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chrt - Man Page

manipulate the real-time attributes of a process

Examples (TL;DR)


chrt [options] priority command argument ...

chrt [options] -p [priority] PID


chrt sets or retrieves the real-time scheduling attributes of an existing PID, or runs command with the given attributes.


-o,  --other

Set scheduling policy to SCHED_OTHER (time-sharing scheduling). This is the default Linux scheduling policy.

-f,  --fifo

Set scheduling policy to SCHED_FIFO (first in-first out).

-r,  --rr

Set scheduling policy to SCHED_RR (round-robin scheduling). When no policy is defined, the SCHED_RR is used as the default.

-b,  --batch

Set scheduling policy to SCHED_BATCH (scheduling batch processes). Linux-specific, supported since 2.6.16. The priority argument has to be set to zero.

-i,  --idle

Set scheduling policy to SCHED_IDLE (scheduling very low priority jobs). Linux-specific, supported since 2.6.23. The priority argument has to be set to zero.

-d,  --deadline

Set scheduling policy to SCHED_DEADLINE (sporadic task model deadline scheduling). Linux-specific, supported since 3.14. The priority argument has to be set to zero. See also --sched-runtime, --sched-deadline and --sched-period. The relation between the options required by the kernel is runtime ⇐ deadline ⇐ period. chrt copies period to deadline if --sched-deadline is not specified and deadline to runtime if --sched-runtime is not specified. It means that at least --sched-period has to be specified. See sched(7) for more details.

Scheduling Options

-T,  --sched-runtime nanoseconds

Specifies runtime parameter for SCHED_DEADLINE policy (Linux-specific).

-P,  --sched-period nanoseconds

Specifies period parameter for SCHED_DEADLINE policy (Linux-specific). Note that the kernel’s lower limit is 100 milliseconds.

-D,  --sched-deadline nanoseconds

Specifies deadline parameter for SCHED_DEADLINE policy (Linux-specific).

-R,  --reset-on-fork

Use SCHED_RESET_ON_FORK or SCHED_FLAG_RESET_ON_FORK flag. Linux-specific, supported since 2.6.31.

Each thread has a reset-on-fork scheduling flag. When this flag is set, children created by fork(2) do not inherit privileged scheduling policies. After the reset-on-fork flag has been enabled, it can be reset only if the thread has the CAP_SYS_NICE capability. This flag is disabled in child processes created by fork(2).

More precisely, if the reset-on-fork flag is set, the following rules apply for subsequently created children:

  • If the calling thread has a scheduling policy of SCHED_FIFO or SCHED_RR, the policy is reset to SCHED_OTHER in child processes.
  • If the calling process has a negative nice value, the nice value is reset to zero in child processes.


-a,  --all-tasks

Set or retrieve the scheduling attributes of all the tasks (threads) for a given PID.

-m,  --max

Show minimum and maximum valid priorities, then exit.

-p,  --pid

Operate on an existing PID and do not launch a new task.

-v,  --verbose

Show status information.

-h,  --help

Display help text and exit.

-V,  --version

Print version and exit.


The default behavior is to run a new command:

chrt priority command [arguments]

You can also retrieve the real-time attributes of an existing task:

chrt -p PID

Or set them:

chrt -r -p priority PID

This, for example, sets real-time scheduling to priority 30 for the process PID with the SCHED_RR (round-robin) class:

chrt -r -p 30 PID

Reset priorities to default for a process:

chrt -o -p 0 PID

See sched(7) for a detailed discussion of the different scheduler classes and how they interact.


A user must possess CAP_SYS_NICE to change the scheduling attributes of a process. Any user can retrieve the scheduling information.


Only SCHED_FIFO, SCHED_OTHER and SCHED_RR are part of POSIX 1003.1b Process Scheduling. The other scheduling attributes may be ignored on some systems.

Linux' default scheduling policy is SCHED_OTHER.


Robert Love, Karel Zak

See Also

nice(1), renice(1), taskset(1), sched(7)

See sched_setscheduler(2) for a description of the Linux scheduling scheme.

Reporting Bugs

For bug reports, use the issue tracker at https://github.com/util-linux/util-linux/issues.


The chrt command is part of the util-linux package which can be downloaded from Linux Kernel Archive.

Referenced By

pchrt(1), renice(1), sched(7), sched_setattr(2), sched_setscheduler(2), spausedd(8), taskset(1).

2024-01-31 util-linux 2.40.1