cargo run [options] [-- args]
Run a binary or example of the local package.
All the arguments following the two dashes (--) are passed to the binary to run. If you're passing arguments to both Cargo and the binary, the ones after -- go to the binary, the ones before go to Cargo.
By default, the package in the current working directory is selected. The -p flag can be used to choose a different package in a workspace.
-p spec, --package spec
The package to run. See cargo-pkgid(1) for the SPEC format.
When no target selection options are given, cargo run will run the binary target. If there are multiple binary targets, you must pass a target flag to choose one. Or, the default-run field may be specified in the [package] section of Cargo.toml to choose the name of the binary to run by default.
- --bin name
Run the specified binary.
- --example name
Run the specified example.
The feature flags allow you to control the enabled features for the "current" package. The "current" package is the package in the current directory, or the one specified in --manifest-path. If running in the root of a virtual workspace, then the default features are selected for all workspace members, or all features if --all-features is specified.
When no feature options are given, the default feature is activated for every selected package.
- --features features
Space or comma separated list of features to activate. These features only apply to the current directory's package. Features of direct dependencies may be enabled with <dep-name>/<feature-name> syntax. This flag may be specified multiple times, which enables all specified features.
Activate all available features of all selected packages.
Do not activate the default feature of the current directory's package.
- --target triple
Run for the given architecture. The default is the host architecture. The general format of the triple is <arch><sub>-<vendor>-<sys>-<abi>. Run rustc --print target-list for a list of supported targets.
This may also be specified with the build.target config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
Note that specifying this flag makes Cargo run in a different mode where the target artifacts are placed in a separate directory. See the build cache <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/guide/build-cache.html> documentation for more details.
Run optimized artifacts with the release profile. See the Profiles section for details on how this affects profile selection.
- --target-dir directory
Directory for all generated artifacts and intermediate files. May also be specified with the CARGO_TARGET_DIR environment variable, or the build.target-dir config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>. Defaults to target in the root of the workspace.
- -v, --verbose
Use verbose output. May be specified twice for "very verbose" output which includes extra output such as dependency warnings and build script output. May also be specified with the term.verbose config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
- -q, --quiet
No output printed to stdout.
- --color when
Control when colored output is used. Valid values:
- auto (default): Automatically detect if color support is available on the terminal.
- always: Always display colors.
- never: Never display colors.
May also be specified with the term.color config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
- --message-format fmt
The output format for diagnostic messages. Can be specified multiple times and consists of comma-separated values. Valid values:
- human (default): Display in a human-readable text format.
- short: Emit shorter, human-readable text messages.
- json: Emit JSON messages to stdout. See the reference <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/external-tools.html#json-messages> for more details.
- json-diagnostic-short: Ensure the rendered field of JSON messages contains the "short" rendering from rustc.
- json-diagnostic-rendered-ansi: Ensure the rendered field of JSON messages contains embedded ANSI color codes for respecting rustc's default color scheme.
- json-render-diagnostics: Instruct Cargo to not include rustc diagnostics in in JSON messages printed, but instead Cargo itself should render the JSON diagnostics coming from rustc. Cargo's own JSON diagnostics and others coming from rustc are still emitted.
- --manifest-path path
Path to the Cargo.toml file. By default, Cargo searches for the Cargo.toml file in the current directory or any parent directory.
- --frozen, --locked
Either of these flags requires that the Cargo.lock file is up-to-date. If the lock file is missing, or it needs to be updated, Cargo will exit with an error. The --frozen flag also prevents Cargo from attempting to access the network to determine if it is out-of-date.
These may be used in environments where you want to assert that the Cargo.lock file is up-to-date (such as a CI build) or want to avoid network access.
Prevents Cargo from accessing the network for any reason. Without this flag, Cargo will stop with an error if it needs to access the network and the network is not available. With this flag, Cargo will attempt to proceed without the network if possible.
Beware that this may result in different dependency resolution than online mode. Cargo will restrict itself to crates that are downloaded locally, even if there might be a newer version as indicated in the local copy of the index. See the cargo-fetch(1) command to download dependencies before going offline.
May also be specified with the net.offline config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
If Cargo has been installed with rustup, and the first argument to cargo begins with +, it will be interpreted as a rustup toolchain name (such as +stable or +nightly). See the rustup documentation <https://rust-lang.github.io/rustup/overrides.html> for more information about how toolchain overrides work.
- -h, --help
Prints help information.
- -Z flag
Unstable (nightly-only) flags to Cargo. Run cargo -Z help for details.
- -j N, --jobs N
Number of parallel jobs to run. May also be specified with the build.jobs config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>. Defaults to the number of CPUs.
Profiles may be used to configure compiler options such as optimization levels and debug settings. See the reference <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/profiles.html> for more details.
Profile selection depends on the target and crate being built. By default the dev or test profiles are used. If the --release flag is given, then the release or bench profiles are used.
|Target||Default Profile||--release Profile|
|lib, bin, example||dev||release|
|test, bench, or any target in "test" or "bench" mode||test||bench|
Dependencies use the dev/release profiles.
See the reference <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/environment-variables.html> for details on environment variables that Cargo reads.
- 0: Cargo succeeded.
- 101: Cargo failed to complete.
1. Build the local package and run its main target (assuming only one binary):
2. Run an example with extra arguments:
cargo run --example exname -- --exoption exarg1 exarg2