bibtex8 - Man Page

8-bit Big BibTeX


bibtex8 [options] aux-file


BibTeX8 is an 8-bit implementation of BibTeX written in C. It has been enhanced by adding the following features:

- "big" (32-bit) and customisable capacity

- flexible support for non-English languages using 8-bit character sets

BibTeX8 accepts 8-bit characters in its input files, and writes 8-bit characters to its output files.  The character set is defined by an external configuration file --- the Codepage and Sort order ("CS") file. By default, it reads a specific CS file "88591lat.csf", which defines ISO 8859-1 character set and its alphabetical sorting order including accented characters.


-?  --help

display some brief help text.

-7  --traditional

operate in the original 7-bit mode, no CS file used. Only 7-bit ASCII characters are supported, and they are sorted by ASCII code value.

-8  --8bit

force 8-bit mode, no CS file used. All 8-bit characters (code > 127) are treated as letters, and they are sorted by their code value.

-c  --csfile FILE

read FILE as the BibTeX character set and sort definition file. Note that options -7, -8 and -c are exclusive.

-d  --debug TYPE

report debugging information.  TYPE is one or more of all, csf, io, mem, misc, search.

-s  --statistics

report internal statistics.

-t  --trace

report execution tracing.

-v  --version

report BibTeX version.

-B  --big

set large BibTeX capacity.

-H  --huge

set huge BibTeX capacity.

-W  --wolfgang

set really huge BibTeX capacity for Wolfgang.

-M  --min_crossrefs ##

set min_crossrefs to ##.

--mcites ##

allow ## \cites in the .aux files (deprecated).

--mentints ##

allow ## integer entries in the .bib databases (deprecated).

--mentstrs ##

allow ## string entries in the .bib databases (deprecated).

--mfields ##

allow ## fields in the .bib databases (deprecated).

--mpool ##

set the string pool to ## bytes (deprecated).

--mstrings ##

allow ## unique strings.

--mwizfuns ##

allow ## wizard functions (deprecated).

See Also

More detailed description of BibTeX8 is available at $TEXMFDIST/doc/bibtex8/00readme.txt. The syntax of Codepage and Sort order (CS) File can be found at $TEXMFDIST/doc/bibtex8/csfile.txt.


BibTeX8 was written by Niel Kempson <> and Alejandro Aguilar-Sierra <>. This manpage was written for TeX Live, based on the work by Norbert Preining for Debian/GNU Linux.


March 2019 bibtex8 3.71