castxml man page

castxml — C-family Abstract Syntax Tree XML Output

Synopsis

castxml ( <castxml-opt> | <clang-opt> | <src> )...

Description

Parse C-family source files and optionally write a subset of the Abstract Syntax Tree (AST) to a representation in XML.

Source files are parsed as complete translation units using an internal Clang compiler.  XML output is enabled by the --castxml-output=<v> or --castxml-gccxml option.

Options

The following command-line options are interpreted by castxml. Remaining options are given to the internal Clang compiler.

--castxml-cc-<id> <cc>, --castxml-cc-<id> ( <cc> <cc-opt>... )

Configure the internal Clang preprocessor and target platform to match that of the given compiler command.  The <id> names a reference compiler with which the given command is compatible. It must be one of:

  • gnu: GNU Compiler Collection C++ (g++)
  • gnu-c: GNU Compiler Collection C (gcc)
  • msvc: Microsoft Visual C++ (cl)
  • msvc-c: Microsoft Visual C (cl)

<cc> names a compiler (e.g. /usr/bin/gcc or cl) and <cc-opt>... specifies options that may affect its target (e.g. -m32). The target platform detected from the given compiler may be overridden by a separate Clang -target option. The language standard level detected from the given compiler may be overridden by a separate Clang -std= option.

--castxml-output=<v>

Write XML output to to <src>.xml or file named by -o. The <v> specifies the “epic” format version number to generate, and must be 1.

--castxml-gccxml

Generate XML output in a format close to that of gccxml. Write output to <src>.xml or file named by -o. The gccxml format does not support Clang language modes other than -std=c++98 or -std=c89.  This output format may be used with language modes -std=c++11, -std=c++14, -std=c99, and -std=c11 but the output will not contain implicit move constructors or move assignment operators, and may contain <Unimplemented/> elements on non-c++98 constructs.

--castxml-start <name>[,<name>]...

Start AST traversal at declaration(s) with the given qualified name(s). Multiple names may be specified as a comma-separated list or by repeating the option.

-help, --help

Print castxml and internal Clang compiler usage information.

-o <file>

If output is generated (e.g. via --castxml-output=<v>), write the output to <file>.  At most one <src> file may be specified as input.

--version

Print castxml and internal Clang compiler version information.

Output Format Versions

With --castxml-output=<v>

The XML root element tag will be of the form:

<CastXML format="1.0.0">
  • The first component is the epic format version number given to the --castxml-output=<v> flag, and currently must always be 1.
  • The second component is the major format version number and increments when a new XML element is added or for other major changes. Clients will need updating.
  • The third component is the minor format version number and increments whenever a new XML attribute is added to an existing element or a minor bug is fixed in the XML output of an existing element or attribute (clients should work unchanged unless they want the new info).

With --castxml-gccxml

The XML root element tag will be of the form:

<GCC_XML version="0.9.0" cvs_revision="1.139">

The version number corresponds to the last gccxml version that was ever released (for backward compatibility).  The cvs_revision number is a running number that is incremented for each minor change in the xml format.

Preprocessing

CastXML preprocesses source files using an internal Clang compiler using its own predefined macros for the target platform by default. The --castxml-cc-<id> option switches the predefined macros to match those detected from the given compiler command.  In either case, CastXML always adds the following predefined macros:

__castxml__

Defined to an integer encoding the CastXML version number as printf("%d%03d%03d",major,minor,patch).

__castxml_clang_major__

Defined to the value of  __clang_major__ from the internal Clang.

__castxml_clang_minor__

Defined to the value of  __clang_minor__ from the internal Clang.

__castxml_clang_patchlevel__

Defined to the value of  __clang_patchlevel__ from the internal Clang.

Source files may use these to identify the tool that is actually doing the preprocessing even when --castxml-cc-<id> changes the predefined macros.

FAQ

Why are C++ function bodies not dumped in XML?

This feature has not been implemented because the driving project for which CastXML was written had no need for function bodies.

Is there a DTD specifying the XML format dumped?

No.

Why don’t I see templates in the output?

This feature has not been implemented because the driving project for which CastXML was written had no need for uninstantiated templates. Template instantiations will still be dumped, though. For example:

template <class T> struct foo {};
typedef foo<int>::foo foo_int;

will instantiate foo<int>, which will be included in the output. However, there will be no place that explicitly lists the set of types used for the instantiation other than in the name. This is because the proper way to do it is to dump the templates too and reference them from the instantiations with the template arguments listed. Since the features will be linked they should be implemented together.

Info

Oct 25, 2017 0.1-g367e90c CastXML