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locale.h - Man Page

category macros


This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.


#include <locale.h>


Some of the functionality described on this reference page extends the ISO C standard. Applications shall define the appropriate feature test macro (see the System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2017, Section 2.2, The Compilation Environment) to enable the visibility of these symbols in this header.

The <locale.h> header shall define the lconv structure, which shall include at least the following members. (See the definitions of LC_MONETARY in Section 7.3.3, LC_MONETARY and Section 7.3.4, LC_NUMERIC.)

char    *currency_symbol
char    *decimal_point
char     frac_digits
char    *grouping
char    *int_curr_symbol
char     int_frac_digits
char     int_n_cs_precedes
char     int_n_sep_by_space
char     int_n_sign_posn
char     int_p_cs_precedes
char     int_p_sep_by_space
char     int_p_sign_posn
char    *mon_decimal_point
char    *mon_grouping
char    *mon_thousands_sep
char    *negative_sign
char     n_cs_precedes
char     n_sep_by_space
char     n_sign_posn
char    *positive_sign
char     p_cs_precedes
char     p_sep_by_space
char     p_sign_posn
char    *thousands_sep

The <locale.h> header shall define NULL (as described in <stddef.h>) and at least the following as macros:


which shall expand to integer constant expressions with distinct values for use as the first argument to the setlocale() function.

Additional macro definitions, beginning with the characters LC_ and an uppercase letter, may also be specified by the implementation.

The <locale.h> header shall contain at least the following macros representing bitmasks for use with the newlocale() function for each supported locale category: LC_COLLATE_MASK LC_CTYPE_MASK LC_MESSAGES_MASK LC_MONETARY_MASK LC_NUMERIC_MASK LC_TIME_MASK

In addition, a macro to set the bits for all categories set shall be defined: LC_ALL_MASK

The <locale.h> header shall define LC_GLOBAL_LOCALE, a special locale object descriptor used by the duplocale() and uselocale() functions.

The <locale.h> header shall define the locale_t type, representing a locale object.

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided for use with ISO C standard compilers.

locale_t      duplocale(locale_t);
void          freelocale(locale_t);
struct lconv *localeconv(void);
locale_t      newlocale(int, const char *, locale_t);
char         *setlocale(int, const char *);
locale_t      uselocale (locale_t);

The following sections are informative.

Application Usage



It is suggested that each category macro name for use in setlocale() have a corresponding macro name ending in _MASK for use in newlocale().

Future Directions


See Also

Chapter 8, Environment Variables, <stddef.h>

The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2017, duplocale(), freelocale(), localeconv(), newlocale(), setlocale(), uselocale()

Referenced By

ctype.h(0p), duplocale(3p), freelocale(3p), isalpha(3p), isblank(3p), iscntrl(3p), isdigit(3p), isgraph(3p), islower(3p), isprint(3p), ispunct(3p), isspace(3p), isupper(3p), iswalnum(3p), iswalpha(3p), iswblank(3p), iswcntrl(3p), iswctype(3p), iswdigit(3p), iswgraph(3p), iswlower(3p), iswprint(3p), iswpunct(3p), iswspace(3p), iswupper(3p), iswxdigit(3p), langinfo.h(0p), localeconv(3p), monetary.h(0p), newlocale(3p), nl_langinfo(3p), setlocale(3p), string.h(0p), strings.h(0p), time.h(0p), tolower(3p), toupper(3p), towlower(3p), towupper(3p), uselocale(3p), wchar.h(0p), wctype.h(0p).

2017 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual