CartConvert man page

CartConvert -- convert geodetic coordinates to geocentric or local cartesian


CartConvert [ -r ] [ -l lat0 lon0 h0 ] [ -e a f ] [ --comment-delimiter commentdelim ] [ --version | -h | --help ] [ --input-file infile | --input-string instring ] [ --line-separator linesep ] [ --output-file outfile ]


Convert geodetic coordinates to either geocentric or local cartesian coordinates. Geocentric coordinates have the origin at the center of the earth, with the z axis going thru the north pole, and the x axis thru latitude = 0, longitude = 0. By default, the conversion is to geocentric coordinates. Specifying -l lat0 lon0 h0 causes a local coordinate system to be used with the origin at latitude = lat0, longitude = lon0, height = h0, z normal to the ellipsoid and y due north.

Geodetic coordinates are provided on standard input as a set of lines containing (blank separated) latitude, longitude (decimal degrees or degrees, minutes and seconds), and height above the ellipsoid (meters). For each set of geodetic coordinates, the corresponding cartesian coordinates x, y, z (meters) are printed on standard output.


perform the reverse projection. x, y, z are given on standard input and each line of standard output gives latitude, longitude, height.
specify the ellipsoid via a f; the equatorial radius is a and the flattening is f. Setting f = 0 results in a sphere. Specify f < 0 for a prolate ellipsoid. A simple fraction, e.g., 1/297, is allowed for f. (Also, if f > 1, the flattening is set to 1/f.) By default, the WGS84 ellipsoid is used, a = 6378137 m, f = 1/298.257223563.
set the comment delimiter to commentdelim (e.g., "#" or "//"). If set, the input lines will be scanned for this delimiter and, if found, the delimiter and the rest of the line will be removed prior to processing and subsequently appended to the output line (separated by a space).
print version and exit.
print usage and exit.
print full documentation and exit.
read input from the file infile instead of from standard input; a file name of "-" stands for standard input.
read input from the string instring instead of from standard input. All occurrences of the line separator character (default is a semicolon) in instring are converted to newlines before the reading begins.
set the line separator character to linesep. By default this is a semicolon.
write output to the file outfile instead of to standard output; a file name of "-" stands for standard output.


echo 33.3 44.4 6000 | CartConvert
=> 3816209.60 3737108.55 3485109.57
echo 33.3 44.4 6000 | CartConvert -l 33 44 20
=> 37288.97 33374.29 5783.64
echo 30000 30000 0 | CartConvert -r
=> 6.483 45 -6335709.73


An illegal line of input will print an error message to standard output beginning with "ERROR:" and causes CartConvert to return an exit code of 1. However, an error does not cause CartConvert to terminate; following lines will be converted.

See Also

The algorithm for converting geocentric to geodetic coordinates is given in Appendix B of C. F. F. Karney, Geodesics on an ellipsoid of revolution, Feb. 2011; preprint <http://arxiv.org/abs/1102.1215>.


CartConvert was written by Charles Karney.


CartConvert was added to GeographicLib, <http://geographiclib.sf.net>, in 2009-02. Prior to 2009-03 it was called ECEFConvert.


GeographicLib 1.43 2015-05-22