wordexp.h man page

Prolog

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wordexp.h — word-expansion types

Synopsis

#include <wordexp.h>

Description

The <wordexp.h> header shall define the structures and symbolic constants used by the wordexp() and wordfree() functions.

The <wordexp.h> header shall define the wordexp_t structure type, which shall include at least the following members:

size_t   we_wordc  Count of words matched by words.
char   **we_wordv  Pointer to list of expanded words.
size_t   we_offs   Slots to reserve at the beginning of we_wordv.

The <wordexp.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants for use as flags for the wordexp() function:

WRDE_APPEND
Append words to those previously generated.
WRDE_DOOFFS
Number of null pointers to prepend to we_wordv.
WRDE_NOCMD
Fail if command substitution is requested.
WRDE_REUSE
The pwordexp argument was passed to a previous successful call to wordexp(), and has not been passed to wordfree(). The result is the same as if the application had called wordfree() and then called wordexp() without WRDE_REUSE.
WRDE_SHOWERR
Do not redirect stderr to /dev/null.
WRDE_UNDEF
Report error on an attempt to expand an undefined shell variable.

The <wordexp.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants as error return values:

WRDE_BADCHAR
One of the unquoted characters—<newline>, '|', '&', ';', '<', '>', '(', ')', '{', '}'—appears in words in an inappropriate context.
WRDE_BADVAL
Reference to undefined shell variable when WRDE_UNDEF is set in flags.
WRDE_CMDSUB
Command substitution requested when WRDE_NOCMD was set in flags.
WRDE_NOSPACE
Attempt to allocate memory failed.
WRDE_SYNTAX
Shell syntax error, such as unbalanced parentheses or unterminated string.

The <wordexp.h> header shall define the size_t type as described in <stddef.h>.

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

int  wordexp(const char *restrict, wordexp_t *restrict, int);
void wordfree(wordexp_t *);

The following sections are informative.

See Also

<stddef.h>

The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 2.6, Word Expansions

Info

2013 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual