arrow1a, n_arrows/n_arrow1b, n_arrows/n_arrow2, n_arrows/n_arrow3, n_arrows/n_arrow4, n_arrows/n_arrow5, n_arrows/n_arrow6, n_arrows/n_arrow7a, n_arrows/n_arrow7b, n_arrows/n_arrow8a, n_arrows/n_arrow8b, n_arrows/n_arrow9
Default: basic/x

size=float

Symbol size
When used with the size_column option this becomes the scale factor
Default: 5

size_column=name

Name of numeric column containing symbol size

rotation_column=name

Name of numeric column containing symbol rotation angle
Measured in degrees CCW from east

icon_area=string

Area/boundary symbol for legend
Options: basic/arrow, basic/arrow1, basic/arrow2, basic/arrow3, basic/box, basic/circle, basic/cross1, basic/cross2, basic/cross3, basic/diamond, basic/hexagon, basic/marker, basic/octagon, basic/pin, basic/pin_dot, basic/point, basic/pushpin, basic/star, basic/triangle, basic/x, demo/muchomurka, demo/smrk, extra/4pt_star, extra/adcp, extra/airport, extra/alpha_flag, extra/bridge, extra/dim_arrow, extra/dive_flag, extra/fiducial, extra/fish, extra/half-box, extra/half-circle, extra/offbox_ne, extra/offbox_nw, extra/offbox_se, extra/offbox_sw, extra/pentagon, extra/ping, extra/ring, extra/simple_zia, extra/target, geology/circle_cross, geology/half-arrow_left, geology/half-arrow_right, geology/strike_box, geology/strike_circle, geology/strike_cleavage, geology/strike_half-bowtie, geology/strike_line, geology/strike_parallel, geology/strike_triangle, legend/area, legend/area_curved, legend/line, legend/line_crooked, n_arrows/basic_compass, n_arrows/fancy_compass, n_arrows/n_arrow1a, n_arrows/n_arrow1b, n_arrows/n_arrow2, n_arrows/n_arrow3, n_arrows/n_arrow4, n_arrows/n_arrow5, n_arrows/n_arrow6, n_arrows/n_arrow7a, n_arrows/n_arrow7b, n_arrows/n_arrow8a, n_arrows/n_arrow8b, n_arrows/n_arrow9
Default: legend/area

icon_line=string

Line symbol for legend
Options: basic/arrow, basic/arrow1, basic/arrow2, basic/arrow3, basic/box, basic/circle, basic/cross1, basic/cross2, basic/cross3, basic/diamond, basic/hexagon, basic/marker, basic/octagon, basic/pin, basic/pin_dot, basic/point, basic/pushpin, basic/star, basic/triangle, basic/x, demo/muchomurka, demo/smrk, extra/4pt_star, extra/adcp, extra/airport, extra/alpha_flag, extra/bridge, extra/dim_arrow, extra/dive_flag, extra/fiducial, extra/fish, extra/half-box, extra/half-circle, extra/offbox_ne, extra/offbox_nw, extra/offbox_se, extra/offbox_sw, extra/pentagon, extra/ping, extra/ring, extra/simple_zia, extra/target, geology/circle_cross, geology/half-arrow_left, geology/half-arrow_right, geology/strike_box, geology/strike_circle, geology/strike_cleavage, geology/strike_half-bowtie, geology/strike_line, geology/strike_parallel, geology/strike_triangle, legend/area, legend/area_curved, legend/line, legend/line_crooked, n_arrows/basic_compass, n_arrows/fancy_compass, n_arrows/n_arrow1a, n_arrows/n_arrow1b, n_arrows/n_arrow2, n_arrows/n_arrow3, n_arrows/n_arrow4, n_arrows/n_arrow5, n_arrows/n_arrow6, n_arrows/n_arrow7a, n_arrows/n_arrow7b, n_arrows/n_arrow8a, n_arrows/n_arrow8b, n_arrows/n_arrow9
Default: legend/line

legend_label=string

Label to display after symbol in vector legend

label_layer=string

Layer number for labels (default: the given layer number)
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: 1

attribute_column=name

Name of column to be displayed as a label

label_color=name

Label color
Either a standard color name or R:G:B triplet
Default: red

label_bgcolor=name

Label background color
Either a standard color name, R:G:B triplet, or "none"
Default: none

label_bcolor=name

Label border color
Either a standard color name, R:G:B triplet, or "none"
Default: none

label_size=integer

Label size (pixels)
Default: 8

font=string

Font name

encoding=string

Text encoding

xref=string

Label horizontal justification
Options: left, center, right
Default: left

yref=string

Label vertical justification
Options: top, center, bottom
Default: center

minreg=float

Minimum region size (average from height and width) when map is displayed

maxreg=float

Maximum region size (average from height and width) when map is displayed

Description

d.vect displays vector maps in the active frame on the graphics monitor.

Notes

d.vect can simply be used typing d.vect map=vector_map. There are a large variety of optional parameters which allow the user to specify vector type, colors, data fields, SQL queries, label size and justification, etc.

By default d.vect areas are filled with fill_color and outlined with color. Area outlines can be suppressed with

d.vect map=vector_map color=none

and areas can be made transparent with

d.vect map=vector_map fill_color=none

In order to display attributes in the map, attribute_column must be specified.

Feature colors may be specified by v.colors in a form of color table or in an attribute table column containing RRR:GGG:BBB values.

A table for a vector map might look like this:

db.select sql="select * from testisola"
cat|label|GRASSRGB
0|no data|255:255:255
90|FRASSILONGO|23:245:67
104|LEVICO|23:145:67
139|PERGINE VALSUGANA|223:45:237
168|SANT’ORSOLA|223:45:67
190|TENNA|123:45:67

To add the GRASSRGB color column, use v.db.addcolumn:

v.db.addcolumn map=testisola columns="GRASSRGB varchar(11)"

To add/change a color, use v.db.update:

v.db.update map=testisola column=GRASSRGB value="123:45:237" where="cat=139"

A much simpler method of color coding is by using the -c flag which displays vector elements of like category number with a random color.

This module can use FreeType/TrueType fonts if they have already been selected with d.font.

Parameter width is set by default to ’0’. XDRIVER specifies the precise behaviour for non-zero line width, but drivers have some freedom as to how zero-width lines are handled, so they can use the hardware’s "thin line" drawing primitive, if it has one. A width of zero can potentially result in significantly faster operation. On drivers where there is no such thing as a "thin" line, the driver will use a sensible default (which might not be the same as ’1’).

Examples

Spearfish examples:

# display roads with category numbers:
d.vect map=roads display=shape,cat label_color=green
# display randomly colorized soils map with attributes
d.vect -c map=soils attribute_column=label
# display randomly colorized selected vectors from soils map
d.vect -c map=soils where="label=’VBF’" display=shape attribute_column=label

3D points, 3D lines and 3D polygons colorized according to z height (for 3D lines and polygons a z height is computed by a midpoint of line/area bounding box):

g.region raster=elevation.10m
r.random input=elevation.10m n=5000 vector=random3d -d
d.mon start=x0
# display as black points
d.vect map=random3d
# display 3D points colorized according to z height
d.vect map=random3d zcolor=gyr
# 3D contour lines
r.contour input=elevation.10m output=contour20m step=20
d.vect map=contour20m zcolor=gyr
# generate 3D triangles
v.delaunay input=random3d output=random3d_del
# display 3D polygons colorized according to z height
d.vect map=random3d_del type=area zcolor=gyr

See Also

v.colors, d.erase, d.rast, v.colors, v.db.addcolumn, v.db.update

GRASS SQL interface

Authors

CERL
Radim Blazek, ITC-Irst, Trento, Italy
Support for color tables by Martin Landa, Czech Technical University in Prague (8/2011)
and many other GRASS developers

Last changed: $Date$

Source Code

Available at: d.vect source code (history)

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© 2003-2019 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.8.0 Reference Manual

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GRASS 7.8.0 Grass User's Manual