cargo-fix - Man Page
Automatically fix lint warnings reported by rustc
cargo fix [options]
This Cargo subcommand will automatically take rustc's suggestions from diagnostics like warnings and apply them to your source code. This is intended to help automate tasks that rustc itself already knows how to tell you to fix!
Executing cargo fix will under the hood execute cargo-check(1). Any warnings applicable to your crate will be automatically fixed (if possible) and all remaining warnings will be displayed when the check process is finished. For example if you'd like to apply all fixes to the current package, you can run:
which behaves the same as cargo check --all-targets.
cargo fix is only capable of fixing code that is normally compiled with cargo check. If code is conditionally enabled with optional features, you will need to enable those features for that code to be analyzed:
cargo fix --features foo
Similarly, other cfg expressions like platform-specific code will need to pass --target to fix code for the given target.
cargo fix --target x86_64-pc-windows-gnu
If you encounter any problems with cargo fix or otherwise have any questions or feature requests please don't hesitate to file an issue at <https://github.com/rust-lang/cargo>.
The cargo fix subcommand can also be used to migrate a package from one edition <https://doc.rust-lang.org/edition-guide/editions/transitioning-an-existing-project-to-a-new-edition.html> to the next. The general procedure is:
1. Run cargo fix --edition. Consider also using the --all-features flag if your project has multiple features. You may also want to run cargo fix --edition multiple times with different --target flags if your project has platform-specific code gated by cfg attributes.
2. Modify Cargo.toml to set the edition field <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/manifest.html#the-edition-field> to the new edition.
3. Run your project tests to verify that everything still works. If new warnings are issued, you may want to consider running cargo fix again (without the --edition flag) to apply any suggestions given by the compiler.
And hopefully that's it! Just keep in mind of the caveats mentioned above that cargo fix cannot update code for inactive features or cfg expressions. Also, in some rare cases the compiler is unable to automatically migrate all code to the new edition, and this may require manual changes after building with the new edition.
Fix code even if it already has compiler errors. This is useful if cargo fix fails to apply the changes. It will apply the changes and leave the broken code in the working directory for you to inspect and manually fix.
Apply changes that will update the code to the next edition. This will not update the edition in the Cargo.toml manifest, which must be updated manually after cargo fix --edition has finished.
Apply suggestions that will update code to the preferred style for the current edition.
Fix code even if a VCS was not detected.
Fix code even if the working directory has changes.
Fix code even if the working directory has staged changes.
By default, when no package selection options are given, the packages selected depend on the selected manifest file (based on the current working directory if --manifest-path is not given). If the manifest is the root of a workspace then the workspaces default members are selected, otherwise only the package defined by the manifest will be selected.
The default members of a workspace can be set explicitly with the workspace.default-members key in the root manifest. If this is not set, a virtual workspace will include all workspace members (equivalent to passing --workspace), and a non-virtual workspace will include only the root crate itself.
- -p spec..., --package spec...
Fix only the specified packages. See cargo-pkgid(1) for the SPEC format. This flag may be specified multiple times and supports common Unix glob patterns like *, ? and . However, to avoid your shell accidentally expanding glob patterns before Cargo handles them, you must use single quotes or double quotes around each pattern.
Fix all members in the workspace.
Deprecated alias for --workspace.
- --exclude SPEC...
Exclude the specified packages. Must be used in conjunction with the --workspace flag. This flag may be specified multiple times and supports common Unix glob patterns like *, ? and . However, to avoid your shell accidentally expanding glob patterns before Cargo handles them, you must use single quotes or double quotes around each pattern.
When no target selection options are given, cargo fix will fix all targets (--all-targets implied). Binaries are skipped if they have required-features that are missing.
Passing target selection flags will fix only the specified targets.
Note that --bin, --example, --test and --bench flags also support common Unix glob patterns like *, ? and . However, to avoid your shell accidentally expanding glob patterns before Cargo handles them, you must use single quotes or double quotes around each glob pattern.
Fix the package's library.
- --bin name...
Fix the specified binary. This flag may be specified multiple times and supports common Unix glob patterns.
Fix all binary targets.
- --example name...
Fix the specified example. This flag may be specified multiple times and supports common Unix glob patterns.
Fix all example targets.
- --test name...
Fix the specified integration test. This flag may be specified multiple times and supports common Unix glob patterns.
Fix all targets in test mode that have the test = true manifest flag set. By default this includes the library and binaries built as unittests, and integration tests. Be aware that this will also build any required dependencies, so the lib target may be built twice (once as a unittest, and once as a dependency for binaries, integration tests, etc.). Targets may be enabled or disabled by setting the test flag in the manifest settings for the target.
- --bench name...
Fix the specified benchmark. This flag may be specified multiple times and supports common Unix glob patterns.
Fix all targets in benchmark mode that have the bench = true manifest flag set. By default this includes the library and binaries built as benchmarks, and bench targets. Be aware that this will also build any required dependencies, so the lib target may be built twice (once as a benchmark, and once as a dependency for binaries, benchmarks, etc.). Targets may be enabled or disabled by setting the bench flag in the manifest settings for the target.
Fix all targets. This is equivalent to specifying --lib --bins --tests --benches --examples.
The feature flags allow you to control which features are enabled. When no feature options are given, the default feature is activated for every selected package.
See the features documentation <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/features.html#command-line-feature-options> for more details.
- -F features, --features features
Space or comma separated list of features to activate. Features of workspace members may be enabled with package-name/feature-name syntax. This flag may be specified multiple times, which enables all specified features.
Activate all available features of all selected packages.
Do not activate the default feature of the selected packages.
- --target triple
Fix for the given architecture. The default is the host architecture. The general format of the triple is <arch><sub>-<vendor>-<sys>-<abi>. Run rustc --print target-list for a list of supported targets. This flag may be specified multiple times.
This may also be specified with the build.target config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
Note that specifying this flag makes Cargo run in a different mode where the target artifacts are placed in a separate directory. See the build cache <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/guide/build-cache.html> documentation for more details.
- -r, --release
Fix optimized artifacts with the release profile. See also the --profile option for choosing a specific profile by name.
- --profile name
Fix with the given profile.
As a special case, specifying the test profile will also enable checking in test mode which will enable checking tests and enable the test cfg option. See rustc tests <https://doc.rust-lang.org/rustc/tests/index.html> for more detail.
See the the reference <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/profiles.html> for more details on profiles.
Fix the target even if the selected Rust compiler is older than the required Rust version as configured in the project's rust-version field.
Output information how long each compilation takes, and track concurrency information over time. Accepts an optional comma-separated list of output formats; --timings without an argument will default to --timings=html. Specifying an output format (rather than the default) is unstable and requires -Zunstable-options. Valid output formats:
- html (unstable, requires -Zunstable-options): Write a human-readable file cargo-timing.html to the target/cargo-timings directory with a report of the compilation. Also write a report to the same directory with a timestamp in the filename if you want to look at older runs. HTML output is suitable for human consumption only, and does not provide machine-readable timing data.
- json (unstable, requires -Zunstable-options): Emit machine-readable JSON information about timing information.
- --target-dir directory
Directory for all generated artifacts and intermediate files. May also be specified with the CARGO_TARGET_DIR environment variable, or the build.target-dir config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>. Defaults to target in the root of the workspace.
- -v, --verbose
Use verbose output. May be specified twice for "very verbose" output which includes extra output such as dependency warnings and build script output. May also be specified with the term.verbose config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
- -q, --quiet
Do not print cargo log messages. May also be specified with the term.quiet config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
- --color when
Control when colored output is used. Valid values:
- auto (default): Automatically detect if color support is available on the terminal.
- always: Always display colors.
- never: Never display colors.
May also be specified with the term.color config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
- --message-format fmt
The output format for diagnostic messages. Can be specified multiple times and consists of comma-separated values. Valid values:
- human (default): Display in a human-readable text format. Conflicts with short and json.
- short: Emit shorter, human-readable text messages. Conflicts with human and json.
- json: Emit JSON messages to stdout. See the reference <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/external-tools.html#json-messages> for more details. Conflicts with human and short.
- json-diagnostic-short: Ensure the rendered field of JSON messages contains the "short" rendering from rustc. Cannot be used with human or short.
- json-diagnostic-rendered-ansi: Ensure the rendered field of JSON messages contains embedded ANSI color codes for respecting rustc's default color scheme. Cannot be used with human or short.
- json-render-diagnostics: Instruct Cargo to not include rustc diagnostics in JSON messages printed, but instead Cargo itself should render the JSON diagnostics coming from rustc. Cargo's own JSON diagnostics and others coming from rustc are still emitted. Cannot be used with human or short.
- --manifest-path path
Path to the Cargo.toml file. By default, Cargo searches for the Cargo.toml file in the current directory or any parent directory.
- --frozen, --locked
Either of these flags requires that the Cargo.lock file is up-to-date. If the lock file is missing, or it needs to be updated, Cargo will exit with an error. The --frozen flag also prevents Cargo from attempting to access the network to determine if it is out-of-date.
These may be used in environments where you want to assert that the Cargo.lock file is up-to-date (such as a CI build) or want to avoid network access.
Prevents Cargo from accessing the network for any reason. Without this flag, Cargo will stop with an error if it needs to access the network and the network is not available. With this flag, Cargo will attempt to proceed without the network if possible.
Beware that this may result in different dependency resolution than online mode. Cargo will restrict itself to crates that are downloaded locally, even if there might be a newer version as indicated in the local copy of the index. See the cargo-fetch(1) command to download dependencies before going offline.
May also be specified with the net.offline config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>.
If Cargo has been installed with rustup, and the first argument to cargo begins with +, it will be interpreted as a rustup toolchain name (such as +stable or +nightly). See the rustup documentation <https://rust-lang.github.io/rustup/overrides.html> for more information about how toolchain overrides work.
- --config KEY=VALUE or PATH
Overrides a Cargo configuration value. The argument should be in TOML syntax of KEY=VALUE, or provided as a path to an extra configuration file. This flag may be specified multiple times. See the command-line overrides section <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html#command-line-overrides> for more information.
- -h, --help
Prints help information.
- -Z flag
Unstable (nightly-only) flags to Cargo. Run cargo -Z help for details.
- -j N, --jobs N
Number of parallel jobs to run. May also be specified with the build.jobs config value <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/config.html>. Defaults to the number of logical CPUs. If negative, it sets the maximum number of parallel jobs to the number of logical CPUs plus provided value. Should not be 0.
Build as many crates in the dependency graph as possible, rather than aborting the build on the first one that fails to build. Unstable, requires -Zunstable-options.
See the reference <https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/environment-variables.html> for details on environment variables that Cargo reads.
- 0: Cargo succeeded.
- 101: Cargo failed to complete.
1. Apply compiler suggestions to the local package:
2. Update a package to prepare it for the next edition:
cargo fix --edition
3. Apply suggested idioms for the current edition:
cargo fix --edition-idioms