comm man page

comm — compare two sorted files line by line


comm {{file1}} {{file2}}

comm -12 {{file1}} {{file2}}

cat {{file1}} | comm -12 - {{file2}}

comm -23 {{file1}} {{file2}} > {{file1_only}}

comm -13 <(sort {{file1}}) <(sort {{file2}})


comm [OPTION]... FILE1 FILE2


Compare sorted files FILE1 and FILE2 line by line.

When FILE1 or FILE2 (not both) is -, read standard input.

With no options, produce three-column output. Column one contains lines unique to FILE1, column two contains lines unique to FILE2, and column three contains lines common to both files.

suppress column 1 (lines unique to FILE1)
suppress column 2 (lines unique to FILE2)
suppress column 3 (lines that appear in both files)
check that the input is correctly sorted, even if all input lines are pairable
do not check that the input is correctly sorted
separate columns with STR
-z, --zero-terminated
line delimiter is NUL, not newline
display this help and exit
output version information and exit

Note, comparisons honor the rules specified by 'LC_COLLATE'.


comm -12 file1 file2
Print only lines present in both file1 and file2.
comm -3 file1 file2
Print lines in file1 not in file2, and vice versa.


Written by Richard M. Stallman and David MacKenzie.

Reporting Bugs

GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
Report comm translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

See Also

join(1), uniq(1)

Full documentation at: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/c…>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) comm invocation'

Referenced By

join(1), uniq(1).

Explore man page connections for comm(1).

GNU coreutils 8.25 October 2016