stropts.h man page

Prolog

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

stropts.h — STREAMS interface (STREAMS)

Synopsis

#include <stropts.h>

Description

The <stropts.h> header shall define the bandinfo structure, which shall include at least the following members:

int            bi_flag  Flushing type.
unsigned char  bi_pri   Priority band.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the strpeek structure, which shall include at least the following members:

struct strbuf  ctlbuf   The control portion of the message.
struct strbuf  databuf  The data portion of the message.
t_uscalar_t    flags    RS_HIPRI or 0.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the strbuf structure, which shall include at least the following members:

char  *buf     Pointer to buffer.
int    len     Length of data.
int    maxlen  Maximum buffer length.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the strfdinsert structure, which shall include at least the following members:

struct strbuf  ctlbuf   The control portion of the message.
struct strbuf  databuf  The data portion of the message.
int            fildes   File descriptor of the other STREAM.
t_uscalar_t    flags    RS_HIPRI or 0.
int            offset   Relative location of the stored value.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the strioctl structure, which shall include at least the following members:

int    ic_cmd     ioctl() command.
char  *ic_dp      Pointer to buffer.
int    ic_len     Length of data.
int    ic_timout  Timeout for response.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the strrecvfd structure, which shall include at least the following members:

int    fd   Received file descriptor.
gid_t  gid  GID of sender.
uid_t  uid  UID of sender.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the uid_t and gid_t types through typedef, as described in <sys/types.h>.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the t_scalar_t and t_uscalar_t types, respectively, as signed and unsigned opaque types of equal length of at least 32 bits.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the str_list structure, which shall include at least the following members:

struct str_mlist  *sl_modlist  STREAMS module names.
int                sl_nmods    Number of STREAMS module names.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the str_mlist structure, which shall include at least the following member:

char  l_name[FMNAMESZ+1]  A STREAMS module name.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constants for use as the request argument to ioctl():

I_ATMARK
Is the top message “marked”?
I_CANPUT
Is a band writable?
I_CKBAND
See if any messages exist in a band.
I_FDINSERT
Send implementation-defined information about another STREAM.
I_FIND
Look for a STREAMS module.
I_FLUSH
Flush a STREAM.
I_FLUSHBAND
Flush one band of a STREAM.
I_GETBAND
Get the band of the top message on a STREAM.
I_GETCLTIME
Get close time delay.
I_GETSIG
Retrieve current notification signals.
I_GRDOPT
Get the read mode.
I_GWROPT
Get the write mode.
I_LINK
Connect two STREAMs.
I_LIST
Get all the module names on a STREAM.
I_LOOK
Get the top module name.
I_NREAD
Size the top message.
I_PEEK
Peek at the top message on a STREAM.
I_PLINK
Persistently connect two STREAMs.
I_POP
Pop a STREAMS module.
I_PUNLINK
Dismantle a persistent STREAMS link.
I_PUSH
Push a STREAMS module.
I_RECVFD
Get a file descriptor sent via I_SENDFD.
I_SENDFD
Pass a file descriptor through a STREAMS pipe.
I_SETCLTIME
Set close time delay.
I_SETSIG
Ask for notification signals.
I_SRDOPT
Set the read mode.
I_STR
Send a STREAMS ioctl().
I_SWROPT
Set the write mode.
I_UNLINK
Disconnect two STREAMs.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constant for use with I_LOOK:

FMNAMESZ
The minimum size in bytes of the buffer referred to by the arg argument.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constants for use with I_FLUSH:

FLUSHR
Flush read queues.
FLUSHRW
Flush read and write queues.
FLUSHW
Flush write queues.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constants for use with I_SETSIG:

S_BANDURG
When used in conjunction with S_RDBAND, SIGURG is generated instead of SIGPOLL when a priority message reaches the front of the STREAM head read queue.
S_ERROR
Notification of an error condition reaches the STREAM head.
S_HANGUP
Notification of a hangup reaches the STREAM head.
S_HIPRI
A high-priority message is present on a STREAM head read queue.
S_INPUT
A message, other than a high-priority message, has arrived at the head of a STREAM head read queue.
S_MSG
A STREAMS signal message that contains the SIGPOLL signal reaches the front of the STREAM head read queue.
S_OUTPUT
The write queue for normal data (priority band 0) just below the STREAM head is no longer full. This notifies the process that there is room on the queue for sending (or writing) normal data downstream.
S_RDBAND
A message with a non-zero priority band has arrived at the head of a STREAM head read queue.
S_RDNORM
A normal (priority band set to 0) message has arrived at the head of a STREAM head read queue.
S_WRBAND
The write queue for a non-zero priority band just below the STREAM head is no longer full.
S_WRNORM
Equivalent to S_OUTPUT.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constant for use with I_PEEK:

RS_HIPRI
Only look for high-priority messages.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constants for use with I_SRDOPT:

RMSGD
Message-discard mode.
RMSGN
Message-non-discard mode.
RNORM
Byte-STREAM mode, the default.
RPROTDAT
Deliver the control part of a message as data when a process issues a read().
RPROTDIS
Discard the control part of a message, delivering any data part, when a process issues a read().
RPROTNORM
Fail read() with [EBADMSG] if a message containing a control part is at the front of the STREAM head read queue.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constant for use with I_SWOPT:

SNDZERO
Send a zero-length message downstream when a write() of 0 bytes occurs.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constants for use with I_ATMARK:

ANYMARK
Check if the message is marked.
LASTMARK
Check if the message is the last one marked on the queue.

The <stropts.h> header shall define at least the following symbolic constant for use with I_UNLINK:

MUXID_ALL
Unlink all STREAMs linked to the STREAM associated with fildes.

The <stropts.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants for getmsg(), getpmsg(), putmsg(), and putpmsg():

MORECTL
More control information is left in message.
MOREDATA
More data is left in message.
MSG_ANY
Receive any message.
MSG_BAND
Receive message from specified band.
MSG_HIPRI
Send/receive high-priority message.

The <stropts.h> header may make visible all of the symbols from <unistd.h>.

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

int    fattach(int, const char *);
int    fdetach(const char *);
int    getmsg(int, struct strbuf *restrict, struct strbuf *restrict,
           int *restrict);
int    getpmsg(int, struct strbuf *restrict, struct strbuf *restrict,
           int *restrict, int *restrict);
int    ioctl(int, int, ...);
int    isastream(int);
int    putmsg(int, const struct strbuf *, const struct strbuf *, int);
int    putpmsg(int, const struct strbuf *, const struct strbuf *, int,
           int);

The following sections are informative.

See Also

<sys_types.h>, <unistd.h>

The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2008, close(), fattach(), fcntl(), fdetach(), getmsg(), ioctl(), isastream(), open(), pipe(), read(), poll(), putmsg(), signal(), write()

Info

2013 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual