sched.h man page


This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

sched.h — execution scheduling


#include <sched.h>


The <sched.h> header shall define the pid_t type as described in <sys/types.h>.

The <sched.h> header shall define the time_t type as described in <sys/types.h>.

The <sched.h> header shall define the timespec structure as described in <time.h>.

The <sched.h> header shall define the sched_param structure, which shall include the scheduling parameters required for implementation of each supported scheduling policy. This structure shall include at least the following member:

int       sched_priority        Process or thread execution scheduling priority.

The sched_param structure defined in <sched.h> shall include the following members in addition to those specified above:

int             sched_ss_low_priority Low scheduling priority for
                                      sporadic server.
struct timespec sched_ss_repl_period  Replenishment period for
                                      sporadic server.
struct timespec sched_ss_init_budget  Initial budget for sporadic server.
int             sched_ss_max_repl     Maximum pending replenishments for
                                      sporadic server.

Each process or thread is controlled by an associated scheduling policy and priority. Associated with each policy is a priority range. Each policy definition specifies the minimum priority range for that policy. The priority ranges for each policy may overlap the priority ranges of other policies.

Four scheduling policies are defined; others may be defined by the implementation. The four standard policies are indicated by the values of the following symbolic constants:


First in-first out (FIFO) scheduling policy.


Round robin scheduling policy.


Sporadic server scheduling policy.


Another scheduling policy.

The values of these constants are distinct.

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

int    sched_get_priority_max(int);
int    sched_get_priority_min(int);
int    sched_getparam(pid_t, struct sched_param *);
int    sched_getscheduler(pid_t);
int    sched_rr_get_interval(pid_t, struct timespec *);
int    sched_setparam(pid_t, const struct sched_param *);
int    sched_setscheduler(pid_t, int, const struct sched_param *);
int    sched_yield(void);

Inclusion of the <sched.h> header may make visible all symbols from the <time.h> header.

The following sections are informative.

Application Usage




Future Directions


See Also

<sys_types.h>, <time.h>

The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2008, sched_get_priority_max(), sched_getparam(), sched_getscheduler(), sched_rr_get_interval(), sched_setparam(), sched_setscheduler(), sched_yield()


2013 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual