ag man page

ag — The Silver Searcher. Like ack, but faster.

TL;DR

ag foo

ag -l foo

ag -i -o FOO

ag foo -G bar

ag '^ba(r|z)$'

ag -g foo

Synopsis

ag [file-type] [options] PATTERN [PATH]

Description

Recursively search for PATTERN in PATH. Like grep or ack, but faster.

Options

--ackmate
Output results in a format parseable by AckMate https://github.com/protocool/AckMate.
--[no]affinity
Set thread affinity (if platform supports it). Default is true.
-a --all-types
Search all files. This doesn´t include hidden files, and doesn´t respect any ignore files.
-A --after [LINES]
Print lines after match. If not provided, LINES defaults to 2.
-B --before [LINES]
Print lines before match. If not provided, LINES defaults to 2.
--[no]break
Print a newline between matches in different files. Enabled by default.
-c --count
Only print the number of matches in each file. Note: This is the number of matches, not the number of matching lines. Pipe output to wc -l if you want the number of matching lines.
--[no]color
Print color codes in results. Enabled by default.
--color-line-number
Color codes for line numbers. Default is 1;33.
--color-match
Color codes for result match numbers. Default is 30;43.
--color-path
Color codes for path names. Default is 1;32.
--column
Print column numbers in results.
-C --context [LINES]
Print lines before and after matches. Default is 2.
-D --debug
Output ridiculous amounts of debugging info. Not useful unless you´re actually debugging.
--depth NUM
Search up to NUM directories deep, -1 for unlimited. Default is 25.
--[no]filename
Print file names. Enabled by default, except when searching a single file.
-f --[no]follow
Follow symlinks. Default is false.
-F --fixed-strings
Alias for --literal for compatibility with grep.
--[no]group
The default, --group, lumps multiple matches in the same file together, and presents them under a single occurrence of the filename. --nogroup refrains from this, and instead places the filename at the start of each match line.
-g PATTERN
Print filenames matching PATTERN.
-G --file-search-regex PATTERN
Only search files whose names match PATTERN.
-H --[no]heading
Print filenames above matching contents.
--hidden
Search hidden files. This option obeys ignored files.
--ignore PATTERN
Ignore files/directories whose names match this pattern. Literal file and directory names are also allowed.
--ignore-dir NAME
Alias for --ignore for compatibility with ack.
-i --ignore-case
Match case-insensitively.
-l --files-with-matches
Only print the names of files containing matches, not the matching lines. An empty query will print all files that would be searched.
-L --files-without-matches
Only print the names of files that don´t contain matches.
--list-file-types
See File Types below.
-m --max-count NUM
Skip the rest of a file after NUM matches. Default is 0, which never skips.
--[no]mmap
Toggle use of memory-mapped I/O. Defaults to true.
--[no]multiline
Match regexes across newlines. Enabled by default.
-n --norecurse
Don´t recurse into directories.
--[no]numbers
Print line numbers. Default is to omit line numbers when searching streams.
-o --only-matching
Print only the matching part of the lines.
--one-device
When recursing directories, don´t scan dirs that reside on other storage devices. This lets you avoid scanning slow network mounts. This feature is not supported on all platforms.
-p --path-to-ignore STRING
Provide a path to a specific .ignore file.
--pager COMMAND
Use a pager such as less. Use --nopager to override. This option is also ignored if output is piped to another program.
--parallel
Parse the input stream as a search term, not data to search. This is meant to be used with tools such as GNU parallel. For example: echo "foo\nbar\nbaz" | parallel "ag {} ." will run 3 instances of ag, searching the current directory for "foo", "bar", and "baz".
--print-long-lines
Print matches on very long lines (> 2k characters by default).
--passthrough --passthru
When searching a stream, print all lines even if they don´t match.
-Q --literal
Do not parse PATTERN as a regular expression. Try to match it literally.
-r --recurse
Recurse into directories when seacrhing. Default is true.
-s --case-sensitive
Match case-sensitively.
-S --smart-case
Match case-sensitively if there are any uppercase letters in PATTERN, case-insensitively otherwise. Enabled by default.
--search-binary
Search binary files for matches.
--silent
Suppress all log messages, including errors.
--stats
Print stats (files scanned, time taken, etc).
--stats-only
Print stats (files scanned, time taken, etc) and nothing else.
-t --all-text
Search all text files. This doesn´t include hidden files.
-u --unrestricted
Search all files. This ignores .ignore, .gitignore, etc. It searches binary and hidden files as well.
-U --skip-vcs-ignores
Ignore VCS ignore files (.gitignore, .hgignore, svn:ignore), but still use .ignore.
-v --invert-match
Match every line not containing the specified pattern.
-V --version
Print version info.
--vimgrep

Output results in the same form as Vim´s :vimgrep /pattern/g

Here is a ~/.vimrc configuration example:

set grepprg=ag\ --vimgrep\ $* set grepformat=%f:%l:%c:%m

Then use :grep to grep for something. Then use :copen, :cn, :cp, etc. to navigate through the matches.

-w --word-regexp
Only match whole words.
--workers NUM
Use NUM worker threads. Default is the number of CPU cores, with a max of 8.
-z --search-zip
Search contents of compressed files. Currently, gz and xz are supported. This option requires that ag is built with lzma and zlib.
-0 --null --print0
Separate the filenames with \0, rather than \n: this allows xargs -0 <command> to correctly process filenames containing spaces or newlines.

File Types

It is possible to restrict the types of files searched. For example, passing --html as the file-types parameter will search only files with the extensions htm, html, shtml or xhtml. For a list of supported types, run ag --list-file-types.

Ignoring Files

By default, ag will ignore files whose names match patterns in .gitignore, .hgignore, or .ignore. These files can be anywhere in the directories being searched. Ag also ignores files matched by the svn:ignore property if svn --version is 1.6 or older. Finally, ag looks in $HOME/.agignore for ignore patterns. Binary files are ignored by default as well.

If you want to ignore .gitignore, .hgignore, and svn:ignore, but still take .ignore into account, use -U.

Use the -t option to search all text files; -a to search all files; and -u to search all, including hidden files.

Examples

ag printf: Find matches for "printf" in the current directory.

ag foo /bar/: Find matches for "foo" in path /bar/.

See Also

grep(1)

Info

September 2016