Section 1: General commands

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Section 1 of the manual describes user commands and tools, for example, file manipulation tools, shells, compilers, web browsers, file and image viewers and editors, and so on.

All commands yield a status value on termination. This value can be tested (e.g., in most shells the variable $? contains the status of the last executed command) to see whether the command completed successfully. A zero exit status is conventionally used to indicate success, and a nonzero status means that the command was unsuccessful. (Details of the exit status can be found in wait(2).) A nonzero exit status can be in the range 1 to 255, and some commands use different nonzero status values to indicate the reason why the command failed.

:
See builtins(1)
[
See builtins(1)
411toppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) 411toppm reads a .411 file, such as from a Sony Mavic camera, and converts it to a PPM image as output.
7z
7-Zip is a file archiver with the highest compression ratio. The program supports 7z (that implements LZMA compression algorithm), ZIP, CAB, ARJ, GZIP, BZIP2,...
7za
7-Zip is a file archiver with the highest compression ratio. The program supports 7z (that implements LZMA compression algorithm), ZIP, CAB, ARJ, GZIP, BZIP2,...
a2p
A2p takes an awk script specified on the command line (or from standard input) and produces a comparable perl script on the standard output.
a2x
A DocBook toolchain manager that translates an AsciiDoc text file SOURCE_FILE to PDF, EPUB, DVI, PS, LaTeX, XHTML (single page or chunked), man page, HTML Help...
a52dec
`a52dec' plays ATSC A/52 audio streams. Input is from stdin if no file is given. -hdisplay help and available audio modes-suse program stream demultiplexer,...
ab
ab is a tool for benchmarking your Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server. It is designed to give you an impression of how your current Apache...
abs2rel
The abs2rel command takes exactly two arguments - a destination path and a base path. It determines relative path from the base path to the destination path and...
ac
ac prints out a report of connect time (in hours) based on the logins/logouts in the current wtmp file. A total is also printed out.
aclocal
See aclocal-1.13(1)
aclocal-1.13
Generate 'aclocal.m4' by scanning 'configure.ac' or 'configure.in'
aconnect
aconnect is a utility to connect and disconnect two existing ports on ALSA sequencer system. The ports with the arbitrary subscription permission, such as...
acyclic
acyclic is a filter that takes a directed graph as input and outputs a copy of the graph with sufficient edges reversed to make the graph acyclic. The reversed...
addftinfo
addftinfo reads a troff font file and adds some additional font-metric information that is used by the groff system. The font file with the information added is...
addr2line
addr2line translates addresses into file names and line numbers. Given an address in an executable or an offset in a section of a relocatable object, it uses...
afm2afm
afm2afm re-encodes an afm file. Metrics (including kerning data) for characters not present in the chosen encoding are excluded from the output, which resuls in...
afm2tfm
PostScript fonts are (or should be) accompanied by font metric files such as Times-Roman.afm, which describes the characteristics of the font called...
afmtodit
afmtodit creates a font file for use with groff, grops, and gropdf. afmtodit is written in perl; you must have perl version 5.004 or newer installed in order to...
afs5log
The afs5log command uses Kerberos to obtain AFS tokens for the named cells. If no cell is named, tokens are obtained for the local cell. If the principal name...
akmods
Checks the akmod packages and rebuilds them if needed Available options:--force -- try all, even if they failed earlier--kernels <kernel> -- build and install...
akmodsbuild
Rebuilds kmod-SRPMs for kernels
al
AL is the Mono assembly linkder. This linker is used to put together assemblies from a collection of modules (.netmodule files), assembly manifest files and...
alias
See builtins(1)
allcm
allcm forces a large number of Computer Modern Fonts to be calculated as pixel files. This is done through running dvips(1) over a certain test-file. Therefore,...
allec
allec forces a large number of ec-style Fonts to be calculated as pixel files. This is done through running dvips(1) over a certain test-file. Therefore, the...
allneeded
allneeded forces the calculation of all fonts that are needed to preview a set of dvi files. Just specify where the program should search for files on the...
alsactl
alsactl is used to control advanced settings for the ALSA soundcard drivers. It supports multiple soundcards. If your card has features that you can't seem to...
alsa_in
A JACK client that opens a specified audio interface (different to the one used by the JACK server, if any) and moves audio data between its JACK ports and the...
alsaloop
alsaloop allows create a PCM loopback between a PCM capture device and a PCM playback device. alsaloop supports multiple soundcards, adaptive clock...
alsamixer
alsamixer is an ncurses mixer program for use with the ALSA soundcard drivers. It supports multiple soundcards with multiple devices.
alsa_out
See alsa_in(1)
alsaunmute
alsaunmute is a shell script which runs the alsactl(1) utility with init argument (see the script for details).
amidi
amidi is a command-line utility which allows one to receive and send SysEx (system exclusive) data from/to external MIDI devices. It can also send any other...
amixer
amixer allows command-line control of the mixer for the ALSA soundcard driver. amixer supports multiple soundcards.
animate
Image Settings: -authenticate value decrypt image with this password -backdrop display image centered on a backdrop -channel type apply option to select image...
annotate-output
annotate-output will execute the specified program, while prepending every line with the current time and O for stdout and E for stderr.
anytopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) anytopnm converts the input image, which may be in any of about 100 graphics formats, to PBM, PGM, or PPM format, depending on...
apg
apg generates several random passwords. It uses several password generation algorithms (currently two) and a built-in pseudo random number generator.
apgbfm
apgbfm is used to manage Bloom filter that is used to restrict password generation in APG pasword generation software. Usage of the Bloom filter allows to speed...
aplay
arecord is a command-line soundfile recorder for the ALSA soundcard driver. It supports several file formats and multiple soundcards with multiple devices. If...
aplaymidi
aplaymidi is a command-line utility that plays the specified MIDI file(s) to one or more ALSA sequencer ports.
appletviewer-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The appletviewer command connects to the documents or resources designated by urls and displays each applet referenced by the documents in its own window. If...
appres
The appres program prints the resources seen by an application (or subhierarchy of an application) with the specified class and instance names. It can be used...
apropos
Each manual page has a short description available within it. apropos searches the descriptions for instances of keyword.
ar
The GNU ar program creates, modifies, and extracts from archives. An archive is a single file holding a collection of other files in a structure that makes it...
arch
Print machine architecture. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exit
arecordmidi
arecordmidi is a command-line utility that records a Standard MIDI File from one or more ALSA sequencer ports.
arjdisp
The arjdisp command is a graphical interface for arj.
arpaname
arpaname translates IP addresses (IPv4 and IPv6) to the corresponding IN-ADDR.ARPA or IP6.ARPA names.
as
GNU as is really a family of assemblers. If you use (or have used) the GNU assembler on one architecture, you should find a fairly similar environment when you...
asciidoc
The asciidoc(1) command translates the AsciiDoc text file FILE to DocBook or HTML. If FILE is - then the standard input is used.
asciitopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) asciitopgm reads ASCII data as input and produces a PGM image with pixel values which are an approximation of the 'brightness'...
ascii-xfr
Ascii-xfr Transfers files in ASCII mode. This means no flow control, no checksumming and no file-name negotiation. It should only be used if the remote system...
aseqdump
aseqdump is a command-line utility that prints the sequencer events it receives as text. To stop receiving, press Ctrl+C.
aseqnet
aseqnet is an ALSA sequencer client which sends and receives event packets over network. Suppose two hosts connected by network, hostA as a server and hostB as...
aspell
aspell is a utility program that connects to the Aspell library so that it can function as an ispell -a replacement, as an independent spell checker, as a test...
at
at and batch read commands from standard input or a specified file which are to be executed at a later time, using /bin/sh.
atktopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) atktopbm reads an Andrew Toolkit raster object as input. and produces a PBM image as output.
attr
The attr utility allows the manipulation of extended attributes associated with filesystem objects from within shell scripts.
audacious
Audacious is a free advanced audio player for Linux and many other UNIX-compatible systems. It focuses on low resource usage, high audio quality, and support...
audit2allow
This utility scans the logs for messages logged when the system denied permission for operations, and generates a snippet of policy rules which, if loaded into...
audit2why
See audit2allow(1)
autoconf
Generate a configuration script from a TEMPLATE-FILE if given, or `configure.ac' if present, or else `configure.in'. Output is sent to the standard output if...
autoexpect
autoexpect watches you interacting with another program and creates an Expect script that reproduces your interactions. For straightline scripts, autoexpect...
autoheader
Create a template file of C `#define' statements for `configure' to use. To this end, scan TEMPLATE-FILE, or `configure.ac' if present, or else `configure.in'.
autoinst
Eddie Kohler's LCDF TypeTools are superb tools for installing OpenType fonts in LaTeX, but they can be hard to use: they need many, often long, command lines...
autom4te
Run GNU M4 on the FILES, avoiding useless runs. Output the traces if tracing, the frozen file if freezing, otherwise the expansion of the FILES.
automake
See automake-1.13(1)
automake-1.13
Generate Makefile.in for configure from Makefile.am. Operation modes:--helpprint this help, then exit--versionprint version number, then exit-v,...
autopoint
Copies standard gettext infrastructure files into a source package.
autoreconf
Run `autoconf' (and `autoheader', `aclocal', `automake', `autopoint' (formerly `gettextize'), and `libtoolize' where appropriate) repeatedly to remake the GNU...
autoscan
Examine source files in the directory tree rooted at SRCDIR, or the current directory if none is given. Search the source files for common portability problems,...
autoupdate
Update each TEMPLATE-FILE if given, or `configure.ac' if present, or else `configure.in', to the syntax of the current version of Autoconf. The original files...
avifix
avifix fixes the header of an AVI-file with the supplied parameters.
aviindex
aviindex writes a text file describing the index of an AVI file. It analyses the content or index if available of the AVI file and prints this information in a...
avimerge
avimerge is a versatile tool. It can contatenate several AVI files into one. It can also be used to fix an index of a broken file and can also replace audio...
avisplit
avisplit splits a single AVI-file into chunks of size size. Each of the created chunks will be an independent file, i.e. it can be played without needing any...
avisync
avisync shift audio on frame basis.
avstopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) avstopam reads a Stardent <acronym xml:lang="en" title="Application Visualization System">AVS</acronym> X image as input and...
b43-fwcutter
b43-fwcutter can extract the firmware for your Broadcom 43xx hardware from different closed source drivers. The b43 driver depends on this firmware files and...
baobab
baobab is able to scan either specific folders (local and remote) or devices, in order to give the user a tree representation including each directory size or...
base64
Base64 encode or decode FILE, or standard input, to standard output. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
basename
Print NAME with any leading directory components removed. If specified, also remove a trailing SUFFIX.
bash
Bash is an sh-compatible command language interpreter that executes commands read from the standard input or from a file. Bash also incorporates useful features...
bashbug
bashbug is a shell script to help the user compose and mail bug reports concerning bash in a standard format. bashbug invokes the editor specified by the...
bc
bc is a language that supports arbitrary precision numbers with interactive execution of statements. There are some similarities in the syntax to the C...
bcomps
bcomps decomposes graphs into their biconnected components, printing the components to standard output.
bdftopcf
Bdftopcf is a font compiler for the X server and font server. Fonts in Portable Compiled Format can be read by any architecture, although the file is structured...
bdftruncate
bdftruncate allows one to generate from an ISO10646-1 encoded BDF font other ISO10646-1 BDF fonts in which all characters above a threshold code value are...
bf_compact
bf_compact creates a more compact bogofilter working directory with a dump/load cycle and renames the previous bogofilter_directory to bogofilter_directory.old.
bf_copy
bf_copy copies a bogofilter working directory to another directory. Currently it copies the database files (*.db), related files (log.*), and DB_CONFIG (if...
bf_tar
bf_tar bundles a bogofilter working directory in tar format and copies it to standard output (your console, or where you redirect it, see EXAMPLES below).
bg
See builtins(1)
bibtex
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
bind
See builtins(1)
bioradtopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) bioradtopgm reads a Biorad confocal file as input and produces a PGM image as output. If the resulting image is upside down,...
biosdevname
biosdevname takes a kernel device name as an argument, and returns the BIOS-given name it "should" be.
bison
Bison is a parser generator in the style of yacc(1). It should be upwardly compatible with input files designed for yacc.
bluetooth-sendto
bluetooth-sendto will display a dialog for transferring files over Bluetooth. bluetooth-sendto is part of gnome-bluetooth, see also...
bluetooth-wizard
bluetooth-wizard will display a wizard for setting up Bluetooth devices. bluetooth-wizard is part of bluez-gnome, see also http://www.bluez.org
bmptopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) bmptopnm reads a Microsoft Windows or OS/2 BMP file as input. and produces a PBM, PGM, or PNM image as output. If the input is...
bmptoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) bmptoppm was replaced in Netpbm 9.25 (March 2002) by bmptopnm(1) bmptopnm is backward compatible with bmptoppm except that it...
bogolexer
Bogolexer is part of the bogofilter Bayesian spam filter package. It is used to separate messages into tokens and to test new versions of the lexer.l code.
bogotune
Bogotune tries to find optimum parameter settings for bogofilter. It needs at least one set each of spam and non-spam messages. The production wordlist is...
bogoutil
Bogoutil is part of the bogofilter Bayesian spam filter package. It is used to dump and load bogofilters Berkeley DB databases to and from text files, perform...
bond2team
bond2team is a tool to convert bonding options to team trying as much as possible to keep the original functionality.
bonobo-activation-server
This application tracks information about installed components and brokers components, in conjunction with its client library; libbonobo-activation.
bootctl
bootctl may be used to query or (in the future) change the firmware and boot manager settings. Firmware information is available only on EFI systems.
break
See builtins(1)
brltty
brltty is a background process (daemon) which provides access to the console screen (when in text mode) for a blind person using a refreshable braille display....
broadwayd
broadwayd is a display server for the Broadway GDK backend. It allows multiple GTK+ applications to display their windows in the same web browser, by connecting...
brushtopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) brushtopbm reads a Xerox doodle brush file as input. and produces a portable bitmap as output.
btparser
btparser is a command line tool that analyzes backtraces produced by GDB and provides their textual representation useful for crash duplication detection.
bugzilla
bugzilla is a command-line utility that allows access to the XML-RPC interface provided by Bugzilla.
build-classpath
Small utility to build a Java CLASSPATH with the named JARs or Maven artifact coordinates. Artifact coordinates specify Maven artifact and are in format...
build-jar-repository
Build a JAR repository in the named directory by copying files or creating symbolic links. The JARs can be identified by their names or Maven artifact...
builtin
See builtins(1)
builtins
bash(1), sh(1)
busctl
busctl may be used to introspect and monitor the D-Bus bus.
bzdiff
Bzcmp and bzdiff are used to invoke the cmp or the diff program on bzip2 compressed files. All options specified are passed directly to cmp or diff. If only 1...
bzgrep
Bzgrep is used to invoke the grep on bzip2-compressed files. All options specified are passed directly to grep. If no file is specified, then the standard input...
bzip2
bzip2 compresses files using the Burrows-Wheeler block sorting text compression algorithm, and Huffman coding. Compression is generally considerably better than...
bzmore
Bzmore is a filter which allows examination of compressed or plain text files one screenful at a time on a soft-copy terminal. bzmore works on files compressed...
bzr
Bazaar (or bzr) is a distributed version control system that is powerful, friendly, and scalable. Bazaar is a project of Canonical Ltd and part of the GNU...
c2ph
Options: -w wide; short for: type_width=45 member_width=35 offset_width=8 -x hex; short for: offset_fmt=x offset_width=08 size_fmt=x size_width=04 -n do not...
cabextract
cabextract is a program that un-archives files in the Microsoft cabinet file format (.cab) or any binary file which contains an embedded cabinet file...
caja-connect-server
This manual page documents briefly the caja-connect-server command. Caja Connect Server is the connection manager for the MATE desktop.
caja-file-management-properties
This manual page documents briefly the caja-file-management-properties command. File Management Preferences allows an user to configure the way caja looks.
cal
cal displays a simple calendar. If no arguments are specified, the current month is displayed.
caller
See builtins(1)
cameratopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) cameratopam converts from any of dozens of raw camera image formats to PAM.
cancel-cups
cancel cancels existing print jobs. The -a option will remove all jobs from the specified destination.
capsh
Linux capability support and use can be explored and constrained with this tool. This tool provides a handy wrapper for certain types of capability testing and...
captoinfo.1m
captoinfo looks in each given text file for termcap descriptions. For each one found, an equivalent terminfo description is written to standard output. Termcap...
card_eventmgr
card_eventmgr is a smart card monitoring tool that listen to the status of the card reader and dispatch actions on several events. card_eventmgr can be used for...
caspol
This tools allow to list and modify the different policy levels (user, machine and enterprise).
cat
Concatenate FILE(s), or standard input, to standard output. -A, --show-allequivalent to -vET-b, --number-nonblanknumber nonempty output lines, overrides...
cccheck
Perform static code contracts verification to find bugs and inconsistences between code and specification. This includes non-null, integer analyses.
ccomps
ccomps decomposes graphs into their connected components, printing the components to standard output.
ccrewrite
Rewrite CLR assemblies to convert calls into the System.Diagnostics.Contracts namespace to perform runtime contract verification. This includes contract...
cd
See builtins(1)
cd-create-profile
This manual page documents briefly the cd-create-profile command. cd-create-profile allows an administrator to create ICC profiles on thier system.
cdda2ogg
cdda2ogg is a simple script that uses the icedax <fileprefix> command to extract all audio tracks with the icedax <fileprefix> command and encode them using the...
cd-drive
-d, --debug=INTSet debugging to LEVEL-i, --cdrom-device[=DEVICE]show only info about CD-ROM device-q, --quietDon't produce warning output-V, --versiondisplay...
cd-fix-profile
This manual page documents briefly the cd-fix-profile command. cd-fix-profile allows an administrator to modify and fix ICC profiles on thier system.
cdiff
cdiff is a wrapper for colordiff and will add colour to a diff given in a URL or a file, e.g. cdiff http://some.url.com/foo/thing.patch
cd-info
-a, --access-mode=STRINGSet CD access method-d, --debug=INTSet debugging to LEVEL-T, --no-tracksDon't show track information-A, --no-analyzeDon't show...
cdparanoia
cdparanoia retrieves audio tracks from CDDA capable CDROM drives. The data can be saved to a file or directed to standard output in WAV, AIFF, AIFF-C or raw...
cdrdao
cdrdao creates audio and data CD-Rs in disk-at-once (DAO) mode driven by a description file called toc-file. In DAO mode it is possible to create non standard...
cd-read
-a, --access-mode=STRINGSet CD control access mode-m, --mode=MODE-TYPEset CD-ROM read mode (audio, auto, m1f1, m1f2, m2mf1, m2f2)-d, --debug=INTSet debugging to...
cdxa2mpeg
-v, --verbosebe verbose-q, --quietshow only critical messages-V, --versiondisplay version and copyright information and exit
cert2spc
Combine a list of X.509 certificates or X.509 CRL (Certificate Revocation List) into a Software Publisher Certificate (PKCS#7 file). The SPC file is required...
certmgr
This tool allow to list, add, remove or extract certificates, certificate revocation lists (CRL) or certificate trust lists (CTL) to/from a certificate store....
certutil
The Certificate Database Tool, certutil, is a command-line utility that can create and modify certificate and key databases. It can specifically list, generate,...
c++filt
The C++; and Java languages provide function overloading, which means that you can write many functions with the same name, providing that each function takes...
chacl
chacl is an IRIX-compatibility command, and is maintained for those users who are familiar with its use from either XFS or IRIX. Refer to the SEE ALSO section...
chage
The chage command changes the number of days between password changes and the date of the last password change. This information is used by the system to...
chainsaw
Chainsaw is a GUI based log viewer, a companion application to Log4j written by members of the Log4j development community.
chattr
chattr changes the file attributes on a Linux file system. The format of a symbolic mode is +-=[aAcCdDeijsStTu].
chcon
Change the SELinux security context of each FILE to CONTEXT. With --reference, change the security context of each FILE to that of RFILE.
checkbashisms
checkbashisms, based on one of the checks from the lintian system, performs basic checks on /bin/sh shell scripts for the possible presence of bashisms. It...
checkisomd5
This manual page documents briefly the checkisomd5 command. checkisomd5 is a program that checks an embedded MD5 checksum in a ISO9660 image (.iso), or block...
check-regexp
check-regexp (GNU Source-highlight) You simply pass as the first command line argument the regular expression and then the strings you want to try to match. It...
checkXML
checkXML is a tool to check for syntax errors in KDE DocBook XML files. It can also be used for other DocBook based XML files, but you should use the less...
chem
chem produces chemical structure diagrams. Today's version is best suited for organic chemistry (bonds, rings). The chem program is a groff preprocessor like...
chfn
The chfn command changes user fullname, office room number, office phone number, and home phone number information for a user's account. This information is...
chgrp
Change the group of each FILE to GROUP. With --reference, change the group of each FILE to that of RFILE.
chktrust
Verify if an PE executable (CLR assembly, Win32 EXE or DLL) has a valid Authenticode(r) signature that can be traced back to a trusted certificate authority...
chmod
This manual page documents the GNU version of chmod. chmod changes the file mode bits of each given file according to mode, which can be either a symbolic...
chown
This manual page documents the GNU version of chown. chown changes the user and/or group ownership of each given file. If only an owner (a user name or numeric...
chroot
Run COMMAND with root directory set to NEWROOT. --userspec=USER:GROUPspecify user and group (ID or name) to use--groups=G_LISTspecify supplementary groups as...
chrt
chrt sets or retrieves the real-time scheduling attributes of an existing pid, or runs command with the given attributes. Both policy (one of SCHED_OTHER,...
chsh
The chsh command changes the user login shell. This determines the name of the user's initial login command. A normal user may only change the login shell for...
chvt
The command chvt N makes /dev/ttyN the foreground terminal. (The corresponding screen is created if it did not exist yet. To get rid of unused VTs, use...
cifscreds
The cifscreds program is a tool for managing credentials (username and password) for the purpose of establishing sessions in multiuser mounts.
cilc
cilc is the Mono CIL-to-C binding generator. It takes a CIL assembly as input and generates a directory of C sources which, when compiled, provide a C interface...
ciptool
ciptool is used to set up, maintain, and inspect the CIP configuration of the Bluetooth subsystem in the Linux kernel.
cisco-decrypt
This command accompanies vpnc. It decrypts the obfuscated pre-shared key from *.pcf-configuration files, which must be specified on the command line.
cistopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) cistopbm reads a Compuserve RLE file as input. and produces a PBM image as output.
cjpeg
cjpeg compresses the named image file, or the standard input if no file is named, and produces a JPEG/JFIF file on the standard output. The currently supported...
cksum
Print CRC checksum and byte counts of each FILE. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitGNU coreutils online help:...
clear
clear clears your screen if this is possible. It looks in the environment for the terminal type and then in the terminfo database to figure out how to clear the...
clive
clive is a command line media extraction tool for YouTube and similar websites that require flash.
cluster
cluster takes as input a graph in DOT format, finds node clusters and augments the graph with this information. The clusters are specified by the "cluster"...
clusterdb
clusterdb is a utility for reclustering tables in a PostgreSQL database. It finds tables that have previously been clustered, and clusters them again on the...
cmp
Compare two files byte by byte. The optional SKIP1 and SKIP2 specify the number of bytes to skip at the beginning of each file (zero by default).
cmsutil
The cmsutil command-line uses the S/MIME Toolkit to perform basic operations, such as encryption and decryption, on Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) messages.
cmuwmtopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) cmuwmtopbm reads a CMU window manager bitmap as input. and produces a PBM image as output.
col
col filters out reverse (and half-reverse) line feeds so the output is in the correct order, with only forward and half-forward line feeds. It also replaces any...
colcrt
colcrt provides virtual half-line and reverse line feed sequences for terminals without such capability, and on which overstriking is destructive. Half-line...
collateindex.pl
collateindex.pl creates index data for DocBook XML or SGML files.
colord.conf
Please see /etc/colord.conf for the detailed descriptions of each option.
colordiff
colordiff is a wrapper for diff and produces the same output as diff but with coloured syntax highlighting at the command line to improve readability. The...
colormgr
This manual page documents briefly the colormgr command. colormgr allows an administrator to view and change color profile to device mappings.
colrm
colrm removes selected columns from a file. Input is taken from standard input. Output is sent to standard output.
column
The column utility formats its input into multiple columns. By default, rows are filled before columns. Input is taken from file, or otherwise from standard...
combinediff
combinediff creates a unified diff that expresses the sum of two diffs. The diff files must be listed in the order that they are to be applied. For best...
comm
Compare sorted files FILE1 and FILE2 line by line. With no options, produce three-column output. Column one contains lines unique to FILE1, column two contains...
command
See builtins(1)
compare
Image Settings: -authenticate value decrypt image with this password -channel type apply option to select image channels -colorspace type alternate image...
compface
compface is a filter for generating highly compressed representations of 48x48x1 face image files. uncompface is an inverse filter which performs an inverse...
compgen
See builtins(1)
compile_et
Compile_et converts a table listing error-code names and associated messages into a C source file suitable for use with the com_err(3) library.
complete
See builtins(1)
compopt
See builtins(1)
composite
Image Settings: -affine matrix affine transform matrix -authenticate value decrypt image with this password -blue-primary point chromaticity blue primary point...
config.guess
The GNU build system distinguishes three types of machines, the `build' machine on which the compilers are run, the `host' machine on which the package being...
config.sub
../build-aux/config.sub [OPTION] ALIAS Canonicalize a configuration name. Operation modes:-h, --helpprint this help, then exit-t, --time-stampprint date of last...
conjure
Image Settings: -monitor monitor progress -quiet suppress all warning messages -regard-warnings pay attention to warning messages -seed value seed a new...
consoletype
consoletype prints the type of console connected to standard input, and checks whether the console connected to standard input is the current foreground virtual...
continue
See builtins(1)
convert
Image Settings: -adjoin join images into a single multi-image file -affine matrix affine transform matrix -antialias remove pixel-aliasing -authenticate value...
coredumpctl
coredumpctl may be used to retrieve coredumps from systemd-journald(8).
corelist
See Module::CoreList for one.
couchdb
The couchdb command runs the Apache CouchDB server. Erlang is called with: -os_monstart_memsup false start_cpu_sup false disk_space_check_interval 1...
couchjs
The couchjs command runs the Apache CouchDB JavaScript interpreter. The exit status is 0 for success or 1 for failure.
cp
Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
cpan
This script provides a command interface (not a shell) to CPAN. At the moment it uses CPAN.pm to do the work, but it is not a one-shot command runner for...
cpio
GNU cpio is a tool for creating and extracting archives, or copying files from one place to another. It handles a number of cpio formats as well as reading and...
cpp
The C preprocessor, often known as cpp, is a macro processor that is used automatically by the C compiler to transform your program before compilation. It is...
cpupower
cpupower is a collection of tools to examine and tune power saving related features of your processor.
cpupower-frequency-info
A small tool which prints out cpufreq information helpful to developers and interested users.
cpupower-frequency-set
cpupower frequency-set allows you to modify cpufreq settings without having to type e.g. "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_set_speed" all the time.
cpupower-info
cpupower info shows kernel configurations or processor hardware registers affecting processor power saving policies.
cpupower-monitor
cpupower-monitor reports processor topology, frequency and idle power state statistics. Either command is forked and statistics are printed upon its completion,...
cpupower-set
cpupower set sets kernel configurations or directly accesses hardware registers affecting processor power saving policies.
createdb
createdb creates a new PostgreSQL database. Normally, the database user who executes this command becomes the owner of the new database. However, a different...
createlang
createlang is a utility for adding a procedural language to a PostgreSQL database. createlang is just a wrapper around the CREATE EXTENSION...
createuser
createuser creates a new PostgreSQL user (or more precisely, a role). Only superusers and users with CREATEROLE privilege can create new users, so createuser...
crlupdate
This tool allows the download of new, or update of existing, Certficate Revocation List (CRL) associated with the certificates present in the user (default) or...
crlutil
The Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Management Tool, crlutil, is a command-line utility that can list, generate, modify, or delete CRLs within the NSS...
crontab
Crontab is the program used to install, remove or list the tables used to serve the cron(8) daemon. Each user can have their own crontab, and though these are...
cs2cs
Cs2cs performs transformation between the source and destination cartographic coordinate system on a set of input points. The coordinate system transformation...
csharp
The csharp is an interactive C# shell that allows the user to enter and evaluate C# statements and expressions from the command line. The regular mcs command...
csplit
Output pieces of FILE separated by PATTERN(s) to files 'xx00', 'xx01', ..., and output byte counts of each piece to standard output.
ctags
The ctags and etags programs (hereinafter collectively referred to as ctags, except where distinguished) generate an index (or "tag") file for a variety of...
cue2toc
Cue2toc converts cuefile from CUE to TOC format and writes the result to tocfile. If either cuefile or tocfile is omitted or a single dash "-" cue2toc reads...
cupstestdsc
cupstestdsc tests the conformance of PostScript files to the Adobe PostScript Language Document Structuring Conventions Specification version 3.0. The results...
cupstestppd
cupstestppd tests the conformance of PPD files to the Adobe PostScript Printer Description file format specification version 4.3. It can also be used to list...
curl
curl is a tool to transfer data from or to a server, using one of the supported protocols (DICT, FILE, FTP, FTPS, GOPHER, HTTP, HTTPS, IMAP, IMAPS, LDAP, LDAPS,...
curl-config
curl-config displays information about the curl and libcurl installation.
cut
Print selected parts of lines from each FILE to standard output. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
cvs
This manpage is a summary of some of the features of cvs. It is auto-generated from an appendix of the CVS manual. For more in-depth documentation, please...
cvt
Cvt is a utility for calculating VESA Coordinated Video Timing modes. Given the desired horizontal and vertical resolutions, a modeline adhering to the CVT...
dash
dash is the standard command interpreter for the system. The current version of dash is in the process of being changed to conform with the POSIX 1003.2 and...
date
Display the current time in the given FORMAT, or set the system date. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
dbilogstrip
Replaces any hex addresses, e.g, 0x128f72ce with `0xN'. Replaces any references to process id or thread id, like `pid#6254' with `pidN'.
dbiprof
This tool is a command-line client for the DBI::ProfileData. It allows you to analyze the profile data file produced by DBI::ProfileDumper and produce various...
dbiproxy
This tool is just a front end for the DBI::ProxyServer package. All it does is picking options from the command line and calling DBI::ProxyServer::main(). See...
dbus-cleanup-sockets
The dbus-cleanup-sockets command cleans up unused D-Bus connection sockets. See http://www.freedesktop.org/software/dbus/ for more information about the big...
dbus-daemon
dbus-daemon is the D-Bus message bus daemon. See http://www.freedesktop.org/software/dbus/ for more information about the big picture. D-Bus is first a library...
dbus-launch
The dbus-launch command is used to start a session bus instance of dbus-daemon from a shell script. It would normally be called from a user's login scripts....
dbus-monitor
The dbus-monitor command is used to monitor messages going through a D-Bus message bus. See http://www.freedesktop.org/software/dbus/ for more information about...
dbus-send
The dbus-send command is used to send a message to a D-Bus message bus. See http://www.freedesktop.org/software/dbus/ for more information about the big...
dbus-uuidgen
The dbus-uuidgen command generates or reads a universally unique ID. Note that the D-Bus UUID has no relationship to RFC 4122 and does not generate UUIDs...
dc
dc is a reverse-polish desk calculator which supports unlimited precision arithmetic. It also allows you to define and call macros. Normally dc reads from the...
dconf
The dconf program can perform various operations on a dconf database, such as reading or writing individual values or entire directories. This tool operates on...
dconf-editor
The dconf-editor program provides a graphical interface for editing settings that are stored in the dconf database. The gsettings(1) utility provides similar...
dconf-service
The dconf-service program provides the ca.desrt.dconf name on the session or system bus. Users or administrators should never need to start the service, as it...
dd
Copy a file, converting and formatting according to the operands. bs=BYTESread and write up to BYTES bytes at a timecbs=BYTESconvert BYTES bytes at a...
ddbugtopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ddbugtopbm converts all sketches present in a database used by the PalmOS programs Diddle or DiddleBug into...
deallocvt
The command deallocvt deallocates kernel memory and data structures for all unused virtual consoles. If one or more arguments N ... are given, only the...
debuginfo-install
debuginfo-install is a program which installs the RPMs needed to debug the specified package. The package argument can be a wildcard, but will only match...
declare
See builtins(1)
dehtmldiff
dehtmldiff creates usable diff files from HTML pages. This is useful in the scenario where a patch has been posted to a mailing list viewable via a web page.
derdump
derdump dumps C-sequence strings from a DER encode certificate file
desktop-file-install
The desktop-file-install program is a tool to install, and optionally edit, desktop files. The desktop-file-edit program is a tool to edit a desktop file. They...
desktop-file-validate
The desktop-file-validate program is a tool to validate desktop entry files according to the Desktop Entry specification 1.1.
devdump
See isoinfo(1)
df
This manual page documents the GNU version of df. df displays the amount of disk space available on the file system containing each file name argument. If no...
dfbg
dfbg is a small utility to configure the background of the DirectFB desktop. It loads the specified image and sets it as background image.
dfutool
dfutool is used to verify, archive and upgrade firmware files.
dgawk
Gawk is the GNU Project's implementation of the AWK programming language. It conforms to the definition of the language in the POSIX 1003.1 Standard. This...
dialog
Dialog is a program that will let you to present a variety of questions or display messages using dialog boxes from a shell script. These types of dialog boxes...
diff
Compare FILES line by line. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
diff3
Compare three files line by line. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
diffimg
diffimg generates an image where each pixel is the difference between the corresponding pixel in each of the two source images. Thus, if the source images are...
diff-jars
Output the differences between two JAR files.
diffstat
This program reads the output of diff and displays a histogram of the insertions, deletions, and modifications per-file. Diffstat is a program that is useful...
dig
dig (domain information groper) is a flexible tool for interrogating DNS name servers. It performs DNS lookups and displays the answers that are returned from...
dijkstra
dijkstra reads a stream of graphs and for each computes the distance of every node from sourcenode. Edge length is given in the len attribute, and the default...
dir
List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default). Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort is specified.
dircolors
Output commands to set the LS_COLORS environment variable. Determine format of output:-b, --sh, --bourne-shelloutput Bourne shell code to set LS_COLORS-c,...
dirname
Output each NAME with its last non-slash component and trailing slashes removed; if NAME contains no /'s, output '.' (meaning the current directory).
dirs
See builtins(1)
disco
disco is a tool for discovering web services and for retireving the documents that describe those services.
dislocate
Dislocate allows processes to be disconnected and reconnected to the terminal. Possible uses: •You can disconnect a process from a terminal at work and...
disown
See builtins(1)
display
Image Settings: -antialias remove pixel-aliasing -authenticate value decrypt image with this password -backdrop display image centered on a backdrop -channel...
djpeg
djpeg decompresses the named JPEG file, or the standard input if no file is named, and produces an image file on the standard output. PBMPLUS (PPM/PGM), BMP,...
dltest
dltest is simple test of occurence of the symbol in the library. The library must be a full (with path) file name of the shared object, in which the search for...
dm_date
This displays information about the current system time, or some other time. Options are: -h, --help Print online help.-d STRING, --date=STRING Display time...
dmesg
dmesg is used to examine or control the kernel ring buffer. The default action is to display all messages from the kernel ring buffer.
dm_zdump
This displays the current time in each ZONE named on the command line unless the -v option is given.
dnsdomainname
See hostname(1)
docbook2man-spec.pl
docbook2man is a sgmlspl spec file that produced man pages (using the -man macros) from DocBook RefEntry markup.
docbook2texi-spec.pl
docbook2texi is a sgmlspl spec file that produces GNU Texinfo documents from DocBook documents. The program reads ESIS produced by nsgmls (or other SGML...
doclifter
doclifter translates documents written in troff macros to DocBook. Structural subsets of the requests in man(7), mdoc(7), ms(7), me(7), mm(7), and troff(1) are...
domainname
See hostname(1)
dos2unix
The Dos2unix package includes utilities `dos2unix' and `unix2dos' to convert plain text files in DOS or Mac format to Unix format and vice versa.
dosbox
This manual page briefly documents dosbox, an x86/DOS emulator. The optional file argument should be a DOS executable or a directory. If it is a dos executable...
dot
These are a collection of programs for drawing graphs. There is actually only one main program; the specific layout algorithms implemented as plugins. Thus,...
dotty
dotty is a graph editor for the X Window System. It may be run as a standalone editor, or as a front end for applications that use graphs. It can control...
dpkg
dpkg is a tool to install, build, remove and manage Debian packages. The primary and more user-friendly front-end for dpkg is aptitude(1). dpkg itself is...
dpkg-architecture
dpkg-architecture does provide a facility to determine and set the build and host architecture for package building.
dpkg-buildflags
dpkg-buildflags is a tool to retrieve compilation flags to use during build of Debian packages. The default flags are defined by the vendor but they can be...
dpkg-buildpackage
dpkg-buildpackage is a program that automates the process of building a Debian package. It consists of the following steps:
dpkg-checkbuilddeps
This program checks the installed packages in the system against the build dependencies and build conflicts listed in the control file. If any are not met, it...
dpkg-deb
dpkg-deb packs, unpacks and provides information about Debian archives. Use dpkg to install and remove packages from your system.
dpkg-distaddfile
dpkg-distaddfile adds an entry for a named file to debian/files. It takes three non-option arguments, the filename and the section and priority for the .changes...
dpkg-genchanges
dpkg-genchanges reads information from an unpacked and built Debian source tree and from the files it has generated and generates a Debian upload control file...
dpkg-gencontrol
dpkg-gencontrol reads information from an unpacked Debian source tree and generates a binary package control file (which defaults to debian/tmp/DEBIAN/control);...
dpkg-gensymbols
dpkg-gensymbols scans a temporary build tree (debian/tmp by default) looking for libraries and generates a symbols file describing them. This file, if...
dpkg-maintscript-helper
This program is designed to be run within maintainer scripts to achieve some tasks that dpkg can't (yet) handle natively either because of design decisions or...
dpkg-mergechangelogs
This program will use the 3 provided versions of the Debian changelog to generate a merged changelog file. The resulting changelog is stored in the file out or...
dpkg-name
This manual page documents the dpkg-name program which provides an easy way to rename Debian packages into their full package names. A full package name...
dpkg-parsechangelog
dpkg-parsechangelog reads and parses the changelog of an unpacked Debian source tree and outputs the information in it to standard output in a machine-readable...
dpkg-query
dpkg-query is a tool to show information about packages listed in the dpkg database.
dpkg-scanpackages
dpkg-scanpackages sorts through a tree of Debian binary packages and creates a Packages file, used by apt(8), dselect(1), etc, to tell the user what packages...
dpkg-scansources
dpkg-scansources scans the given binary-dir for .dsc files. These are used to create a Debian source index, which is output to stdout.
dpkg-shlibdeps
dpkg-shlibdeps calculates shared library dependencies for executables named in its arguments. The dependencies are added to the substitution variables file...
dpkg-source
dpkg-source packs and unpacks Debian source archives. None of these commands allow multiple options to be combined into one, and they do not allow the value for...
dpkg-split
dpkg-split splits Debian binary package files into smaller parts and reassembles them again, to support the storage of large package files on small media such...
dpkg-trigger
dpkg-trigger is a tool to explicitly activate triggers and check for its support on the running dpkg.
dpkg-vendor
dpkg-vendor is a tool to query information about vendors listed in /etc/dpkg/origins. /etc/dpkg/origins/default contains information about the current vendor.
dropbox
The dropbox command provides a command line interface to the Dropbox, the easiest online file storage, synchronization and sharing service.
dropdb
dropdb destroys an existing PostgreSQL database. The user who executes this command must be a database superuser or the owner of the database.
droplang
droplang is a utility for removing an existing procedural language from a PostgreSQL database. droplang is just a wrapper around the DROP EXTENSION...
dropuser
dropuser removes an existing PostgreSQL user. Only superusers and users with the CREATEROLE privilege can remove PostgreSQL users. (To remove a superuser, you...
dselect
dselect is one of the primary user interfaces for managing packages on a Debian system. At the dselect main menu, the system administrator can: - Update the...
dstat
Dstat is a versatile replacement for vmstat, iostat and ifstat. Dstat overcomes some of the limitations and adds some extra features.
dtd2xsd
dtd2xsd generates an XML schema document from a document type definition (DTD). Right now you have to specify instance XML file that references or contains DTD....
du
Summarize disk usage of each FILE, recursively for directories. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
dumpiso
dumpiso listens on a selected range of channels and dumps all received packets into the file FILE or, if not given, to standard output. While dumping, the...
dumpkeys
dumpkeys writes, to the standard output, the current contents of the keyboard driver's translation tables, in the format specified by keymaps(5).
duplicity
Duplicity incrementally backs up files and folders into tar-format volumes encrypted with GnuPG and places them to a remote (or local) storage backend. See...
dvcont
dvcont is a command line tool to send control commands via an IEEE1394 link to a device that implements the AV/C specifications by the 1394 Trade Association....
dvdrip
dvd::rip is an easy to use but nevertheless feature rich DVD copy program for Linux and other Unices. It's written in Perl and uses Gtk for the GUI part....
dvd+rw-format
dvd+rw-format is a part of dvd+rw-tools suite and allows to format virgin DVD+RW or BD-RE media for the first use or blank already written DVD-RW. Typical use...
dvi2fax
dvi2fax uses dvips(1) to convert a TeX DVI file to PostScript, then gs(1) to convert the PostScript to G3 fax file format.
dvipdf
This script invokes dvips(1) with the -q option, and pipes its output into gs(1) with the following options:
dvipdfm
In TeX Live, dvipdfm is another incarnation of dvipdfmx rather than a separate program. Compatibility is attempted as best as possible. (The change was made due...
dvipdft
dvipdft creates thumbnail pictures of the pages in your file and subsequently runs dvipdfm to create a PDF file with these thumbnails.
dvips
THIS MAN PAGE IS OBSOLETE! See the Texinfo documentation instead. You can read it either in Emacs or with the standalone info program which comes with the GNU...
dvired
dvired behaves like dvips, except for the fact that two logical pages are put onto each physical sheet of paper.
dwz
dwz is a program that attempts to optimize DWARF debugging information contained in ELF shared libraries and ELF executables for size, by replacing DWARF...
ebb
See extractbb(1)
echo
Echo the STRING(s) to standard output. -ndo not output the trailing newline-eenable interpretation of backslash escapes-Edisable interpretation of backslash...
ed
GNU Ed - The GNU line editor.
editdiff
See rediff(1)
editres
Editres is a tool that allows users and application developers to view the full widget hierarchy of any X Toolkit application that speaks the Editres protocol....
egrep
See grep(1)
eject
eject allows removable media (typically a CD-ROM, floppy disk, tape, JAZ, ZIP or USB disk) to be ejected under software control. The command can also control...
elfedit
elfedit updates the ELF header of ELF files which have the matching ELF machine and file types. The options control how and which fields in the ELF header...
enable
See builtins(1)
enca
Enca reads given text files, or standard input when none are given, and uses knowledge about their language (must be supported by you) and a mixture of parsing,...
enchant
Enchant is an ispell-compatible spellchecker. OPTIONS-aList alternatives.-lList only the misspellings.-LInclude the line number in the output.-vPrints the...
env
Set each NAME to VALUE in the environment and run COMMAND. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
envsubst
Substitutes the values of environment variables. Operation mode:-v, --variablesoutput the variables occurring in SHELL-FORMAT
eom
The eom program allows you to view and perform some rudimentary image manipulation operations (rotate, flip, etc.). desktop.
epsffit
Epsffit fits an EPSF file (encapsulated PostScript) to a given bounding box. The coordinates of the box are given by (llx,lly) for the lower left, and (urx,ury)...
eqn
This manual page describes the GNU version of eqn, which is part of the groff document formatting system. eqn compiles descriptions of equations embedded within...
eqn2graph
Reads an EQN equation (one line) as input; produces an image file (by default in Portable Network Graphics format) suitable for the Web as output.
escp2topbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) escp2topbm reads an ESC/P2 printer control stream as input. It produces a PBM image as output.
escputil
escputil is a command line utility to perform various maintenance tasks on Epson Stylus inkjet printers. These tasks include head alignment, head cleaning,...
espdiff
espdiff applies the appropriate transformation to a patch or set of patches, depending on what you intend to accomplish.
espeak
espeak is a software speech synthesizer for English, and some other languages.
etex
Run the e-TeX typesetter on file, by default creating file.dvi. If the file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it. Instead of a filename, a...
eval
See builtins(1)
evince
evince Evince is a document viewer capable of displaying multiple and single page document formats like PDF and Postscript. For more general information about...
exaile
exaile [OPTION]... [URI]
exec
See builtins(1)
exempi
exempi { -h | [ -R ] [ -x ] [ { -w | -o <file> } ] [ { -g <prop_name> | -s <prop_name> -v <value> } ] } <files>
exfalso
Ex Falso displays and edits audio metadata tags. Supported formats include MP3, Ogg Vorbis, FLAC, Musepack (MPC), WavPack, and MOD/XM/IT.
exiftool
A command-line interface to Image::ExifTool, used for reading and writing meta information in a variety of file types. FILE is one or more source file names,...
exit
See builtins(1)
exo-open
exo-open is a command line frontend to the Xfce Preferred Applications framework. It can either be used to open a list of urls with the default URL handler or...
expand
Convert tabs in each FILE to spaces, writing to standard output. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.
expect
Expect is a program that "talks" to other interactive programs according to a script. Following the script, Expect knows what can be expected from a program and...
expiry
The expiry command checks (-c) the current password expiration and forces (-f) changes when required. It is callable as a normal user command.
export
See builtins(1)
expr
--helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitPrint the value of EXPRESSION to standard output. A blank line below separates...
extcheck-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The extcheck command checks a specified JAR file for title and version conflicts with any extensions installed in the Java SE SDK. Before installing an...
extlinux
EXTLINUX is a new syslinux derivative, which boots from a Linux ext2/ext3 filesystem. It works the same way as SYSLINUX, with a few slight modifications. It is...
extract_a52
`extract_a52' extracts ATSC A/52 audio from a MPEG stream. Input is from stdin if no file is given.
extractbb
For each JPEG, PNG, or PDF file given on the command line, extractbb extracts the bounding box information and writes it into a file with extension .xbb,...
extresso
This manual page documents briefly the extresso command. This manual page was written for the Debian GNU distribution because the original program does not have...
eyuvtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) eyuvtoppm reads a Berkeley Encoder YUV (not the same as Abekas YUV) file as input and produces a PPM image on Standard Output.
faac
FAAC is an open source MPEG-4 and MPEG-2 AAC encoder, it is licensed under the LGPL license. Note that the quality of FAAC is not up to par with the currently...
factor
Print the prime factors of each specified integer NUMBER. If none are specified on the command line, read them from standard input.
faked-sysv
If a fakeroot process wants to change the ownership of a file, then faked is the process that remembers that new owner. If later the same fakeroot process does...
faked-tcp
If a fakeroot process wants to change the ownership of a file, then faked is the process that remembers that new owner. If later the same fakeroot process does...
fakeroot-sysv
fakeroot runs a command in an environment wherein it appears to have root privileges for file manipulation. This is useful for allowing users to create archives...
fakeroot-tcp
fakeroot runs a command in an environment wherein it appears to have root privileges for file manipulation. This is useful for allowing users to create archives...
fallocate
fallocate is used to manipulate the allocated disk space for a file, either to deallocate or preallocate it. For filesystems which support the fallocate system...
false
Exit with a status code indicating failure. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitNOTE: your shell may have its own...
fastjar
`fastjar' is an implementation of Sun's jar utility that comes with the JDK, written entirely in C, and runs in a fraction of the time while being feature...
fc
See builtins(1)
fc-cache
fc-cache scans the font directories on the system and builds font information cache files for applications using fontconfig for their font handling.
fc-cat
fc-cat reads the font information from cache files or related to font directories and emits it in ASCII form.
fc-list
fc-list lists fonts and styles available on the system for applications using fontconfig. If any elements are specified, only those are printed. Otherwise...
fc-match
fc-match matches pattern (empty pattern by default) using the normal fontconfig matching rules to find the best font available. If --sort is given, the sorted...
fc-pattern
fc-pattern parses pattern (empty pattern by default) and shows the parsed result. If --config is given, config substitution is performed on the pattern before...
fc-query
fc-query queries font-file(s) using the normal fontconfig rules and prints out font pattern for each face found. If --index is given, only one face of each file...
fc-scan
fc-scan scans file(s) recursively and prints out font pattern for each face found.
fc-validate
fc-validate validates font-file(s) if each fonts satisfies the language coverage according to the orthography files in fontconfig. If --index is given, only one...
festival
Festival is a general purpose text-to-speech system. As well as simply rendering text as speech it can be used in an interactive command mode for testing and...
festival_client
Allows sending commands and/or test to a festival test-to-speech server. Festival may be started in server mode using the option --server
ffcfstress
ffcfstress stress tests constant non-enveloped forces on a force feedback device. It simulates a moving spring force by applying a frequently updated constant...
ffmpeg
ffmpeg is a very fast video and audio converter that can also grab from a live audio/video source. It can also convert between arbitrary sample rates and resize...
ffmpeg2theora
This manual page documents briefly the ffmpeg2theora command. ffmpeg2theora is a program that converts any media file that ffmpeg can decode to Ogg Theora for...
ffmpeg-all
ffmpeg is a very fast video and audio converter that can also grab from a live audio/video source. It can also convert between arbitrary sample rates and resize...
ffmpeg-bitstream-filters
This document describes the bitstream filters provided by the libavcodec library. A bitstream filter operates on the encoded stream data, and performs bitstream...
ffmpeg-codecs
This document describes the codecs (decoders and encoders) provided by the libavcodec library.
ffmpeg-devices
This document describes the input and output devices provided by the libavdevice library.
ffmpeg-filters
This document describes filters, sources, and sinks provided by the libavfilter library.
ffmpeg-formats
This document describes the supported formats (muxers and demuxers) provided by the libavformat library.
ffmpeg-protocols
This document describes the input and output protocols provided by the libavformat library.
ffmpeg-resampler
The FFmpeg resampler provides a high-level interface to the libswresample library audio resampling utilities. In particular it allows to perform audio...
ffmpeg-scaler
The FFmpeg rescaler provides a high-level interface to the libswscale library image conversion utilities. In particular it allows to perform image rescaling and...
ffmpeg-utils
This document describes some generic features and utilities provided by the libavutil library.
ffmvforce
ffmvforce generates a force in a given direction, indicated by the position of the mouse pointer in relation to the center of the tool's window.
ffplay
FFplay is a very simple and portable media player using the FFmpeg libraries and the SDL library. It is mostly used as a testbed for the various FFmpeg APIs.
ffplay-all
FFplay is a very simple and portable media player using the FFmpeg libraries and the SDL library. It is mostly used as a testbed for the various FFmpeg APIs.
ffprobe
ffprobe gathers information from multimedia streams and prints it in human- and machine-readable fashion.
ffprobe-all
ffprobe gathers information from multimedia streams and prints it in human- and machine-readable fashion.
ffserver
ffserver is a streaming server for both audio and video. It supports several live feeds, streaming from files and time shifting on live feeds (you can seek to...
ffserver-all
ffserver is a streaming server for both audio and video. It supports several live feeds, streaming from files and time shifting on live feeds (you can seek to...
ffset
ffset sets the gain and autocenter strength of a force-feedback device.
fftest
fftest provides a variety of tests which can be applied to force-feedback devices. Beware, the tests may damage your device!
fg
See builtins(1)
fgconsole
If the active Virtual Terminal is /dev/ttyN, then prints N on standard output. If the console is a serial console, then "serial" is printed instead.
fgrep
See grep(1)
fiascotopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) fiascotopnm decompresses the named FIASCO files, or the Standard Input if no file is named, and writes the images as PGM, or...
file
This manual page documents version 5.19 of the file command. file tests each argument in an attempt to classify it. There are three sets of tests, performed in...
filterdiff
You can use filterdiff to obtain a patch that applies to files matching the shell wildcard PATTERN from a larger collection of patches. For example, to see the...
find
This manual page documents the GNU version of find. GNU find searches the directory tree rooted at each given starting-point by evaluating the given expression...
find2perl
find2perl is a little translator to convert find command lines to equivalent Perl code. The resulting code is typically faster than running find itself.
find-jar
The find-jar command tests the resolution of a given element. If successful it will return a JAR file or a directory.
find-repos-of-install
find-repos-of-install is a program which reports the Yum repository that a specified package was installed from.
finger
The finger displays information about the system users. Options are: -s finger displays the user's login name, real name, terminal name and write status (as a...
firefox
Mozilla Firefox is an open-source web browser, designed for standards compliance, performance and portability.
fixcvsdiff
fixcvsdiff modifies diff files created from the cvs diff command, where files have been added or removed. CVS tends to create diff files that patch(1)...
flac
flac is a command-line tool for encoding, decoding, testing and analyzing FLAC streams.
flex
Generates programs that perform pattern-matching on text. Table Compression:-Ca, --aligntrade off larger tables for better memory alignment-Ce, --ecsconstruct...
flickcurl
flickcurl is a utility program to call the Flickr APIs via the flickcurl library. Run flickcurl -h to get a list of the supported commands and their arguments.
flickrdf
flickrdf is a utility that uses the photos.getInfo API to interpret the description fields and the tags for a photo URI into RDF triples. If raptor is present,...
flipdiff
flipdiff exchanges the order of two patch files that apply one after the other. The patches must be “clean”: the context lines must match and there should...
flock
This utility manages flock(2) locks from within shell scripts or from the command line. The first and second of the above forms wrap the lock around the...
fmt
Reformat each paragraph in the FILE(s), writing to standard output. The option -WIDTH is an abbreviated form of --width=DIGITS.
fmtutil
fmtutil is used to create or recreate format and hyphenation files or show information about format files.
fmtutil-sys
See fmtutil(1)
fold
Wrap input lines in each FILE (standard input by default), writing to standard output. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
font2c
This script invokes gs(1) with the following options: -q -dNODISPLAY -dWRITESYSTEMDICT followed by the arguments from the command line. This will write out a...
fontinst
fontinst runs tex(1) with the --progname flag set to pretend to be the program fontinst (affecting Karl Berry paths).
fonttosfnt
Wrap a bitmap font or a set of bitmap fonts in a sfnt (TrueType or OpenType) wrapper.
foomatic-combo-xml
The Foomatic acceleration engine written in C (by Till), it computes printer/driver combo XML files and the printer overview XML file.
foomatic-compiledb
foomatic-compiledb generates all PPD files or Foomatic combo XML files for all possible printer/driver combos, or only for a selected range of drivers. It...
foomatic-configure
foomatic-configure is a program to set up and configure print queues for every known spooler (CUPS, LPRng, LPD, GNUlpr, PPR, PDQ. CPS, no spooler) and every...
foomatic-perl-data
-O Parse overview XML data -C Parse printer/driver combo XML data (default) -P Parse printer entry XML data
foomatic-ppdfile
The first form of the foomatic-ppdfile to compute the spooler-independent Foomatic PPD file for any valid printer/driver combo available in the Foomatic...
foomatic-ppd-options
The foomatic-ppd-options program reads the specified PPD files or stdin and decodes the PPD file to produce a list of options. This is really just a text based...
foomatic-printjob
foomatic-printjob provides a spooler-independent interface to creating and managing printer jobs and print queues. Note that the first argument changes the mode...
foomatic-rip
foomatic-rip is a universal print filter which works with every known free software printer spooler. It has the following features:
formail
formail is a filter that can be used to force mail into mailbox format, perform `From ' escaping, generate auto-replying headers, do simple header...
fpaste
It is often useful to be able to easily paste text to the Fedora Pastebin at http://fpaste.org and this simple utility will do that and return the resulting URL...
free
free displays the total amount of free and used physical and swap memory in the system, as well as the buffers used by the kernel. The shared memory column...
fros
fros Universal screencasting frontend with pluggable support for various backends. The goal is to provide an unified access to as many screencasting backends as...
fstopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) fstopgm reads a Usenix FaceSaver(tm) file as input and produces a PGM image as output.
ftp
ftp is the user interface to the Internet standard File Transfer Protocol. The program allows a user to transfer files to and from a remote network site.
ftsfind
The ftsfind and find programs are functionally identical. The only difference between them is the implementation internals of how the filesystem is searched....
funzip
funzip without a file argument acts as a filter; that is, it assumes that a ZIP archive (or a gzip'd(1) file) is being piped into standard input, and it...
fusermount
Filesystem in Userspace (FUSE) is a simple interface for userspace programs to export a virtual filesystem to the Linux kernel. It also aims to provide a secure...
g++
When you invoke GCC, it normally does preprocessing, compilation, assembly and linking. The “overall options” allow you to stop this process at an...
g3topbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) g3topbm reads a Group 3 fax file with MH (Modified Huffman) compression as input and produces a PBM image as output.
gacutil
gacutil is a tool used by developers to install versioned assemblies into the system Global Assembly Cache (GAC) to become part of the assemblies that are...
galculator
This manual page gives a short description of galculator and documents its command line arguments. galculator is a GTK 2 / GTK 3 based calculator with basic and...
gawk
Gawk is the GNU Project's implementation of the AWK programming language. It conforms to the definition of the language in the POSIX 1003.1 Standard. This...
gc
gc is a graph analogue to wc in that it prints to standard output the number of nodes, edges, connected components or clusters contained in the input files. It...
gcalccmd
gcalccmd is the console version of gnome-calculator the calculator of the GNOME desktop environment.
gcc
When you invoke GCC, it normally does preprocessing, compilation, assembly and linking. The “overall options” allow you to stop this process at an...
gcj-dbtool
`gcj-dbtool' is a tool for creating and manipulating class file mapping databases. `libgcj' can use these databases to find a shared library corresponding to...
gcm-calibrate
This manual page documents briefly the gcm-import command. gcm-import allows you calibrate devices.
gcm-import
This manual page documents briefly the gcm-import command. gcm-import allows you to import ICC files supplied by vendors.
gcm-inspect
This manual page documents briefly the gcm-import command. gcm-import allows you to inspect your session color management settings.
gcm-picker
This manual page documents briefly the gcm-import command. gcm-import allows you to pick spot colors.
gcm-viewer
This manual page documents briefly the gcm-import command. gcm-import allows you to view properties of ICC files.
gconf-editor
GConf-Editor is a tool used for editing the GConf configuration database. It might be useful when the proper configuration utility for some software provides no...
gconftool-2
Each preference in the GConf repository is expressed as a key-value pair. A GConf preference key is an element in the GConf repository that corresponds to an...
gcore
Generate a core dump of a running program with process ID pid. Produced file is equivalent to a kernel produced core file as if the process crashed (and if...
gcov
gcov is a test coverage program. Use it in concert with GCC to analyze your programs to help create more efficient, faster running code and to discover untested...
gda-sql-5.0
gda-sql is an SQL console based on the Libgda library. It enables you to type in queries interactively, issue them to be executed by a connection, and see the...
gdb
The purpose of a debugger such as GDB is to allow you to see what is going on “inside” another program while it executes — or what another program was...
gdb-add-index
When GDB finds a symbol file, it scans the symbols in the file in order to construct an internal symbol table. This lets most GDB operations work quickly—at...
gdbus
gdbus is a simple tool for working with D-Bus objects.
gdbus-codegen
gdbus-codegen is used to generate code and/or documentation for one or more D-Bus interfaces. The tool reads D-Bus Introspection XML[1] files and generates...
gdiffmk
gdiffmk compares two groff(1), nroff(1), or troff(1) documents, file1 and file2, and creates an output which is file2 with added `margin character' (.mc)...
gdk-pixbuf-query-loaders
gdk-pixbuf-query-loaders collects information about loadable modules for gdk-pixbuf and writes it to the default cache file location, or to stdout.
geany
Geany is a small and fast editor with basic features of an integrated development environment. Some of its features: syntax highlighting, code completion, code...
gedit
gedit is the official text editor of the GNOME desktop environment. While aiming at simplicity and ease of use, gedit is a powerful general purpose text editor....
gemtopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) gemtopbm was replaced in Netpbm 9.1 (May 2000) by gemtopnm(1) gemtopnm is backward compatible with gemtopbm, but works on...
gemtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) gemtopnm reads a GEM .img file, either the one plane (black/white) or four plane (16 color) varieety, as input and produces a...
gendiff
gendiff is a rather simple script which aids in generating a diff file from a single directory. It takes a directory name and a "diff-extension" as its only...
genhostid
genhostid generates a random hostid and stores it in /etc/hostid, if /etc/hostid does not already exist.
genisoimage
genisoimage is a pre-mastering program to generate ISO9660/Joliet/HFS hybrid filesystems. genisoimage is capable of generating the System Use Sharing Protocol...
genresscript
This manual page documents briefly the genresscript command. This manual page was written for the Debian GNU distribution because the original program does not...
genxs
genxs is a tool for generating custom XML serialization writers and readers for classes. configurationFile is configuration file which specifies several...
geod
Geod (direct) and invgeod (inverse) perform geodesic (\(“Great Circle\(”) computations for determining latitude, longitude and back azimuth of a terminus...
geoiplookup
geoiplookup uses the GeoIP library and database to find the Country that an IP address or hostname originates from.
geoiplookup6
geouplookup6 uses the GeoIP library and database to find the Country that an IP address or hostname originates from. You must install a database suitable for...
geoipupdate
geoipupdate automatically updates the GeoIP database for GeoIP subscribers. It connects to the MaxMind GeoIP Update server and checks for an updated database....
GET
This program can be used to send requests to WWW servers and your local file system. The request content for POST and PUT methods is read from stdin. The...
getaddrinfo
This tool provides a convenient command-line wrapper around the getaddrinfo(3) resolver function. It will perform a single lookup and print the returned results...
getafm
Getafm generates a PostScript file which prints an AFM file for a font to the printer's output channel. The output of getafm should be sent to a printer, or to...
getcifsacl
This tool is part of the cifs-utils suite. getcifsacl is a userspace helper program for the Linux CIFS client file system. It is intended to display a security...
getent
The getent command displays entries from databases supported by the Name Service Switch libraries, which are configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf. If one or more...
getfacl
For each file, getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and the Access Control List (ACL). If a directory has a default ACL, getfacl also displays the...
getfattr
For each file, getfattr displays the file name, and the set of extended attribute names (and optionally values) which are associated with that file.
gethostip
This manual page documents briefly the gethostip command. The gethostip utility converts the given hostname or IP address into a variety formats. It is provided...
getnameinfo
This tool provides a convenient command-line wrapper around the getnameinfo(3) resolver function. It will perform a single reverse lookup to convert an address...
getopt
getopt is used to break up (parse) options in command lines for easy parsing by shell procedures, and to check for legal options. It uses the GNU getopt(3)...
getopts
See builtins(1)
gettext
The gettext program translates a natural language message into the user's language, by looking up the translation in a message catalog.
gettextize
Prepares a source package to use gettext.
gex
See vim(1)
gftodvi
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
gftopk
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
gftp
gFTP is a file transfer client for *NIX based machines. It currently has a text interface and a GTK+ 1.2/2.x graphical interface. It currently supports the FTP,...
gftype
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
ghc
This manual page documents briefly the ghc and ghci commands. Note that ghci is not yet available on all architectures. Extensive documentation is available in...
ghostscript
See gs(1)
gif2h5
gif2h5 accepts as input the GIF file gif_file and produces the HDF5 file h5_file as output.
giftopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This is a graphics format converter from the GIF format to the PNM (i.e. PBM, PGM, or PPM) format.
gigolo
Gigolo is a frontend to easily manage connections to remote filesystems using GIO/GVfs. It allows you to quickly mount a remote filesystem and manage bookmarks...
gij
`gij' is a Java bytecode interpreter included with `libgcj'. `gij' is not available on every platform; porting it requires a small amount of assembly...
gimp-2.8
GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It is used to edit and manipulate images. It can load and save a variety of image formats and can be used to convert...
gio-querymodules
gio-querymodules creates a giomodule.cache file in the listed directories. This file lists the implemented extension points for each module that has been found....
git
Git is a fast, scalable, distributed revision control system with an unusually rich command set that provides both high-level operations and full access to...
git-add
This command updates the index using the current content found in the working tree, to prepare the content staged for the next commit. It typically adds the...
git-am
Splits mail messages in a mailbox into commit log message, authorship information and patches, and applies them to the current branch.
git-annotate
Annotates each line in the given file with information from the commit which introduced the line. Optionally annotates from a given revision.
git-apply
Reads the supplied diff output (i.e. "a patch") and applies it to files. With the --index option the patch is also applied to the index, and with the --cached...
git-archimport
Imports a project from one or more Arch repositories. It will follow branches and repositories within the namespaces defined by the <archive/branch> parameters...
git-archive
Creates an archive of the specified format containing the tree structure for the named tree, and writes it out to the standard output. If <prefix> is specified...
git-bisect
The command takes various subcommands, and different options depending on the subcommand: git bisect help git bisect start [--no-checkout] [<bad> [<good>...]]...
git-blame
Annotates each line in the given file with information from the revision which last modified the line. Optionally, start annotating from the given revision.
git-branch
If --list is given, or if there are no non-option arguments, existing branches are listed; the current branch will be highlighted with an asterisk. Option -r...
git-bundle
Some workflows require that one or more branches of development on one machine be replicated on another machine, but the two machines cannot be directly...
git-cat-file
In its first form, the command provides the content or the type of an object in the repository. The type is required unless -t or -p is used to find the object...
git-check-attr
For every pathname, this command will list if each attribute is unspecified, set, or unset as a gitattribute on that pathname.
git-check-ignore
For each pathname given via the command-line or from a file via --stdin, show the pattern from .gitignore (or other input files to the exclude mechanism) that...
git-check-mailmap
For each “Name <user@host>” or “<user@host>” from the command-line or standard input (when using --stdin), look up the person’s canonical name and...
git-checkout
Updates files in the working tree to match the version in the index or the specified tree. If no paths are given, git checkout will also update HEAD to set the...
git-checkout-index
Will copy all files listed from the index to the working directory (not overwriting existing files).
git-check-ref-format
Checks if a given refname is acceptable, and exits with a non-zero status if it is not. A reference is used in Git to specify branches and tags. A branch head...
git-cherry
Determine whether there are commits in <head>..<upstream> that are equivalent to those in the range <limit>..<head>.
git-cherry-pick
Given one or more existing commits, apply the change each one introduces, recording a new commit for each. This requires your working tree to be clean (no...
git-citool
A Tcl/Tk based graphical interface to review modified files, stage them into the index, enter a commit message and record the new commit onto the current...
git-clean
Cleans the working tree by recursively removing files that are not under version control, starting from the current directory.
git-clone
Clones a repository into a newly created directory, creates remote-tracking branches for each branch in the cloned repository (visible using git branch -r), and...
git-column
This command formats its input into multiple columns.
git-commit
Stores the current contents of the index in a new commit along with a log message from the user describing the changes.
git-commit-tree
This is usually not what an end user wants to run directly. See git-commit(1) instead. Creates a new commit object based on the provided tree object and emits...
git-config
You can query/set/replace/unset options with this command. The name is actually the section and the key separated by a dot, and the value will be escaped.
git-count-objects
This counts the number of unpacked object files and disk space consumed by them, to help you decide when it is a good time to repack.
git-credential
Git has an internal interface for storing and retrieving credentials from system-specific helpers, as well as prompting the user for usernames and passwords....
git-credential-cache
This command caches credentials in memory for use by future Git programs. The stored credentials never touch the disk, and are forgotten after a configurable...
git-credential-cache--daemon
NoteYou probably don’t want to invoke this command yourself; it is started automatically when you use git-credential-cache(1).
git-credential-store
NoteUsing this helper will store your passwords unencrypted on disk, protected only by filesystem permissions. If this is not an acceptable security tradeoff,...
git-cvsexportcommit
Exports a commit from Git to a CVS checkout, making it easier to merge patches from a Git repository into a CVS repository.
git-cvsimport
WARNING: git cvsimport uses cvsps version 2, which is considered deprecated; it does not work with cvsps version 3 and later. If you are performing a one-shot...
git-cvsserver
This application is a CVS emulation layer for Git. It is highly functional. However, not all methods are implemented, and for those methods that are...
git-daemon
A really simple TCP Git daemon that normally listens on port "DEFAULT_GIT_PORT" aka 9418. It waits for a connection asking for a service, and will serve that...
git-describe
The command finds the most recent tag that is reachable from a commit. If the tag points to the commit, then only the tag is shown. Otherwise, it suffixes the...
git-diff
Show changes between the working tree and the index or a tree, changes between the index and a tree, changes between two trees, changes between two blob...
git-diff-files
Compares the files in the working tree and the index. When paths are specified, compares only those named paths. Otherwise all entries in the index are...
git-diff-index
Compares the content and mode of the blobs found in a tree object with the corresponding tracked files in the working tree, or with the corresponding paths in...
git-difftool
git difftool is a Git command that allows you to compare and edit files between revisions using common diff tools. git difftool is a frontend to git diff and...
git-diff-tree
Compares the content and mode of the blobs found via two tree objects. If there is only one <tree-ish> given, the commit is compared with its parents (see...
git-fast-export
This program dumps the given revisions in a form suitable to be piped into git fast-import. You can use it as a human-readable bundle replacement (see...
git-fast-import
This program is usually not what the end user wants to run directly. Most end users want to use one of the existing frontend programs, which parses a specific...
git-fetch
Fetch branches and/or tags (collectively, "refs") from one or more other repositories, along with the objects necessary to complete their histories....
git-fetch-pack
Usually you would want to use git fetch, which is a higher level wrapper of this command, instead. Invokes git-upload-pack on a possibly remote repository and...
git-filter-branch
Lets you rewrite Git revision history by rewriting the branches mentioned in the <rev-list options>, applying custom filters on each revision. Those filters can...
git-fmt-merge-msg
Takes the list of merged objects on stdin and produces a suitable commit message to be used for the merge commit, usually to be passed as the <merge-message>...
git-for-each-ref
Iterate over all refs that match <pattern> and show them according to the given <format>, after sorting them according to the given set of <key>. If <count> is...
git-format-patch
Prepare each commit with its patch in one file per commit, formatted to resemble UNIX mailbox format. The output of this command is convenient for e-mail...
git-fsck
Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database.
git-fsck-objects
This is a synonym for git-fsck(1). Please refer to the documentation of that command.
git-gc
Runs a number of housekeeping tasks within the current repository, such as compressing file revisions (to reduce disk space and increase performance) and...
git-get-tar-commit-id
Acts as a filter, extracting the commit ID stored in archives created by git archive. It reads only the first 1024 bytes of input, thus its runtime is not...
git-grep
Look for specified patterns in the tracked files in the work tree, blobs registered in the index file, or blobs in given tree objects. Patterns are lists of one...
git-gui
A Tcl/Tk based graphical user interface to Git. git gui focuses on allowing users to make changes to their repository by making new commits, amending existing...
git-hash-object
Computes the object ID value for an object with specified type with the contents of the named file (which can be outside of the work tree), and optionally...
git-help
With no options and no COMMAND or GUIDE given, the synopsis of the git command and a list of the most commonly used Git commands are printed on the standard...
git-http-backend
A simple CGI program to serve the contents of a Git repository to Git clients accessing the repository over http:// and https:// protocols. The program supports...
git-http-fetch
Downloads a remote Git repository via HTTP. NOTE: use of this command without -a is deprecated. The -a behaviour will become the default in a future release.
git-http-push
Sends missing objects to remote repository, and updates the remote branch. NOTE: This command is temporarily disabled if your libcurl is older than 7.16, as the...
git-imap-send
This command uploads a mailbox generated with git format-patch into an IMAP drafts folder. This allows patches to be sent as other email is when using mail...
git-index-pack
Reads a packed archive (.pack) from the specified file, and builds a pack index file (.idx) for it. The packed archive together with the pack index can then be...
git-init
This command creates an empty Git repository - basically a .git directory with subdirectories for objects, refs/heads, refs/tags, and template files. An initial...
git-init-db
This is a synonym for git-init(1). Please refer to the documentation of that command.
git-instaweb
A simple script to set up gitweb and a web server for browsing the local repository.
gitk
Displays changes in a repository or a selected set of commits. This includes visualizing the commit graph, showing information related to each commit, and the...
git-log
Shows the commit logs. The command takes options applicable to the git rev-list command to control what is shown and how, and options applicable to the git...
git-lost-found
NOTE: this command is deprecated. Use git-fsck(1) with the option --lost-found instead. Finds dangling commits and tags from the object database, and creates...
git-ls-files
This merges the file listing in the directory cache index with the actual working directory list, and shows different combinations of the two.
git-ls-remote
Displays references available in a remote repository along with the associated commit IDs.
git-ls-tree
Lists the contents of a given tree object, like what "/bin/ls -a" does in the current working directory. Note that:
git-mailinfo
Reads a single e-mail message from the standard input, and writes the commit log message in <msg> file, and the patches in <patch> file. The author name, e-mail...
git-mailsplit
Splits a mbox file or a Maildir into a list of files: "0001" "0002" .. in the specified directory so you can process them further from there.
git-merge
Incorporates changes from the named commits (since the time their histories diverged from the current branch) into the current branch. This command is used by...
git-merge-base
git merge-base finds best common ancestor(s) between two commits to use in a three-way merge. One common ancestor is better than another common ancestor if the...
git-merge-file
git merge-file incorporates all changes that lead from the <base-file> to <other-file> into <current-file>. The result ordinarily goes into <current-file>. git...
git-merge-index
This looks up the <file>(s) in the index and, if there are any merge entries, passes the SHA-1 hash for those files as arguments 1, 2, 3 (empty argument if no...
git-merge-one-file
This is the standard helper program to use with git merge-index to resolve a merge after the trivial merge done with git read-tree -m.
git-mergetool
Use git mergetool to run one of several merge utilities to resolve merge conflicts. It is typically run after git merge.
git-mergetool--lib
This is not a command the end user would want to run. Ever. This documentation is meant for people who are studying the Porcelain-ish scripts and/or are writing...
git-merge-tree
Reads three tree-ish, and output trivial merge results and conflicting stages to the standard output. This is similar to what three-way git read-tree -m does,...
git-mktag
Reads a tag contents on standard input and creates a tag object that can also be used to sign other objects.
git-mktree
Reads standard input in non-recursive ls-tree output format, and creates a tree object. The order of the tree entries is normalised by mktree so pre-sorting the...
git-mv
Move or rename a file, directory or symlink. git mv [-v] [-f] [-n] [-k] <source> <destination> git mv [-v] [-f] [-n] [-k] <source> ... <destination directory>
git-name-rev
Finds symbolic names suitable for human digestion for revisions given in any format parsable by git rev-parse.
git-notes
Adds, removes, or reads notes attached to objects, without touching the objects themselves. By default, notes are saved to and read from refs/notes/commits, but...
git-p4
This command provides a way to interact with p4 repositories using Git. Create a new Git repository from an existing p4 repository using git p4 clone, giving it...
git-pack-objects
Reads list of objects from the standard input, and writes a packed archive with specified base-name, or to the standard output.
git-pack-redundant
This program computes which packs in your repository are redundant. The output is suitable for piping to xargs rm if you are in the root of the repository.
git-pack-refs
Traditionally, tips of branches and tags (collectively known as refs) were stored one file per ref in a (sub)directory under $GIT_DIR/refs directory. While many...
git-parse-remote
This script is included in various scripts to supply routines to parse files under $GIT_DIR/remotes/ and $GIT_DIR/branches/ and configuration variables that are...
git-patch-id
A "patch ID" is nothing but a sum of SHA-1 of the file diffs associated with a patch, with whitespace and line numbers ignored. As such, it’s "reasonably...
git-peek-remote
This command is deprecated; use git ls-remote instead.
git-prune
NoteIn most cases, users should run git gc, which calls git prune. See the section "NOTES", below. This runs git fsck --unreachable using all the refs available...
git-prune-packed
This program searches the $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY for all objects that currently exist in a pack file as well as the independent object directories.
git-pull
Incorporates changes from a remote repository into the current branch. In its default mode, git pull is shorthand for git fetch followed by git merge...
git-push
Updates remote refs using local refs, while sending objects necessary to complete the given refs. You can make interesting things happen to a repository every...
git-quiltimport
Applies a quilt patchset onto the current Git branch, preserving the patch boundaries, patch order, and patch descriptions present in the quilt patchset.
git-read-tree
Reads the tree information given by <tree-ish> into the index, but does not actually update any of the files it "caches". (see: git-checkout-index(1))
git-rebase
If <branch> is specified, git rebase will perform an automatic git checkout <branch> before doing anything else. Otherwise it remains on the current branch.
git-receive-pack
Invoked by git send-pack and updates the repository with the information fed from the remote end. This command is usually not invoked directly by the end user....
git-reflog
The command takes various subcommands, and different options depending on the subcommand: git reflog expire [--dry-run] [--stale-fix] [--verbose]...
git-relink
This will scan 1 or more object repositories and look for objects in common with a master repository. Objects not already hardlinked to the master repository...
git-remote
Manage the set of repositories ("remotes") whose branches you track.
git-remote-ext
This remote helper uses the specified <command> to connect to a remote Git server. Data written to stdin of the specified <command> is assumed to be sent to a...
git-remote-fd
This helper uses specified file descriptors to connect to a remote Git server. This is not meant for end users but for programs and scripts calling git fetch,...
gitremote-helpers
Remote helper programs are normally not used directly by end users, but they are invoked by Git when it needs to interact with remote repositories Git does not...
git-remote-testgit
This command is a simple remote-helper, that is used both as a testcase for the remote-helper functionality, and as an example to show remote-helper authors one...
git-repack
This command is used to combine all objects that do not currently reside in a "pack", into a pack. It can also be used to re-organize existing packs into a...
git-replace
Adds a replace reference in refs/replace/ namespace. The name of the replace reference is the SHA-1 of the object that is replaced. The content of the replace...
git-repo-config
This is a synonym for git-config(1). Please refer to the documentation of that command.
git-request-pull
Generate a request asking your upstream project to pull changes into their tree. The request, printed to the standard output, summarizes the changes and...
git-rerere
In a workflow employing relatively long lived topic branches, the developer sometimes needs to resolve the same conflicts over and over again until the topic...
git-reset
In the first and second form, copy entries from <tree-ish> to the index. In the third form, set the current branch head (HEAD) to <commit>, optionally modifying...
git-revert
Given one or more existing commits, revert the changes that the related patches introduce, and record some new commits that record them. This requires your...
git-rev-list
List commits that are reachable by following the parent links from the given commit(s), but exclude commits that are reachable from the one(s) given with a ^ in...
git-rev-parse
Many Git porcelainish commands take mixture of flags (i.e. parameters that begin with a dash -) and parameters meant for the underlying git rev-list command...
git-rm
Remove files from the index, or from the working tree and the index. git rm will not remove a file from just your working directory. (There is no option to...
git-send-email
Takes the patches given on the command line and emails them out. Patches can be specified as files, directories (which will send all files in the directory), or...
git-send-pack
Usually you would want to use git push, which is a higher-level wrapper of this command, instead. See git-push(1).
git-shell
This is a login shell for SSH accounts to provide restricted Git access. It permits execution only of server-side Git commands implementing the pull/push...
git-sh-i18n
This is not a command the end user would want to run. Ever. This documentation is meant for people who are studying the Porcelain-ish scripts and/or are writing...
git-sh-i18n--envsubst
This is not a command the end user would want to run. Ever. This documentation is meant for people who are studying the plumbing scripts and/or are writing new...
git-shortlog
Summarizes git log output in a format suitable for inclusion in release announcements. Each commit will be grouped by author and title.
git-show
Shows one or more objects (blobs, trees, tags and commits). For commits it shows the log message and textual diff. It also presents the merge commit in a...
git-show-branch
Shows the commit ancestry graph starting from the commits named with <rev>s or <globs>s (or all refs under refs/heads and/or refs/tags) semi-visually.
git-show-index
Reads given idx file for packed Git archive created with git pack-objects command, and dumps its contents.
git-show-ref
Displays references available in a local repository along with the associated commit IDs. Results can be filtered using a pattern and tags can be dereferenced...
git-sh-setup
This is not a command the end user would want to run. Ever. This documentation is meant for people who are studying the Porcelain-ish scripts and/or are writing...
git-stage
This is a synonym for git-add(1). Please refer to the documentation of that command.
git-stash
Use git stash when you want to record the current state of the working directory and the index, but want to go back to a clean working directory. The command...
git-status
Displays paths that have differences between the index file and the current HEAD commit, paths that have differences between the working tree and the index...
git-stripspace
Clean the input in the manner used by Git for text such as commit messages, notes, tags and branch descriptions.
git-submodule
Submodules allow foreign repositories to be embedded within a dedicated subdirectory of the source tree, always pointed at a particular commit.
git-subtree
Subtrees allow subprojects to be included within a subdirectory of the main project, optionally including the subproject’s entire history.
git-svn
git svn is a simple conduit for changesets between Subversion and Git. It provides a bidirectional flow of changes between a Subversion and a Git repository.
git-symbolic-ref
Given one argument, reads which branch head the given symbolic ref refers to and outputs its path, relative to the .git/ directory. Typically you would give...
git-tag
Add a tag reference in refs/tags/, unless -d/-l/-v is given to delete, list or verify tags. Unless -f is given, the named tag must not yet exist.
git-tar-tree
THIS COMMAND IS DEPRECATED. Use git archive with --format=tar option instead (and move the <base> argument to --prefix=base/).
git-unpack-file
Creates a file holding the contents of the blob specified by sha1. It returns the name of the temporary file in the following format: .merge_file_XXXXX
git-unpack-objects
Read a packed archive (.pack) from the standard input, expanding the objects contained within and writing them into the repository in "loose" (one object per...
git-update-index
Modifies the index or directory cache. Each file mentioned is updated into the index and any unmerged or needs updating state is cleared.
git-update-ref
Given two arguments, stores the <newvalue> in the <ref>, possibly dereferencing the symbolic refs. E.g. git update-ref HEAD <newvalue> updates the current...
git-update-server-info
A dumb server that does not do on-the-fly pack generations must have some auxiliary information files in $GIT_DIR/info and $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY/info...
git-upload-archive
Invoked by git archive --remote and sends a generated archive to the other end over the Git protocol.
git-upload-pack
Invoked by git fetch-pack, learns what objects the other side is missing, and sends them after packing.
git-var
Prints a Git logical variable.
git-verify-commit
Validates the gpg signature created by git commit -S.
git-verify-pack
Reads given idx file for packed Git archive created with the git pack-objects command and verifies idx file and the corresponding pack file.
git-verify-tag
Validates the gpg signature created by git tag.
gitweb
Gitweb provides a web interface to Git repositories. Its features include: Viewing multiple Git repositories with common root. Browsing every revision of the...
git-web--browse
This script tries, as much as possible, to display the URLs and FILEs that are passed as arguments, as HTML pages in new tabs on an already opened web browser.
git-whatchanged
Shows commit logs and diff output each commit introduces. New users are encouraged to use git-log(1) instead. The whatchanged command is essentially the same as...
git-write-tree
Creates a tree object using the current index. The name of the new tree object is printed to standard output.
gjar
gjar is an implementation of Sun's jar utility that comes with the JDK. If any file is a directory then it is processed recursively. The manifest file name and...
gjarsigner
When the first form is used, the tool signs the designated JAR file. The second form, on the other hand, is used to verify a previously signed JAR file.
gkeytool
Cryptographic credentials, in a Java environment, are usually stored in a Key Store. The Java SDK specifies a Key Store as a persistent container of two types...
gkrellm
With a single process, gkrellm manages multiple stacked monitors and supports applying themes to match the monitors appearance to your window manager, Gtk, or...
glib-compile-resources
glib-compile-resources reads the resource description from FILE and the files that it references and creates a binary resource bundle that is suitable for use...
glib-compile-schemas
glib-compile-schemas compiles all the GSettings XML schema files in DIRECTORY into a binary file with the name gschemas.compiled that can be used by GSettings....
glib-genmarshal
glib-genmarshal is a small utility that generates C code marshallers for callback functions of the GClosure mechanism in the GObject sublibrary of GLib. The...
glib-gettextize
glib-gettextize helps to prepare a source package for being internationalized through gettext. It is a variant of the gettextize that ships with gettext.
glib-mkenums
glib-mkenums is a small perl-script utility that parses C code to extract enum definitions and produces enum descriptions based on text templates specified by...
gm
version displays the software release version, build quantum (pixel sample) depth, web site URL, copyright notice, enabled features support, configuration...
gml2gv
gml2gv converts a graph specified in the GML format to a graph in the GV (formerly DOT) format. gv2gml converts a graph specified in the GV format to a graph in...
gnative2ascii
To be written ...
gnome-calculator
gnome-calculator is the official calculator of the GNOME desktop environment.
gnome-control-center
gnome-control-center is a graphical user interface to configure various aspects of GNOME. When run without arguments, the shell displays the overview, which...
gnome-dictionary
GNOME Dictionary provides dictionary definitions of words, using a dictionary source. For full documentation see the GNOME Dictionary online help.
gnome-disk-image-mounter
gnome-disk-image-mounter can be used to set up disk images. Both regular files and GVfs URIs (such as smb://filer/media/file.iso) can be used in the URI...
gnome-disks
gnome-disks is the command to launch the GNOME Disks application. Disks provides a way to inspect, format, partition and configure disks and block devices.
gnome-keyring-daemon
The gnome-keyring-daemon is a service that stores your passwords and secrets. It is normally started automatically when a user logs into a desktop session.
gnome-mplayer
This manual page documents briefly the gnome-mplayer command. gnome-mplayer provides a simple and clean interface to MPlayer. GNOME MPlayer has a rich API that...
gnome-power-statistics
This manual page documents briefly the gnome-power-statistics command. gnome-power-statistics is the gui program for the gnome power management infrastructure.
gnome-screensaver
GNOME Screensaver is the default screen saver and locker in a GNOME desktop. It is designed with simplicity and security in mind.
gnome-screensaver-command
gnome-screensaver-command is a tool for controlling an already running instance of gnome-screensaver.
gnome-screenshot
gnome-screenshot is a GNOME utility for taking screenshots of the entire screen, a window or an user-defined area of the screen, with optional beautifying...
gnome-session
The gnome-session program starts up the GNOME desktop environment. This command is typically executed by your login manager (either gdm, xdm, or from your X...
gnome-session-inhibit
gnome-session-inhibit can inhibit certain gnome-session functionality while executing the given COMMAND. To achieve this, it calls the Inhibit() method of the...
gnome-session-properties
The gnome-session-properties program enables the users to configure what applications should be started on login, in addition to the default startup...
gnome-session-quit
The gnome-session-quit program can be used to end a GNOME session.
gnome-settings-daemon
gnome-settings-daemon provides many session-wide services and functions that require a long-running process. Among the services implemented by...
gnome-shell
GNOME shell provides core user interface functions for the GNOME 3 desktop, like switching to windows and launching applications. GNOME shell takes advantage of...
gnome-system-log
GNOME System Log Viewer is a simple utility to display system log files.
gnote
This manual page documents briefly the gnote command. Gnote is a desktop note-taking application for Linux and Unix. Simple and easy to use, but with potential...
gnumeric
Gnumeric is a powerful spreadsheet program created by the GNOME project. Gnumeric intends to compete with commercial spreadsheets by becoming fully compatible...
gobject-query
gobject-query is a small utility that draws a tree of types. gobject-query takes a mandatory argument that specifies whether it should iterate over the...
google-chrome
See the Google Chrome help center for help on using the browser. http://www.google.com/support/chrome/
google-chrome-beta
See the Google Chrome help center for help on using the browser. http://www.google.com/support/chrome/
google-chrome-unstable
See the Google Chrome help center for help on using the browser. http://www.google.com/support/chrome/
gorbd
To be written ...
gouldtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) gouldtoppm reads a file produced by the Gould scanner as input and produces a PPM image as output.
gpasswd
The gpasswd command is used to administer /etc/group, and /etc/gshadow. Every group can have administrators, members and a password.
gperf
GNU 'gperf' generates perfect hash functions. If a long option shows an argument as mandatory, then it is mandatory for the equivalent short option also.
gpg
gpg is the OpenPGP part of the GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG). It is a tool to provide digital encryption and signing services using the OpenPGP standard. gpg...
gpg2
gpg2 is the OpenPGP part of the GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG). It is a tool to provide digital encryption and signing services using the OpenPGP standard. gpg2...
gpg-agent
gpg-agent is a daemon to manage secret (private) keys independently from any protocol. It is used as a backend for gpg and gpgsm as well as for a couple of...
gpgconf
The gpgconf is a utility to automatically and reasonable safely query and modify configuration files in the ‘.gnupg’ home directory. It is designed not to...
gpg-connect-agent
The gpg-connect-agent is a utility to communicate with a running gpg-agent. It is useful to check out the commands gpg-agent provides using the Assuan...
gpgparsemail
The gpgparsemail is a utility currently only useful for debugging. Run it with --help for usage information.
gpg-preset-passphrase
The gpg-preset-passphrase is a utility to seed the internal cache of a running gpg-agent with passphrases. It is mainly useful for unattended machines, where...
gpg.ru
This empty page was brought to you by brain damage somewhere in POD, the Perl build system, or the Perl maintainers' release procedures.
gpgv
gpgv is an OpenPGP signature verification tool. This program is actually a stripped-down version of gpg which is only able to check signatures. It is somewhat...
gpgv2
gpgv2 is an OpenPGP signature verification tool. This program is actually a stripped-down version of gpg which is only able to check signatures. It is somewhat...
gpg-zip
gpg-zip encrypts or signs files into an archive. It is an gpg-ized tar using the same format as used by PGP's PGP Zip.
gphoto2
libgphoto2(3) is a cross-platform digital camera library, and gphoto2(1) is a command-line client for it.
gprof
`gprof' produces an execution profile of C, Pascal, or Fortran77 programs. The effect of called routines is incorporated in the profile of each caller. The...
grap2graph
Reads a grap program as input; produces an image file (by default in Portable Network Graphics format) suitable for the Web as output. For a description of the...
graphml2gv
graphml2gv converts a graph specified in the GRAPHML format to a graph in the GV (formerly DOT) format.
grep
grep searches the named input FILEs (or standard input if no files are named, or if a single hyphen-minus (-) is given as file name) for lines containing a...
grepdiff
For each file modified by a patch, if the patch hunk contains the REGEX then the files name is printed.
grepjar
The `grepjar' program can be used to search files in a jar file for a pattern.
grepmail
grepmail looks for mail messages containing a pattern, and prints the resulting messages on standard out.By default grepmail looks in both header and body for...
gresource
gresource offers a simple commandline interface to GResource. It lets you list and extract resources that have been compiled into a resource file or included in...
grl-inspect
This manual page documents briefly the grl-inspect command. grl-inspect is a tool that prints out information on available Grilo sources. When executed with no...
grmic
grmic is a utility included with `libgcj' which generates stubs for remote objects. Note that this program isn't yet fully compatible with the JDK grmic. Some...
grmid
rmiregistry starts a remote object registry on the current host. If no port number is specified, then port 1099 is used.
grmiregistry
grmiregistry starts a remote object registry on the current host. If no port number is specified, then port 1099 is used.
grn
grn is a preprocessor for including gremlin pictures in groff input. grn writes to standard output, processing only input lines between two that start with .GS...
grodvi
grodvi is a driver for groff that produces TeX dvi format. Normally it should be run by groff -Tdvi. This will run troff -Tdvi; it will also input the macros in...
groff
This document describes the groff program, the main front-end for the groff document formatting system. The groff program and macro suite is the implementation...
groffer
The ­groffer program is the easiest way to use ­groff(1). It can display arbitrary documents written in the ­groff language, see ­groff(7), or other ­roff...
grog
grog reads the input (file names or standard input) and guesses which of the groff(1) options are needed to perform the input with the groff program. The...
grohtml
The grohtml front end (which consists of a preprocessor, pre-grohtml, and a device driver, post-grohtml) translates the output of GNU troff to html. Users...
grolbp
grolbp is a driver for groff that produces output in CAPSL and VDM format suitable for Canon LBP-4 and LBP-8 printers.
grolj4
grolj4 is a driver for groff that produces output in PCL5 format suitable for an HP Laserjet 4 printer.
gropdf
gropdf translates the output of GNU troff to PDF. Normally gropdf should be invoked by using the groff command with a -Tpdf option. If no files are given,...
grops
grops translates the output of GNU troff to PostScript. Normally grops should be invoked by using the groff command with a -Tps option. (Actually, this is the...
grotty
grotty translates the output of GNU troff into a form suitable for typewriter-like devices. Normally grotty should be invoked by using the groff command with a...
groups
Print group memberships for each USERNAME or, if no USERNAME is specified, for the current process (which may differ if the groups database has changed).
growisofs
growisofs was originally designed as a frontend to mkisofs to facilitate appending of data to ISO9660 volumes residing on random-access media such as DVD+RW,...
gs
The gs (gswin32c, gswin32, gsos2) command invokes Ghostscript, an interpreter of Adobe Systems' PostScript(tm) and Portable Document Format (PDF) languages.
gserialver
Print the serialVersionUID of the specified classes.
gsettings
gsettings offers a simple commandline interface to GSettings. It lets you get, set or monitor an individual key for changes.
gsettings-data-convert
gsettings-data-convert reads values out of the users GConf database and stores them in GSettings. The information about the mapping from GConf keys to GSettings...
gsettings-schema-convert
gsettings-schema-convert converts between GConf and GSettings schema file formats. Note that the conversion is not expected to be fully automated. You are...
gsf-office-thumbnailer
This manual page briefly documents the gsf-office-thumbnailer command. gsf-office-thumbnailer is used internally by GNOME applications such as nautilus to...
gsftopk
gsftopk is a program which calls up the ghostscript program gs(1) to render a given font at a given resolution. It packs the resulting characters into the pk...
gsl-histogram
gsl-histogram is a demonstration program for the GNU Scientific Library. It takes three arguments, specifying the upper and lower bounds of the histogram and...
gslp
This utility provides functionality approximately equivalent to the Unix enscript(1) program. It prints plain text files using a single font. It currently...
gsl-randist
gsl-randist is a demonstration program for the GNU Scientific Library. It generates n random samples from the distribution DIST using the distribution...
gsnd
This script simply invokes gs(1) with the -NODISPLAY flag, followed by any other arguments from the command-line.
gstack
gstack attaches to the active process named by the pid on the command line, and prints out an execution stack trace. If ELF symbols exist in the binary (usually...
gst-feedback-0.10
gst-feedback is a utility that scans the system for various information that is useful to GStreamer developers to help diagnose user problem.
gst-inspect-0.10
gst-inspect is a tool that prints out information on available GStreamer plugins, information about a particular plugin, or information about a particular...
gst-inspect-1.0
gst-inspect is a tool that prints out information on available GStreamer plugins, information about a particular plugin, or information about a particular...
gst-launch-0.10
gst-launch is a tool that builds and runs basic GStreamer pipelines. In simple form, a PIPELINE-DESCRIPTION is a list of elements separated by exclamation marks...
gst-launch-1.0
gst-launch is a tool that builds and runs basic GStreamer pipelines. In simple form, a PIPELINE-DESCRIPTION is a list of elements separated by exclamation marks...
gst-typefind-0.10
gst-typefind uses the GStreamer type finding system to determine the relevant GStreamer plugin to parse or decode file, and the corresponding MIME type.
gst-typefind-1.0
gst-typefind uses the GStreamer type finding system to determine the relevant GStreamer plugin to parse or decode file, and the corresponding media type.
gst-xmlinspect-0.10
gst-xmlinspect is a tool that prints out information on available GStreamer plugins, information about a particular plugin, or information about a particular...
gst-xmllaunch-0.10
gst-xmllaunch is a tool that is used to build and run a basic GStreamer pipeline, loading it from an XML description. You can produce the XML description using...
gtester
gtester is a utility to run unit tests that have been written using the GLib test framework. When called with the -o option, gtester writes an XML report of the...
gtester-report
gtester-report is a script which converts the XML output generated by gtester into HTML.
gtf
Gtf is a utility for calculating VESA GTF modes. Given the desired horizontal and vertical resolutions and refresh rate (in Hz), the parameters for a matching...
gtk-launch
gtk-launch launches an application using the given name. The application is started with proper startup notification on a default display, unless specified...
gtk-query-immodules-2.0
gtk-query-immodules-2.0 collects information about loadable input method modules for GTK+ and writes it to the default cache file location, or to stdout.
gtk-query-immodules-2.0-32
See gtk-query-immodules-2.0(1)
gtk-query-immodules-2.0-64
See gtk-query-immodules-2.0(1)
gtk-query-immodules-3.0
gtk-query-immodules-3.0 collects information about loadable input method modules for GTK+ and writes it to the default cache file location, or to stdout.
gtk-query-immodules-3.0-32
See gtk-query-immodules-3.0(1)
gtk-query-immodules-3.0-64
See gtk-query-immodules-3.0(1)
gtk-update-icon-cache
gtk-update-icon-cache creates mmap()able cache files for icon themes. It expects to be given the path to a icon theme directory containing an index.theme, e.g....
gtnameserv
To be written ...
gts2dxf
This manual page documents briefly the gts2dxf command.
gts2oogl
This manual page documents briefly the gts2oogl command.
gts2stl
This manual page documents briefly the gts2stl command.
gtscheck
This manual page documents briefly the gtscheck command.
gtscompare
This manual page documents briefly the gtscompare command. DELTA is the sampling length expressed as a fraction of the bounding box diagonal of the second...
gtsdelaunay
This manual page documents briefly the delaunay command. This command constructs the constrained Delaunay triangulation of the input
gtshapprox
This manual page documents briefly the happrox command.
gtstemplate
This manual page documents briefly the gtstemplate command.
gtstransform
This manual page documents briefly the transform command.
guile1.8
GNU Guile is an interpreter for the Scheme programming language. It implements R5RS, providing additional features necessary for real-world use. It is extremely...
gunzip
See gzip(1)
gv
PostScript and PDF viewer. [-]-monochromedisplay document using only black and white[-]-grayscaledisplay document without colors[-]-colordisplay document as...
gvcolor
gvcolor (previously known as colorize) is a filter that sets node colors from initial seed values. Colors flow along edges from tail to head, and are averaged...
gvfs-cat
gvfs-cat concatenates the given files and prints them to the standard output. gvfs-cat works just like the traditional cat utility, but using gvfs locations...
gvfs-copy
gvfs-copy copies a file from SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCEs to DIRECTORY. gvfs-copy is similar to the traditional cp utility, but using gvfs locations...
gvfsd
gvfsd is the main daemon for the gvfs virtual filesystem. It provides the org.gtk.vfs.Daemon name on the session bus. gvfsd is autostarted by GIO clients if it...
gvfsd-fuse
gvfsd-fuse maintains a fuse mount to make gvfs backends available to POSIX applications. The mount point for the fuse filesystem is provided by the [PATH]...
gvfsd-metadata
gvfsd-metadata is a daemon acting as a write serialiser to the internal gvfs metadata storage. It is autostarted by GIO clients when they make metadata changes....
gvfs-info
gvfs-info shows information about the given locations. gvfs-info is similar to the traditional ls utility, but using gvfs locations instead of local files: for...
gvfs-ls
gvfs-ls lists information about the given locations. If no location is given, it defaults to the current directory.
gvfs-mime
gvfs-mime can query information about applications that are registered to handle a mime-type, or set the default handler for a mime-type.
gvfs-mkdir
gvfs-mkdir creates directories. gvfs-mkdir is similar to the traditional mkdir utility, but using gvfs locations instead of local files: for example you can use...
gvfs-monitor-dir
As long as gvfs-monitor-dir is running, it will print information about file creation, deletion, file content and attribute changes and mount and unmount...
gvfs-monitor-file
As long as gvfs-monitor-file is running, it will print information about creation, deletion, content and attribute changes and mount and unmount operations...
gvfs-mount
gvfs-mount provides commandline access to various aspects of GIOs mounting functionality. Mounting refers to the traditional concept of arranging multiple file...
gvfs-move
gvfs-move moves a file from SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCEs to DIRECTORY. gvfs-move is similar to the traditional mv utility, but using gvfs locations...
gvfs-open
gvfs-open opens files with the default application that is registered to handle files of this type.
gvfs-rename
gvfs-rename renames a file. gvfs-rename is similar to the traditional rename utility, but using gvfs locations instead of local files: for example you can use...
gvfs-rm
gvfs-rm deletes each given file. The files can be specified as paths or as URIs with a scheme that is understood by gvfs. Note that not all URI schemes may...
gvfs-save
gvfs-save reads from the standard input and saves the data to the given location. This is similar to just redirecting output to a file using traditional shell...
gvfs-set-attribute
gvfs-set-attribute allows to set a file attribute on a file. File attributes can be specified with their gvfs name, e.g. standard::icon. Note that not all file...
gvfs-trash
gvfs-trash sends files or directories to the "Trashcan". This can be a different folder depending on where the file is located, and not all file systems support...
gvfs-tree
gvfs-tree lists the contents of the given directories recursively, in a tree-like format. If no location is given, it defaults to the current directory.
gvgen
gvgen generates a variety of simple, regularly-structured abstract graphs.
gview
See vim(1)
gvim
See vim(1)
gvimdiff
See vimdiff(1)
gvimtutor
See vimtutor(1)
gvmap
gvmap takes as input a graph in DOT format, finds node clusters and produces a rendering of the graph as a geographic-style map, with clusters highlighted as...
gvmap.sh
gvmap.sh takes as input a graph in DOT format, performs a layout, runs the output through gvmap and renders the output. At some point, it is hoped to integrate...
gvpr
gvpr (previously known as gpr) is a graph stream editor inspired by awk. It copies input graphs to its output, possibly transforming their structure and...
gv-update-userconfig
gv-update-userconfig is a simple script to update an .gv config file to the current version of gv(1).
gxl2gv
gxl2gv converts between graphs represented in GXL and in the GV language. Unless a conversion type is specified using a flag, gxl2gv will deduce the type of...
gzexe
The gzexe utility allows you to compress executables in place and have them automatically uncompress and execute when you run them (at a penalty in...
gzip
Gzip reduces the size of the named files using Lempel-Ziv coding (LZ77). Whenever possible, each file is replaced by one with the extension .gz, while keeping...
h2ph
h2ph converts any C header files specified to the corresponding Perl header file format. It is most easily run while in /usr/include:
h2xs
h2xs builds a Perl extension from C header files. The extension will include functions which can be used to retrieve the value of any #define statement which...
h52gif
h52gif accepts as input the HDF5 file h5_file and the names of images and associated palettes within that file as input and produces the GIF file gif_file,...
h5copy
usage: h5copy [OPTIONS] [OBJECTS...] OBJECTS -i, --inputinput file name-o, --outputoutput file name-s, --sourcesource object name-d, --destinationdestination...
h5diff
h5diff is a command line tool that compares two HDF5 files, file1 and file2, and reports the differences between them.
h5dump
h5dump enables the user to examine the contents of an HDF5 file and dump those contents, in human readable form, to an ASCII file.
h5import
h5import converts data from one or more ASCII or binary files, infile, into the same number of HDF5 datasets in the existing or new HDF5 file, outfile. Data...
h5jam
h5jam concatenates a user_block file and an HDF5 file to create an HDF5 file with a user block. The user block can be either binary or text. The output file is...
h5ls
h5ls prints selected information about file objects in the specified format.
h5mkgrp
usage: h5mkgrp [OPTIONS] FILE GROUP... OPTIONS -h, --helpPrint a usage message and exit-l, --latestUse latest version of file format to create groups-p,...
h5perf_serial
h5perf_serial: Version 1.8.7 usage: h5perf_serial [OPTIONS] OPTIONS -hPrint an usage message and exit-A ALWhich APIs to test [default: all of them]-c SLSelects...
h5repack
h5repack is a command line tool that applies HDF5 filters to a input file file1, saving the output in a new file, file2.
h5repart
h5repart splits a single file into a family of files, joins a family of files into a single file, or copies one family of files to another while changing the...
h5stat
OPTIONS -h, --helpPrint a usage message and exit-V, --versionPrint version number and exit-f, --filePrint file information-F, --filemetadataPrint file space...
h5unjam
h5unjam splits an HDF5 file, writing the user block to a file or stdout and the HDF5 file to an HDF5 file with a header at byte 0 (i.e., with no user block).
hardlink
This manual page documents hardlink, a program which consolidates duplicate files in one or more directories using hardlinks.
hash
See builtins(1)
hcitool
hcitool is used to configure Bluetooth connections and send some special command to Bluetooth devices. If no command is given, or if the option -h is used,...
hdifftopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) hdifftopam undoes what pamtohdiff does.
head
Print the first 10 lines of each FILE to standard output. With more than one FILE, precede each with a header giving the file name. With no FILE, or when FILE...
HEAD
This program can be used to send requests to WWW servers and your local file system. The request content for POST and PUT methods is read from stdin. The...
help
See builtins(1)
help2man
`help2man' generates a man page out of `--help' and `--version' output. -n, --name=STRINGdescription for the NAME paragraph-s, --section=SECTIONsection number...
hesinfo
hesinfo takes two arguments, a name to be resolved and a string, known as a HesiodNameType. It then prints the information returned by the Hesiod nameserver.
hexdump
The hexdump utility is a filter which displays the specified files, or standard input if no files are specified, in a user-specified format.
hg
The hg command provides a command line interface to the Mercurial system.
hipstopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) hipstopgm reads a HIPS file as input and produces a PGM image as output.
history
See builtins(1)
hman
The hman script is an interface to man2html(1) that allows you to enter man page requests at the command line and view the output in your favourite browser. The...
host
host is a simple utility for performing DNS lookups. It is normally used to convert names to IP addresses and vice versa. When no arguments or options are...
hostid
Print the numeric identifier (in hexadecimal) for the current host. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitGNU coreutils...
hostname
Hostname is the program that is used to either set or display the current host, domain or node name of the system. These names are used by many of the...
hostnamectl
hostnamectl may be used to query and change the system hostname and related settings. This tool distinguishes three different hostnames: the high-level...
hpftodit
hpftodit creates a font file for use with a Hewlett-Packard LaserJet 4–series (or newer) printer with groff -Tlj4, using data from an HP tagged font metric...
htdbm
htdbm is used to manipulate the DBM format files used to store usernames and password for basic authentication of HTTP users via mod_authn_dbm. See the...
htdig
Htdig retrieves HTML documents using the HTTP protocol and gathers information from these documents which can later be used to search these documents. This...
htdigest
htdigest is used to create and update the flat-files used to store usernames, realm and password for digest authentication of HTTP users. Resources available...
htdig-pdfparser
This script acts as a wrapper script for the htdig program. The exact program that htdig uses to search in pdf documents for index words, can be set in the...
htdump
Htdump writes out an ASCII-text version of the document database in the same form as the -t option of htdig.
htload
Htload reads in an ASCII-text version of the document database in the same form as the -t option of htdig and htdump. Note that this will overwrite data in your...
htmerge
Htmerge is used to create a document index and word database from the files that were created by htdig. These databases are then used by htsearch to perform the...
htnotify
Htnotify scans the document database created by htmerge and sends an email message for every page that is out of date. Please have a look at the ht://Dig...
htop
Htop is a free (GPL) ncurses-based process viewer for Linux. It is similar to top, but allows you to scroll vertically and horizontally, so you can see all the...
htpasswd
htpasswd is used to create and update the flat-files used to store usernames and password for basic authentication of HTTP users. If htpasswd cannot access a...
htpurge
Htpurge functions to remove specified URLs from the databases as well as bad URLs, unretrieved URLs, obsolete documents, etc. It is recommended that htpurge be...
htsearch
Htsearch is used to search in de databases created by htdig for content. is the actual search engine of the htdig search system. It is a CGI program that is...
htstat
Htdig retrieves HTML documents using the HTTP protocol and gathers information from these documents which can later be used to search these documents. This...
httpcfg
This tool is used to manage the certificates used by the HttpListener embeddable server class when the HttpListener is configured as an HTTPS server instead of...
httxt2dbm
httxt2dbm is used to generate dbm files from text input, for use in RewriteMap with the dbm map type.
hunspell
Hunspell is fashioned after the Ispell program. The most common usage is "hunspell" or "hunspell filename". Without filename parameter, hunspell checks the...
ibus
IBus is an Intelligent Input Bus. It is a new input framework for Linux OS. It provides full featured and user friendly input method user interface. It also may...
ibus-daemon
IBus is an Intelligent Input Bus. It is a new input framework for Linux OS. It provides full featured and user friendly input method user interface. It also may...
ibus-setup
IBus is an Intelligent Input Bus. It is a new input framework for Linux OS. It provides full featured and user friendly input method user interface. It also may...
iceauth
The iceauth program is used to edit and display the authorization information used in connecting with ICE. This program is usually used to extract authorization...
icedax
icedax stands for InCrEdible Digital Audio eXtractor. It can retrieve audio tracks (CDDA) from CDROM drives that are capable of reading audio data digitally to...
icontopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) icontopbm was obsoleted by sunicontopnm(1) , introduced with Netpbm 10.53 (December 2010). sunicontopnm is backward compatible...
iconv
The iconv program reads in text in one encoding and outputs the text in another encoding. If no input files are given, or if it is given as a dash (-), iconv...
icotool
This manual page document describes the icotool command. The icotool program converts and creates icon (.ico) and cursor (.cur) files. At the moment icons can...
id
Print user and group information for the specified USER, or (when USER omitted) for the current user.
identify
Image Settings: -antialias remove pixel-aliasing -authenticate value decrypt image with this password -channel type apply option to select image channels -clip...
idevicebackup
Create or restore backup from the current or specified directory.
idevicebackup2
Create or restore backup from the current or specified directory.
idevicedate
Simple utility to manage the clock on a device.
idevicedebugserverproxy
Proxy a debugserver connection from a device for remote debugging. After starting up, clients can connect to PORT and communicate with the remote debugserver...
idevicediagnostics
Interact with the diagnostics interface of a device which allows to retrive all kinds of information including diagnostics data, mobilegestalt data, remote...
ideviceenterrecovery
Makes a device with the supplied 40-digit UDID enter recovery mode immediately.
idevice_id
Prints device name or a list of attached devices. The UDID is a 40-digit hexadecimal number of the device for which the name should be retrieved.
ideviceimagemounter
Mounts the specified disk image on the device.
ideviceinfo
Show information about the first connected device.
idevicepair
Manage pairings with devices and this host.
ideviceprovision
Manage provisioning profiles on a device.
idevicescreenshot
Gets a screenshot from the connected device. NOTE: A mounted developer disk image is required on the device, otherwise the screenshotr service is not available.
idevicesyslog
Relay syslog of a connected device.
idlj-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The IDL-to-Java Compiler generates the Java bindings for a specified IDL file. For binding details, see Java IDL: IDL to Java Language Mapping at...
idn
Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) convert STRINGS, or standard input. Command line interface to the internationalized domain name library.
iecset
iecset is a small utility to set or dump the IEC958 (or so-called "S/PDIF") status bits of the specified sound card via ALSA control API.
ifnames
Scan all of the C source FILES (or the standard input, if none are given) and write to the standard output a sorted list of all the identifiers that appear in...
igawk
Igawk is a simple shell script that adds the ability to have “include files” to gawk(1). AWK programs for igawk are the same as for gawk, except that, in...
ijs-config
ijs-config is a program that is used to determine the compiler and linker flags that should be used to compile and link programs that use IJS.
ijsgutenprint
ijsgutenprint provides Ghostscript with a Gutenprint driver, supporting all printers supported by libgutenprint.
ilasm
ilasm is the Mono ILAsm assembler. You can pass one or more options to drive the compiler, and a set of source files.
ImageMagick
ImageMagick™, is a software suite to create, edit, and compose bitmap images. It can read, convert and write images in a variety of formats (about 100)...
im-chooser
im-chooser provides a graphical user interface to switch Input Method being managed under imsettings.
imgsize
No-brainer to size an image supplied on the command-line. All the real work is done in Image::Size.
imgtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) imgtoppmreads an Img-whatnot file as input and produces a PPM image as output. The Img-whatnot toolkit is available for FTP on...
implantisomd5
This manual page documents briefly the implantisomd5 command. implantisomd5 is a program that embeds an MD5 checksum in an unused section of and ISO9660 (.iso)...
import
Image Settings: -adjoin join images into a single multi-image file -border include window border in the output image -channel type apply option to select image...
imsettings-info
imsettings-info displays Input Method information. if no explicit Input Method name or configuration filename is specified, it displays one which is currently...
imsettings-list
imsettings-list displays Input Method list which is currently managed under imsettings. the following symbols may appears at the beginning of name to indicate...
imsettings-reload
imsettings-reload sends a request to imsettings-daemon to be restarted. this would particularly helps when the software is upgraded or something went wrong....
imsettings-switch
imsettings-switch switches Input Method which is managed under imsettings. Either Input Method name or configuration filename are required unless...
indxbib
indxbib makes an inverted index for the bibliographic databases in filename . . . for use with refer(1), lookbib(1), and lkbib(1). The index will be named...
info
Read documentation in Info format.
infocmp.1m
infocmp can be used to compare a binary terminfo entry with other terminfo entries, rewrite a terminfo description to take advantage of the use= terminfo field,...
infokey
Compile infokey source file to infokey file. Reads INPUT-FILE (default $HOME/.infokey) and writes compiled key file to (by default) $HOME/.info.
infotocap.1m
infotocap looks in each given text file for terminfo descriptions. For each terminfo description found, an equivalent termcap description is written to standard...
infotopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) infotopam converts an Amiga .info (icon) file to a PAM image. infotopam reads a .info file from filename, or from Standard...
init
See systemd(1)
initdb
initdb creates a new PostgreSQL database cluster. A database cluster is a collection of databases that are managed by a single server instance.
inkscape
Inkscape is a GUI editor for Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) format drawing files, with capabilities similar to Adobe Illustrator, CorelDraw, Xara Xtreme, etc....
innochecksum
innochecksum prints checksums for InnoDB files. This tool reads an InnoDB tablespace file, calculates the checksum for each page, compares the calculated...
inputattach
inputattach attaches a serial line to an input-layer device via a line discipline. Exactly one of the available modes must be specified on the command line.
install
This install program copies files (often just compiled) into destination locations you choose. If you want to download and install a ready-to-use package on a...
install-info
Add or remove entries in INFO-FILE from the Info directory DIR-FILE. INFO-FILE and DIR-FILE are required unless the --info-file or --dir-file (or --info-dir)...
install-tl
This installer creates a runnable TeX Live installation from various media, including over the network. The installer works across all platforms supported by...
instmodsh
A little interface to ExtUtils::Installed to examine installed modules, validate your packlists and even create a tarball from an installed module.
interdiff
interdiff creates a unified format diff that expresses the difference between two diffs. The diffs must both be relative to the same files. For best results,...
intro
Section 1 of the manual describes user commands and tools, for example, file manipulation tools, shells, compilers, web browsers, file and image viewers and...
iodbctest
The iodbctest program and iodbtestw programs are simple ODBC sample programs, showing the strength of the ODBC API to connect to any ODBC enabled database,...
iodbctestw
See iodbctest(1)
ionice
This program sets or gets the I/O scheduling class and priority for a program. If no arguments or just -p is given, ionice will query the current I/O scheduling...
ipcalc
ipcalc provides a simple way to calculate IP information for a host. The various options specify what information ipcalc should display on standard out....
ipcmk
ipcmk allows you to create shared memory segments, message queues, and semaphore arrays.
ipcrm
ipcrm removes System V interprocess communication (IPC) objects and associated data structures from the system. In order to delete such objects, you must be...
ipcs
ipcs shows information on the inter-process communication facilities for which the calling process has read access. By default it shows information about all...
ippfind
ippfind finds services registered with a DNS server or available through local devices. Its primary purpose is to find IPP printers and show their URIs, show...
iptables-xml
iptables-xml is used to convert the output of iptables-save into an easily manipulatable XML format to STDOUT. Use I/O-redirection provided by your shell to...
irssi
Irssi is a modular Internet Relay Chat client. It is highly extensible and very secure. Being a fullscreen, termcap based client with many features, Irssi is...
isodebug
Isodebug reads the debug info written by genisoimage(8) from within a ISO-9660 file system image and prints them.
isodump
See isoinfo(1)
isoinfo
devdump is a crude utility to interactively display the contents of device or filesystem images. The initial screen is a display of the first 256 bytes of the...
iso-info
-d, --debug=INTSet debugging to LEVEL-i, --input[=FILE]Filename to read ISO-9960 image from-fGenerate output similar to 'find . -print'-l, --iso9660output...
iso-read
-d, --debug=INTSet debugging to LEVEL.-i, --image=FILERead from ISO-9660 image. This option is mandatory-e, --extract=FILEExtract FILE from ISO-9660 image. This...
isovfy
See isoinfo(1)
isql
isql is a command line tool which allows the user to execute SQL in batch or interactively. It has some interesting options such as an option to generate output...
itweb-settings
itweb-settings is a command line and a GUI program to modify and edit settings used by the icedtea-web implementation of javaws and the browser plugin.
iusql
See isql(1)
jack_bufsize
jack_bufsize jack_bufsize sets the size of the buffer (frames per period) used in JACK. This change happens on-line (the JACK server and its clients do not need...
jack_connect
jack_connect connects the two named ports. jack_disconnect disconnects the two named ports.
jackd
jackd is the JACK audio server daemon, a low-latency audio server. Originally written for the GNU/Linux operating system, it also supports Mac OS X and various...
jack_disconnect
See jack_connect(1)
jack_freewheel
jack_freewheel Turns freewheeling mode on (y) or off (n). While in freewheeling mode, the JACK server does not wait in between process() calls, and does not...
jack_iodelay
jack_iodelay will create one input and one output port, and then measures the latency (signal delay) between them. For this to work, the output port must be...
jack_load
jack_load is a JACK toolkit client. It loads the specified plugin and creates an in-process client.
jack_lsp
jack_lsp lists all known ports associated with a JACK server. It can also optionally list various kinds of information about each port.
jack_metro
jack_metro is a simple metronome for JACK. It generates a synthetic "tick" sound for every beat. Note that is does not connect its output port by default - to...
jack_monitor_client
jack_monitor_client is an example client for the JACK Audio Connection Kit. It enables monitoring for the specified client.
jack_netsource
jack_netsource The Master side of a netjack connection. Represents the slave jackd -dnet in the master jack graph. Most connection parameters are configured via...
jackrec
jackrec is a basic, but useful, audio recorder that will record audio from 1 or more JACK ports to a file on disk. The file format is always RIFF/WAV, with...
jack_samplerate
jack_samplerate prints the current samplerate, and exits.
jack_showtime
jack_showtime prints the current timebase information to stdout
jack_simple_client
jack_simple_client is an example client for the JACK Audio Connection Kit. It creates two ports (client-name:input and client-name:output) that pass the data...
jack_transport
jack_transport is a toolkit client for the JACK Audio Connection Kit. It provides command-line control over the JACK transport system. Type help at...
jack_unload
jack_unload is the counterpart to jack_load and unloads the specified client.
jade
See openjade(1)
jar-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jar command is a general-purpose archiving and compression tool, based on ZIP and the ZLIB compression format. However, the jar command was designed mainly...
jarsigner-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jarsigner tool has two purposes: •To sign Java Archive (JAR) files.•To verify the signatures and integrity of signed JAR files.The JAR feature enables...
javac-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The javac command reads class and interface definitions, written in the Java programming language, and compiles them into bytecode class files. The javac...
javadoc-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The javadoc command parses the declarations and documentation comments in a set of Java source files and produces a corresponding set of HTML pages that...
javah-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The javah command generates C header and source files that are needed to implement native methods. The generated header and source files are used by C programs...
java-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The java tool launches a Java application. It does this by starting a Java runtime environment, loading a specified class, and invoking that class's main...
javap-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The javap command disassembles one or more class files. The output depends on the options used. When no options are used, then the javap command prints the...
javaws-itweb
javaws is an implementation of a JNLP client. It uses a JNLP (Java Network Launch Protocol) file to securely run a remote Java application or a Java applet....
jbigtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) jbigtopnm reads a JBIG bi-level image entity (BIE) from a file or standard input, decompresses it, and outputs a PBM or PGM...
jcmd-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jcmd utility is used to send diagnostic command requests to the JVM. It must be used on the same machine on which the JVM is running, and have the same...
jconsole-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jconsole command starts a graphical console tool that lets you monitor and manage Java applications and virtual machines on a local or remote machine.
jdb-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The Java Debugger (JDB) is a simple command-line debugger for Java classes. The jdb command and its options call the JDB. The jdb command demonstrates the Java...
jdeps-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jdeps command shows the package-level or class-level dependencies of Java class files. The input class can be a path name to a .class file, a directory, a...
jhat-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jhat command parses a Java heap dump file and starts a web server. The jhat command lets you to browse heap dumps with your favorite web browser. The jhat...
jinfo-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jinfo command prints Java configuration information for a specified Java process or core file or a remote debug server. The configuration information...
jjs-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jjs command-line tool is used to invoke the Nashorn engine. You can use it to interpret one or several script files, or to run an interactive shell.
jmap-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jmap command prints shared object memory maps or heap memory details of a specified process, core file, or remote debug server. If the specified process is...
jobs
See builtins(1)
join
For each pair of input lines with identical join fields, write a line to standard output. The default join field is the first, delimited by whitespace. When...
journalctl
journalctl may be used to query the contents of the systemd(1) journal as written by systemd-journald.service(8).
jpeg2ktopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) jpeg2ktopam converts the named JPEG-2000 file (JP2 or JPC), or Standard Input if no file is named, to a PBM, PGM, PPM, or PAM...
jpegtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) jpegtopnm converts JFIF images to PPM or PGM images. By default, jpegtopnm expects the input stream to contain one JFIF image...
jpegtran
jpegtran performs various useful transformations of JPEG files. It can translate the coded representation from one variant of JPEG to another, for example from...
jps-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jps command lists the instrumented Java HotSpot VMs on the target system. The command is limited to reporting information on JVMs for which it has the...
jrunscript-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jrunscript command is a language-independent command-line script shell. The jrunscript command supports both an interactive (read-eval-print) mode and a...
jsadebugd-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jsadebugd command attaches to a Java process or core file and acts as a debug server. Remote clients such as jstack, jmap, and jinfo can attach to the...
jscal
jscal calibrates joysticks and maps joystick axes and buttons. Calibrating a joystick ensures the positions on the various axes are correctly interpreted....
jscal-restore
jscal-restore restores the calibration and mapping information for the given joystick device, previously stored by the jscal-store command.
jscal-store
jscal-store stores the calibration and mapping information for the given joystick device. This information can later be restored using the jscal-restore...
json_xs
json_xs converts between some input and output formats (one of them is JSON). The default input format is `json' and the default output format is `json-pretty'.
jstack-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jstack command prints Java stack traces of Java threads for a specified Java process, core file, or remote debug server. For each Java frame, the full class...
jstatd-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jstatd command is an RMI server application that monitors for the creation and termination of instrumented Java HotSpot VMs and provides an interface to...
jstat-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The jstat command displays performance statistics for an instrumented Java HotSpot VM. The target JVM is identified by its virtual machine identifier, or vmid...
jstest
jstest can be used to test all the features of the Linux joystick API, including non-blocking and select(2) access, as well as version 0.x compatibility mode.
jv-convert
jv-convert is a utility included with `libgcj' which converts a file from one encoding to another. It is similar to the Unix iconv utility.
jw
The jw shell script allows to convert a DocBook file (or some other SGML-based format) to other formats (including HTML, RTF, PS and PDF) with an...
jwhois
jwhois searches Whois servers for the object on the command line. The host to query is taken from a global configuration file, a configuration file specified on...
k5srvutil
k5srvutil allows an administrator to list or change keys currently in a keytab or to add new keys to the keytab.
kadmin
kadmin and kadmin.local are command-line interfaces to the Kerberos V5 administration system. They provide nearly identical functionalities; the difference is...
kasumi
kasumi is a personal dictionary manager for Anthy.
kbd_mode
Without argument, kbd_mode prints the current keyboard mode (RAW, MEDIUMRAW or XLATE). With argument, it sets the keyboard mode as indicated:
kbookmarkmerger
kbookmarkmerger is a program for merging a given set of bookmarks into the users set of bookmarks; if the user doesnt have any bookmarks created yet, a new...
kde4-config
kde4-config is a command line program used to retrieve information about KDE installation or user paths.
kdestroy
The kdestroy utility destroys the user''s active Kerberos authorization tickets by overwriting and deleting the credentials cache that contains them. If the...
kdesu
KDE su is a graphical front end for the UNIX™su command for the K Desktop Environment. It allows you to run a program as different user by supplying the...
keyctl
This program is used to control the key management facility in various ways using a variety of subcommands.
keytool-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The keytool command is a key and certificate management utility. It enables users to administer their own public/private key pairs and associated certificates...
kfind
The Find Files tool is a useful method of searching for specific files on your computer, or for searching for files that match a pattern. An example of this...
kibitz
kibitz allows two (or more) people to interact with one shell (or any arbitrary program). Uses include:
kill
Send signals to processes, or list signals. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
kinit
kinit obtains and caches an initial ticket-granting ticket for principal.
kjs
kjs is KDE ECMAScript/JavaScript engine.
kjscmd
kjscmd is a tool for launching KJSEmbed scripts from the command line. It will run the scripts contained in the named file using KJSEmbed. It does not accept -...
klist
klist lists the Kerberos principal and Kerberos tickets held in a credentials cache, or the keys held in a keytab file.
koi8rxterm
koi8rxterm is a wrapper around the xterm(1) program that invokes the latter program with the ``KOI8RXTerm'' X resource class set. All arguments to koi8rxterm...
kpasswd
The kpasswd command is used to change a Kerberos principal''s password. kpasswd first prompts for the current Kerberos password, then prompts the user twice for...
kpseaccess
Exit successfully if file can be accessed with the specified mode. The mode is an optional dash (`-') followed by zero or more letters of rwx, where r is for...
kpsepath
See kpsetool(1)
kpsereadlink
If file is a symbolic link, print its contents (what it links to), and exit successfully. Exit with a failure otherwise.
kpsestat
kpsestat prints the octal permission of file modified according to mode on standard output. The mode parameter accepts a subset of the symbolic permissions...
kpsetool
kpsetool is a Bourne shell script that makes a teTeX-style kpsetool, kpsexpand, and kpsepath available. kpsetool uses web2c´s (new) kpsexpand binary, so the...
kpsewhich
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Kpathsea: A library...
kpsexpand
See kpsetool(1)
krb5-config
krb5-config tells the application programmer what flags to use to compile and link programs against the installed Kerberos libraries.
krb5-send-pr
krb5-send-pr is a tool used to submit problem reports (PRs) to a central support site. In most cases the correct site will be the default. This argument...
kross
kross executes kross scripts written in KDE Javascript, Python, Ruby, Java and Falcon.
ksflatten
ksflatten is a program that takes an input kickstart file potentially containing includes and generates an output file with all the includes inlined.
ksshell
ksshell is an interactive kickstart shell. It optionally takes an input kickstart file as the basis, allows the user to specify additional kickstart commands,...
ksu
ksu is a Kerberized version of the su program that has two missions: one is to securely change the real and effective user ID to that of the target user, and...
ksvalidator
ksvalidator is a program that takes an input kickstart file and attempts to verify that it is syntactically correct. This includes checking basics like proper...
ksverdiff
ksverdiff is a program that takes two versions of kickstart syntax and lists the differences between them. It will generate a list of options added to every...
kswitch
kswitch makes the specified credential cache the primary cache for the collection, if a cache collection is available.
ktutil
The ktutil command invokes a command interface from which an administrator can read, write, or edit entries in a keytab or Kerberos V4 srvtab file.
kvno
kvno acquires a service ticket for the specified Kerberos principals and prints out the key version numbers of each.
last
last searches back through the /var/log/wtmp file (or the file designated by the -f option) and displays a list of all users logged in (and out) since that file...
lastb
See last(1)
lastcomm
lastcomm prints out information about previously executed commands. If no arguments are specified, lastcomm will print info about all of the commands in acct...
last-deprecated
Last looks back in the wtmp file which records all logins and logouts for information about a user, a teletype or any group of users and teletypes. Arguments...
latex
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
latex-git-log
This program will output the entire version history as table written in LaTeX if it is executed within a git repository.
lc
lc tool is a license compiler for Mono. It's used to convert a licenses.licx file to a resource that can be embedded into an executable.
lchage
Displays or allows changing password policy of user.
lchfn
Displays and allows changing information about user that is available using the finger(1) command (usually stored in the "gecos" field of /etc/passwd).
lchsh
Displays and allows changing login shell of user. If the user argument is not provided, username of the invoking user is used; the user argument is ignored if...
ld
ld combines a number of object and archive files, relocates their data and ties up symbol references. Usually the last step in compiling a program is to run ld.
ldd
ldd prints the shared libraries required by each program or shared library specified on the command line.
leaftoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) leaftoppm reads a PPM image as input and generates an Interleaf image file as output.
lefty
lefty is a two-view graphics editor for technical pictures. This editor has no hardwired knowledge about specific picture layouts or editing operations. Each...
less
Less is a program similar to more (1), but which allows backward movement in the file as well as forward movement. Also, less does not have to read the entire...
lessecho
lessecho is a program that simply echos its arguments on standard output. But any metacharacter in the output is preceded by an "escape" character, which by...
lesskey
Lesskey is used to specify a set of key bindings to be used by less. The input file is a text file which describes the key bindings. If the input file is "-",...
let
See builtins(1)
lexgrog
lexgrog is an implementation of the traditional “groff guess” utility in lex. It reads the list of files on its command line as either man page source files...
lftp
lftp is a file transfer program that allows sophisticated FTP, HTTP and other connections to other hosts. If site is specified then lftp will connect to that...
lftpget
This manual page documents briefly the lftpget command. lftpget is a shell script for downloading by URL, it calls `lftp -c'. It supports the same set of...
lgroupadd
Adds a new user group with name group.
lgroupdel
Deletes the user group with name group.
lgroupmod
Modifies the user group with name group.
libnetcfg
The libnetcfg utility can be used to configure the libnet. Starting from perl 5.8 libnet is part of the standard Perl distribution, but the libnetcfg can be...
libreoffice
LibreOffice (LO for short) is a multi-platform office productivity suite. It was derived from OpenOffice.org 3.3 Beta on September 28, 2010.
libtool
Provide generalized library-building support services. --configshow all configuration variables--debugenable verbose shell tracing-n, --dry-rundisplay commands...
libtoolize
Prepare a package to use libtool. -c, --copycopy files rather than symlinking them--debugenable verbose shell tracing-n, --dry-runprint commands rather than...
licensecheck
licensecheck attempts to determine the license that applies to each file passed to it, by searching the start of the file for text belonging to various...
lid
Displays information about groups containing user name, or users contained in group name. By default lid lists groups containing user name, or groups containing...
liferea
Liferea (Linux Feed Reader) is an aggregator for online news feeds. It can be used to maintain a list of subscribed feeds, browse and search through their items...
lightdm
lightdm is a display manager.
lightdm-set-defaults
lightdm-set-defaults sets configuration options for lightdm. Requires root permissions to run.
line
The utility line copies one line (up to a newline) from standard input to standard output. It always prints at least a newline and returns an exit status of 1...
link
Call the link function to create a link named FILE2 to an existing FILE1. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitGNU...
link-parser
link-parser is the command-line wrapper to the link-grammar natural language parsing library. This library will parse English language sentences, generating...
links2
links is a text mode WWW browser with ncurses interface, supporting colors, correct table rendering, background downloading, menu driven configuration interface...
lispmtopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) listpmfile reads a Lisp Machine bitmap as input and produces a PGM image as output.
list_audio_tracks
list_audio_tracks equals to the invocation of icedax, so all the arguments for the latter can be used.
listres
The listres program generates a list of a widget's resource database. The class in which each resource is first defined, the instance and class name, and the...
lkbib
lkbib searches bibliographic databases for references that contain the keys key . . . and prints any references found on the standard output. lkbib will...
ln
In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME. In the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory. In the 3rd and 4th forms,...
lneato
lneato is a graph editor for the X Window System. It may be run as a standalone editor, or as a front end for applications that use graphs. It can control...
lnewusers
Creates new user accounts using data read from standard input. The input data consists of lines, each line has 7 colon-separated fields:
loadkeys
The program loadkeys reads the file or files specified by filename.... Its main purpose is to load the kernel keymap for the console. You can specify console...
local
See builtins(1)
locale
The locale command displays information about the current locale, or all locales, on standard output.
localectl
localectl may be used to query and change the system locale and keyboard layout settings. The system locale controls the language settings of system services...
localedef
The localedef program reads the indicated charmap and input files, compiles them to a binary form quickly usable by the locale functions in the C library...
locate
This manual page documents the GNU version of locate. For each given pattern, locate searches one or more databases of file names and displays the file names...
lockfile
lockfile can be used to create one or more semaphore files. If lockfile can't create all the specified files (in the specified order), it waits sleeptime...
logfactor5
LogFactor5 is a Swing based GUI tool for viewing logging events that leverages the power of Log4j logging framework and provides developers with a...
logger
logger makes entries in the system log. It provides a shell command interface to the syslog(3) system log module.
login
The login program is used to establish a new session with the system. It is normally invoked automatically by responding to the login: prompt on the user's...
loginctl
loginctl may be used to introspect and control the state of the systemd(1) login manager systemd-logind.service(8).
logname
Print the name of the current user. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitGNU coreutils online help:...
logout
See builtins(1)
logresolve
logresolve is a post-processing program to resolve IP-addresses in Apache's access logfiles. To minimize impact on your nameserver, logresolve has its very own...
look
The look utility displays any lines in file which contain string. As look performs a binary search, the lines in file must be sorted (where sort(1) got the same...
lookbib
lookbib prints a prompt on the standard error (unless the standard input is not a terminal), reads from the standard input a line containing a set of keywords,...
lpasswd
Changes password of user or group name. If the name argument is not provided, username of the invoking user is used; the name argument is ignored if lpasswd is...
lp-cups
lp submits files for printing or alters a pending job. Use a filename of "-" to force printing from the standard input.
lpoptions
lpoptions displays or sets printer options and defaults. lpoptions shows the default printer options when run with no arguments. Other options include:
lppasswd
lppasswd adds, changes, or deletes passwords in the CUPS digest password file, passwd.md5. When run by a normal user, lppasswd will prompt for the old and new...
lpq-cups
lpq shows the current print queue status on the named printer. Jobs queued on the default destination will be shown if no printer or class is specified on the...
lprm-cups
lprm cancels print jobs that have been queued for printing. If no arguments are supplied, the current job on the default destination is cancelled. You can...
lpstat-cups
lpstat displays status information about the current classes, jobs, and printers. When run with no arguments, lpstat will list jobs queued by the current user.
ls
List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default). Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort is specified.
lsattr
lsattr lists the file attributes on a second extended file system. See chattr(1) for a description of the attributes and what they mean.
lsb_release
FSG lsb_release v2.0 prints certain LSB (Linux Standard Base) and Distribution information. With no OPTION specified defaults to -v.
lscpu
lscpu gathers CPU architecture information from sysfs and /proc/cpuinfo. The command output can be optimized for parsing or for easy readability by humans. The...
lsdiff
List the files modified by a patch. You can use both unified and context format diffs with this program.
lsinitrd
lsinitrd shows the contents of an initramfs image. if <image> is omitted, then lsinitrd uses the default image /boot/<machine-id>/<kernel-version>/initrd or...
lslogins
Examine the wtmp and btmp logs, /etc/shadow (if necessary) and /etc/passwd and output the desired data.
ltrace
ltrace is a program that simply runs the specified command until it exits. It intercepts and records the dynamic library calls which are called by the executed...
lua
lua is the standalone Lua interpreter. It loads and executes Lua programs, either in textual source form or in precompiled binary form. (Precompiled binaries...
luac
luac is the Lua compiler. It translates programs written in the Lua programming language into binary files containing precompiled chunks that can be later...
luaotfload-tool
luaotfload-tool accesses the font names database that is required by the Luaotfload package. There are two general modes: update and query.
luatex
Run the luaTeX typesetter on TEXNAME, usually creating TEXNAME.pdf. Any remaining COMMANDS are processed as luaTeX input, after TEXNAME is read.
luseradd
Adds an user with name user.
luserdel
Deletes the user with name user.
lusermod
Modifies the user with name user.
lv2_inspect
slv2(3), lv2_list(1), lv2_jack_host(1), lv2_simple_jack_host(1)
lv2_jack_host
slv2(3), lv2_list(1), lv2_jack_host(1), lv2_simple_jack_host(1), jackd(1)
lv2_list
slv2(3), lv2_list(1), lv2_jack_host(1), lv2_simple_jack_host(1)
lv2_simple_jack_host
slv2(3), lv2_list(1), lv2_jack_host(1), lv2_simple_jack_host(1), jackd(1)
lwp-download
The lwp-download program will save the file at url to a local file. If local path is not specified, then the current directory is assumed.
lwp-dump
The lwp-dump program will get the resource indentified by the URL and then dump the response object to STDOUT. This will display the headers returned and the...
lwp-mirror
This program can be used to mirror a document from a WWW server. The document is only transferred if the remote copy is newer than the local copy. If the local...
lwp-request
This program can be used to send requests to WWW servers and your local file system. The request content for POST and PUT methods is read from stdin. The...
lz4
lz4 is an extremely fast lossless compression algorithm. It is based on the LZ77 family of compression scheme. At the compression speed of 400 MB/s per core,...
lz4c
lz4c is the legacy version of lz4. As such, it supports older supplementary legacy commands. lz4c is now deprecated. It is recommended to use lz4 instead...
lz4cat
lz4cat is an utility based on lz4, an extremely fast lossless compression algorithm. lz4cat decompress input file or stream, redirecting its output to the...
lzop
lzop reduces the size of the named files. Whenever possible, each file is compressed into one with the extension .lzo, while keeping the same ownership modes,...
m4
Process macros in FILEs. If no FILE or if FILE is `-', standard input is read. Mandatory or optional arguments to long options are mandatory or optional for...
machinectl
machinectl may be used to introspect and control the state of the systemd(1) virtual machine and container registration manager systemd-machined.service(8).
macptopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) macptopbmreads a MacPaint file as input and produces a PBM image as output.
mailq
Mailq prints a summary of the mail messages queued for future delivery. The first line printed for each message shows the internal identifier used on this host...
mailq.sendmail
Mailq prints a summary of the mail messages queued for future delivery. The first line printed for each message shows the internal identifier used on this host...
mailstat
mailstat parses a procmail-generated $LOGFILE and displays a summary about the messages delivered to all folders (total size, average size, nr of messages). The...
mailx
Mailx is an intelligent mail processing system, which has a command syntax reminiscent of ed(1) with lines replaced by messages. It is based on Berkeley Mail...
make
The make utility will determine automatically which pieces of a large program need to be recompiled, and issue the commands to recompile them. The manual...
makebootfat
This utility creates a bootable FAT filesystem and populates it with files and boot tools. It is mainly designed to create bootable USB and Fixed disk for the...
makecert
Create an X.509 certificate using the provided informations. This is useful for testing Authenticode signatures, SSL and S/MIME technologies.
makeindex
The program makeindex is a general purpose hierarchical index generator; it accepts one or more input files (often produced by a text formatter such as TeX...
makeinfo
Translate Texinfo source documentation to various other formats, by default Info files suitable for reading online with Emacs or standalone GNU Info.
man
man is the system's manual pager. Each page argument given to man is normally the name of a program, utility or function. The manual page associated with each...
man2html
man2html converts a manual page as found in file (or stdin, in case no file argument, or the argument "-", is given) from man-style nroff into html, and prints...
manconv
manconv converts a manual page from one encoding to another, like iconv. Unlike iconv, it can try multiple possible input encodings in sequence. This is useful...
manpage-alert
manpage-alert searches the given list of paths for binaries without corresponding manpages. If no paths are specified on the command line, the path list /bin...
manpath
If $MANPATH is set, manpath will simply display its contents and issue a warning. If not, manpath will determine a suitable manual page hierarchy search path...
manweb
manweb displays reference documentation via quick shell commands. It is a replacement for the well-known man.
mapfile
See builtins(1)
marco
This manual page documents briefly marco. marco is a minimal X window manager aimed at nontechnical users and is designed to integrate well with the MATE...
marco-message
This manual page documents briefly the marco-message. This manual page was written for the Debian distribution because the original program does not have a...
marco-theme-viewer
marco-theme-viewer allows you to preview any installed Marco theme. When designing a new Marco theme, you can use marco-theme-viewer to measure the performance...
marco-window-demo
This program demonstrates various kinds of windows that window managers and window manager themes should handle.
mate-about
The mate-about program is a tool to learn more about MATE and who creates MATE. It contains an introduction about the project, and lists all contributors.
mate-about-me
MATE About Me is a control center applet to set user information. It allows to change user password and set user avatar image (~/.face file).
mate-appearance-properties
MATE Appearance Properties is a control center applet to edit appearance settings. It allows to change: GTK theme, window manager theme, icon theme, cursor...
mate-calc
mate-calc is the official calculator of the MATE desktop environment.
mate-calc-cmd
mate-calc-cmd is the console version of mate-calc the calculator of the MATE desktop environment.
mate-default-applications-properties
MATE Default Applications Properties is a control center applet to edit default applications. It allows to set default file manager, email client, web browser,...
mate-desktop-item-edit
mate-desktop-item-edit allows you to edit .desktop file.
matedialog
matedialog is a program that will display GTK+ dialogs, and return (either in the return code, or on standard output) the users input. This allows you to...
mate-dictionary
MATE Dictionary provides dictionary definitions of words, using a dictionary source. For full documentation see the MATE Dictionary online help.
mate-disk-usage-analyzer
baobab is able to scan either specific folders or the whole filesystem (local and remote), in order to give the user a graphical tree representation including...
mate-notification-properties
This manual page documents briefly the mate-notification-properties command. mate-notification-properties is an utility to set up various options related to...
mate-panel
The mate-panel program provides the panels of the the MATE desktop. The panels are the areas on the desktop that contain, among other items, the applications...
mate-panel-test-applets
mate-panel-test-applets display installed applets in a dialog box and allow you to test them.
mate-power-manager
This manual page documents briefly the mate-power-manager command. mate-power-manager is the backend program of the MATE power management infrastructure...
mate-power-preferences
This manual page documents briefly the mate-power-preferences command. mate-power-preferences is the gui program for the mate power management infrastructure
mate-power-statistics
This manual page documents briefly the mate-power-statistics command. mate-power-statistics is the gui program for the mate power management infrastructure.
mate-screenshot
mate-screenshot is a MATE utility for taking screenshots of the entire screen, a window or an user-defined area of the screen, with optional beutifying border...
mate-search-tool
MATE Search Tool is a utility for finding files on your system. To perform a basic search, you can type a filename or a partial filename, with or without...
mate-session
The mate-session program starts up the MATE desktop environment. This command is typically executed by your login manager (either mdm, xdm, or from your X...
mate-session-properties
The mate-session-properties program enables the users to configure what applications should be started on login, in addition to the default startup applications...
mate-session-save
The mate-session-save program can be used from a MATE session to save a snapshot of the currently running applications. This session will be later restored at...
mate-system-log
MATE System Log Viewer is a simple utility to display system log files.
mate-system-monitor
The mate-system-monitor allows you to view and control the processes running on your system. You can access detailed memory maps, send signals, and terminate...
mate-terminal
MATE Terminal is a terminal emulation application that you can use to perform the following actions:
mate-wm
The mate-wm program starts the window manager configured by the user. If the user has not chosen a window manager it will launch a MATE compliant window...
mattrib
Mattrib is used to change MS-DOS file attribute flags. It has the following syntax: mattrib [-a|+a] [-h|+h] [-r|+r] [-s|+s] [-/] [-p] [-X] msdosfile [...
mautil
The mautil tool works with Mono.Addins repositories and packages.
mbadblocks
The mbadblocks command is used to mark some clusters on an MS-DOS filesystem bad. It has the following syntax:
mcat
The mcat command is used to copy an entire disk image from or to the floppy device. It uses the following syntax:
mcd
The mcd command is used to change the mtools working directory on the MS-DOS disk. It uses the following syntax:
mclasserase
The mclasserase command is used to wipe memory cards by overwriting it three times: first with 0xff, then with 0x00, then with 0xff again. The command uses the...
mconfig
mconfig can be used to edit .NET configuration files, by adding "features" (that is sets of xml statements) defined in one of the config files read by mconfig....
mcookie
mcookie generates a 128-bit random hexadecimal number for use with the X authority system. Typical usage:
mcopy
The mcopy command is used to copy MS-DOS files to and from Unix. It uses the following syntax: mcopy [-bspanvmQT] [-D clash_option] sourcefiletargetfile...
mcpp
mcpp is a C/C++ preprocessor with the highest conformance which implements C90, C99 and C++98. mcpp has plentiful diagnostics and many #pragmas. It is useful to...
mcs
mcs is the Mono C# compiler, an implementation of the ECMA-334 language specification. You can pass one or more options to drive the compiler, and a set of...
md5sum
Print or check MD5 (128-bit) checksums. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input. -b, --binaryread in binary mode-c, --checkread MD5 sums from the...
mdassembler
mdassembler has been obsoleted by mdoc(1). See the mdoc-assemble(1) man page. mdassembler is a program that creates .tree and .zip files for use in the monodoc...
mdatopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) mdatopbm reads a MicroDesign file as input and Produces a PBM image as output.
mdcs2ecma
mdcs2ecma is a program that converts CSC /doc generated XML documentation into single-file ECMA documentation.
mdel
The mdel command is used to delete an MS-DOS file. Its syntax is: mdel [-v] msdosfile [ msdosfiles ...  ]
mdeltree
The mdeltree command is used to delete an MS-DOS file. Its syntax is: mdeltree [-v] msdosdirectory [msdosdirectories...]
mdiff
mdiff - Studies multiple files and searches for similar sequences, it then produces possibly detailed lists of differences and similarities.
mdir
The mdir command is used to display an MS-DOS directory. Its syntax is: mdir [-/] [-f] [-w] [-a] [-b] msdosfile [ msdosfiles...]
mdnormalizer
mdnormalizer is a program that normalizes the XML within the input documents. Normalization consists of ensuring that the XML is well-formed. It is equivalent...
mdoc
mdoc is an assembly-based documentation management system. mdoc permits creating and updating documentation stubs based on the contents of an assembly. It does...
mdoc-assemble
mdoc assemble creates .tree and .zip files from PATHS for use in the monodoc(1) documentation browser.
mdoc-export-html
mdoc export-html creates HTML files from the mdoc(5)-formatted documentation XML files within DIRECTORIES.
mdoc-export-msxdoc
mdoc export-msxdoc creates Microsoft XML Documentation (as produced by csc /doc) from the mdoc(5)-formatted documentation XML files within DIRECTORIES.
mdoc-update
mdoc update is responsible for the following: *Creating documentation stubs based on ASSEMBLIES. The stub-creation process will create new mdoc(5) XML files for...
mdoc-validate
mdoc validate validates the specified PATHS against a specified format schema.
mdu
Mdu is used to list the space occupied by a directory, its subdirectories and its files. It is similar to the du command on Unix. The unit used are clusters....
mdvalidater
mdvalidator has been obsoleted by mdoc(1). See the mdoc-validate(1) man page. mdvalidator is a program that validates the specified FILES against the ECMA...
mech-dump
WWW::Mechanize
mergerepo
mergerepo is a program that allows you merge multiple repositories into a single repository while referring to the remote location for all packages.
mesg
The mesg utility is invoked by a user to control write access others have to the terminal device associated with standard error output. If write access is...
metacity
This manual page documents briefly metacity. metacity is a minimal X window manager aimed at nontechnical users and is designed to integrate well with the GNOME...
metacity-message
This manual page documents briefly the metacity-message. This manual page was written for the Debian distribution because the original program does not have a...
metaflac
Use metaflac to list, add, remove, or edit metadata in one or more FLAC files. You may perform one major operation, or many shorthand operations at a time.
mf
Metafont reads the program in the specified files and outputs font rasters (in gf format) and font metrics (in tfm format). The Metafont language is described...
mf-nowin
See mf(1)
mformat
The mformat command is used to add an MS-DOS file system to a low-level formatted diskette. Its syntax is:
mft
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
mgrtopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) mgrtopbm reads a MGR bitmap as input and produces a PBM image as output.
mid3iconv
mid3iconv converts ID3 tags from legacy encodings to Unicode and stores them using the ID3v2 format.
mid3v2
mid3v2 is a Mutagen-based replacement for id3lib's id3v2. It supports ID3v2.4 and more frames; it also does not have the numerous bugs that plague id3v2.
mimeopen
This script tries to determine the mimetype of a file and open it with the default desktop application. If no default application is configured the user is...
mimetype
This script tries to determine the mime type of a file using the Shared MIME-info database. It is intended as a kind of file (1) work-alike, but uses...
min12xxw
Min12xxw is a filter which converts pbmraw streams (produced by ghostscript, for example) to the printer language of Minolta PagePro 1[234]xxW printers.
minfo
The minfo command prints the parameters of a MS-DOS file system, such as number of sectors, heads and cylinders. It also prints an mformat command line which...
minicom
minicom is a communication program which somewhat resembles the shareware program TELIX but is free with source code and runs under most Unices. Features...
miro
Miro is a platform for Internet television and video. An intuitive interface lets users subscribe to podcasts, watch video, and build a video library.
miro.real
Miro is a platform for Internet television and video. An intuitive interface lets users subscribe to podcasts, watch video, and build a video library.
mkbitmap
mkbitmap reads an image, and applies one or more of the following operations to it, in this order: inversion, highpass filtering, scaling, and thresholding....
mkbundle
mkbundle generates an executable program that will contain static copies of the assemblies listed on the command line. By default only the assemblies specified...
mkdir
Create the DIRECTORY(ies), if they do not already exist. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
mkfifo
Create named pipes (FIFOs) with the given NAMEs. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
mkfontdir
For each directory argument, mkfontdir reads all of the font files in the directory searching for properties named "FONT", or (failing that) the name of the...
mkfontscale
For each directory argument, mkfontscale reads all of the scalable font files in the directory. For every font file found, an X11 font name (XLFD) is generated,...
mkindex
mkindex runs makeindex(1) on any index (.idx) or glossary (.glo) files created by TeXing the file BASENAME.tex.
mkmanifest
The mkmanifest command is used to create a shell script (packing list) to restore Unix filenames. Its syntax is:
mknod
Create the special file NAME of the given TYPE. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
mkocp
mkocp is used to create or recreate Omega Compiled Process files (binary) from Omega Translation Process (text) files.
mkofm
mkofm takes all ARGS and passes them to mktextfm(1). For more information about appropriate arguments, see mktextfm(1).
mkpasswd
mkpasswd generates passwords and can apply them automatically to users. mkpasswd is based on the code from Chapter 23 of the O'Reilly book "Exploring Expect".
mkrfc2734
mkrfc2734 adds entries to the Linux IEEE 1394 Configuration ROM to describe itself to other nodes on the bus as being capable of performing IP over IEEE 1394...
mksquashfs
Squashfs is a highly compressed read-only filesystem for Linux. It uses zlib compression to compress both files, inodes and directories. Inodes in the system...
mktemp
Create a temporary file or directory, safely, and print its name. TEMPLATE must contain at least 3 consecutive 'X's in last component. If TEMPLATE is not...
mktexfmt
See fmtutil(1)
mktexlsr
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Kpathsea: A library...
mktexmf
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Kpathsea: A library...
mktexpk
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Kpathsea: A library...
mktextfm
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Kpathsea: A library...
mlabel
The mlabel command adds a volume label to a disk. Its syntax is: mlabel [-vcsn] [-N serial] drive:[new_label]
mm2gv
mm2gv converts a sparse matrix of the Matrix Market format to a graph in the GV (formerly DOT) format. If the matrix M is not square, the graph is considered...
mmd
The mmd command is used to make an MS-DOS subdirectory. Its syntax is: mmd [-D clash_option] msdosdirectory [ msdosdirectories... ]
mmount
The mmount command is used to mount an MS-DOS disk. It is only available on Linux, as it is only useful if the OS kernel allows to configure the disk geometry....
mmove
The mmove command is used to moves or renames an existing MS-DOS file or subdirectory. mmove [-v] [-D clash_option] sourcefile targetfile...
mmroff
mmroff is a simple preprocessor for groff, it is used for expanding cross references in mm, see groff_mm(7). groff is executed twice, first with -z and -rRef=1...
mmv
Mmv moves (or copies, appends, or links, as specified) each source file matching a from pattern to the target name specified by the to pattern. This multiple...
modifyrepo
modifyrepo is a program that allows you to insert arbitrary metadata into a repomd (xml-based rpm metadata) repository.
modutil
The Security Module Database Tool, modutil, is a command-line utility for managing PKCS #11 module information both within secmod.db files and within hardware...
moggsplit
moggsplit splits a multiplexed Ogg stream into separate files. For example, it can separate an OGM into separate Ogg DivX and Ogg Vorbis streams, or a chained...
mogrify
Image Settings: -adjoin join images into a single multi-image file -affine matrix affine transform matrix -antialias remove pixel-aliasing -authenticate value...
mono
mono is a runtime implementation of the ECMA Common Language Infrastructure. This can be used to run ECMA and .NET applications.
mono-api-info
Expose the structure of your CLR assemblies by examining their IL and giving XML output. By default this tool gives information about just the public API of the...
mono-configuration-crypto
mono-configuration-crypto is a utility to manage mono encryption key container store and to encrypt/decrypt config file sections.
monodocer
monodocer has been obsoleted by mdoc(1). See the mdoc-update(1) man page. monodocer is a program that creates XML documentation stubs in the ECMA Documentation...
monodocs2html
monodocs2html has been obsoleted by mdoc(1). See the mdoc-export-html(1) man page. monodocs2html is a program that creates HTML documentation from the Monodoc...
monop
Monop is a tool that allows you to view the outline of a class. You can see the signature of each member of the class. Use monop to explore 1.0 assemblies, use...
mono-service
The mono-service is a host to run services built with the ServiceProcess assembly. Use mono-service to run services that use the 1.0 assemblies and use...
mono-shlib-cop
mono-shlib-cop is a tool that inspects a managed assembly looking for erroneous or suspecious usage of shared libraries.
montage
Image Settings: -adjoin join images into a single multi-image file -affine matrix affine transform matrix -authenticate value decrypt image with this password...
more
more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less(1) provides more(1)...
mountpoint
mountpoint checks whether the given directory is mentioned in the /proc/self/mountinfo file.
mousetweaks
mousetweaks is a collection of accessibility enhancements for pointing devices. This manual page describes the mousetweaks daemon.
mozroots
This program downloads the trusted root certificates from the Mozilla LXR web site into the Mono certificate store.
mpartition
The mpartition command is used to create MS-DOS file systems as partitions. This is intended to be used on non-Linux systems, i.e. systems where fdisk and easy...
mpc
mpc is a client for MPD, the Music Player Daemon. mpc connects to a MPD and controls it according to commands and arguments passed to it. If no command is...
mrd
The mrd command is used to remove an MS-DOS subdirectory. Its syntax is: mrd [-v] msdosdirectory [ msdosdirectories... ]
mren
The mren command is used to rename or move an existing MS-DOS file or subdirectory. Its syntax is: mren [-voOsSrRA] sourcefile targetfile
mrf
This program is part of Netpbm(1) MRF is a compressed format for bilevel (1-bit mono) images. It achieves better compression for some such images than either...
mrftopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) mrftopbm converts an MRF image to PBM format. mrftopbm takes the MRF image from the file named by the input.mrf argument, or...
msgattrib
Filters the messages of a translation catalog according to their attributes, and manipulates the attributes.
msgcat
Concatenates and merges the specified PO files. Find messages which are common to two or more of the specified PO files. By using the --more-than option,...
msgcmp
Compare two Uniforum style .po files to check that both contain the same set of msgid strings. The def.po file is an existing PO file with the translations. The...
msgcomm
Find messages which are common to two or more of the specified PO files. By using the --more-than option, greater commonality may be requested before messages...
msgconv
Converts a translation catalog to a different character encoding. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
msgen
Creates an English translation catalog. The input file is the last created English PO file, or a PO Template file (generally created by xgettext). Untranslated...
msgexec
Applies a command to all translations of a translation catalog. The COMMAND can be any program that reads a translation from standard input. It is invoked once...
msgfilter
Applies a filter to all translations of a translation catalog. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
msgfmt
Generate binary message catalog from textual translation description. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too. Similarly for...
msggrep
Extracts all messages of a translation catalog that match a given pattern or belong to some given source files.
msghack
This program can be used to alter .po files in ways no sane mind would think about. -oresult will be written to FILE--invertinvert a po file by switching msgid...
msginit
Creates a new PO file, initializing the meta information with values from the user's environment. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short...
msgmerge
Merges two Uniforum style .po files together. The def.po file is an existing PO file with translations which will be taken over to the newly created file as...
msgunfmt
Convert binary message catalog to Uniforum style .po file. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
msguniq
Unifies duplicate translations in a translation catalog. Finds duplicate translations of the same message ID. Such duplicates are invalid input for other...
mshortname
The mshortname command is used to display the short name of a file. Syntax: mshortname files The shortname is displayed as it is stored in raw format on...
mshowfat
The mshowfat command is used to display the FAT entries for a file. Syntax: mshowfat [-o offset] files
msiexec
msiexec is the Wine MSI installer, which is command line compatible with its Microsoft Windows counterpart.
msql2mysql
Initially, the MySQL C API was developed to be very similar to that for the mSQL database system. Because of this, mSQL programs often can be converted...
mtools
Mtools is a collection of tools to allow Unix systems to manipulate MS-DOS files: read, write, and move around files on an MS-DOS file system (typically a...
mtoolstest
The mtoolstest command is used to tests the mtools configuration files. To invoke it, just type mtoolstest without any arguments. Mtoolstest reads the mtools...
mtvtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) mtvtoppm reads an input file from Mark VanDeWettering's MTV ray tracer and produces a PPM image as output.
mtype
The mtype command is used to display contents of an MS-DOS file. Its syntax is: mtype [-ts] msdosfile [ msdosfiles... ]
mutagen-inspect
mutagen-inspect loads and prints information about an audio file and its tags. It is primarily intended as a debugging tool for Mutagen, but can be useful for...
mutagen-pony
mutagen-pony scans any directories given and reports on the kinds of tags in the MP3s it finds in them. Ride the pony.
mutt
Mutt is a small but very powerful text based program for reading and sending electronic mail under unix operating systems, including support for color...
mutter
This manual page documents briefly mutter. mutter is a minimal X window manager aimed at nontechnical users and is designed to integrate well with the GNOME...
mutter-message
This manual page documents briefly the mutter-message. This manual page was written for the Debian distribution because the original program does not have a...
mv
Rename SOURCE to DEST, or move SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
mvn
usage: mvn [options] [<goal(s)>] [<phase(s)>]
myisamchk
The myisamchk utility gets information about your database tables or checks, repairs, or optimizes them. myisamchk works with MyISAM tables (tables that have...
myisam_ftdump
myisam_ftdump displays information about FULLTEXT indexes in MyISAM tables. It reads the MyISAM index file directly, so it must be run on the server host where...
myisamlog
myisamlog processes the contents of a MyISAM log file. Invoke myisamlog like this: shell> myisamlog [options] [log_file [tbl_name] ...]...
myisampack
The myisampack utility compresses MyISAM tables. myisampack works by compressing each column in the table separately. Usually, myisampack packs the data file...
my_print_defaults
my_print_defaults displays the options that are present in option groups of option files. The output indicates what options will be used by programs that read...
mysql
mysql is a simple SQL shell (with GNU readline capabilities). It supports interactive and noninteractive use. When used interactively, query results are...
mysqlaccess
mysqlaccess is a diagnostic tool that Yves Carlier has provided for the MySQL distribution. It checks the access privileges for a host name, user name, and...
mysqladmin
mysqladmin is a client for performing administrative operations. You can use it to check the server´s configuration and current status, to create and drop...
mysqlbinlog
The server´s binary log consists of files containing “events” that describe modifications to database contents. The server writes these files in binary...
mysqlbug
This program enables you to generate a bug report and send it to Oracle Corporation. It is a shell script and runs on Unix.
mysqlcheck
The mysqlcheck client performs table maintenance: It checks, repairs, optimizes, or analyzes tables.
mysql_config
mysql_config provides you with useful information for compiling your MySQL client and connecting it to MySQL.
mysql_convert_table_format
mysql_convert_table_format converts the tables in a database to use a particular storage engine (MyISAM by default). mysql_convert_table_format is written in...
mysqld_multi
mysqld_multi is designed to manage several mysqld processes that listen for connections on different Unix socket files and TCP/IP ports. It can start or stop...
mysqld_safe
mysqld_safe is the recommended way to start a mysqld server on Unix and NetWare. mysqld_safe adds some safety features such as restarting the server when an...
mysqldump
The mysqldump client is a backup program originally written by Igor Romanenko. It can be used to dump a database or a collection of databases for backup or...
mysqldumpslow
The MySQL slow query log contains information about queries that take a long time to execute (see Section 5.2.5, “The Slow Query Log”). mysqldumpslow...
mysql_find_rows
mysql_find_rows reads files containing SQL statements and extracts statements that match a given regular expression or that contain USE db_name or SET...
mysql_fix_extensions
mysql_fix_extensions converts the extensions for MyISAM (or ISAM) table files to their canonical forms. It looks for files with extensions matching any...
mysql_fix_privilege_tables
NoteIn MySQL 5.1.7, mysql_fix_privilege_tables was superseded by mysql_upgrade, which should be used instead. See mysql_upgrade(1).
mysqlhotcopy
mysqlhotcopy is a Perl script that was originally written and contributed by Tim Bunce. It uses FLUSH TABLES, LOCK TABLES, and cp or scp to make a database...
mysqlimport
The mysqlimport client provides a command-line interface to the LOAD DATA INFILE SQL statement. Most options to mysqlimport correspond directly to clauses of...
mysql_install_db
mysql_install_db initializes the MySQL data directory and creates the system tables that it contains, if they do not exist.
mysqlman
Certain executables distributed with the MySQL database management system do not have specific man pages.
mysql_plugin
The mysql_plugin utility enables MySQL administrators to manage which plugins a MySQL server loads. It provides an alternative to manually specifying the...
mysql_secure_installation
This program enables you to improve the security of your MySQL installation in the following ways: • You can set a password for root accounts.
mysql.server
MySQL distributions on Unix include a script named mysql.server. It can be used on systems such as Linux and Solaris that use System V-style run directories to...
mysql_setpermission
mysql_setpermission is a Perl script that was originally written and contributed by Luuk de Boer. It interactively sets permissions in the MySQL grant tables....
mysqlshow
The mysqlshow client can be used to quickly see which databases exist, their tables, or a table´s columns or indexes.
mysqlslap
mysqlslap is a diagnostic program designed to emulate client load for a MySQL server and to report the timing of each stage. It works as if multiple clients are...
mysqltest
The mysqltest program runs a test case against a MySQL server and optionally compares the output with a result file. This program reads input written in a...
mysql_tzinfo_to_sql
The mysql_tzinfo_to_sql program loads the time zone tables in the mysql database. It is used on systems that have a zoneinfo database (the set of files...
mysql_upgrade
mysql_upgrade examines all tables in all databases for incompatibilities with the current version of MySQL Server. mysql_upgrade also upgrades the system tables...
mysql_waitpid
mysql_waitpid signals a process to terminate and waits for the process to exit. It uses the kill() system call and Unix signals, so it runs on Unix and...
mysql_zap
mysql_zap kills processes that match a pattern. It uses the ps command and Unix signals, so it runs on Unix and Unix-like systems.
mzip
The mzip command is used to issue ZIP disk specific commands on Linux, Solaris or HP-UX. Its syntax is:
namei
namei uses its arguments as pathnames to any type of Unix file (symlinks, files, directories, and so forth). namei then follows each pathname until an endpoint...
nano
This manual page briefly documents the nano command. nano is a small, free and friendly editor which aims to replace Pico, the default editor included in the...
native2ascii-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The native2ascii command converts encoded files supported by the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) to files encoded in ASCII, using Unicode escapes (\uxxxx)...
nautilus
This manual page documents briefly the nautilus command. This manual page was written for the Debian GNU/Linux distribution because the original program does...
nautilus-connect-server
This manual page documents briefly the nautilus-connect-server command. Nautilus Connect Server is the connection manager for the GNOME desktop.
ncat
Ncat is a feature-packed networking utility which reads and writes data across networks from the command line. Ncat was written for the Nmap Project and is the...
nccopy
The nccopy utility copies an input netCDF file in any supported format variant to an output netCDF file, optionally converting the output to any compatible...
ncdump
The ncdump utility generates a text representation of a specified netCDF file on standard output, optionally excluding some or all of the variable data in the...
ncftp
The purpose of ncftp is to provide a powerful and flexible interface to the Internet standard File Transfer Protocol. It is intended to replace the stock ftp...
ncftpbatch
This program is responsible for processing background FTP requests. It is normally only run by ncftp and not manually by a human being, however you can run it...
ncftpget
The purpose of ncftpget is to do file transfers from the command-line without entering an interactive shell. This lets you write shell scripts or other...
ncftpls
The purpose of ncftpls is to do remote directory listings using the File Transfer Protocol without entering an interactive shell. This lets you write shell...
ncftpput
The purpose of ncftpput is to do file transfers from the command-line without entering an interactive shell. This lets you write shell scripts or other...
ncftpspooler
The ncftpspooler program evolved from the ncftpbatch program. The ncftpbatch program was originally designed as a “personal FTP spooler” which would process...
ncursesw5-config
This is a shell script which simplifies configuring applications against a particular set of ncurses libraries.
ndiff
Ndiff is a tool to aid in the comparison of Nmap scans. It takes two Nmap XML output files and prints the differences between them. The differences observed...
needs-restarting
needs-restarting is a program that reports a list of process ids that started running before they or some component that they use were updated.
neotoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) neotoppm reads an Atari Neochrome .neo file as input and produces a PPM image as output.
neqn
The neqn program is actually just a shell script which invokes the eqn(1) command with the ascii output device.
netreport
netreport tells the network management scripts to send a SIGIO signal to the process which called netreport when any network interface status changes occur.
newaliases
Newaliases rebuilds the random access data base for the mail aliases file /etc/mail/aliases. It must be run each time this file is changed in order for the...
newaliases.sendmail
Newaliases rebuilds the random access data base for the mail aliases file /etc/aliases. It must be run each time this file is changed in order for the change to...
newgrp
The newgrp command is used to change the current group ID during a login session. If the optional - flag is given, the user's environment will be reinitialized...
ngettext
The ngettext program translates a natural language message into the user's language, by looking up the translation in a message catalog, and chooses the...
nice
Run COMMAND with an adjusted niceness, which affects process scheduling. With no COMMAND, print the current niceness. Niceness values range from -20 (most...
nisdomainname
See hostname(1)
nl
Write each FILE to standard output, with line numbers added. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.
nm
GNU nm lists the symbols from object files objfile.... If no object files are listed as arguments, nm assumes the file a.out.
nmap
Nmap (“Network Mapper”) is an open source tool for network exploration and security auditing. It was designed to rapidly scan large networks, although it...
nm-applet
nm-applet is a GTK‐based GUI applet to monitor network status and devices and to start and stop network connections managed by NetworkManager. nm-applet is...
nmap-update
nmap-update is an updater for Nmap's architecture-independent files. It is used to keep up to date with changes and new scripts for the Nmap Scripting Engine.
nmcli
nmcli is a command‐line tool for controlling NetworkManager and reporting on its status. It is not meant as a full replacement for nm‐applet or other...
nm-connection-editor
nm-connection-editor is a GTK‐based application to add, remove, and modify network connections stored by NetworkManager. NetworkManager must be running for...
nm-online
nm-online is a utility to find out whether we are online. It is done by asking NetworkManager about its status. When run, nm-online waits until NetworkManager...
nm-tool
The nm-tool utility provides information about NetworkManager, device, and wireless networks.
node
Node is a set of libraries for javascript which allows it to be used outside of the browser. It is primarily focused on creating simple, easy to build network...
nohup
Run COMMAND, ignoring hangup signals. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitIf standard input is a terminal, redirect it...
nop
nop reads a stream of graphs and prints each in pretty-printed (canonical) format on stdout. If no files are given, it reads from stdin.
nosetests
SYNOPSISnosetests [options] [names] DESCRIPTIONnose collects tests automatically from python source files, directories and packages found in its working...
notepad
notepad is the Wine text editor, designed to be compatible with its Microsoft Windows counterpart. It supports ANSI, UTF-8 and UTF-16 files, and can read (but...
nping
Nping is an open-source tool for network packet generation, response analysis and response time measurement. Nping allows users to generate network packets of a...
npm
npm is the package manager for the Node JavaScript platform. It puts modules in place so that node can find them, and manages dependency conflicts...
npm-adduser
Create or verify a user named <username> in the npm registry, and save the credentials to the  .npmrc file.
npm-bin
Print the folder where npm will install executables.
npm-bugs
This command tries to guess at the likely location of a package´s bug tracker URL, and then tries to open it using the --browser config param.
npm-build
This is the plumbing command called by npm link and npm install . It should generally not be called directly.
npm-bundle
The npm bundle command has been removed in 1.0, for the simple reason that it is no longer necessary, as the default behavior is now to install packages into...
npm-cache
Used to add, list, or clear the npm cache folder. add: Add the specified package to the local cache. This command is primarily intended to be used internally by...
npm-completion
Enables tab-completion in all npm commands. The synopsis above loads the completions into your current shell. Adding it to your ~/.bashrc or ~/.zshrc will make...
npm-config
npm gets its config settings from the command line, environment variables, npmrc files, and in some cases, the package.json file.
npm-dedupe
Searches the local package tree and attempts to simplify the overall structure by moving dependencies further up the tree, where they can be more effectively...
npm-deprecate
This command will update the npm registry entry for a package, providing a deprecation warning to all who attempt to install it.
npm-docs
This command tries to guess at the likely location of a package´s documentation URL, and then tries to open it using the --browser config param.
npm-edit
Opens the package folder in the default editor (or whatever you´ve npm help configured as the npm editor config -- see npm-config .)
npm-explore
Spawn a subshell in the directory of the installed package specified. If a command is specified, then it is run in the subshell, which then immediately...
npm-help
If supplied a topic, then show the appropriate documentation page. If the topic does not exist, or if multiple terms are provided, then run the help-search...
npm-help-search
This command will search the npm markdown documentation files for the terms provided, and then list the results, sorted by relevance.
npm-init
This will ask you a bunch of questions, and then write a package.json for you. It attempts to make reasonable guesses about what you want things to be set to,...
npm-install
This command installs a package, and any packages that it depends on. If the package has a shrinkwrap file, the installation of dependencies will be driven npm...
npm-link
Package linking is a two-step process. First, npm link in a package folder will create a globally-installed symbolic link from prefix/package-name to the...
npm-ls
This command will print to stdout all the versions of packages that are installed, as well as their dependencies, in a tree-structure.
npm-outdated
This command will check the registry to see if any (or, specific) installed packages are currently outdated.
npm-owner
Manage ownership of published packages. ls: List all the users who have access to modify a package and push new versions. Handy when you need to know who to bug...
npm-pack
For anything that´s installable (that is, a package folder, tarball, tarball url, name@tag, name@version, or name), this command will fetch it to the cache,...
npm-prefix
Print the prefix to standard out.
npm-prune
This command removes "extraneous" packages. If a package name is provided, then only packages matching one of the supplied names are removed.
npm-publish
Publishes a package to the registry so that it can be installed by name. <folder>: A folder containing a package.json file<tarball>: A url or file path to a...
npm-README
You need node v0.8 or higher to run this program. To install an old and unsupported version of npm that works on node 0.3 and prior, clone the git repo and dig...
npm-rebuild
This command runs the npm build command on the matched folders. This is useful when you install a new version of node, and must recompile all your C++ addons...
npm-restart
This runs a package´s "restart" script, if one was provided. Otherwise it runs package´s "stop" script, if one was provided, and then the "start" script.
npm-rm
This uninstalls a package, completely removing everything npm installed on its behalf.
npm-root
Print the effective node_modules folder to standard out.
npm-run-script
This runs an arbitrary command from a package´s "scripts" object. It is used by the test, start, restart, and stop commands, but can be called directly, as...
npm-search
Search the registry for packages matching the search terms. If a term starts with /, then it´s interpreted as a regular expression. A trailing / will be...
npm-shrinkwrap
This command locks down the versions of a package´s dependencies so that you can control exactly which versions of each dependency will be used when your...
npm-star
"Starring" a package means that you have some interest in it. It´s a vaguely positive way to show that you care.
npm-stars
If you have starred a lot of neat things and want to find them again quickly this command lets you do just that.
npm-start
This runs a package´s "start" script, if one was provided.
npm-stop
This runs a package´s "stop" script, if one was provided.
npm-submodule
If the specified package has a git repository url in its package.json description, then this command will add it as a git submodule at node_modules/<pkg...
npm-tag
Tags the specified version of the package with the specified tag, or the --tag config if not specified.
npm-test
This runs a package´s "test" script, if one was provided. To run tests as a condition of installation, set the npat config to true.
npm-uninstall
This uninstalls a package, completely removing everything npm installed on its behalf.
npm-unpublish
This removes a package version from the registry, deleting its entry and removing the tarball. If no version is specified, or if all versions are removed then...
npm-update
This command will update all the packages listed to the latest version (specified by the tag config).
npm-version
Run this in a package directory to bump the version and write the new data back to the package.json file.
npm-view
This command shows data about a package and prints it to the stream referenced by the outfd config, which defaults to stdout.
npm-whoami
Print the username config to standard output.
nproc
Print the number of processing units available to the current process, which may be less than the number of online processors
nroff
The nroff script emulates the nroff command using groff. Only ascii, latin1, utf8, and cp1047 are devices accepted by nroff to select the output encoding...
nsenter
Enters the namespaces of one or more other processes and then executes the specified program. Enterable namespaces are:
nsgmls
See onsgmls(1)
nslookup
Nslookup is a program to query Internet domain name servers. Nslookup has two modes: interactive and non-interactive. Interactive mode allows the user to query...
nsupdate
nsupdate is used to submit Dynamic DNS Update requests as defined in RFC 2136 to a name server. This allows resource records to be added or removed from a zone...
ntlm_auth
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite. ntlm_auth is a helper utility that authenticates users using NT/LM authentication. It returns 0 if the users is...
numfmt
Reformat NUMBER(s), or the numbers from standard input if none are specified. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
nvidia-cuda-proxy-control
CUDA proxy is a feature that allows multiple CUDA processes to share a single GPU context. A CUDA program runs in proxy mode if the proxy control daemon is...
nvidia-smi
NVSMI provides monitoring information for each of NVIDIA''s Tesla devices and each of its high-end Fermi-based and Kepler-based Quadro devices. It provides very...
nvidia-xconfig-current
nvidia-xconfig is a tool intended to provide basic control over configuration options available in the NVIDIA X driver.
obex-data-server
obex-data-server is D-Bus service providing high-level OBEX client and server side functionality. It currently supports OPP (Object Push Profile), FTP (File...
objcopy
The GNU objcopy utility copies the contents of an object file to another. objcopy uses the GNU BFD Library to read and write the object files. It can write the...
objdump
objdump displays information about one or more object files. The options control what particular information to display. This information is mostly useful to...
obxprop
obxprop is a tool for displaying the properties on an x window. This tool has a similar functionality to xprop, but obxprop allows you to see UTF-8 strings as...
od
Write an unambiguous representation, octal bytes by default, of FILE to standard output. With more than one FILE argument, concatenate them in the listed order...
odbc_config
odbc_config provides built-in options, specified at build time of the unixODBC suite, which are useful for building unixODBC clients and similar programs.
odbcinst
odbcinst is a command line tool which has been created for allowing people who are developing the install scripts/RPMs for Drivers to be able to easily...
ogg123
ogg123 reads Ogg Vorbis audio files and decodes them to the devices specified on the command line. By default, ogg123 writes to the standard sound device, but...
oggdec
oggdec decodes Ogg Vorbis files into PCM-encoded ("uncompressed") audio files, either Wave or RAW format.
oggenc
oggenc reads audio data in either raw, Wave, or AIFF format and encodes it into an Ogg Vorbis stream. oggenc may also read audio data from FLAC and Ogg FLAC...
ogginfo
ogginfo reads one or more Ogg files and prints information about stream contents (including chained and/or multiplexed streams) to standard output. It will...
oid2name
oid2name is a utility program that helps administrators to examine the file structure used by PostgreSQL. To make use of it, you need to be familiar with the...
oldfind
The oldfind and find programs are functionally identical. The only difference between them is the implementation internals of how the filesystem is searched....
on_ac_power
This manual page documents briefly the on_ac_power command. on_ac_power is a command line program to test whether the computer is running on line power
onsgmls
onsgmls parses and validates the SGML document whose document entity is specified by the system identifiers
oocalc
See libreoffice(1)
oodraw
See libreoffice(1)
ooffice
See libreoffice(1)
ooimpress
See libreoffice(1)
ooviewdoc
See libreoffice(1)
oowriter
See libreoffice(1)
opax
opax will read, write, and list the members of an archive file, and will copy directory hierarchies. opax operation is independent of the specific archive...
openbox
Openbox is minimalistic, highly configurable, next generation window manager with extensive standards support.
openbox-session
openbox-session runs an openbox session without any session manager. Without a session manager, you will not be able to save your state from one log in to the...
openjade
openjade is an implementation of the ISO/IEC 10179:1996 standard DSSSL language. The DSSSL engine receives as input an SGML or XML document and transforms it...
openoffice.org
See libreoffice(1)
openshot
OpenShot Video Editor is a program designed to create videos on Linux. It can easily combine multiple video clips, audio clips, and images into a single...
openshot-render
OpenShot Video Editor is a program designed to create videos on Linux. It can easily combine multiple video clips, audio clips, and images into a single...
openvt
openvt will find the first available VT, and run on it the given command with the given command options, standard input, output and error are directed to that...
opera
Opera is a graphical Web browser available on several platforms. The desktop version described in this manual page runs on GNU/Linux and FreeBSD. Versions for...
operon
-h, --helpDisplay help and exit--versionPrint the program version-v, --verboseVerbose mode
optipng
The OptiPNG program shall attempt to optimize PNG files, i.e. reduce their size to a minimum, without losing semantic information. In addition, this program...
orbd-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The orbd command enables clients to transparently locate and call persistent objects on servers in the CORBA environment. The Server Manager included with the...
osage
osage draws clustered graphs. As input, it takes any graph in the dot format. It draws the graph recursively. At each level, there will be a collection of nodes...
osgmlnorm
osgmlnorm prints on the standard output a normalized document instance for the SGML document contained in the concatenation of the entities with system...
osinfo-db-validate
Check that all files (`LOCAL-PATH1' or `URI1') comply with the libosinfo XML schema. The local path may point to a directory containing XML files, or directly...
osinfo-detect
Examine the `PATH' or `URI' to determine what (if any) operating system it is for, and whether it is installable or is a Live image. By default `PATH' or `URI'...
osinfo-install-script
Generate a script suitable for performing an automated installation of `OS-ID'. `OS-ID' should be a URI identifying the operating system, or its short ID.
osinfo-query
The `osinfo-query' command allows extraction of information from the database. TYPE can be one of `os', `platform', `device', or `deployment'. With no...
ospam
ospam (OpenSP Add Markup) is an SGML markup stream editor implemented using the OpenSP parser. ospam parses the SGML document contained in sysid and copies to...
ospcat
ospcat prints effective system identifiers found in the catalogs on the standard output. It doesnt check that the system identifiers correspond to actual files....
ospent
ospent (OpenSP print entity) prints the concatenation of the entities with system identifiers on the standard output.
osx
osx converts SGML to XML. osx parses and validates the SGML document contained in and writes an equivalent XML document to the standard output. osx will warn...
ot2kpx
ot2kpx extract the kerning data from OpenType fonts (both otf and ttf formats) and prints it (in afm format) to `stdout'.
pacat
pacat is a simple tool for playing back or capturing raw or encoded audio files on a PulseAudio sound server.
pack200-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The pack200 tool is a Java application that transforms a JAR file into a compressed pack200 file using the Java gzip compressor. The pack200 files are highly...
package-cleanup
package-cleanup is a program for cleaning up the locally-installed RPMs.
pacmd
This tool can be used to introspect or reconfigure a running PulseAudio sound server during runtime. It connects to the sound server and offers a simple live...
pactl
pactl can be used to issue control commands to the PulseAudio sound server. pactl only exposes a subset of the available operations. For the full set use the...
padsp
padsp starts the specified program and redirects its access to OSS compatible audio devices (/dev/dsp and auxiliary devices) to a PulseAudio sound server.
palmtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) palmtopnm reads a Palm Bitmap as input, from Standard Input or palmfile and produces a PPM image as output.
pamaddnoise
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamaddnoise adds the specified noise type to a Netpbm image. pamaddnoise treats a PPM image as 3 independent planes, not as a...
pamarith
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamarith reads two PBM, PGM, PPM, or PAM images as input. It performs the specified binary arithmetic operation on their...
pambackground
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pambackground reads a PNM or PAM image as input. It generates as output a PAM image that identifies the background area of the...
pambayer
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pambayer reads a Bayer pattern in a 1-deep Netpbm image and produces a color image in PAM RGB format as output.
pamchannel
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamchannel reads a PAM or PNM image as input and produces a PAM image as output, consisting of the indicated channels (planes)...
pamcomp
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamcomp reads two images and produces a composite image with one of the images overlayed on top of the other, possible...
pamcut
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamcut reads a PAM, PBM, PGM, or PPM image as input and extracts the specified rectangle, and produces the same kind of image...
pamdeinterlace
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamdeinterlace removes all the even-numbered or odd-numbered rows from the input PNM or PAM image. Specify which with the...
pamdepth
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamdepth reads a Netpbm image as input, scales all the pixel values, and writes out the image with the new maxval. Scaling the...
pamdice
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamdice reads a PAM, PBM, PGM, or PPM image as input and splits it horizontally and/or vertically into equal size pieces and...
pamditherbw
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamditherbw dithers a grayscale image. Dithering means turning each shade of gray into a pattern of black and white pixels...
pamedge
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamedge reads a Netpbm image (PNM or PAM) and produces an image that outlines the edges.
pamendian
This program is part of Netpbm(1) All Netpbm formats that have samples in pure binary format with multiple bytes are defined to have them in big endian (most...
pamenlarge
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamenlarge reads a Netpbm image as input, replicates its pixels N times, and produces a Netpbm image as output. The output is...
pamexec
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamexec reads a Netpbm image stream as input. For each image, it runs a specified shell command and supplies the image to it...
pamfile
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamfile reads one or more Netpbm files as input and writes out short descriptions of the image type, size, etc. This is partly...
pamfixtrunc
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamfixtrunc reads as much as it can of a Netpbm image that may be truncated (i.e. the file may not contain the last part of...
pamflip
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamflip flips a PAM or PNM image top for bottom or left for right, or transposes it horizontal for vertical, or rotates it 1,...
pamfunc
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamfunc reads a Netpbm image as input and produces a Netpbm image as output, with the same format, maxval, and dimensions as...
pamgauss
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamgauss generates a one-plane PAM image whose samples are a gaussian function of their distance from the center of the image....
pamgradient
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamgradient creates an image of the specified dimensions width by height which contains a smooth, two-dimensional gradient...
pamlookup
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamlookup takes a two dimensional array of indices and a lookup table as input. For each position in the index array, it looks...
pammasksharpen
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pammasksharpen reads a Netpbm image as input and produces a sharpened version of it, in the same format, as output. It does...
pammixinterlace
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pammixinterlace is meant to operate on an image which is the interlacing of two images, where raster rows 0, 2, 4, etc. are...
pammosaicknit
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pammosaicknit helps the user create mosaic knitting patterns . The program inputs a black-and-white Netpbm image that...
pamoil
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamoil reads a Netpbm image as input and does an 'oil transfer', and writes the same type of Netpbm image as output.
pampaintspill
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pampaintspill produces a smooth color gradient from all of the non-background-colored pixels in an input image, effectively...
pam-panel-icon
pam-panel-icon should be automatically started when starting an X11 desktop environment. For example, in GNOME gnome-session should be configured to start...
pamperspective
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamperspective reads a Netpbm image as input and produces a Netpbm image of the same format as output.
pampick
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pampick reads a PNM or PAM image stream as input. It picks certain images from the stream and copies them to a new image...
pampop9
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pampop9 tiles your starting image xtiles by ytiles times. Each of these tiles is taken from a slightly different offset within...
pamrecolor
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamrecolor changes an image's colors to be as close as possible to given target colors but with the constraint that the...
pamrgbatopng
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamrgbatopng reads a PAM image with the RGB_ALPHA tuple type (a color visual image with transparency) and produces an...
pamrubber
This program is part of Netpbm(1) The pamrubber utility converts a pam image into a new image with the contents moved around. The transformation is often called...
pamscale
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamscale scales a Netpbm image by a specified factor, or scales individually horizontally and vertically by specified factors.
pamseq
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamseq generates a PAM image of a specified depth and specified maxval that consists of a single row. The row consists of one...
pamsharpmap
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamsharpmap reads a Netpbm image (PNM or PAM) and produces an image that shows how sharp it is at each location.
pamsharpness
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamsharpness reads a Netpbm image (PNM or PAM) and prints a number that tells how sharp it is.
pamslice
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamslice extracts one line of tuples (pixels) out of a Netpbm image and prints their values in a table. A line means a row or...
pamsplit
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamsplit reads a PNM or PAM stream as input. It copies each image in the input into a separate file, in the same format.
pamstack
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamstack reads multiple PAM or PNM images as input and produces a PAM image as output, consisting of all the planes (channels)...
pamstereogram
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamstereogram inputs a depth map (a map of the distances from your eye of the points in a scene) and outputs a single-image...
pamstretch
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamstretch scales up pictures by integer values, either vertically, horizontally, or both. pamstretch differs from pamscale...
pamstretch-gen
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamstretch-gen is a program which uses pamstretch(1) , pnmfile(1) , and pamscale(1) to smoothly scale up a PNM file by any...
pamsumm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamsumm reads a Netpbm image (PNM or PAM) and performs a summary function over all the samples in all the rows, columns, and...
pamsummcol
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamsummcol reads a Netpbm image (PNM or PAM) and performs a summary function over all the rows in each column (sum, mean,...
pamthreshold
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamthreshold thresholds a grayscale image. Thresholding means dividing the image into background and foreground by comparing...
pamtilt
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtilt tries to find the correct angle for untilting (de-skewing) a scanned text document. The output is a single...
pamtoavs
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtoavs reads a Netpbm image as input and produces a Stardent <acronym xml:lang="en" title="Application Visualization...
pamtodjvurle
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtodjvurle reads a Netpbm image (PNM or PAM equivalent of PNM) as input and produces DjVu Color RLE format as output.
pamtofits
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtofits reads a PNM or PAM image as input and produces a FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) file as output. The...
pamtogif
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtogif reads a Netpbm image as input and produces a GIF file as output.
pamtohdiff
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtohdiff takes a PAM (or PNM) image as input and produced a horizontal difference image version of it as output. A...
pamtohtmltbl
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtohtmltbl converts a visual image to an HTML table with one cell per pixel. The cell is empty, but its background color is...
pamtojpeg2k
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtojpeg2k converts the named PBM, PGM, PPM, or PAM file, or Standard Input if no file is named, to a JPEG-2000 code stream...
pamtompfont
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtompfont reads a Netpbm image (PNM or PAM) and converts it to an Mplayer bitmap font raster file.
pamtooctaveimg
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtooctaveimg reads a Netpbm image as input and produces a GNU Octave image file as output.
pamtopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtopam simply copies a PAM image from Standard Input to Standard Output. This may seem an unnecessary duplication of cat,...
pamtopdbimg
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtopdbimg reads a Netpbm image as input and produced a Palm Pilot Image Viewer image (and Image record in a PDB file) as...
pamtopfm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtopfm reads a Netpbm image (PNM or PAM) and converts it to a PFM (Portable Float Map) image.
pamtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtopnm reads a PAM image as input and produces an equivalent PBM, PGM, or PPM (i.e. PNM) image, whichever is most...
pamtosrf
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtosrf reads a Netpbm image stream as input and produces a an SRF image file as output. I don't know exactly what SRF is,...
pamtosvg
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtosvg reads a PNM image as input and produce an SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) image as output. Thus, it traces curves in...
pamtotiff
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtotiff reads a PNM or PAM image as input and produces a TIFF file as output.
pamtouil
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtouil reads a PNM or PAM image as input and produces a Motif UIL icon file as output. If the input is PAM, it may be either...
pamtoxvmini
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamtoxvmini reads a Netpbm image (PAM or PNM) and produces an XV 'thumbnail' picture (a miniature picture normally generated...
pamundice
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamundice reads a bunch of Netpbm images as input and combines them as a grid of tiles into a single output image of the same...
pamwipeout
This program is part of Netpbm(1) The pamwipeout utility takes a Neptbm image as input and the uses two opposite edges of the image to wipe out anything in...
pamx
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pamx displays a Netpbm image in an X Window System window. It is like a very simple version of the classic X image viewer...
pandoc
Pandoc is a Haskell library for converting from one markup format to another, and a command-line tool that uses this library. It can read markdown and (subsets...
panelctl
panelctl is a command line tool to send control commands via an IEEE1394 link to an AV/C Panel such as the Motorola Digital Consumer Terminal (DCT) series. Or...
pango-querymodules
pango-querymodules collects information about loadable modules for Pango and writes it to stdout. If called without MODULE arguments, it looks for modules in...
pango-querymodules-32
See pango-querymodules(1)
pango-querymodules-64
See pango-querymodules(1)
pango-view
Usage:pango-view [OPTION...] - FILE Help Options:-h, --helpShow help options--help-allShow all help options--help-cairoOptions understood by the cairo backend
paperconf
paperconf prints informations about a given paper. The informations that can be obtaineed are the name of the paper, its size and its width or height. When...
paplay
paplay is a simple tool for playing back audio files on a PulseAudio sound server. It understands all audio file formats supported by libsndfile.
paps
paps reads a UTF-8 encoded file and generates a PostScript language rendering of the file. The rendering is done by creating outline curves through the pango...
passmass
Passmass changes a password on multiple machines. If you have accounts on several machines that do not share password databases, Passmass can help you keep them...
passwd
The passwd command changes passwords for user accounts. A normal user may only change the password for his/her own account, while the superuser may change the...
paste
Write lines consisting of the sequentially corresponding lines from each FILE, separated by TABs, to standard output. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read...
pasuspender
pasuspender is a tool that can be used to tell a local PulseAudio sound server to temporarily suspend access to the audio devices, to allow other applications...
patch
patch takes a patch file patchfile containing a difference listing produced by the diff program and applies those differences to one or more original files,...
patchwork
patchwork draws clustered graphs using a squarified treemap layout. As input, it takes any graph in the dot format. Each cluster is given an area based on the...
pathchk
Diagnose invalid or unportable file names. -pcheck for most POSIX systems-Pcheck for empty names and leading "-"--portabilitycheck for all POSIX systems...
pax
pax will read, write, and list the members of an archive file, and will copy directory hierarchies. pax operation is independent of the specific archive format,...
pax11publish
The pax11publish utility can be used to dump or manipulate the PulseAudio server credentials that can be stored as properties on the X11 root window.
pbm2ppa
Reads portable bitmap (PBM) format as input. Outputs a stream suitable for processing by Hewlett-Packard's range of Printing Performance Architecture (PPA)...
pbmclean
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmclean cleans up a PBM image of random specks. It reads a PBM image as input and outputs a PBM that is the same as the input...
pbmlife
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmlife reads a PBM image as input, applies the rules of Life to it for one generation, and produces a PBM image as output.
pbmmake
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmmake produces a PBM image of the specified width and height, either all black, all white, or a dithered gray. The default...
pbmmask
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmmask reads a PBM image as input and Generates a corresponding mask of the foreground areas as another PBM image.
pbmminkowski
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmminkowski computes the 3 Minkowski integrals of a PBM image. It is similar to pgmminkowski(1)
pbmpage
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmpage generates a one page test pattern to print on a sheet of paper, for use in calibrating a printer. The test pattern in...
pbmpscale
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmpscale reads a PBM image as input, and outputs a PBM image enlarged N times. pbmpscale does this enlargement by pixel...
pbmreduce
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmreduce reads a PBM image as input and reduces it by a factor of N, producing a PBM image as output.
pbmtextps
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtextps takes a single line of text from the command line and renders it into a PBM image. The image is of a single line of...
pbmto10x
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmto10x reads a PBM image as input and produces a file of Gemini 10X printer graphics as output. The 10x's printer codes are...
pbmto4425
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmto4425 displays PBM format images on an AT&T 4425 ASCII terminal using that terminal's mosaic graphics character set. The...
pbmtoascii
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoascii reads a PBM image as input and produces a somewhat crude ASCII graphic image as output.
pbmtoatk
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoatk reads a PBM image as input and produces a Andrew Toolkit raster object as output.
pbmtobbnbg
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtobbnbg reads a portable bitmap as input and produces BBN BitGraph terminal Display Pixel Data (DPD) sequence as output.
pbmtocis
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtocis reads a PBM image as input and produces a CompuServe RLE image as output.
pbmtocmuwm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtocmuwm reads a portable bitmap as input and produces a CMU window manager bitmap as output.
pbmtodjvurle
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtodjvurle reads a PBM image as input and produces DjVu Bitonal RLE format as output.
pbmtoepsi
This program is part of Netpbm(1) Reads a PBM image as input. Produces an encapsulated Postscript style bitmap as output. The output is not a stand alone...
pbmtoepson
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoepson reads a PBM image as input and produces a stream of Epson printer graphics as output.
pbmtoescp2
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoescp2 reads a PBM image as input. It produces an ESC/P2 raster graphic printer control stream as output.
pbmtog3
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtog3 reads a PBM image as input and produces a Group 3 MH fax file as output.
pbmtogem
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtogem reads a PBM image as input and produces a compressed GEM .img file as output.
pbmtogo
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtogo reads a PBM image as input and produces 2D compressed GraphOn graphics as output.
pbmtoibm23xx
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoibm23xx reads one or more PBM files as input and writes an IBM 23XX printer command stream to generate all the images in...
pbmtoicon
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoicon was obsoleted by pbmtosunicon(1) , introduced with Netpbm 10.53 (December 2010). pbmtosunicon is backward compatible...
pbmtolj
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtolj reads a PBM image as input and produces HP LaserJet data as output. You can send this data to a LaserJet or DeskJet...
pbmtoln03
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoln03 reads a PBM image as input and produces a DEC LN03+ Sixel output file.
pbmtolps
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtolps reads a PBM image as input and outputs PostScript. The output Postscript uses lines instead of the image operator to...
pbmtomacp
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtomacp reads a PBM image as input and produces a MacPaint file as output.
pbmtomatrixorbital
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtomatrixorbital reads a PBM image as input and produces as output an image that can be uploaded to a Matrix Orbital LCD...
pbmtomda
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtomda reads a PBM image as input and produces a MicroDesign 2 area file (.MDA) as output.
pbmtomgr
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtomgr reads a PBM image as input and produces a MGR bitmap as output.
pbmtomrf
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtomrf converts a PBM image to MRF format. For more information about mrf, see theMRF specification (1)
pbmtonokia
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtonokia reads a PBM image as input and produces a Nokia Smart Messaging (hexcode, .ngg, .nol, .npm) file as output.
pbmtopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtopgm reads a PBM image as input. It outputs a PGM image in which each pixel's gray level is the average of the surrounding...
pbmtopi3
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtopi3 reads a PBM image as input and produces an Atari Degas .pi3 file as output.
pbmtopk
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtopk reads PBM images as input and produces a packed (PK) font file and a TFM (TeX font metric) file as output. The...
pbmtoplot
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoplot reads a PBM image as input and produces a Unix plot file as output.
pbmtoppa
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoppa converts page images in PBM format to Hewlett Packard's PPA (Printer Performance Architecture) format, which is the...
pbmtopsg3
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtopsg3 converts the PBM images in the input PBM file to pages in a Postscript file encoded with G3 fax compression.
pbmtoptx
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoptx reads a PBM image as input and produces a file of Printronix printer graphics as output.
pbmtosunicon
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtosunicon reads a PBM image as input and produces a Sun icon as output.
pbmtowbmp
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtowbmp reads a PBM image as input and produces a wbmp file as output.
pbmtox10bm
pbmtox10bm was replaced in Netpbm 10.37 (December 2006) by pbmtoxbm(1) pbmtoxbm with the -x10 option is backward compatible with pbmtox10bm. pbmtoxbm also can...
pbmtoxbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoxbm reads a PBM image as input and produces an X10 or X11 bitmap as output.
pbmtoybm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtoybm reads a PBM image as input and produces as output a file acceptable to the face and xbm programs by Bennet Yee...
pbmtozinc
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmtozinc reads a PBM image as input and produces a bitmap in the format used by the Zinc Interface Library (ZIL) Version 1.0...
pbmupc
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pbmupc generates an image of a Universal Product Code symbol. The three arguments are: a one digit product type, a five digit...
pc1toppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pc1toppm reads an Atari Degas .pc1 file as input and produces a PPM image as output.
pcdindex
pcdindex has been renamed to pcdovtoppm(1)
pcdovtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This program generates an index image in PPM format for a photo CD, based on the photo CD overview file.
pcre-config
pcre-config returns the configuration of the installed PCRE libraries and the options required to compile a program to use them. Some of the options apply only...
pcregrep
pcregrep searches files for character patterns, in the same way as other grep commands do, but it uses the PCRE regular expression library to support patterns...
pcretest
If pcretest is given two filename arguments, it reads from the first and writes to the second. If it is given only one filename argument, it reads from that...
pcxtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pcxtoppm reads a PCX file as input and produces a PPM image as output.
pdbimgtopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pdbimgtopam reads a Palm Pilot Image Viewer image (and Image record in a PDB file) as input, from Standard Input or palmfile,...
pdf2dsc
pdf2dsc uses gs(1) to read an Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) document "input.pdf" and create a PostScript(tm) document "output.dsc" that conforms to...
pdf2ps
pdf2ps uses gs(1) to convert the Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) file "input.pdf" to PostScript(tm) in "output.ps". Normally the output is allowed to use...
pdfdetach
Pdfdetach lists or extracts embedded files (attachments) from a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.
pdfetex
pdfeTeX is another name for pdfTeX; they behave identically. See pdftex(1) for all information.
pdffonts
Pdffonts lists the fonts used in a Portable Document Format (PDF) file along with various information for each font.
pdfimages
Pdfimages saves images from a Portable Document Format (PDF) file as Portable Pixmap (PPM), Portable Bitmap (PBM), or JPEG files.
pdfinfo
Pdfinfo prints the contents of the ´Info' dictionary (plus some other useful information) from a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.
pdflatex
See pdftex(1)
pdfmom
pdfmom is a wrapper around groff that facilitates the production of PDF documents from files formatted with the mom macros.
pdfroff
pdfroff is a wrapper program for the GNU text processing system, groff. It transparently handles the mechanics of multiple pass groff processing, when applied...
pdfseparate
pdfseparate extract single pages from a Portable Document Format (PDF). pdfseparate reads the PDF file PDF-file, extracts one or more pages, and writes one PDF...
pdftex
Run the pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf. If the file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it. Instead of a filename, a set...
pdftexi2dvi
See texi2dvi(1)
pdftk
If PDF is electronic paper, then pdftk is an electronic staple-remover, hole-punch, binder, secret-decoder-ring, and X-Ray-glasses. Pdftk is a simple tool for...
pdftocairo
pdftocairo converts Portable Document Format (PDF) files, using the cairo output device of the poppler PDF library, to any of the following output formats:
pdftohtml
This manual page documents briefly the pdftohtml command. This manual page was written for the Debian GNU/Linux distribution because the original program does...
pdftoppm
Pdftoppm converts Portable Document Format (PDF) files to color image files in Portable Pixmap (PPM) format, grayscale image files in Portable Graymap (PGM)...
pdftops
Pdftops converts Portable Document Format (PDF) files to PostScript so they can be printed. Pdftops reads the PDF file, PDF-file, and writes a PostScript file,...
pdftotext
Pdftotext converts Portable Document Format (PDF) files to plain text. Pdftotext reads the PDF file, PDF-file, and writes a text file, text-file. If text-file...
pdfunite
pdfunite merges several PDF (Portable Document Format) files in order of their occurence on command line to one PDF result file.
peekfd
peekfd attaches to a running process and intercepts all reads and writes to file descriptors. You can specify the desired file descriptor numbers or dump all of...
perl
Perl officially stands for Practical Extraction and Report Language, except when it doesn't. Perl was originally a language optimized for scanning arbitrary...
perl5004delta
This document describes differences between the 5.003 release (as documented in Programming Perl, second edition—the Camel Book) and this one.
perl5005delta
This document describes differences between the 5.004 release and this one.
perl5100delta
This document describes the differences between the 5.8.8 release and the 5.10.0 release. Many of the bug fixes in 5.10.0 were already seen in the 5.8.X...
perl5101delta
This document describes differences between the 5.10.0 release and the 5.10.1 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.8.8, first read...
perl5120delta
This document describes differences between the 5.10.0 release and the 5.12.0 release. Many of the bug fixes in 5.12.0 are already included in the 5.10.1...
perl5121delta
This document describes differences between the 5.12.0 release and the 5.12.1 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.10.1, first read...
perl5122delta
This document describes differences between the 5.12.1 release and the 5.12.2 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier major version, such as 5.10.1, first...
perl5123delta
This document describes differences between the 5.12.2 release and the 5.12.3 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.12.1, first read...
perl5124delta
This document describes differences between the 5.12.3 release and the 5.12.4 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.12.2, first read...
perl5125delta
This document describes differences between the 5.12.4 release and the 5.12.5 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.12.3, first read...
perl5140delta
This document describes differences between the 5.12.0 release and the 5.14.0 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.10.0, first read...
perl5141delta
This document describes differences between the 5.14.0 release and the 5.14.1 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.12.0, first read...
perl5142delta
This document describes differences between the 5.14.1 release and the 5.14.2 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.14.0, first read...
perl5143delta
This document describes differences between the 5.14.2 release and the 5.14.3 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.12.0, first read...
perl5144delta
This document describes differences between the 5.14.3 release and the 5.14.4 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.12.0, first read...
perl5160delta
This document describes differences between the 5.14.0 release and the 5.16.0 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.12.0, first read...
perl5161delta
This document describes differences between the 5.16.0 release and the 5.16.1 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.14.0, first read...
perl5162delta
This document describes differences between the 5.16.1 release and the 5.16.2 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.16.0, first read...
perl5163delta
This document describes differences between the 5.16.2 release and the 5.16.3 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.16.1, first read...
perl5180delta
This document describes differences between the v5.16.0 release and the v5.18.0 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as v5.14.0, first...
perl5181delta
This document describes differences between the 5.18.0 release and the 5.18.1 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.16.0, first read...
perl5182delta
This document describes differences between the 5.18.1 release and the 5.18.2 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.18.0, first read...
perl561delta
This document describes differences between the 5.005 release and the 5.6.1 release.
perl56delta
This document describes differences between the 5.005 release and the 5.6.0 release.
perl581delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.0 release and the 5.8.1 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.6.1, first read the...
perl582delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.1 release and the 5.8.2 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.6.1, first read the...
perl583delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.2 release and the 5.8.3 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.6.1, first read the...
perl584delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.3 release and the 5.8.4 release.
perl585delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.4 release and the 5.8.5 release.
perl586delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.5 release and the 5.8.6 release.
perl587delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.6 release and the 5.8.7 release.
perl588delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.7 release and the 5.8.8 release.
perl589delta
This document describes differences between the 5.8.8 release and the 5.8.9 release.
perl58delta
This document describes differences between the 5.6.0 release and the 5.8.0 release. Many of the bug fixes in 5.8.0 were already seen in the 5.6.1 maintenance...
perlaix
This document describes various features of IBM's UNIX operating system AIX that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is compiled and/or runs.
perlamiga
Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on AmigaOSUnix emulation for AmigaOS: ixemul.library You need the Unix emulation for AmigaOS, whose most important part is...
perlapi
This file contains the documentation of the perl public API generated by embed.pl, specifically a listing of functions, macros, flags, and variables that may be...
perlapio
Perl's source code, and extensions that want maximum portability, should use the above functions instead of those defined in ANSI C's stdio.h. The perl headers...
perlartistic
Perl is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: ...
perlbeos
This file contains instructions how to build Perl under BeOS and lists known problems.
perlbook
There are many books on Perl and Perl-related. A few of these are good, some are OK, but many aren't worth your money. There is a list of these books, some with...
perlboot
For information on OO programming with Perl, please see perlootut and perlobj.
perlbot
For information on OO programming with Perl, please see perlootut and perlobj.
perlbs2000
This is a ported perl for the POSIX subsystem in BS2000 VERSION OSD V3.1A or later. It may work on other versions, but we started porting and testing it with...
perlbug
This program is designed to help you generate and send bug reports (and thank-you notes) about perl5 and the modules which ship with it.
perlcall
The purpose of this document is to show you how to call Perl subroutines directly from C, i.e., how to write callbacks.
perlce
DESCRIPTION This file gives the instructions for building Perl5.8 and above for WinCE. Please read and understand the terms under which this software is...
perlcheat
This 'cheat sheet' is a handy reference, meant for beginning Perl programmers. Not everything is mentioned, but 195 features may already be overwhelming.
perlclib
One thing Perl porters should note is that perl doesn't tend to use that much of the C standard library internally; you'll see very little use of, for example,...
perlcn
XXXX Perl XXX! X 5.8.0 XXX, Perl XXXXXX Unicode (XXX) XX, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX; CJK (XXX) XXXXXXXX. Unicode XXXXXXX, XXXXXXXXXXXX: XXXX, XXXX, XXXXXXXX (XXX,...
perlcommunity
This document aims to provide an overview of the vast perl community, which is far too large and diverse to provide a detailed listing. If any specific niche...
perlcygwin
Cygwin = GNU+Cygnus+Windows (Don't leave UNIX without it) The Cygwin tools are ports of the popular GNU development tools for Win32 platforms. They run thanks...
perldata
Variable names Perl has three built-in data types: scalars, arrays of scalars, and associative arrays of scalars, known as “hashes”. A scalar is a single...
perldbmfilter
The four `filter_*' methods shown above are available in all the DBM modules that ship with Perl, namely DB_File, GDBM_File, NDBM_File, ODBM_File and SDBM_File.
perldebguts
This is not perldebug, which tells you how to use the debugger. This manpage describes low-level details concerning the debugger's internals, which range from...
perldebtut
A (very) lightweight introduction in the use of the perl debugger, and a pointer to existing, deeper sources of information on the subject of debugging perl...
perldebug
First of all, have you tried using the -w switch? If you're new to the Perl debugger, you may prefer to read perldebtut, which is a tutorial introduction to the...
perldelta
This document describes differences between the 5.18.1 release and the 5.18.2 release. If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.18.0, first read...
perldgux
Perl 5.7/8.x for DG/UX ix86 R4.20MU0x
perldiag
These messages are classified as follows (listed in increasing order of desperation): (W) A warning (optional). (D) A deprecation (enabled by default). (S) A...
perldoc
perldoc looks up a piece of documentation in .pod format that is embedded in the perl installation tree or in a perl script, and displays it via `groff -man |...
perldos
Before you start, you should glance through the README file found in the top-level directory where the Perl distribution was extracted. Make sure you read and...
perldsc
Perl lets us have complex data structures. You can write something like this and all of a sudden, you'd have an array with three dimensions!
perldtrace
DTrace is a framework for comprehensive system- and application-level tracing. Perl is a DTrace provider, meaning it exposes several probes for instrumentation....
perlebcdic
An exploration of some of the issues facing Perl programmers on EBCDIC based computers. We do not cover localization, internationalization, or multi-byte...
perlembed
PREAMBLE Do you want to:Use C from Perl? Read perlxstut, perlxs, h2xs, perlguts, and perlapi.Use a Unix program from Perl? Read about back-quotes and about...
perlepoc
EPOC is an OS for palmtops and mobile phones. For more information look at: http://www.symbian.com/
perlexperiment
This document lists the current and past experimental features in the perl core. Although all of these are documented with their appropriate topics, this...
perlfangkuai.pl
The configuration file should be the file with name “.tetris” under HOME directory. Another option is using Tetris/Config.pm in any directory of @INC.
perlfaq
The perlfaq comprises several documents that answer the most commonly asked questions about Perl and Perl programming. It's divided by topic into nine major...
perlfaq1
This section of the FAQ answers very general, high-level questions about Perl. What is Perl? Perl is a high-level programming language with an eclectic heritage...
perlfaq2
This section of the FAQ answers questions about where to find source and documentation for Perl, support, and related matters.
perlfaq3
This section of the FAQ answers questions related to programmer tools and programming support. How do I do (anything)? Have you looked at CPAN (see perlfaq2)?...
perlfaq4
This section of the FAQ answers questions related to manipulating numbers, dates, strings, arrays, hashes, and miscellaneous data issues.
perlfaq5
This section deals with I/O and the “f” issues: filehandles, flushing, formats, and footers. How do I flush/unbuffer an output filehandle? Why must I do...
perlfaq6
This section is surprisingly small because the rest of the FAQ is littered with answers involving regular expressions. For example, decoding a URL and checking...
perlfaq7
This section deals with general Perl language issues that don't clearly fit into any of the other sections.
perlfaq8
This section of the Perl FAQ covers questions involving operating system interaction. Topics include interprocess communication (IPC), control over the...
perlfaq9
This section deals with questions related to running web sites, sending and receiving email as well as general networking.
perlfork
The fork() emulation is implemented at the level of the Perl interpreter. What this means in general is that running fork() will actually clone the running...
perlform
Perl has a mechanism to help you generate simple reports and charts. To facilitate this, Perl helps you code up your output page close to how it will look when...
perlfreebsd
This document describes various features of FreeBSD that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is compiled and/or runs.
perlfunc
The functions in this section can serve as terms in an expression. They fall into two major categories: list operators and named unary operators. These differ...
perlgit
This document provides details on using git to develop Perl. If you are just interested in working on a quick patch, see perlhack first. This document is...
perlglossary
A glossary of terms (technical and otherwise) used in the Perl documentation, derived from the Glossary of Programming Perl, Fourth Edition. Words or phrases in...
perlgpl
Perl is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: ...
perlguts
This document attempts to describe how to use the Perl API, as well as to provide some info on the basic workings of the Perl core. It is far from complete and...
perlhack
This document explains how Perl development works. It includes details about the Perl 5 Porters email list, the Perl repository, the Perlbug bug tracker, patch...
perlhacktips
This document will help you learn the best way to go about hacking on the Perl core C code. It covers common problems, debugging, profiling, and more.
perlhacktut
This document takes you through a simple patch example. If you haven't read perlhack yet, go do that first! You might also want to read through perlsource too.
perlhaiku
This file contains instructions how to build Perl for Haiku and lists known problems.
perlhist
This document aims to record the Perl source code releases.
perlhpux
This document describes various features of HP's Unix operating system (HP-UX) that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is compiled and/or...
perlhurd
If you want to use Perl on the Hurd, I recommend using the Debian GNU/Hurd distribution ( see http://www.debian.org/ ), even if an official, stable release has...
perlintern
This file is the autogenerated documentation of functions in the Perl interpreter that are documented using Perl's internal documentation format but are not...
perlinterp
This document provides an overview of how the Perl interpreter works at the level of C code, along with pointers to the relevant C source code files.
perlintro
This document is intended to give you a quick overview of the Perl programming language, along with pointers to further documentation. It is intended as a...
perliol
This document describes the behavior and implementation of the PerlIO abstraction described in perlapio when `USE_PERLIO' is defined (and `USE_SFIO' is not).
perlipc
The basic IPC facilities of Perl are built out of the good old Unix signals, named pipes, pipe opens, the Berkeley socket routines, and SysV IPC calls. Each is...
perlirix
This document describes various features of Irix that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is compiled and/or runs.
perlivp
The perlivp program is set up at Perl source code build time to test the Perl version it was built under. It can be used after running:
perljp
Perl XXXXXXXX! Perl 5.8.0 XXXUnicodeXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CJK...
perlko
PerlX XXX XX XX XXXXX ! PerlX 5.8.0XXX XXXX/ISO 10646X XX XXXX XXX XXX. XXXX XXX XXXX XXXX XXX XX XXXX XXXX XXX XX XXX XXX XX XXX XX XXX XXXX XXXXX. XXXXX X...
perllexwarn
The `use warnings' pragma enables to control precisely what warnings are to be enabled in which parts of a Perl program. It's a more flexible alternative for...
perllinux
This document describes various features of Linux that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is compiled and/or runs.
perllocale
In the beginning there was ASCII, the “American Standard Code for Information Interchange”, which works quite well for Americans with their English alphabet...
perllol
Declaration and Access of Arrays of Arrays The simplest two-level data structure to build in Perl is an array of arrays, sometimes casually called a list of...
perlmacos
The port of Perl to to Mac OS was officially removed as of Perl 5.12, though the last official production release of MacPerl corresponded to Perl 5.6. While...
perlmacosx
The latest Perl release (5.18.2 as of this writing) builds without changes under all versions of Mac OS X from 10.3 “Panther” onwards.
perlmine.pl
An example of config file:    # -*- perl -*-    # ~/.perlmine    use utf8;    %Config = (        %Config,        rows => 10,...
perlmod
Packages Perl provides a mechanism for alternative namespaces to protect packages from stomping on each other's variables. In fact, there's really no such thing...
perlmodinstall
You can think of a module as the fundamental unit of reusable Perl code; see perlmod for details. Whenever anyone creates a chunk of Perl code that they think...
perlmodlib
Many modules are included in the Perl distribution. These are described below, and all end in .pm. You may discover compiled library files (usually ending in...
perlmodstyle
This document attempts to describe the Perl Community's “best practice” for writing Perl modules. It extends the recommendations found in perlstyle , which...
perlmpeix
This is a podified version of what used to be on the above-mentioned web page, podified by Jarkko Hietaniemi 2001-Jan-01.
perlmroapi
As of Perl 5.10.1 there is a new interface for plugging and using method resolution orders other than the default (linear depth first search). The C3 method...
perlnetware
This file gives instructions for building Perl 5.7 and above, and also Perl modules for NetWare. Before you start, you may want to read the README file found in...
perlnewmod
This document gives you some suggestions about how to go about writing Perl modules, preparing them for distribution, and making them available via CPAN.
perlnumber
This document describes how Perl internally handles numeric values. Perl's operator overloading facility is completely ignored here. Operator overloading allows...
perlobj
This document provides a reference for Perl's object orientation features. If you're looking for an introduction to object-oriented programming in Perl, please...
perlootut
This document provides an introduction to object-oriented programming in Perl. It begins with a brief overview of the concepts behind object oriented design....
perlop
Operator Precedence and Associativity Operator precedence and associativity work in Perl more or less like they do in mathematics.Operator precedence means some...
perlopenbsd
This document describes various features of OpenBSD that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is compiled and/or runs.
perlopentut
Perl has two simple, built-in ways to open files: the shell way for convenience, and the C way for precision. The shell way also has 2- and 3-argument forms,...
perlos2
Target The target is to make OS/2 one of the best supported platform for using/building/developing Perl and Perl applications, as well as make Perl the best...
perlos390
This is a fully ported Perl for OS/390 Version 2 Release 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. It may work on other versions or releases, but those are the ones we've tested it...
perlos400
This document describes various features of IBM's OS/400 operating system that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is compiled and/or runs.
perlpacktut
`pack' and `unpack' are two functions for transforming data according to a user-defined template, between the guarded way Perl stores values and some...
perlperf
This is an introduction to the use of performance and optimization techniques which can be used with particular reference to perl programs. While many perl...
perlplan9
These are a few notes describing features peculiar to Plan 9 Perl. As such, it is not intended to be a replacement for the rest of the Perl 5 documentation...
perlpod
Pod is a simple-to-use markup language used for writing documentation for Perl, Perl programs, and Perl modules.
perlpodspec
This document is detailed notes on the Pod markup language. Most people will only have to read perlpod to know how to write in Pod, but this document may answer...
perlpodstyle
These are general guidelines for how to write POD documentation for Perl scripts and modules, based on general guidelines for writing good UNIX man pages. All...
perlpolicy
This document is the master document which records all written policies about how the Perl 5 Porters collectively develop and maintain the Perl core.
perlport
Perl runs on numerous operating systems. While most of them share much in common, they also have their own unique features.
perlpragma
A pragma is a module which influences some aspect of the compile time or run time behaviour of Perl, such as `strict' or `warnings'. With Perl 5.10 you are no...
perlqnx
As of perl5.7.2 all tests pass under:   QNX 4.24G   Watcom 10.6 with Beta/970211.wcc.update.tar.F   socket3r.lib Nov21 1996.
perlre
This page describes the syntax of regular expressions in Perl. If you haven't used regular expressions before, a quick-start introduction is available in...
perlreapi
As of Perl 5.9.5 there is a new interface for plugging and using regular expression engines other than the default one.
perlrebackslash
The top level documentation about Perl regular expressions is found in perlre. This document describes all backslash and escape sequences. After explaining the...
perlrecharclass
The top level documentation about Perl regular expressions is found in perlre. This manual page discusses the syntax and use of character classes in Perl...
perlref
Before release 5 of Perl it was difficult to represent complex data structures, because all references had to be symbolic—and even then it was difficult to...
perlreftut
One of the most important new features in Perl 5 was the capability to manage complicated data structures like multidimensional arrays and nested hashes. To...
perlreguts
This document is an attempt to shine some light on the guts of the regex engine and how it works. The regex engine represents a significant chunk of the perl...
perlrepository
Perl's source code is stored in a Git repository. See perlhack for an explanation of Perl development, including the Super Quick Patch Guide for making and...
perlrequick
This page covers the very basics of understanding, creating and using regular expressions ('regexes') in Perl.
perlreref
This is a quick reference to Perl's regular expressions. For full information see perlre and perlop, as well as the “SEE ALSO” section in this document.
perlretut
This page provides a basic tutorial on understanding, creating and using regular expressions in Perl. It serves as a complement to the reference page on regular...
perlriscos
This document gives instructions for building Perl for RISC OS. It is complicated by the need to cross compile. There is a binary version of perl available from...
perlrun
The normal way to run a Perl program is by making it directly executable, or else by passing the name of the source file as an argument on the command line. (An...
perlsec
Perl is designed to make it easy to program securely even when running with extra privileges, like setuid or setgid programs. Unlike most command line shells,...
perlsolaris
This document describes various features of Sun's Solaris operating system that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just perl) is compiled and/or runs....
perlsource
This document describes the layout of the Perl source tree. If you're hacking on the Perl core, this will help you find what you're looking for.
perlstyle
Each programmer will, of course, have his or her own preferences in regards to formatting, but there are some general guidelines that will make your programs...
perlsub
Like many languages, Perl provides for user-defined subroutines. These may be located anywhere in the main program, loaded in from other files via the `do',...
perlsymbian
This document describes various features of the Symbian operating system that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is compiled and/or runs.
perlsyn
A Perl program consists of a sequence of declarations and statements which run from the top to the bottom. Loops, subroutines, and other control structures...
perlthanks
This program is designed to help you generate and send bug reports (and thank-you notes) about perl5 and the modules which ship with it.
perlthrtut
This tutorial describes the use of Perl interpreter threads (sometimes referred to as ithreads). In this model, each thread runs in its own Perl interpreter,...
perltie
Prior to release 5.0 of Perl, a programmer could use dbmopen() to connect an on-disk database in the standard Unix dbm(3x) format magically to a %HASH in their...
perltoc
This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest of the Perl documentation set. It is meant to be scanned quickly or grepped through to locate the...
perltodo
We no longer install the Perl 5 to-do list as a manpage, as installing snapshot that becomes increasingly out of date isn't that useful to anyone. The current...
perltooc
For information on OO programming with Perl, please see perlootut and perlobj.
perltoot
For information on OO programming with Perl, please see perlootut and perlobj.
perltrap
The biggest trap of all is forgetting to `use warnings' or use the -w switch; see perllexwarn and perlrun. The second biggest trap is not making your entire...
perltru64
This document describes various features of HP's (formerly Compaq's, formerly Digital's) Unix operating system (Tru64) that will affect how Perl version 5...
perltw
XXXX Perl XXX! X 5.8.0 XXX, Perl XXXXXX Unicode (XXX) XX, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX; CJK (XXX) XXXXXXXX. Unicode XXXXXXX, XXXXXXXXXXXX: XXXX, XXXX, XXXXXXXX (XXX,...
perlunicode
Important Caveats Unicode support is an extensive requirement. While Perl does not implement the Unicode standard or the accompanying technical reports from...
perlunifaq
This is a list of questions and answers about Unicode in Perl, intended to be read after perlunitut.
perluniintro
This document gives a general idea of Unicode and how to use Unicode in Perl. See “Further Resources” for references to more in-depth treatments of Unicode.
perluniprops
This document provides information about the portion of the Unicode database that deals with character properties, that is the portion that is defined on single...
perlunitut
The days of just flinging strings around are over. It's well established that modern programs need to be capable of communicating funny accented letters, and...
perlutil
Along with the Perl interpreter itself, the Perl distribution installs a range of utilities on your system. There are also several utilities which are used by...
perluts
Perl 5.7.2 (Developmental) or Perl 5.8.x (forthcoming) for UTS
perlvar
The Syntax of Variable Names Variable names in Perl can have several formats. Usually, they must begin with a letter or underscore, in which case they can be...
perlvmesa
This is a fully ported perl for VM/ESA 2.3.0. It may work on other versions, but that's the one we've tested it on.
perlvms
Gathered below are notes describing details of Perl 5's behavior on VMS. They are a supplement to the regular Perl 5 documentation, so we have focussed on the...
perlvos
To build perl from its source code on the Stratus V Series platform you must have OpenVOS Release 17.1.0 or later, GNU Tools Release 3.5 or later, and the...
perlwin32
Before you start, you should glance through the README file found in the top-level directory to which the Perl distribution was extracted. Make sure you read...
perlxs
Introduction XS is an interface description file format used to create an extension interface between Perl and C code (or a C library) which one wishes to use...
perlxstut
This tutorial will educate the reader on the steps involved in creating a Perl extension. The reader is assumed to have access to perlguts, perlapi and perlxs.
perlxstypemap
The more you think about interfacing between two languages, the more you'll realize that the majority of programmer effort has to go into converting between the...
permview
This tools allow to list the declarative security attributes present in an assembly. The security attributes are either found on the assembly level, on the...
perror
For most system errors, MySQL displays, in addition to an internal text message, the system error code in one of the following styles:
pf2afm
This script invokes gs(1) to make an AFM file from PFB / PFA and (optionally) PFM files. Output goes to fontfilename.afm, which must not already exist.
pfbtopfa
This script invokes gs(1) to convert a .pfb file into a .pfa file.
pfbtops
pfbtops translates a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII, splitting overlong lines in text packets into smaller chunks. If pfb_file is omitted the pfb file...
pfmtopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pfmtopam reads a PFM (Portable Float Map) image and converts it to PAM.
pg
pg displays a text file on a CRT one screenful at once. After each page, a prompt is displayed. The user may then either press the newline key to view the next...
pg_archivecleanup
pg_archivecleanup is designed to be used as an archive_cleanup_command to clean up WAL file archives when running as a standby server (see Section 25.2,...
pgawk
Gawk is the GNU Project's implementation of the AWK programming language. It conforms to the definition of the language in the POSIX 1003.1 Standard. This...
pgbadger
pgBadger is a PostgreSQL log analyzer build for speed with fully detailed reports from your PostgreSQL log file. It's a single and small Perl script that...
pg_basebackup
pg_basebackup is used to take base backups of a running PostgreSQL database cluster. These are taken without affecting other clients to the database, and can be...
pgbench
pgbench is a simple program for running benchmark tests on PostgreSQL. It runs the same sequence of SQL commands over and over, possibly in multiple concurrent...
pg_config
The pg_config utility prints configuration parameters of the currently installed version of PostgreSQL. It is intended, for example, to be used by software...
pg_controldata
pg_controldata prints information initialized during initdb, such as the catalog version. It also shows information about write-ahead logging and checkpoint...
pg_ctl
pg_ctl is a utility for initializing a PostgreSQL database cluster, starting, stopping, or restarting the PostgreSQL database server (postgres(1)), or...
pg_dump
pg_dump is a utility for backing up a PostgreSQL database. It makes consistent backups even if the database is being used concurrently. pg_dump does not block...
pg_dumpall
pg_dumpall is a utility for writing out (“dumping”) all PostgreSQL databases of a cluster into one script file. The script file contains SQL commands that...
pg_isready
pg_isready is a utility for checking the connection status of a PostgreSQL database server. The exit status specifies the result of the connection check.
pgmabel
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmabel reads as input a PGM image, which it assumes to be an image of a rotational symmetric transparent object. The image...
pgmbentley
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmbentley reads a PGM image as input and performs the Bentley Effect, and writes a PGM image as output.
pgmcrater
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmcrater creates a PGM image which mimics cratered terrain. The PGM image is created by simulating the impact of a given...
pgmdeshadow
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmdeshadow removes gray shadows from an image. This is useful for an image containing text, such as a scanned book pages,...
pgmedge
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmedge was replaced in Netpbm 10.14 (March 2002) by pamedge(1) pamedge is backward compatible with pgmedge, but works on...
pgmenhance
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmenhance reads a PGM image as input, enhances the edges, and writes a PGM image as output.
pgmhist
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmhist reads a PGM image as input and prints a histogram of the gray values or other gray value distribution metrics.
pgmkernel
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmkernel generates a convolution kernel that you can use with pnmconvol. The kernel is one where the weight of each location...
pgmmake
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmmake produces a PGM image of the specified gray level, width, height, and maxval.
pgmmedian
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmmedian applies a median filter to a PGM image, using either the histogram sort or select kth value method to determine the...
pgmminkowski
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmminkowski computes the 3 Minkowski integrals of a PGM image. The Minkowski integrals mathematically characterize the shapes...
pgmmorphconv
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmmorphconv performs morphological convolutions on a PGM image: dilation and erosion.
pgmnoise
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmnoise creates a PGM image that is made up of pixels of random brightness. The maxval is 255.
pgmnorm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmnorm was replaced in Netpbm 9.25 (March 2002) by pnmnorm(1) pnmnorm is backward compatible with pgmnorm, but it also...
pgmoil
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmoil was replaced in Netpbm 9.16 (July 2001) by pamoil(1) pamoil is backward compatible with pgmoil, but works on color...
pgmramp
This program is part of Netpbm(1) Generates a graymap of the specified size containing a black-to-white ramp. These ramps are useful for multiplying with other...
pgmslice
This program is part of Netpbm(1) Starting with Netpbm 10.3, pgmslice is obsolete. Use pamslice(1) instead. It is backward compatible.
pgmtexture
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmtexture reads a PGM image as input and calculates textural features based on spatial dependence matrices at 0, 45, 90, and...
pgmtofs
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmtofs reads a PGM image as input and produces Usenix FaceSaver(tm) format as output.
pgmtolispm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmtolispm reads a PGM image as input and produces a Lisp Machine bitmap as output.
pgmtopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This program is obsolete since Netpbm 10.23 (July 2004). Use pamditherbw(1) to do what this program used to do.
pgmtopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmtopgm simply copies a PGM image from Standard Input to Standard Output. This may seem an unnecessary duplication of cat,...
pgmtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pgmtoppm reads a PGM as input and produces a PPM file as output with a specific color assigned to each gray value in the...
pgpewrap
This is a little C program which does some command line munging: The first argument is a command to be executed. When pgpewrap encounters a "--" (dash-dash)...
pgpring
pgpring is a key ring dumper. It extracts information from PGP's binary key ring and emits it in an (almost) readable output format understood by mutt's key...
pg_receivexlog
pg_receivexlog is used to stream transaction log from a running PostgreSQL cluster. The transaction log is streamed using the streaming replication protocol,...
pgrep
pgrep looks through the currently running processes and lists the process IDs which matches the selection criteria to stdout. All the criteria have to match....
pg_resetxlog
pg_resetxlog clears the write-ahead log (WAL) and optionally resets some other control information stored in the pg_control file. This function is sometimes...
pg_restore
pg_restore is a utility for restoring a PostgreSQL database from an archive created by pg_dump(1) in one of the non-plain-text formats. It will issue the...
pg_standby
pg_standby supports creation of a “warm standby” database server. It is designed to be a production-ready program, as well as a customizable template should...
pg_test_fsync
pg_test_fsync is intended to give you a reasonable idea of what the fastest wal_sync_method is on your specific system, as well as supplying diagnostic...
pg_test_timing
pg_test_timing is a tool to measure the timing overhead on your system and confirm that the system time never moves backwards. Systems that are slow to collect...
pg_upgrade
pg_upgrade (formerly called pg_migrator) allows data stored in PostgreSQL data files to be upgraded to a later PostgreSQL major version without the data...
pg_xlogdump
pg_xlogdump displays the write-ahead log (WAL) and is mainly useful for debugging or educational purposes.
phar
The PHAR file format provides a way to put entire PHP applications into a single file called a "phar" (PHP Archive) for easy distribution and installation.
phar.phar
See phar(1)
php
PHP is a widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for Web development and can be embedded into HTML. This is the command line...
php-cgi
See php(1)
php-config
php-config is a simple shell script for obtaining information about installed PHP configuration.
phpize
phpize is a shell script to prepare PHP extension for compiling.
pi1toppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pi1toppm reads an Atari Degas .pi1 file as input and produces a PPM image as output.
pi3topbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pi3topbm reads an Atari Degas .pi3 file as input and produces a PBM image as output.
pic
This manual page describes the GNU version of pic, which is part of the groff document formatting system. pic compiles descriptions of pictures embedded within...
pic2graph
Reads a PIC program as input; produces an image file (by default in Portable Network Graphics format) suitable for the Web as output. Also translates eqn(1)...
piconv
piconv is perl version of iconv, a character encoding converter widely available for various Unixen today. This script was primarily a technology demonstrator...
pidgin
pidgin is a graphical modular messaging client based on libpurple which is capable of connecting to AIM, MSN, Yahoo!, XMPP, ICQ, IRC, SILC, Novell GroupWise,...
pinfo
This is a program for viewing info files. You specify which page you want to read by passing it an infopage argument. This argument contains the name of an info...
pinky
-lproduce long format output for the specified USERs-bomit the user's home directory and shell in long format-homit the user's project file in long format-pomit...
pitchplay
pitchplay allows playback of audio tracks with cdda2wav with pitches specified in percentage with 100% being the original pitch, 50% being one octave lower,...
pjtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pjtoppm reads an HP PaintJet file as input and converts it into a PPM image. This was a quick hack to save some trees, and it...
pk12util
The PKCS #12 utility, pk12util, enables sharing certificates among any server that supports PKCS#12. The tool can import certificates and keys from PKCS#12...
pkaction
pkaction is used to obtain information about registered polkit actions. If called without --action-id then all actions are displayed. Otherwise the action...
pkcheck
pkcheck is used to check whether a process, specified by either --process (see below) or --system-bus-name, is authorized for action. The --detail option can be...
pkcon
This manual page documents briefly the pkcon command. pkcon is the command line client for PackageKit.
pkcs11_eventmgr
card_eventmgr is a SmartCard Monitoring that listen to the status of the card reader and dispatch actions on several events. card_eventmgr can be used to...
pkcs11_inspect
pkcs11_inspect uses the pam_pkcs11 library infrastructure to get the content of a certificate and display it.
pkcs11_listcerts
pkcs11_listcerts display all the certificates.
pkcs11_setup
pkcs11_setup display all the certificates.
pk-device-rebind
This manual page documents briefly the pk-device-rebind command. pk-device-rebind is the command line client for reloading devices after firmware has been...
pkexec
pkexec allows an authorized user to execute PROGRAM as another user. If PROGRAM is not specified, the default shell will be run. If username is not specified,...
pkg-config
The pkg-config program is used to retrieve information about installed libraries in the system. It is typically used to compile and link against one or more...
pkgenpack
This manual page documents briefly the pkgenpack command. pkgenpack is the command line client for PackageKit for creating service packs.
pkill
See pgrep(1)
pklogin_finder
pklogin_finder uses the pam_pkcs11 library infrastructure to interactively map a PKCS#11 provided certificate to a user.
pkmon
This manual page documents briefly the pkmon command. pkmon is the command line client for PackageKit.
pktogf
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
pktopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pktopbm reads a packed (PK) font file as input, and produces PBM images as output. If the filename '-' is used for any of the...
pkttyagent
pkttyagent is used to start a textual authentication agent for the subject specified by either --process or --system-bus-name. If neither of these options are...
pktype
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
pl2pm
pl2pm is a tool to aid in the conversion of Perl4-style .pl library files to Perl5-style library modules. Usually, your old .pl file will still work fine and...
plasmapkg
plasmapkg is a command line tool to install, list, remove Plasma packages.
pltotf
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
pluma
pluma is the official text editor of the MATE desktop environment. While aiming at simplicity and ease of use, pluma is a powerful general purpose text editor....
pmap
The pmap command reports the memory map of a process or processes.
pm-is-supported
This manual page documents briefly the pm-is-supported command. The intended purpose of pm-is-supported is to find out which power management modes are...
pngtopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pngtopam reads a PNG image (Portable Network Graphics) as input and produces a Netpbm image as output. The type of the output...
pngtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pngtopnm was obsoleted by pngtopam(1) , introduced with Netpbm 10.44 (September 2008). pngtopam is backward compatible with...
pnm2ppa
Reads portable anymap (PNM) format as input. Binary PNM formats pnmraw = {ppmraw (color pixmap), pgmraw (graymap), and pbmraw (black-and-white bitmap)} are...
pnmalias
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmalias reads a PNM image as input, and applies anti-aliasing to background and foreground pixels. If the input file is a...
pnmarith
This program is part of Netpbm(1) Starting with Netpbm 10.3, pnmarith is obsolete. Use pamarith(1) instead.
pnmcat
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmcat reads one or more PNM images as input, concatenates them either left to right or top to bottom, and produces a single...
pnmcolormap
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmcolormap reads a PNM or PAM image as input, chooses ncolors colors to best represent the image and writes a PNM color map...
pnmcomp
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmcomp was obsoleted by pamcomp(1) , introduced with Netpbm 10.21 (March 2004). pamcomp is backward compatible with pnmcomp,...
pnmconvol
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmconvol reads a Netpbm image as input, convolves it with a specified convolution matrix, and writes a Netpbm image as...
pnmcrop
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmcrop reads a PBM, PGM, or PPM image as input, removes borders that are the background color, and produces the same type of...
pnmcut
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmcut was obsoleted by pamcut(1) , introduced with Netpbm 9.20 (May 2001). pamcut is backward compatible with pnmcut, plus...
pnmdepth
This program is part of Netpbm(1) Starting with Netpbm 10.32 (February 2006), pnmdepth is obsolete. Use pamdepth(1) instead.
pnmenlarge
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmenlarge was replaced in Netpbm 10.25 (October 2004) by pamenlarge(1)
pnmfile
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmfile was replaced in Netpbm 10.9 (September 2002) by pamfile(1)
pnmgamma
This program is part of Netpbm(1) Pnmgamma performs gamma adjustment on pseudo-PNM images. The PPM format specification specifies that certain sample values in...
pnmhisteq
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmhisteq increases the contrast of a PGM or PPM image through the technique of 'histogram equalization.'[1]
pnmhistmap
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmhistmap reads a PNM image as input and produces an image showing a histogram of the color (or gray) values in the input. A...
pnmindex
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmindex creates an index image containing thumbnail (small) versions of a bunch of PNM files you supply. (Akin to a...
pnminterp
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnminterp was replaced in Netpbm 9.21 (December 2001) by pamstretch(1)
pnminvert
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnminvert reads a PNM image as input, inverts it black for white, and produces a PNM image as output.
pnmmargin
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmmargin adds a border around a PNM image.
pnmmercator
This program is part of Netpbm(1) The pnmmercator utility, converts a rectangular projection worldmap to a Mercator projection format, as used for...
pnmmontage
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmmontage packs images of differing sizes into a minimum-area composite image.
pnmnlfilt
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmnlfilt produces an output image where the pixels are a summary of multiple pixels near the corresponding location in an...
pnmnoraw
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmnoraw was replaced in Netpbm 8.2 (March 2000) by pnmtoplainpnm(1) , which was obsoleted by pnmtopnm in Netpbm 10.23 (July...
pnmnorm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmnorm reads a PNM image (PBM, PGM, or PPM). It normalizes the contrast by forcing the brightest pixels to white, the darkest...
pnmpad
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmpad reads a PNM image as input and outputs a PNM image that is the input image plus black or white borders of the sizes...
pnmpaste
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmpaste reads two PNM images as input and inserts the first image (the "pasted image") into the second (the "base image") at...
pnmpsnr
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmpsnr reads two PBM, PGM, or PPM files, or PAM equivalents, as input and prints the magnitude of difference between the two...
pnmquant
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmquant reads a PNM image as input. It chooses ncolors colors to best represent the image, maps the existing colors to the...
pnmquantall
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmquantall takes a bunch of Netpbm image files as input, chooses ncolors colors to best represent all of the images, maps the...
pnmremap
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmremap replaces the colors in an input image with those from a palette you specify. Where colors in the input are present in...
pnmrotate
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmrotate reads a PNM image as input. It rotates it by the specified angle and produces the same kind of PNM image as output.
pnmscale
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmscale was obsoleted by pamscale(1) , introduced with Netpbm 10.20 (January 2004). pamscale is backward compatible with...
pnmscalefixed
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmscalefixed is like pamscale except that it uses fixed point arithmetic internally instead of floating point, which makes it...
pnmshear
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmshear reads a PNM image as input and shears it by the specified angle and produce a PNM image as output. If the input file...
pnmsmooth
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmsmooth smoothes out an image by replacing each pixel with the average of its width X height neighbors. It is implemented as...
pnmsplit
This program is part of Netpbm(1) Starting with Netpbm 10.31 (December 2005), pnmsplit is obsolete. Use pamsplit(1) instead.
pnmstitch
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmstitch stitches together two panoramic photographs. This means if you have photographs of the left and right side of...
pnmtile
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtile reads a PNM image as input. It replicates it to fill an area of the specified dimensions and produces an image in the...
pnmtoddif
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtoddif takes a PNM image and converts it into a DDIF image file.
pnmtofiasco
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtofiasco compresses the named pbm, pgm, or ppm image files, or Standard Input if no file is named, and produces a FIASCO...
pnmtofits
This program is part of Netpbm(1) In Netpbm 10.30 (October 2005), pnmtofits was extended and renamed to pamtofits(1)
pnmtojbig
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtojbig reads a PBM or PGM image, compresses it, and outputs the image as a JBIG bi-level image entity (BIE) file.
pnmtojpeg
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtojpeg converts the named PBM, PGM, or PPM image file, or the standard input if no file is named, to a JFIF file on the...
pnmtopalm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtopalm reads a PNM image as input, from Standard Input or pnmfile and produces a Palm Bitmap as output.
pnmtopng
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtopng reads a PNM image as input and produces a PNG image as output.
pnmtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtopnm simply copies a PNM image to Standard Output. The output has the same major PNM format (PBM, PGM, or PPM) and maxval...
pnmtops
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtops reads a Netpbm image stream as input and produces Encapsulated PostScript (EPSF) as output.
pnmtorast
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtorastreads a PPM image as input and produces a Sun rasterfile as output.
pnmtorle
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This program converts Netpbm image files into Utah RLE image files. You can include an alpha mask. If the input is a multiple...
pnmtosgi
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtosgi reads a PNM image as input and produces an SGI image file as output. The SGI image will be 2-dimensional (1 channel)...
pnmtosir
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtosir reads a PNM image as input and produces a Solitaire Image Recorder format image.
pnmtotiff
This program is part of Netpbm(1) In Netpbm 10.30 (October 2005), pnmtotiff was extended and renamed to pamtotiff(1)
pnmtotiffcmyk
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtotiffcmykreads a PNM image as input and produces a CMYK encoded TIFF file as output. It optionally modifies the color...
pnmtoxwd
This program is part of Netpbm(1) pnmtoxwd reads a PNM image as input and produces an X11 window dump as output. You can display this output with xwud.
pod2html
Converts files from pod format (see perlpod) to HTML format.
pod2latex
`pod2latex' is a program to convert POD format documentation (perlpod) into latex. It can process multiple input documents at a time and either generate a latex...
pod2man
pod2man is a front-end for Pod::Man, using it to generate *roff input from POD source. The resulting *roff code is suitable for display on a terminal using...
pod2pdf
pod2pdf converts documents written in Perl's POD (Plain Old Documentation) format to PDF files. Usage  pod2pdf [options] input.pod >output.pdf If no input...
pod2texi
Translate Pod file(s) to Texinfo. There are two basic modes of operation. First, by default, each pod is translated to a standalone Texinfo manual.
pod2text
pod2text is a front-end for Pod::Text and its subclasses. It uses them to generate formatted ASCII text from POD source. It can optionally use either termcap...
pod2usage
pod2usage will read the given input file looking for pod documentation and will print the corresponding usage message. If no input file is specified then...
pod2xhtml
Converts files from pod format (see perlpod) to XHTML format.
podchecker
podchecker will read the given input files looking for POD syntax errors in the POD documentation and will print any errors it find to STDERR. At the end, it...
podlint
This script uses Pod::POM to parse a Pod document with full warnings enabled, effectively acting as a syntax and structure checker.
podselect
podselect will read the given input files looking for pod documentation and will print out (in raw pod format) all sections that match one ore more of the given...
policyeditor
policyeditor is a GUI application with small command line support to view and edit applet security policy settings used by the icedtea-web implementation of...
policytool-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The policytool command calls an administrator's GUI that enables system administrators to manage the contents of local policy files. A policy file is a...
pom2
This script uses `Pod::POM' to convert a Pod document into text, HTML, back into Pod (e.g. to normalise a document to fix any markup errors), or any other...
pomdump
This script uses Pod::POM to parse a Pod document and then invokes the dump method on the top level node, resulting in a visualization of the structure of the...
popd
See builtins(1)
portrelease
The portrelease program instructs the portreserve daemon to release the port associated with the given service configuration file.
portreserve
The portreserve program aims to help services with well-known ports that lie in the bindresvport range. It prevents portmap (or other programs using...
POST
This program can be used to send requests to WWW servers and your local file system. The request content for POST and PUT methods is read from stdin. The...
postgres
postgres is the PostgreSQL database server. In order for a client application to access a database it connects (over a network or locally) to a running postgres...
postmaster
postmaster is a deprecated alias of postgres.
potrace
potrace is a tool for tracing a bitmap, which means, transforming a bitmap into a smooth, scalable image. The input is a bitmap, which means, a pixel-based...
pp
pp pretty-prints private and public key, certificate, certificate-request, pkcs7 or crl files
ppdc
ppdc compiles PPDC source files into one or more PPD files. This program is deprecated and will be removed in a future release of CUPS.
ppdhtml
ppdhtml reads a driver information file and produces a HTML summary page that lists all of the drivers in a file and the supported options.
ppdi
ppdi imports one or more PPD files into a PPD compiler source file. Multiple languages of the same PPD file are merged into a single printer definition to...
ppdmerge
ppdmerge merges two or more PPD files into a single, multi-language PPD file. The -o option specifies the PPD file to create. If not specified, the merged PPD...
ppdpo
ppdpo extracts UI strings from PPDC source files and updates either a GNU gettext or OS X strings format message catalog source file for translation.
ppl-config
Displays information, in various formats, about an installation of the Parma Polyhedra Library.
ppm3d
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppm3d reads two PPM images as input and produces a PPM as output, with the images overlapping by the specified number of...
ppmbrighten
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmbrighten increases or decreases the Saturation and Value (from the HSV color space) of each pixel of a PPM image. You...
ppmchange
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmchange reads a PPM image as input and changes all pixels of color oldcolor to color newcolor.
ppmcie
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmcie creates a PPM file containing a plot of the CIE 'tongue' color chart -- to the extent possible in a PPM image....
ppmcolors
ppmcolors is obsolete. The more general program pamseq(1) took its place in June 2002. ppmcolors remains for backward compatibility, but all it does is run...
ppmdcfont
This program is part of Netpbm(1) (There are no arguments or options) ppmdcfont creates a C source file that you can compile into a built-in font for use with...
ppmddumpfont
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmddumpfont reads a Ppmdfont file on Standard Input and writes to Standard Error a human readable description of the font.
ppmdim
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This program is largely obsoleted by the more general pamfunc(1) (use the -multiplier option). ppmdim remains for backward...
ppmdist
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmdist reads a PPM image as input and performs a simplistic grayscale assignment intended for use with grayscale or bitmap...
ppmdither
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmdither reads a Netpbm image as input, and applies dithering to it to reduce the number of colors used down to the specified...
ppmdmkfont
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmdmkfont creates the 'standard' Ppmdfont font as a Ppmdfont file. It has no input; it always generates identical files.
ppmdraw
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmdraw draws lines, shapes, text, etc. on a PPM image. It is essentially an easy-to-program front end to libnetpbm's 'ppmd'...
ppmfade
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmfadegenerates a transition between either two input images or between one input image and black. You can use the 30...
ppmflash
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmflash reads a PPM image as input. It changes the color of each pixel to bring it a specified amount closer to white. It...
ppmforge
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmforge generates three kinds of “random fractal forgeries,” the term coined by Richard F. Voss of the IBM Thomas J....
ppmglobe
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmglobe does the inverse of a cylindrical projection of a sphere. Starting with a cylindrical projection, it produces an...
ppmhist
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmhistreads a PPM image as input and generates a histogram of the colors in the image, i.e. a list of all the colors and how...
ppmlabel
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmlabel uses the text drawing facilities of libnetpbm's 'ppmd' component to add text to a PBM image. You control the...
ppmmake
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmmake produces a PPM image of the specified color, width, height, and maxval.
ppmmix
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmmix reads two PPM images as input and mixes them together using the specified fade factor. The fade factor may be in the...
ppmnorm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmnorm was replaced in Netpbm 9.25 (March 2002) by pnmnorm(1) pnmnorm is backward compatible with ppmnorm except that for PBM...
ppmntsc
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This program makes colors legal in the NTSC (or PAL) color systems. Often, images generated on the computer are made for use...
ppmpat
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmpat produces a PPM of the specified width and height, with a pattern in it.
ppmquant
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmquant is obsolete. All it does now is invoke pnmquant or pnmremap. You should use one of those programs in any new program,...
ppmquantall
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmquantall was obsoleted by pnmquantall(1) , introduced with Netpbm 10.58 (March 2012). pnmquantall is just a renaming to...
ppmrainbow
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmrainbow generates a PPM image that fades from one color to another to another from left to right, like a rainbow. The...
ppmrelief
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmrelief reads a PPM image as input, does a Laplacian relief filter, and writes a PPM image as output.
ppmrough
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmrough generates a PPM image of the specified width, height, and colors. ppmrough tiles the image into semi-rectangular...
ppmshadow
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmshadow adds a simulated shadow to an image, giving the appearance that the contents of the image float above the page,...
ppmshift
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmshift reads a PPM image as input. Shifts every row of image data to the left or right by a random amount, within a range of...
ppmspread
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmspread reads a PPM image as input and moves every pixel around a random bit relative to its original position. amount...
ppmtoacad
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoacad reads a PPM image as input and produces an Autocad slide file or binary database import (.dxb) file as output. If...
ppmtoapplevol
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoapplevol reads a PPM image as input and produces an Apple volume label image as output.
ppmtoarbtxt
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoarbtxt generates simple text-based graphics formats based on format descriptions given as input. A text-based graphics...
ppmtoascii
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoascii reads a PPM image as input and produces a somewhat crude ASCII graphic image as output, with ANSI terminal control...
ppmtobmp
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtobmp reads a PPM image as input and produces a Microsoft Windows or OS/2 BMP file as output.
ppmtoeyuv
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoeyuv reads a PPM image as input and produces a Berkeley Encoder YUV (not the same as Abekas YUV) file on the Standard...
ppmtoicr
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoicr reads a PPM file as input. Produces an NCSA Telnet Interactive Color Raster graphic file as output.
ppmtoilbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoilbm reads a PPM image as input. Produces an ILBM file as output. ppmtoilbm understands the following ILBM types:
ppmtojpeg
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtojpeg was replaced in Netpbm 9.19 (September 2001) by pnmtojpeg(1)
ppmtoleaf
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoleaf reads an Interleaf image file as input and generates a PPM image as output.
ppmtolj
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtolj reads a PPM image as input and converts it into a color file suitable to be printed by an HP color PCL 5 printer.
ppmtomap
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This program exists only for backward compatibility. Use pnmcolormap, which replaced it in January 2002.
ppmtomitsu
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtomitsu reads a PPM image as input and converts it into a format suitable to be printed by a Mitsubishi S340-10 printer, or...
ppmtoneo
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoneo reads a PPM image as input and produces an Atari Neochrome .neo file as output.
ppmtopcx
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtopcx reads a PPM image as input and produces a PCX file as output. The type of the PCX file depends on the number of...
ppmtopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtopgm reads a PPM as input and produces a PGM as output. The output is a 'black and white' rendering of the original image,...
ppmtopi1
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtopi1 reads a PPM image as input and produces an Atari Degas .pi1 file as output.
ppmtopict
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtopict reads a PPM image as input and produces a Macintosh PICT file as output.
ppmtopj
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtopj reads a PPM image as input and converts it into a format suitable to be printed by an HP PaintJet printer.
ppmtopjxl
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtopjxl reads a PPM image as input and produces a PCL file suitable for printing on an HP PaintJet XL printer as output.
ppmtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoppm simply copies a PPM image from Standard Input to Standard Output. This may seem an unnecessary duplication of cat,...
ppmtopuzz
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtopuzz reads a PPM image as input and produces an X11 'puzzle' file as output. A 'puzzle' file is for use with the puzzle...
ppmtorgb3
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtorgb3 reads a PPM image as input and writes three PGM images as output, one each for red, green, and blue.
ppmtosixel
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtosixel reads a PPM image as input and produces sixel commands (SIX) as output. The output is formatted for color printing,...
ppmtospu
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This program converts from the PPM format to the uncompressed Spectrum 512 image format used on Atari ST computers.
ppmtoterm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) This program tries to produce an accurate representation of a PPM image on an terminal that implements the ANSI ISO 6429...
ppmtouil
This program is part of Netpbm(1) In May 2002, ppmtouil was extended and renamed to pamtouil(1)
ppmtowinicon
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtowinicon reads one or more PPM images as input and produces a Microsoft Windows .ico file as output.
ppmtoxpm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoxpm reads a PPM image as input and produces X11 pixmap (version 3) as output. This format can be loaded by the XPM...
ppmtoyuv
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoyuv reads a PPM image as input and produces an Abekas YUV file as output.
ppmtoyuvsplit
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtoyuvsplit reads a PPM image as input. Produces 3 raw files basename.Y, basename.U and basename.V as output.
ppmtv
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmtv reads a PPM image as input and dims every other row of image data down by the specified dim factor. This factor may be...
ppmwheel
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ppmwheel produces a PPM image of a color wheel of the specified diameter inside a white square just large enough to hold it.
pprof
Prints specified cpu- or heap-profile
pr
Paginate or columnate FILE(s) for printing. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
pragha
pragha is a lightweight music player that aims to be fast, bloat-free, and light on memory consumption. It is written completely in C and GTK+. Some of the...
preconv
preconv reads files and converts its encoding(s) to a form GNU troff(1) can process, sending the data to standard output. Currently, this means ASCII characters...
prezip-bin
prezip-bin compresses/decompresses sorted word lists from standard input to standard output. Prezip-bin is similar to word-list-compress(1) but it allows a...
printafm
This script invokes gs(1) to print the metrics from a font in AFM format. Output goes to stdout.
printenv
Print the values of the specified environment VARIABLE(s). If no VARIABLE is specified, print name and value pairs for them all.
printf
Print ARGUMENT(s) according to FORMAT, or execute according to OPTION: --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitFORMAT...
prj2make
The prj2make tool will produce Makefiles or NMakefiles from Visual Studio solution files (files ending in .sln or .csproj) or SharpDevelop combine files (files...
procmail
For a quick start, see NOTES at the end. Procmail should be invoked automatically over the .forward file mechanism as soon as mail arrives. Alternatively, when...
profiles
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite. profiles is a utility that reports and changes SIDs in windows registry files. It currently only supports NT.
proj
Proj and invproj perform respective forward and inverse transformation of cartographic data to or from cartesian data with a wide range of selectable projection...
prove
 prove [options] [files or directories]
prtstat
prtstat prints the statistics of the specified process. This information comes from the /proc/PID/stat file.
prune
prune reads directed graphs in the same format used by dot(1) and removes subgraphs rooted at nodes specified on the command line via options. These nodes...
ps
ps displays information about a selection of the active processes. If you want a repetitive update of the selection and the displayed information, use top(1)...
ps2ascii
ps2ascii uses gs(1) to extract ASCII text from PostScript(tm) or Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) files. If no files are specified on the command line, gs...
ps2epsi
ps2epsi uses gs(1) to process a PostScript(tm) file and generate as output a new file which conforms to Adobe's Encapsulated PostScript Interchange (EPSI)...
ps2pdf
The ps2pdf scripts are work-alikes for nearly all the functionality (but not the user interface) of Adobe's Acrobat(TM) Distiller(TM) product: they convert...
ps2pdfwr
This wrapper script invokes gs(1) with following arguments -q -dNOPAUSE -dBATCH -sDEVICE=pdfwrite as well as the appropriate -dOutputFile argument, all...
ps2ps
ps2ps uses gs(1) to convert PostScript(tm) file "input.ps" to simpler, normalized and (usually) faster PostScript in "output.ps". Normally the output is allowed...
psbook
Psbook rearranges pages from a PostScript document into “signatures” for printing books or booklets, creating a new PostScript file. The input PostScript...
psed
A stream editor reads the input stream consisting of the specified files (or standard input, if none are given), processes is line by line by applying a script...
psfaddtable
psfaddtable takes a console font in .psf format given by fontfile and merges it with the Unicode character table given by tablefile to produce a font file with...
psfgettable
psfgettable extracts the embedded Unicode character table from a .psf format console font into a human readable ASCII file of the format used by psfaddtable(1)....
psfstriptable
psfstriptable reads a .psf format console font from fontfile, removes the embedded Unicode font table if there is one, and writes the result to outfile. An...
psfxtable
psfxtable handles the embedded Unicode character table for .psf format console fonts. It reads a font and possibly a table and writes a font and/or a table....
psidtopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) psidtopgm reads the 'image' data from a PostScript file as input and produces a PGM image as output.
psnup
Psnup puts multiple logical pages onto each physical sheet of paper. The input PostScript file should follow the Adobe Document Structuring Conventions.
psql
psql is a terminal-based front-end to PostgreSQL. It enables you to type in queries interactively, issue them to PostgreSQL, and see the query results....
psresize
Psresize rescales and centres a document on a different size of paper. The input PostScript file should follow the Adobe Document Structuring Conventions.
psselect
Psselect selects pages from a PostScript document, creating a new PostScript file. The input PostScript file should follow the Adobe Document Structuring...
pstops
Pstops rearranges pages from a PostScript document, creating a new PostScript file. The input PostScript file should follow the Adobe Document Structuring...
pstree
pstree shows running processes as a tree. The tree is rooted at either pid or init if pid is omitted. If a user name is specified, all process trees rooted at...
pstruct
Options: -w wide; short for: type_width=45 member_width=35 offset_width=8 -x hex; short for: offset_fmt=x offset_width=08 size_fmt=x size_width=04 -n do not...
ptked
ptked is a simple text editor based on perl/Tk's TextUndo widget.
ptksh
ptksh is a perl/Tk shell to enter perl commands interactively. When one starts ptksh a MainWindow is automaticly created, along with a ptksh command window. One...
ptx
Output a permuted index, including context, of the words in the input files. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
pulseaudio
PulseAudio is a networked low-latency sound server for Linux, POSIX and Windows systems.
pushd
See builtins(1)
pwd
Print the full filename of the current working directory. -L, --logicaluse PWD from environment, even if it contains symlinks-P, --physicalavoid all...
pwdx
The pwdx command reports the current working directory of a process or processes.
pwhich
`pwhich' is a command-line utility program for finding paths to other programs based on the user's `PATH'. It is similar to the usualy Unix tool `which', and...
pwmake
pwmake is a simple configurable tool for generating random and relatively easily pronounceable passwords. The tool allows you to specify the number of entropy...
pwqcheck
The pwqcheck program checks passphrase quality using the libpasswdqc library. By default, it expects to read 3 lines from standard input:
pwqgen
The pwqgen program generates a random passphrase using the libpasswdqc library. Strength of the generated passphrase depends on the amount of randomness read...
pwscore
pwscore is a simple tool for checking quality of a password. The password is read from stdin. The tool uses the libpwquality library to perform configurable...
python2.7
Python is an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language that combines remarkable power with very clear syntax. For an introduction to...
python3.3
Python is an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language that combines remarkable power with very clear syntax. For an introduction to...
qcatool2
qcatool is a command line tool for performing various cryptographic operations with the Qt Cryptographic Architecture (QCA). qcatool can also be used for...
qrencode
Libqrencode is a library for encoding data in a QR Code symbol, a kind of 2D symbology that can be scanned by handy terminals such as a mobile phone with CCD....
qrttoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) qrttoppm reads a QRT file as input and produces a PPM image as output.
quota
quota displays users' disk usage and limits. By default only the user quotas are printed. By default space usage and limits are shown in kbytes (and are named...
quotasync
quotasync flushes file system usage and limits from kernel memory to quota files stored in the file system. By default only the user quotas are synchronized.
quvi
quvi is a Free Software suite to access the flash media stream properties. It can parse flash media streams from a variety of websites including YouTube, Vimeo...
quvi-dump
This command queries the properties for an URL and prints them to the stdout.
quvi-get
This command saves the media stream to a file.
quvi-info
This command shows information about the quvi suite.
quvi-scan
This command scans the input URLs for embedded media URLs and prints them to the stdout. The support is determined by the current selection of...
ranlib
ranlib generates an index to the contents of an archive and stores it in the archive. The index lists each symbol defined by a member of an archive that is a...
rapper
The rapper utility allows parsing of RDF content by the Raptor RDF parser toolkit emitting the results as RDF triples in a choice of syntaxes. The INPUT-URI can...
rasttopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) rasttopnm reads a Sun rasterfile as input and produces a PNM image as output. The type of the output file depends on the input...
rawtopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) rawtopgm reads raw grayscale values as input and produces a PGM image as output. The input file is just a sequence of pure...
rawtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) rawtoppm reads raw RGB bytes as input and produces a PPM image as output. The input file is just RGB bytes. You have to...
rbash
See bash(1)
rcp
rcp copies files between machines. Each file or directory argument is either a remote file name of the form “rname@rhost:path”, or a local file name...
rdfproc
The rdfproc utility allows parsing, querying, manipulating and serializing of RDF content using the Redland RDF library. The store-name is a Redland store name,...
rdiff
In every case where a filename must be specified, - may be used instead to mean either standard input or standard output as appropriate. Be aware that if you do...
rdiffdir
rdiffdir is supposed to be like rdiff, but can operate on directories. See rdiff(1) for more information. The syntax is similar.
rdist
Rdist is a program to maintain identical copies of files over multiple hosts. It preserves the owner, group, mode, and mtime of files if possible and can update...
rdjpgcom
rdjpgcom reads the named JPEG/JFIF file, or the standard input if no file is named, and prints any text comments found in the file on the standard output.
read
See builtins(1)
readelf
readelf displays information about one or more ELF format object files. The options control what particular information to display.
readlink
Print value of a symbolic link or canonical file name -f, --canonicalizecanonicalize by following every symlink in every component of the given name...
readmult
readmult allows simultaneous extraction and naming of multiple tracks with cdda2wav
readom
Readom is used to read or write Compact Discs. The device refers to a device location similar to the one used in the wodim command. Refer to its manpage for...
readonly
See builtins(1)
realpath
Print the resolved absolute file name; all but the last component must exist -e, --canonicalize-existingall components of the path must exist-m,...
rearj
The rearj command can repackage other archive formats to arj.
rebuild-gcj-db
gcj-dbtool is used to manipulate class file mapping databases for libgcj. rebuild-gcj-db is a wrapper script designed to update all the standard databases. Root...
rebuild-jar-repository
Rebuild a jar repository (built by build-jar-repository) based on the current JVM settings
recode
Free `recode' converts files between various character sets and surfaces. If a long option shows an argument as mandatory, then it is mandatory for the...
recode-sr-latin
Recode Serbian text from Cyrillic to Latin script. The input text is read from standard input. The converted text is output to standard output.
recordmydesktop
recordMyDesktop produces a file(default out.ogv) that contains a video and audio recording of a linux desktop session. The default behavior of recording is to...
recountdiff
recountdiff recomputes the counts and offsets in unified context diffs. It does this in two passes: first the counts are corrected by inspection of the actual...
rediff
You can use rediff to correct a hand-edited unified diff. Take a copy of the diff you want to edit, and edit it without changing any offsets or counts (the...
redland-db-upgrade
redland-db-upgrade converts Redland databases from the format in 0.9.11 and earlier into the new format. It must be run on each Redland database. For example if...
refer
This file documents the GNU version of refer, which is part of the groff document formatting system. refer copies the contents of filename . . . to the...
regedit
regedit is the Wine registry editor, designed to be compatible with its Microsoft Windows counterpart. If called without any options, it will start the full GUI...
regsvr32
regsvr32 is the Wine dll registration server, designed to be compatible with its Microsoft Windows counterpart. By default, it will register the given dll.
reindexdb
reindexdb is a utility for rebuilding indexes in a PostgreSQL database. reindexdb is a wrapper around the SQL command REINDEX(7). There is no effective...
rename
rename will rename the specified files by replacing the first occurrence of expression in their name by replacement.
renice
renice alters the scheduling priority of one or more running processes. The first argument is the priority value to be used. The other arguments are interpreted...
replace
The replace utility program changes strings in place in files or on the standard input. Invoke replace in one of the following ways:
repoclosure
repoclosure is a program that reads package metadata from one or more yum repositories, checks all dependencies, and displays a list of packages with unresolved...
repodiff
repodiff is a program which will list differences between two sets of repositories. Note that by default only source packages are compared.
repo-graph
repo-graph is a program that generates a full package dependency list from a yum repository and outputs it in dot format.
repomanage
repomanage is a program to manage a directory of RPM packages. It displays a list of the newest or oldest packages in a directory for easy piping to xargs or...
repoquery
repoquery is a program for querying information from YUM repositories similarly to rpm queries.
repo-rss
repo-rss is a program for generating RSS feeds for one or more Yum repositories.
reposync
reposync is used to synchronize a remote yum repository to a local directory, using yum to retrieve the packages.
repotrack
repotrack is a program for keeping track of a particular package and its dependencies. It will download one or more packages and all dependencies.
reset
reset calls tput(1) with the clear, rmacs, rmm, rmul, rs1, rs2, and rs3 arguments. This causes tput to send appropriate reset strings to the terminal based on...
resize
Resize prints a shell command for setting the appropriate environment variables to indicate the current size of xterm window from which the command is run.
resolveip
The resolveip utility resolves host names to IP addresses and vice versa. Invoke resolveip like this:
resolve_stack_dump
resolve_stack_dump resolves a numeric stack dump to symbols. Invoke resolve_stack_dump like this: ...
return
See builtins(1)
rev
The rev utility copies the specified files to standard output, reversing the order of characters in every line. If no files are specified, standard input is...
rexec
Rexec calls the rexec(3) routine to act as a client for the remote host's rexecd(8) server. It asks that “command” be run on the host computer, using...
rfcomm
rfcomm is used to set up, maintain, and inspect the RFCOMM configuration of the Bluetooth subsystem in the Linux kernel. If no command is given, or if the...
rgb3toppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) rgb3toppm reads three PGM images as input, taking each to represent one component (red, green, and blue) of a color image. It...
rhino
This manual page documents briefly the rhino command. rhino is a start script for the rhino JavaScript shell which provides a simple way to run scripts in batch...
rlatopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) rlatopam converts an Alias RLA (run-length encoded type A) or RPF (rich pixel format) image to a PAM image file. The output...
rletopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) rletopnm converts Utah Raster Toolkit RLE image files to PNM image files. rletopnm handles four types of RLE files: Grayscale...
rlogin
rlogin starts a terminal session on a remote host host. The standard Berkeley rhosts authorization mechanism is used. The options are as follows:
rm
This manual page documents the GNU version of rm. rm removes each specified file. By default, it does not remove directories.
rmdir
Remove the DIRECTORY(ies), if they are empty. --ignore-fail-on-non-empty ignore each failure that is solely because a directory
rmic-java-1.8.0-openjdk
Deprecation Note: Support for static generation of Java Remote Method Protocol (JRMP) stubs and skeletons has been deprecated. Oracle recommends that you use...
rmid-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The rmid command starts the activation system daemon. The activation system daemon must be started before activatable objects can be either registered with the...
rmiregistry-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The rmiregistry command creates and starts a remote object registry on the specified port on the current host. If the port is omitted, then the registry is...
rmt
This is the description of the enhanced Schily version of the rmt remote tape server program. rmt is a program used by programs like star and ufsdump that like...
rnano
This manual page briefly documents the rnano command. nano is a small, free and friendly editor which aims to replace Pico, the default editor included in the...
rngtest
rngtest works on blocks of 20000 bits at a time, using the FIPS 140-2 (errata of 2001-10-10) tests to verify the randomness of the block of data.
roff2dvi
­roff2dvi transforms roff code into ­dvi mode. Print the result to standard output. There are more of these programs for generating other formats of ­roff...
roff2html
­roff2html transforms roff code into ­html mode. Print the result to standard output. There are more of these programs for generating other formats of ­roff...
roff2pdf
­roff2pdf transforms roff code into ­pdf mode. Print the result to standard output. There are more of these programs for generating other formats of ­roff...
roff2ps
­roff2ps transforms roff code into ­ps mode. Print the result to standard output. There are more of these programs for generating other formats of ­roff...
roff2text
­roff2text transforms roff code into ­text mode. Print the result to standard output. There are more of these programs for generating other formats of ­roff...
roff2x
­roff2x transforms roff code into X mode corresponding to the groff devices X*; this mode is suitable for ­gxditview(1). Print the result to standard output.
roqet
The roqet utility allows querying of RDF content using the Rasqal RDF query library, printing the results in variable bindings, RDF graph or boolean format. The...
rpmargs
rpmargs executes a command against each RPM package given on the command line. Extra word splitting is performed on the command. Each FILE is treated as RPM...
rpmdev-bumpspec
rpmdev-bumpspec bumps release tags in specfiles.
rpmdev-diff
rpmdev-diff diffs contents of two archives. See rpmdev-extract(1) for information about supported archive types.
rpmdev-extract
rpmdev-extract extracts various archives in "tar xvf" style. Depending on availability of external (un)archiver programs, the following archive types are...
rpmdev-newinit
rpmdev-newinit generates new init script from a template
rpmdev-newspec
rpmdev-newspec generates new rpm .spec files from templates.
rpmdev-packager
rpmdev-packager guesses rpm packager info from various sources: $RPM_PACKAGERfrom environment (full name + email address)%packagerfrom rpm configuration (full...
rpmelfsym
rpmelfsym produces three-column output: file name, symbol type, and symbol name, as determined by nm(1). Only dynamically linked executable files and shared...
rpmfile
rpmfile produces three-column output: file name, file mode (octal), and file type, as determined by file(1). When processing a directory, an additional column...
rpmpeek
rpmpeek unpacks RPM contents into a temporary directory and executes a command under that directory. The directory is purged upon exit.
rpmreaper
rpmreaper is a simple ncurses application with a mutt-like interface that allows removing unnecessary packages and their dependencies from the system.
rpmsodiff
Copyright (c) 2006, 2007 Alexey Tourbin, ALT Linux Team. This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General...
rpmsoname
rpmsoname produces two-column output (typically one line per each soname). Column one contains file path; column two contains corresponding soname. When...
rscryutil
This tool performs various operations on encrypted log files. Most importantly, it provides the ability to decrypt them.
rsh
rsh executes command on host. rsh copies its standard input to the remote command, the standard output of the remote command to its standard output, and the...
rsync
Rsync is a fast and extraordinarily versatile file copying tool. It can copy locally, to/from another host over any remote shell, or to/from a remote rsync...
runcon
Run COMMAND with completely-specified CONTEXT, or with current or transitioned security context modified by one or more of LEVEL, ROLE, TYPE, and USER.
rundig
rundig is a sample script to create a search database for the ht://Dig search engine.
runscript
runscript is a simple script interpreter that can be called from within the minicom communications program to automate tasks like logging in to a Unix system or...
runuser
runuser allows to run commands with substitute user and group ID. If the option -u is not given, falls back to su compatible semantics and a shell is executed....
run-with-aspell
The recommended way to use Aspell as a replacement for Ispell is to change the Ispell command from within the program being used. If that is not possible, the...
rvim
See vim(1)
rygel
rygel is a home media solution that allows you to easily share audio, video and pictures, and control of media player on your home network. In technical terms...
rz
This program uses error correcting protocols to receive files over a dial-in serial port from a variety of programs running under PC-DOS, CP/M, Unix, and other...
s2p
A stream editor reads the input stream consisting of the specified files (or standard input, if none are given), processes is line by line by applying a script...
s3cmd
s3cmd is a command line client for copying files to/from Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) and performing other related tasks, for instance creating and...
sane-find-scanner
sane-find-scanner is a command-line tool to find SCSI and USB scanners and determine their Unix device files. Its primary aim is to make sure that scanners can...
satyr
satyr is a command line tool that creates anonymous reports of software problems that are suitable for automated processing.
sbigtopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) sbigtopgm reads an image file in the native format used by the Santa Barbara Instrument Group (SBIG) astronomical CCD cameras,...
scanimage
scanimage is a command-line interface to control image acquisition devices such as flatbed scanners or cameras. The device is controlled via command-line...
sccmap
sccmap decomposes digraphs into strongly connected components and an auxiliary map of the relationship between components. In this map, each component is...
schemagen-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The schema generator creates a schema file for each name space referenced in your Java classes. Currently, you cannot control the name of the generated schema...
sclient
sclient is a sample application, primarily useful for testing purposes. It contacts a sample server sserver(8) and authenticates to it using Kerberos version 5...
scp
scp copies files between hosts on a network. It uses ssh(1) for data transfer, and uses the same authentication and provides the same security as ssh(1). Unlike...
screen
Screen is a full-screen window manager that multiplexes a physical terminal between several processes (typically interactive shells). Each virtual terminal...
scribus
Scribus is an open source desktop publishing program. It provides true WYSIWYG editing, excellent PDF export facilities, and a wide range of other input and...
script
script makes a typescript of everything displayed on your terminal. It is useful for students who need a hardcopy record of an interactive session as proof of...
scriptreplay
This program replays a typescript, using timing information to ensure that output happens in the same rhythm as it originally appeared when the script was...
sdiff
Side-by-side merge of differences between FILE1 and FILE2. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
sdptool
sdptool provides the interface for performing SDP queries on Bluetooth devices, and administering a local sdpd.
seahorse
Seahorse is a front end for GnuPG - the Gnu Privacy Guard program - that integrates to the GNOME desktop. It is a tool for secure communications and data...
secon
See a part of a context. The context is taken from a file, pid, user input or the context in which secon is originally executed.
secret-tool
secret-tool is a command line tool that can be used to store and retrieve passwords. Each password is stored in an item. Items are uniquely identified by a set...
secutil
Extract X.509 certificates and strongnames from assemblies in a format that can be easily re-used in source code (C# or VB.NET syntax).
sed
Sed is a stream editor. A stream editor is used to perform basic text transformations on an input stream (a file or input from a pipeline). While in some ways...
seed
seed acts as a simple read-eval-print loop for libseed's GObject JavaScriptCore bindings, unless the path to a script to interpret is specified.
sendiso
sendiso takes the dump file FILE as generated by dumpiso(1), extracts the packets and sends them as they were received (in the same order, with the same channel...
sensors
sensors is used to show the current readings of all sensor chips. sensors -s is used to set all limits as specified in the configuration file. sensors...
seq
Print numbers from FIRST to LAST, in steps of INCREMENT. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
serialver-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The serialver command returns the serialVersionUID for one or more classes in a form suitable for copying into an evolving class. When called with no arguments,...
servertool-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The servertool command provides the command-line interface for developers to register, unregister, start up, and shut down a persistent server. Command-line...
sessreg
Sessreg is a simple program for managing utmp/wtmp and lastlog entries for xdm sessions. System V has a better interface to utmp than BSD; it dynamically...
set
See builtins(1)
setcifsacl
This tool is part of the cifs-utils suite. setcifsacl is a userspace helper program for the Linux CIFS client file system. It is intended to alter an ACL of a...
setfacl
This utility sets Access Control Lists (ACLs) of files and directories. On the command line, a sequence of commands is followed by a sequence of files (which in...
setfattr
The setfattr command associates a new value with an extended attribute name for each specified file.
setleds
Setleds reports and changes the led flag settings of a VT (namely NumLock, CapsLock and ScrollLock). Without arguments, setleds prints the current settings....
setmetamode
Without argument, setmetamode prints the current Meta key mode. With argument, it sets the Meta key mode as indicated. The setting before and after the change...
setpriv
Sets or queries various Linux privilege settings that are inherited across execve(2).
setreg
Allow to configure some optional settings for public key cryptography parameters used in Mono.
setregdomain
setregdomain sets the regulatory domain for your system; it takes no arguments and is normally called via system script (eg, udev) rather than manually by an...
setsid
setsid runs a program in a new session.
setterm
setterm writes to standard output a character string that will invoke the specified terminal capabilities. Where possible terminfo is consulted to find the...
setup
The setuptool program (setup) is a front-end menu program for a group of other tools, mostly system-config-*-tui tools. The list of options which it presents is...
setup-nsssysinit
setup-nsssysinit is a shell script to query the status of the nss-sysinit module and when run with root priviledge it can enable or disable it.
setxkbmap
The setxkbmap command maps the keyboard to use the layout determined by the options specified on the command line.
sfconvert
The sfconvert command converts an audio file to another file format or data format.
sfinfo
sfinfo prints information about the specified audio files, including file format, sample rate, duration, and audio data format.
sftp
sftp is an interactive file transfer program, similar to ftp(1), which performs all operations over an encrypted ssh(1) transport. It may also use many features...
sg
The sg command works similar to newgrp but accepts a command. The command will be executed with the /bin/sh shell. With most shells you may run sg from, you...
sgen
Generates pre-compilable custom XML serializer classes for specific types.
sgitopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) sgitopnm reads an SGI image file as input and produces a PGM image for a 2-dimensional (1 channel) input file, and a PPM image...
sgml2xml
See osx(1)
sgmldiff
This perl script allows to determine the structural differences between two SGML files. It compares the files, regardless of what is in between the tags, to...
sgmlnorm
See osgmlnorm(1)
sgpio
Serial General Purpose Input Output (SGPIO) is a communication method used between a main board and a variety of internal and external hard disk drive bay...
sha1sum
Print or check SHA1 (160-bit) checksums. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input. -b, --binaryread in binary mode-c, --checkread SHA1 sums from the...
sha224sum
Print or check SHA224 (224-bit) checksums. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input. -b, --binaryread in binary mode-c, --checkread SHA224 sums from...
sha256sum
Print or check SHA256 (256-bit) checksums. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input. -b, --binaryread in binary mode-c, --checkread SHA256 sums from...
sha384sum
Print or check SHA384 (384-bit) checksums. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input. -b, --binaryread in binary mode-c, --checkread SHA384 sums from...
sha512sum
Print or check SHA512 (512-bit) checksums. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input. -b, --binaryread in binary mode-c, --checkread SHA512 sums from...
shasum
Running shasum is often the quickest way to compute SHA message digests. The user simply feeds data to the script through files or standard input, and then...
shift
See builtins(1)
shopt
See builtins(1)
show-changed-rco
show-changed-rco gives a compact description of the changes to a packages Requires, Conflicts and Obsoletes data from the installed (or old) to a specified rpm...
show-installed
show-installed gives a compact description of the packages installed (or given) making use of the comps groups found in the repositories.
showkey
showkey prints to standard output either the scan codes or the keycode or the `ascii' code of each key pressed. In the first two modes the program runs until 10...
showrgb
The showrgb program reads an rgb color-name database from a text file and converts it back to source form, printing the result to standard output. The default...
shred
Overwrite the specified FILE(s) repeatedly, in order to make it harder for even very expensive hardware probing to recover the data.
shuf
Write a random permutation of the input lines to standard output. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
signcode
Digitally sign an PE executable (CLR assembly, Win32 EXE or DLL) using an X.509 certificate and it's associated private key. The signature is compatible with...
signtool
The Signing Tool, signtool, creates digital signatures and uses a Java Archive (JAR) file to associate the signatures with files in a directory. Electronic...
signver
The Signature Verification Tool, signver, is a simple command-line utility that unpacks a base-64-encoded PKCS#7 signed object and verifies the digital...
simple-mtpfs
SIMPLE-MTPFS (Simple Media Transfer Protocol FileSystem) is a file system for Linux (and other operating systems with a FUSE implementation, such as Mac OS X or...
simple-scan
This manual page documents briefly the simple-scan command. Simple Scan is an easy-to-use application, designed to let users connect their scanner and quickly...
sirtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) sirtopnm reads a Solitaire Image Recorder file as input and produces a PNM image as output. The type of the output file...
size
The GNU size utility lists the section sizes---and the total size---for each of the object or archive files objfile in its argument list. By default, one line...
skill
These tools are probably obsolete and unportable. The command syntax is poorly defined. Consider using the killall, pkill, and pgrep commands instead.
slabtop
slabtop(1) displays detailed kernel slab cache information in real time. It displays a listing of the top caches sorted by one of the listed sort criteria. It...
sldtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) sldtoppm reads an AutoCAD slide file and outputs a PPM image. If you don't specify slidefile, sldtoppm reads input from...
sleep
Pause for NUMBER seconds. SUFFIX may be 's' for seconds (the default), 'm' for minutes, 'h' for hours or 'd' for days. Unlike most implementations that require...
slogin
ssh (SSH client) is a program for logging into a remote machine and for executing commands on a remote machine. It is intended to replace rlogin and rsh, and...
smbcontrol
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite. smbcontrol is a very small program, which sends messages to a smbd(8), a nmbd(8), or a winbindd(8) daemon running on...
smime_keys
The purpose of this tool is to manipulate the internal database of S/MIME certificates used by mutt to sign mail messages which will be sent or to verify mail...
sn
Digitally sign, verify or compare CLR assemblies using strongnames. You can use the sn command to create "snk files" using the -k option described below.
snice
See skill(1)
soapsuds
soapsuds is a tool for generating WSDL documents and client proxies for remoting services. A WSDL document describes the methods that a service provides...
socat
Socat is a command line based utility that establishes two bidirectional byte streams and transfers data between them. Because the streams can be constructed...
soelim
soelim reads files and replaces lines of the form .so file by the contents of file. It is useful if files included with .so need to be preprocessed. Normally,...
soffice
See libreoffice(1)
sort
Write sorted concatenation of all FILE(s) to standard output. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too. Ordering options:
sosreport
sosreport generates a compressed tar archive of diagnostic information from the running system. The archive may be stored locally or centrally for recording or...
sound-juicer
sound-juicer is a CD ripper and player for GNOME which aims to have a simple, clean, easy to use interface. sound-juicer supports encoding to several popular...
source
See builtins(1)
source-highlight
GNU source-highlight 3.1.6 Highlight the syntax of a source file (e.g. Java) into a specific format (e.g. HTML)
source-highlight-settings
Since version 3.0, GNU Source-highlight includes also the utility source-highlight-settings, which can be used to check whether source-highlight will be able to...
sox
IntroductionSoX reads and writes audio files in most popular formats and can optionally apply effects to them. It can combine multiple input sources, synthesise...
soxi
Displays information from the header of a given audio file or files. Supported audio file types are listed and described in soxformat(7). Note however, that...
spam
See ospam(1)
spax
The pax utility shall read, write, and write lists of the members of archive files and copy directory hierarchies. A variety of archive formats shall be...
spctoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) spctoppm reads an Atari compressed Spectrum file as input and produces a PPM image as output.
speaker-test
speaker-test generates a tone that can be used to test the speakers of a computer. speaker-test by default will test the default device. If you want to test...
spectool
Spectool is a tool to expand and download sources and patches from specfiles. If you experience problems with specific specfiles, try to run
spent
See ospent(1)
splain
The diagnostics Pragma This module extends the terse diagnostics normally emitted by both the perl compiler and the perl interpreter (from running perl with a...
split
Output fixed-size pieces of INPUT to PREFIXaa, PREFIXab, ...; default size is 1000 lines, and default PREFIX is 'x'. With no INPUT, or when INPUT is -, read...
splitdiff
If you have a patch file composed of several incremental patches, you can use splitdiff to separate them out. You may want to do this in preparation for...
spottopgm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) spottopgm converts the named inputfile to PGM format, defaulting to the first color and the whole SPOT image unless you...
sprof
The sprof command displays a profiling summary for the shared object specified as its first command-line argument. The profiling summary is created using...
sputoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) sputoppm reads an Atari uncompressed Spectrum file as input and produces a PPM image as output.
sqlite3
To start a sqlite3 interactive session, invoke the sqlite3 command and optionally provide the name of a database file. If the database file does not exist, it...
srftopam
This program is part of Netpbm(1) srftopam reads a SRF image file as input and produces a multi-image stream of PAM images as output.
ssconvert
ssconvert is a command line utility to convert spreadsheet files between various spreadsheet file formats. It is a companion utility to Gnumeric, the powerful...
ssdiff
This manual page briefly documents the ssdiff command. ssdiff is a command line utility to compare two spreadsheets and list their differences
ssgrep
This manual page briefly documents the ssgrep command. ssgrep is a command line utility to search for strings in spreadsheets of any format supported by...
ssh
ssh (SSH client) is a program for logging into a remote machine and for executing commands on a remote machine. It is intended to replace rlogin and rsh, and...
ssh-add
ssh-add adds private key identities to the authentication agent, ssh-agent(1). When run without arguments, it adds the files ~/.ssh/id_rsa, ~/.ssh/id_dsa,...
ssh-agent
ssh-agent is a program to hold private keys used for public key authentication (RSA, DSA, ECDSA). The idea is that ssh-agent is started in the beginning of an...
ssh-copy-id
ssh-copy-id is a script that uses ssh(1) to log into a remote machine (presumably using a login password, so password authentication should be enabled, unless...
sshfs
SSHFS (Secure SHell FileSystem) is a file system for Linux (and other operating systems with a FUSE implementation, such as Mac OS X or FreeBSD) capable of...
ssh-keygen
ssh-keygen generates, manages and converts authentication keys for ssh(1). ssh-keygen can create RSA keys for use by SSH protocol version 1 and DSA, ECDSA or...
ssh-keyscan
ssh-keyscan is a utility for gathering the public ssh host keys of a number of hosts. It was designed to aid in building and verifying ssh_known_hosts files....
ssindex
This manual page briefly documents the ssindex command. ssindex is a command line utility to generate index data for various spreadsheet file formats. It is...
ssltap
The SSL Debugging Tool ssltap is an SSL-aware command-line proxy. It watches TCP connections and displays the data going by. If a connection is SSL, the data...
start-pulseaudio-kde
This script starts pulseaudio (if not already running) and loads module-device-manager to use KDE routing policies.
start-pulseaudio-x11
This script starts pulseaudio (if not already running) and loads modules to publish access credentials to the PulseAudio server in the X11 root window and to...
startx
The startx script is a front end to xinit(1) that provides a somewhat nicer user interface for running a single session of the X Window System. It is often run...
stat
Display file or file system status. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
stdbuf
Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its standard streams. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
stl2gts
This manual page documents briefly the stl2gts command.
strace
In the simplest case strace runs the specified command until it exits. It intercepts and records the system calls which are called by a process and the signals...
stream
Image Settings: -authenticate value decrypt image with this password -channel type apply option to select image channels -colorspace type alternate image...
strfile
strfile reads a file containing groups of lines separated by a line containing a single percent `%' sign (or other specified delimiter character) and creates a...
strings
For each file given, GNU strings prints the printable character sequences that are at least 4 characters long (or the number given with the options below) and...
strip
GNU strip discards all symbols from object files objfile. The list of object files may include archives. At least one object file must be given.
stty
Print or change terminal characteristics. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
su
The su command is used to become another user during a login session. Invoked without a username, su defaults to becoming the superuser. The optional argument -...
sum
Print checksum and block counts for each FILE. -ruse BSD sum algorithm, use 1K blocks-s, --sysvuse System V sum algorithm, use 512 bytes blocks--helpdisplay...
sunicontopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) sunicontopnm reads a Sun icon as input and produces a PBM or PGM image as output.
suspend
See builtins(1)
svn
Subversion is a version control system, which allows you to keep old versions of files and directories (usually source code), keep a log of who, when, and why...
svnadmin
Subversion is a version control system, which allows you to keep old versions of files and directories (usually source code), keep a log of who, when, and why...
svndumpfilter
Subversion is a version control system, which allows you to keep old versions of files and directories (usually source code), keep a log of who, when, and why...
svnlook
Subversion is a version control system, which allows you to keep old versions of files and directories (usually source code), keep a log of who, when, and why...
svnmucc
Subversion is a version control system, which allows you to keep old versions of files and directories (usually source code), keep a log of who, when, and why...
svnrdump
Subversion is a version control system, which allows you to keep old versions of files and directories (usually source code), keep a log of who, when, and why...
svnsync
Subversion is a version control system, which allows you to keep old versions of files and directories (usually source code), keep a log of who, when, and why...
svnversion
Subversion is a version control system, which allows you to keep old versions of files and directories (usually source code), keep a log of who, when, and why...
symcryptrun
Sometimes simple encryption tools are already in use for a long time and there might be a desire to integrate them into the GnuPG framework. The protocols and...
sync
Force changed blocks to disk, update the super block. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitGNU coreutils online help:...
synclient
This program lets you change your Synaptics TouchPad driver for XOrg/XFree86 server parameters while X is running.
syndaemon
Disabling the touchpad while typing avoids unwanted movements of the pointer that could lead to giving focus to the wrong window.
syslinux
Syslinux is a boot loader for the Linux operating system which operates off an MS-DOS/Windows FAT filesystem. It is intended to simplify first-time installation...
syslinux2ansi
Syslinux2ansi is a filter which converts a screen formatted for syslinux to one compatible with PC ANSI. It will only read from standard in, and has no command...
systemctl
systemctl may be used to introspect and control the state of the systemd(1) system and service manager.
systemd
systemd is a system and service manager for Linux operating systems. When run as first process on boot (as PID 1), it acts as init system that brings up and...
systemd-analyze
systemd-analyze may be used to determine system boot-up performance statistics and retrieve other state and tracing information from the system and service...
systemd-ask-password
systemd-ask-password may be used to query a system password or passphrase from the user, using a question message specified on the command line. When run from a...
systemd-bootchart
systemd-bootchart is a tool, usually run at system startup, that collects the CPU load, disk load, memory usage, as well as per-process information from a...
systemd-cat
systemd-cat may be used to connect the standard input and output of a process to the journal, or as a filter tool in a shell pipeline to pass the output the...
systemd-cgls
systemd-cgls recursively shows the contents of the selected Linux control group hierarchy in a tree. If arguments are specified, shows all member processes of...
systemd-cgtop
systemd-cgtop shows the top control groups of the local Linux control group hierarchy, ordered by their CPU, memory, or disk I/O load. The display is refreshed...
systemd-coredumpctl
systemd-coredumpctl may be used to retrieve coredumps from systemd-journald(8).
systemd-delta
systemd-delta may be used to identify and compare configuration files that override other configuration files. Files in /etc have highest priority, files in...
systemd-detect-virt
systemd-detect-virt detects execution in a virtualized environment. It identifies the virtualization technology and can distinguish full VM virtualization from...
systemd-escape
systemd-escape may be used to escape strings for inclusion in systemd unit names. The command may be used to escape and to undo escaping of strings.
systemd-firstboot
systemd-firstboot initializes the most basic system settings interactively on the first boot, or optionally non-interactively when a system image is created....
systemd-inhibit
systemd-inhibit may be used to execute a program with a shutdown, sleep or idle inhibitor lock taken. The lock will be acquired before the specified command...
systemd-machine-id-setup
systemd-machine-id-setup may be used by system installer tools to initialize the machine ID stored in /etc/machine-id at install time with a randomly generated...
systemd-notify
systemd-notify may be called by daemon scripts to notify the init system about status changes. It can be used to send arbitrary information, encoded in an...
systemd-nspawn
systemd-nspawn may be used to run a command or OS in a light-weight namespace container. In many ways it is similar to chroot(1), but more powerful since it...
systemd-path
systemd-path may be used to query system and user paths. The tool makes many of the paths described in file-hierarchy(7) queriable.
systemd-run
systemd-run may be used to create and start a transient .service or a .scope unit and run the specified COMMAND in it.
systemd-tty-ask-password-agent
systemd-tty-ask-password-agent is a password agent that handles password requests of the system, for example for hard disk encryption passwords or SSL...
system-switch-displaymanager
system-switch-displaymanager provides a simple method of choosing between the various display manager available under Fedora, including GDM, KDM, XDM and WDM....
tabs
The tabs program clears and sets tab-stops on the terminal. This uses the terminfo clear_all_tabs and set_tab capabilities. If either is absent, tabs is unable...
tac
Write each FILE to standard output, last line first. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.
tagsoup
Rectify arbitrary HTML into clean XHTML, using a tailored description of HTML. The output will be well-formed XML, but not necessarily valid XHTML.
tail
Print the last 10 lines of each FILE to standard output. With more than one FILE, precede each with a header giving the file name. With no FILE, or when FILE is...
tailf
tailf will print out the last 10 lines of the given file and then wait for this file to grow. It is similar to tail -f but does not access the file when it is...
talk
talk is a visual communication program which copies lines from your terminal to that of another user.
tar
GNU `tar' saves many files together into a single tape or disk archive, and can restore individual files from the archive.
taskset
taskset is used to set or retrieve the CPU affinity of a running process given its PID or to launch a new COMMAND with a given CPU affinity. CPU affinity is a...
tbl
This manual page describes the GNU version of tbl, which is part of the groff document formatting system. tbl compiles descriptions of tables embedded within...
tcamgr
The command `tcamgr' is a utility for test and debugging of the abstract database API and its applications. `name' specifies the name of a database. `key'...
tcamttest
The command `tcamttest' is a utility for facility test under multi-thread situation. This command is used in the following format. `name' specifies the database...
tcatest
The command `tcatest' is a utility for facility test and performance test. This command is used in the following format. `name' specifies the database name....
tcbmgr
The command `tcbmgr' is a utility for test and debugging of the B+ tree database API and its applications. `path' specifies the path of a database file. `lmemb'...
tcbmttest
The command `tcbmttest' is a utility for facility test and performance test. This command is used in the following format. `path' specifies the path of a...
tcbtest
The command `tcbtest' is a utility for facility test and performance test. This command is used in the following format. `path' specifies the path of a database...
tccat
tccat is part of and usually called by transcode. However, it can also be used independently. tccat reads source (from stdin if not explicitely defined) and...
tcdecode
tcdecode is part of and usually called by transcode. However, it can also be used independently. tcdecode reads source (from stdin if not explicitely defined)...
tcdemux
tcdemux is part of and usually called by transcode. However, it can also be used independently. tcdemux reads source (from stdin if not explicitely defined) and...
tcexport
tcexport was designed as a debug tool for transcode's encoding code: it fits in a very limited range of usage cases; however, it can also be used independently...
tcextract
tcextract is part of and usually called by transcode. However, it can also be used independently. tcextract reads source (from stdin if not explicitely defined)...
tcfmgr
The command `tcfmgr' is a utility for test and debugging of the fixed-length database API and its applications. `path' specifies the path of a database file....
tcfmttest
The command `tcfmttest' is a utility for facility test under multi-thread situation. This command is used in the following format. `path' specifies the path of...
tcftest
The command `tcftest' is a utility for facility test and performance test. This command is used in the following format. `path' specifies the path of a database...
tchmgr
The command `tchmgr' is a utility for test and debugging of the hash database API and its applications. `path' specifies the path of a database file. `bnum'...
tchmttest
The command `tchmttest' is a utility for facility test under multi-thread situation. This command is used in the following format. `path' specifies the path of...
tchtest
To use the hash database API easily, the commands `tchtest', `tchmttest', and `tchmgr' are provided.
tclsh
Tclsh is a shell-like application that reads Tcl commands from its standard input or from a file and evaluates them. If invoked with no arguments then it runs...
tcmodchain
tcmodchain allow to inspect transcode(1) modules, as well as it's companion, tcmodinfo(1). While tcmodinfo(1) focus on single modules, tcmodchain is intended to...
tcmodinfo
tcmodinfo loads a supplied transcode(1) module and prints its parameters, or inquiry about default settings. It can also connect to transcode through a socket...
tcpdump
Tcpdump prints out a description of the contents of packets on a network interface that match the boolean expression. It can also be run with the -w flag, which...
tcprobe
tcprobe is part of and usually called by transcode. However, it can also be used independently. tcprobe reads source (from stdin if not explicitely defined) and...
tcpvmexportd
tcpvmexportd This is the frontend for all the activity of export_pvm module: the program is spawned on all cluster hosts and wait to do the encode work.
tcscan
tcscan is part of and usually called by transcode. However, it can also be used independently. tcscan reads source (from stdin if not explicitely defined) and...
tctmgr
The command `tctmgr' is a utility for test and debugging of the table database API and its applications. `path' specifies the path of a database file. `bnum'...
tctmttest
The command `tctmttest' is a utility for facility test under multi-thread situation. This command is used in the following format. `path' specifies the path of...
tcttest
The command `tcttest' is a utility for facility test and performance test. This command is used in the following format. `path' specifies the path of a database...
tcucodec
The command `tcucodec' is a tool to use encoding and decoding features. This command is used in the following format. `file' specifies a input file. If it is...
tcumttest
The command `tcumttest' is a utility for facility test under multi-thread situation. This command is used in the following format. `rnum' specifies the number...
tcutest
The command `tcutest' is a utility for facility test and performance test. This command is used in the following format. `rnum' specifies the number of...
tcxmlcheck
tcxmlcheck Check a smil input file. Most of the options are used by transcode at run time.
tee
Copy standard input to each FILE, and also to standard output. -a, --appendappend to the given FILEs, do not overwrite-i, --ignore-interruptsignore interrupt...
telnet
The telnet command is used to communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol. If telnet is invoked without the host argument, it enters command mode,...
test
Exit with the status determined by EXPRESSION. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitAn omitted EXPRESSION defaults to...
testlibraw
testlibraw attaches to the Linux IEEE 1394 subsystem through libraw1394 and tries to read data from all connected nodes. It therefore acts as a check that:
testparm
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite. testparm is a very simple test program to check an smbd(8) configuration file for internal correctness. If this program...
tex
Run the TeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.dvi. If the file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it. Instead of a filename, a set of...
texconfig
texconfig allows one to configure and maintain TeX in an easy and convenient manner, offering a series of dialog boxes to the user.
texconfig-sys
See texconfig(1)
texhash
See mktexlsr(1)
texi2any
See makeinfo(1)
texi2dvi
Run each Texinfo or (La)TeX FILE through TeX in turn until all cross-references are resolved, building all indices. The directory containing each FILE is...
texi2pdf
See texi2dvi(1)
texindex
Generate a sorted index for each TeX output FILE. Usually FILE... is specified as `foo.??' for a document `foo.texi'.
texlinks
texlinks is used to create or recreate symbolic links from formats to engines according to the information in fmtutil.cnf or a file specified with --cnffile.
texlua
See luatex(1)
texluac
See luatex(1)
tfmtodit
tfmtodit creates a font file for use with groff -Tdvi. tfm_file is the name of the TeX font metric file for the font. map_file is a file giving the groff names...
tftopl
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
tgatoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) tgatoppm reads a TrueVision Targa file as input and produces a PPM image as output.
thinkjettopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) thinkjettopbm reads HP ThinkJet printer commands from the standard input, or thinkjet_file if specified, and writes a PBM...
Thunar
Thunar is a fast and easy to use file manager for the Xfce Desktop Environment. It has been designed from the ground up to be lighweight with special focus on...
tic.1m
The tic command translates a terminfo file from source format into compiled format. The compiled format is necessary for use with the library routines in...
tidy
A list of options for configuring the behavior of Tidy, which can be passed either on the command line, or specified in a configuration file.
tifftopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) tifftopnm reads a TIFF file as input and produces a PNM image as output. The type of the output file depends on the input file...
time
The time command runs the specified program command with the given arguments. When command finishes, time writes a message to standard error giving timing...
timedatectl
timedatectl may be used to query and change the system clock and its settings. Use systemd-firstboot(1) to initialize the system time zone for mounted (but...
timeout
Start COMMAND, and kill it if still running after DURATION. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
times
See builtins(1)
tkjpeg
Very simplistic image viewer that loads JPEG image, (well actually anything for which Photo has a handler) and puts it into a Label for display.
tknewsbiff
tknewsbiff pops up a window when there is unread news in your favorite newsgroups and removes the window after you've read the news. tknewsbiff can optionally...
tload
tload prints a graph of the current system load average to the specified tty (or the tty of the tload process if none is specified).
tmux
tmux is a terminal multiplexer: it enables a number of terminals to be created, accessed, and controlled from a single screen. tmux may be detached from a...
tnameserv-java-1.8.0-openjdk
Java IDL includes the Object Request Broker Daemon (ORBD). ORBD is a daemon process that contains a Bootstrap Service, a Transient Naming Service, a Persistent...
toc2cddb
toc2cddb translates a TOC file of cdrdao(1) into a cddb file and prints it to stdout.
toc2cue
toc2cue converts a TOC file of cdrdao(1) into a .cue file. Please note that the resulting cue file is only valid if the toc-file was created with cdrdao(1)...
toe.1m
With no options, toe lists all available terminal types by primary name with descriptions. File arguments specify the directories to be scanned; if no such...
top
The top program provides a dynamic real-time view of a running system. It can display system summary information as well as a list of tasks currently being...
touch
Update the access and modification times of each FILE to the current time. A FILE argument that does not exist is created empty, unless -c or -h is supplied.
tput
The tput utility uses the terminfo database to make the values of terminal-dependent capabilities and information available to the shell (see sh(1)), to...
tr
Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters from standard input, writing to standard output. -c, -C, --complementuse the complement of SET1-d, --deletedelete...
tracker-control
tracker-control manages and checks status of all Tracker processes and data. Controls Tracker both at process level, and at entity level (store, miners).
tracker-extract
tracker-extract reads the file and mimetype provided in stdin and extract the metadata from this file; then it displays the metadata on the standard output.
tracker-import
tracker-import allows data to be imported to the database by providing files with Turtle content. Multiple FILE arguments can be provided to import data from...
tracker-info
tracker-info asks for all the known metadata available for the given FILE. Multiple FILE arguments can be provided to retrieve information about multiple files.
tracker-miner-fs
tracker-miner-fs is not supposed to be run by the user since it is started by its .desktop file when the user logs in. It can also be started manually of course...
tracker-search
tracker-search searches all indexed content for EXPRESSION. The resource in which EXPRESSION matches must exist (see --all for more information). All results...
tracker-sparql
tracker-sparql allows the caller to run an RDF query on the database. This can be done two ways. Either by providing a FILE with the query or by providing a...
tracker-stats
tracker-stats takes no arguments and returns statistics based on the ontology classes outlined in the Nepomuk ontology specification. These classes can be used...
tracker-store
tracker-store provides both a powerful database daemon which allows clients to query or update their data using the highly descriptive SPARQL language.
tracker-tag
tracker-tag allows the caller add tags, remove tags and list tags by URN or to list all tags and the files associated with them.
tracker-writeback
tracker-writeback is not supposed to be run by the user since it is started by its .desktop file when the user logs in. It can also be started manually of...
transcode
transcode is a linux text-console utility for video stream processing, running on a platform that supports shared libraries and threads.
transcode_export
transcode is Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by Thomas Oestreich, 2003-2004 Tilmann Bitterberg, 2004-2010 Transcode Team
transcode_filter
transcode is Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by Thomas Oestreich, 2003-2004 Tilmann Bitterberg, 2004-2008 Transcode Team
transcode_import
transcode is Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by Thomas Oestreich, 2003-2004 Tilmann Bitterberg, 2004-2010 Transcode Team
transmission-cli
The transmission-cli program is a lightweight, command-line BitTorrent client with scripting capabilities.
transmission-create
transmission-create creates BitTorrent .torrent files from the command line
transmission-edit
transmission-edit command-line utility to modify .torrent files' announce URLs
transmission-gtk
transmission-gtk is a fast and easy BitTorrent client. BitTorrent is a peer-to-peer file transfer protocol which uses a metainfo file (usually with the .torrent...
transmission-remote
transmission-remote is a remote control utility for transmission(1) and transmission-daemon(1). By default, transmission-remote connects to the transmission...
transmission-show
transmission-show shows BitTorrent .torrent file metadata
trap
See builtins(1)
tred
tred computes the transitive reduction of directed graphs, and prints the resulting graphs to standard output. This removes edges implied by transitivity. Nodes...
tree
Tree is a recursive directory listing program that produces a depth indented listing of files, which is colorized ala dircolors if the LS_COLORS environment...
troff
This manual page describes the GNU version of troff. It is part of the groff document formatting system. It is functionally compatible with UNIX troff, but has...
true
Exit with a status code indicating success. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitNOTE: your shell may have its own...
truncate
Shrink or extend the size of each FILE to the specified size A FILE argument that does not exist is created.
trust
trust is a command line tool to examine and modify the shared trust policy store. See the various sub commands below. The following global options can be used:
tset
Tset initializes terminals. Tset first determines the type of terminal that you are using. This determination is done as follows, using the first terminal type...
tsort
Write totally ordered list consistent with the partial ordering in FILE. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.
ttmkfdir
Originally written by Joerg Pommnitz, ttmkfdir is a tool to create valid and complete fonts.scale file from TrueType fonts. It is very useful when you plan to...
tty
Print the file name of the terminal connected to standard input. -s, --silent, --quietprint nothing, only return an exit status--helpdisplay this help and...
type
See builtins(1)
typeset
See builtins(1)
ucs2any
ucs2any allows one to generate from an ISO 10646-1 encoded BDF font other BDF fonts in any possible encoding. This way, one can derive from a single ISO 10646-1...
udisks
udisks is a simple command line client for the udisks(7) system bus service.
udisksctl
udisksctl is a command-line program used to interact with the udisksd(8) daemon process.
udisks-tcp-bridge
This program is used by remote clients to connect to the org.freedesktop.UDisks D-Bus service on the system bus.
ul
ul reads the named files (or standard input if none are given) and translates occurrences of underscores to the sequence which indicates underlining for the...
ulimit
See builtins(1)
ulockmgr_server
Filesystem in Userspace (FUSE) is a simple interface for userspace programs to export a virtual filesystem to the Linux kernel. It also aims to provide a secure...
umask
See builtins(1)
unalias
See builtins(1)
uname
Print certain system information. With no OPTION, same as -s. -a, --allprint all information, in the following order, except omit -p and -i if unknown:-s,...
unarj
The unarj command is a simple wrapper to ease transition from the non-free unarj.
unbuffer
unbuffer disables the output buffering that occurs when program output is redirected from non-interactive programs. For example, suppose you are watching the...
unexpand
Convert blanks in each FILE to tabs, writing to standard output. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.
unflatten
unflatten is a preprocessor to dot that is used to improve the aspect ratio of graphs having many leaves or disconnected nodes. The usual layout for such a...
unicode_start
The unicode_start command will put the keyboard and console into Unicode (UTF-8) mode. For the keyboard this means that one can attach 16-bit U+xxxx values to...
unicode_stop
The unicode_stop command will more-or-less undo the effect of unicode_start. It puts the keyboard in ASCII (XLATE) mode, and clears the console UTF-8 mode.
unify
unify - Transforms context diffs into unidiffs, or vice-versa. -c, --context-diffsforce output to context diffs-e, --echo-commentsecho comments to standard...
uniq
Filter adjacent matching lines from INPUT (or standard input), writing to OUTPUT (or standard output).
unlink
Call the unlink function to remove the specified FILE. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitGNU coreutils online help:...
unopkg
LibreOffice is a fully featured office suite for the daily use with all features you would normally expect in an office suite.
unpack200-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The unpack200 command is a native implementation that transforms a packed file produced by pack200(1) into a JAR file. A typical usage follows. In the following...
unset
See builtins(1)
unshare
Unshares the indicated namespaces from the parent process and then executes the specified program. The namespaces to be unshared are indicated via options....
unsquashfs
Squashfs is a highly compressed read-only filesystem for Linux. It uses zlib compression to compress both files, inodes and directories. Inodes in the system...
unwrapdiff
unwrapdiff demangles patches that have been word-wrapped, in an attempt to make them useful. The corrected diff is sent to standard output. Note that you will...
unzip
unzip will list, test, or extract files from a ZIP archive, commonly found on MS-DOS systems. The default behavior (with no options) is to extract into the...
unzipsfx
unzipsfx is a modified version of unzip(1L) designed to be prepended to existing ZIP archives in order to form self-extracting archives. Instead of taking its...
updatedb
This manual page documents the GNU version of updatedb, which updates file name databases used by GNU locate. The file name databases contain lists of files...
update-desktop-database
The update-desktop-database program is a tool to build a cache database of the MIME types handled by desktop files.
update-gtk-immodules
update-gtk-immodules is a wrapper around gtk-query-immodules-2.0 that tries to help with multilib installations. It is meant to be used in %post scripts of rpm...
update-mime-database
update-mime-database is a program which is responsible for updating the shared mime-info cache according to the system described in the Shared MIME-Info...
updmap
updmap (TeX Live, multi) version $Id: updmap.pl 31440 2013-08-15 22:39:10Z karl $ Update the default font map files used by pdftex, dvips, and dvipdfm(x), and...
updmap-sys
See updmap(1)
upower
upower is a simple command line client for the UPower(7) daemon. TODO: not fully documented.
uptime
Print the current time, the length of time the system has been up, the number of users on the system, and the average number of jobs in the run queue over the...
url_handler.sh
See urlview(1)
urlview
urlview is a screen oriented program for extracting URLs from text files and displaying a menu from which you may launch a command to view a specific item.
usb-devices
usb-devices is a (bash) shell script that can be used to display details of USB buses in the system and the devices connected to them.
usb_modeswitch
Several new USB devices have their proprietary Windows drivers onboard, most of them WWAN and WLAN dongles. When plugged in for the first time, they act like a...
usb_modeswitch_dispatcher
usb_modeswitch_dispatcher is doing additional device checking and using the usb_modeswitch binary to switch with the selected device config file. If no drivers...
userinfo
userinfo is a graphical tool to allow users to conveniently change their finger information.
usermount
usermount is a graphical tool to allow users to easily manage removable media, such as floppy disks or zip disks. When the tool starts up, it scans /etc/fstab...
userpasswd
userpasswd is a graphical tool to allow users to easily change their passwords. Aside from being a nice GUI frontend, this program does the right thing when the...
users
Output who is currently logged in according to FILE. If FILE is not specified, use /var/run/utmp. /var/log/wtmp as FILE is common.
usleep
usleep sleeps some number of microseconds. The default is 1.
ustr-import
This tool lets you use the Ustr string library without incuring dependancies on the library itself, so API/ABI compatability is 100% (nothing changes unless you...
utmpdump
utmpdump is a simple program to dump UTMP and WTMP files in raw format, so they can be examined. utmpdump reads from stdin unless a filename is passed.
uuid
OSSP uuid is a ISO-C:1999 application programming interface (API) and corresponding command line interface (CLI) for the generation of DCE 1.1, ISO/IEC...
uuidgen
The uuidgen program creates (and prints) a new universally unique identifier (UUID) using the libuuid(3) library. The new UUID can reasonably be considered...
uxterm
uxterm is a wrapper around the xterm(1) program that invokes the latter program with the ``UXTerm'' X resource class set. All arguments to uxterm are passed to...
vacuumlo
vacuumlo is a simple utility program that will remove any “orphaned” large objects from a PostgreSQL database. An orphaned large object (LO) is considered...
varnishadm
No description.
varnishd
No description.
varnishhist
No description.
varnishlog
No description.
varnishncsa
No description.
varnishreplay
No description.
varnishsizes
No description.
varnishstat
No description.
varnishtest
No description.
varnishtop
No description.
vcdimager
-t, --type=TYPEselect VideoCD type ('vcd11', 'vcd2', 'svcd' or 'hqvcd') (default: 'vcd2')-c, --cue-file=FILEspecify cue file for output (default:...
vcd-info
-a, --access-mode=ACCESSset CD-ROM access mode (IOCTL, READ_10, READ_CD)-b, --bin-file[=FILE]set "bin" CD-ROM disk image file as source-c, --cue-file[=FILE]set...
vcdxbuild
-i, --image-type=TYPEspecify image type for output (default: 'bincue')-o, --image-option=KEY=VALUEspecify image option-c, --cue-file=FILEspecify cue file for...
vcdxgen
-o, --output-file=FILEspecify xml file for output (default: 'videocd.xml')-t, --type=TYPEselect VideoCD type ('vcd11', 'vcd2', 'svcd' or 'hqvcd') (default:...
vcdxminfo
-i, --generic-infoshow generic information-a, --dump-apsdump APS data--relaxed-apsrelax APS constraints-o, --output-file=FILEfile for XML output-p,...
vcdxrip
-o, --output-file=FILEspecify xml file for output (default: 'videocd.xml')-b, --bin-file[=FILE]set image file as source (default: 'videocd.bin')-c,...
vcut
vcut reads an Ogg Vorbis audio file and splits it at the given cutpoint, which is a sample number. If the cutpoint is prefixed with '+', the cutpoint is an...
vdir
List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default). Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort is specified.
verifytree
verifytree is a program that verifies whether a local yum repository is consistent.
vftovp
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
vfychain
The verification Tool, vfychain, verifies certificate chains. modutil can add and delete PKCS #11 modules, change passwords on security databases, set defaults,...
vfyserv
The vfyserv tool verifies a certificate chain
viewres
The viewres program displays a tree showing the widget class hierarchy of the Athena Widget Set. Each node in the tree can be expanded to show the resources...
vim
Vim is a text editor that is upwards compatible to Vi. It can be used to edit all kinds of plain text. It is especially useful for editing programs.
vimdiff
Vimdiff starts Vim on two (or three or four) files. Each file gets its own window. The differences between the files are highlighted. This is a nice way to...
vimdot
vimdot is a simple script which launches the gvim or vim editor along with a GUI window showing the dot output of the edited file. The dot output window...
vimtutor
Vimtutor starts the Vim tutor. It copies the tutor file first, so that it can be modified without changing the original file.
vimx
See vim(1)
vinagre
vinagre is a remote desktop viewer for the GNOME desktop. It can support many protocols using a plugin system. Current plugins exist for VNC and SSH. Vinagre...
vlc
This manual page documents briefly the VLC multimedia player and server.
vlc-wrapper
This manual page documents briefly the VLC wrapper to open privileged network ports. The ports it can open are 80, 443 and 554.
vlock
vlock is a program to lock one or more sessions on the Linux console. This is especially useful for Linux machines which have multiple users with access to the...
vmmouse_detect
vmmouse_detect is a tool for detecting if running in a VMware environment where vmmouse is used. It exits with a 0 return value if the vmmouse client is...
vncviewer
vncviewer is a viewer (client) for Virtual Network Computing. This manual page documents version 4 for the X window system.
vorbiscomment
vorbiscomment Reads, modifies, and appends Ogg Vorbis audio file metadata tags.
vorbisgain
vorbisgain calculates the ReplayGain values for the named Ogg Vorbis input files and writes back the result in the form of tags (comments) in the file. These...
vptovf
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX...
vsl-query
No description.
vsm
No description.
vstp
vstpg (resp. vstpp) gets (resp. puts) files from (resp. onto) a VisioBraille terminal. For communicating with the terminal, you must launch brltty with the...
w
w displays information about the users currently on the machine, and their processes. The header shows, in this order, the current time, how long the system has...
wait
See builtins(1)
wall
wall displays a message, or the contents of a file, or otherwise its standard input, on the terminals of all currently logged in users. The command will wrap...
watch
watch runs command repeatedly, displaying its output (the first screenfull). This allows you to watch the program output change over time. By default, the...
watchgnupg
Most of the main utilities are able to write their log files to a Unix Domain socket if configured that way. watchgnupg is a simple listener for such a socket....
wavpack
wavpack encodes the specified source file(s) into WavPack files using the options provided. The source files may be uncompressed WAV files, existing WavPack...
wbinfo
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite. The wbinfo program queries and returns information created and used by the winbindd(8) daemon.
wbmptopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) wbmptopbm reads a wbmp file as input and produces a PBM image as output.
wc
Print newline, word, and byte counts for each FILE, and a total line if more than one FILE is specified. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input. A...
wdiff
wdiff - Compares words in two files and report differences. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
wdiff2
wdiff - Compute word differences by internally launching `mdiff -W'. This program exists mainly to support the now oldish `wdiff' syntax.
wftopfa
This script invokes gs(1) to convert a Wadalab base font to Postscript .PFA (or .PFB) format.
wget
GNU Wget is a free utility for non-interactive download of files from the Web. It supports HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP protocols, as well as retrieval through HTTP...
whatis
Each manual page has a short description available within it. whatis searches the manual page names and displays the manual page descriptions of any name...
whereis
whereis locates the binary, source and manual files for the specified command names. The supplied names are first stripped of leading pathname components and...
which
Which takes one or more arguments. For each of its arguments it prints to stdout the full path of the executables that would have been executed when this...
whiptail
whiptail is a program that will let you present a variety of questions or display messages using dialog boxes from a shell script. Currently, these types of...
who
Print information about users who are currently logged in. -a, --allsame as -b -d --login -p -r -t -T -u-b, --boottime of last system boot-d, --deadprint dead...
whoami
Print the user name associated with the current effective user ID. Same as id -un. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and...
whois.jwhois
See jwhois(1)
windmc
windmc reads message definitions from an input file (.mc) and translate them into a set of output files. The output files may be of four kinds:
wine
wine loads and runs the given program, which can be a DOS, Windows 3.x, Win32 or Win64 executable (on 64-bit systems).
wineboot
wineboot performs the initial creation and setup of a WINEPREFIX for wine(1). It can also perform a simulated reboot or shutdown to any applications running...
winecfg
winecfg is the Wine configuration editor. It allows you to change several settings, such as DLL load order (native versus builtin), enable a virtual desktop,...
wineconsole
wineconsole is the Wine console manager, used to run console commands and applications. It allows running the console either in the current terminal (curses) or...
winefile
winefile is the Wine file manager, with a similar design to early Microsoft Windows explorer.
winemine
winemine is the Wine Minesweeper game. The object of the game is to try to find all the hidden mines by uncovering the tiles to see how many mines each tile is...
winepath
winepath is a tool to convert a Unix path to/from a Win32 (short/long) path compatible with its Microsoft Windows counterpart.
wineserver
wineserver is a daemon process that provides to Wine roughly the same services that the Windows kernel provides on Windows.
winicontoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) winicontoppm reads a Microsoft Windows .ico file and converts it to one or more PPMs.
wish
Wish is a simple program consisting of the Tcl command language, the Tk toolkit, and a main program that reads commands from standard input or from a file. It...
wmxmms
WMXMMS is a dock applet for the Window Maker window manager. From the applet you can start and control xmms.
wodim
wodim is used to record data or audio Compact Discs on an Orange Book CD-Recorder or to write DVD media on a DVD-Recorder.
word-list-compress
word-list-compress compresses or decompresses sorted word lists for use with the GNU Aspell spell checker.
wrestool
This manual page documents briefly the wrestool command. This manual page was written for the Debian GNU distribution because the original program does not have...
write
write allows you to communicate with other users, by copying lines from your terminal to theirs. When you run the write command, the user you are writing to...
wrjpgcom
wrjpgcom reads the named JPEG/JFIF file, or the standard input if no file is named, and generates a new JPEG/JFIF file on standard output. A comment block is...
wsdl
wsdl is a tool for generating proxy classes that can be used to access to web services. The tool reads a WSDL document from the provided path or url, and...
wsdl2
wsdl is a tool for generating proxy classes that can be used to access to web services. The tool reads a WSDL document from the provided path or url, and...
wsgen-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The wsgen command generates JAX-WS portable artifacts used in JAX-WS web services. The tool reads a web service endpoint class and generates all the required...
wsimport-java-1.8.0-openjdk
The wsimport command generates the following JAX-WS portable artifacts. These artifacts can be packaged in a WAR file with the WSDL and schema documents and the...
wvAbw
wvAbw converts Word documents into Abiword's native format. See http://www.abisource.com/ for more information.
wvCleanLatex
wvCleanLatex converts word documents into LaTeX that looks like it'd been hand-edited
wvdial
wvdial is an intelligent PPP dialer, which means that it dials a modem and starts PPP in order to connect to the Internet. It is something like the chat(8)...
wvdialconf
wvdialconf detects your modem, its maximum baud rate, and a good initialization string and generates or updates the wvdial(1) configuration file based on this...
wvDVI
wvDVI converts word documents into DVI documents.
wvgain
wvgain perceptually analyzes WavPack audio files for volume, calculates ReplayGain information based on this, and adds the appropriate APEv2 tag fields....
wvHtml
wvHtml converts word documents into W3C certified HTML4.0 format. You can use Netscape or some other browser to then view your docs.
wvLatex
wvLatex converts word documents into LaTeX
wvMime
wvMime will view your word documents using ggv,gv,ghostview,etc... instead of acting as a conversion engine.
wvPDF
wvPDF converts word documents into Adobe's PDF format.
wvPS
wvPS converts word documents into PS (Postscript) format. You can then use the PS version to print, view using gv, ggv,ghostview,etc..
wvRTF
wvRTF converts word documents into RTF (Rich Text Format). wvRTF is experimental.
wvSummary
wvSummary displays the summary info included in all MSWord documents. This often includes the Author, time created, etc...
wvText
wvText converts word documents into plain text, with formatting strikingly similar to the original document.
wvunpack
wvunpack decodes WavPack files back to their uncompressed wav or raw form using the options provided. Unless overridden with the -o switch, the resulting...
wvVersion
wvVersion displays the word version number of a MSWord document. 8=Word97, 7=Word95, ...
wvWare
wvWare converts word documents into other formats such as PS,PDF,HTML,LaTeX,DVI,ABW OPTIONS-c charset, --charset charsetword 97 documents are stored in one of...
wvWml
wvWml converts word documents into WML, suitable for viewing on PDAs such as web-phones.
xargs
This manual page documents the GNU version of xargs. xargs reads items from the standard input, delimited by blanks (which can be protected with double or...
xauth
The xauth program is used to edit and display the authorization information used in connecting to the X server. This program is usually used to extract...
xbacklight
Xbacklight is used to adjust the backlight brightness where supported. It finds all outputs on the X server supporting backlight brightness control and changes...
xbmtopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) xbmtopbm reads an X11 or X10 bitmap as input and produces a PBM image as output.
xbrlapi
xbrlapi connects to a BrlAPI server in order to provide it with the ID of the X11 window which currently has focus. It also simulates X keysyms from braille key...
xbuild
xbuild can be used to build MSBuild project files. Integrated Development Environments like MonoDevelop and "Microsoft Visual Studio .NET" use msbuild project...
xclip
Reads from standard in, or from one or more files, and makes the data available as an X selection for pasting into X applications. Prints current X selection to...
xclip-copyfile
xclip-copyfile copies files into the X clipboard, recursing into directories. xclip-cutfile copies the files, but also deletes them afterwards.
xdg-desktop-icon
The xdg-desktop-icon program can be used to install an application launcher or other file on the desktop of the current user.
xdg-desktop-menu
The xdg-desktop-menu program can be used to install new menu entries to the desktops application menu.
xdg-email
xdg-email opens the users preferred e-mail composer in order to send a mail to address(es) or mailto-uri. RFC2368 defines mailto: URIs. xdg-email limits support...
xdg-icon-resource
The xdg-icon-resource program can be used to install icon resources into the desktop icon system in order to illustrate menu entries, to depict desktop icons or...
xdg-mime
The xdg-mime program can be used to query information about file types and to add descriptions for new file types.
xdg-open
xdg-open opens a file or URL in the users preferred application. If a URL is provided the URL will be opened in the users preferred web browser. If a file is...
xdg-screensaver
xdg-screensaver provides commands to control the screensaver. xdg-screensaver is for use inside a desktop session only. It is not recommended to use...
xdg-settings
xdg-settings gets various settings from the desktop environment. For instance, desktop environments often provide proxy configuration and default web browser...
xdg-user-dir
xdg-user-dir looks up the current path for one of the special XDG user dirs. This command expects the name of an XDG user dir as argument. The possible names...
xdg-user-dirs-update
xdg-user-dirs-update updates the current state of the users user-dirs.dir. If none existed before then one is created based on the system default values, or...
xdpyinfo
Xdpyinfo is a utility for displaying information about an X server. It is used to examine the capabilities of a server, the predefined values for various...
xdriinfo
xdriinfo can be used to query configuration information of direct rendering drivers. If no command argument is specified it lists the names of the direct...
xdvi
Xdvi is a program for previewing dvi files, as produced e.g. by the tex(1) program, under the X window system.
Xephyr
Xephyr is a kdrive server that outputs to a window on a pre-existing "host" X display. Think Xnest but with support for modern extensions like composite, damage...
xerces-j2-constants
Xerces-J2-Constants dumps common constants used by Xerces2 Java Parser to standard output.
xerces-j2-version
Xerces-J2-Version prints version of Xerces2 Java Parser to standard output.
xev
Xev creates a window and then asks the X server to send it events whenever anything happens to the window (such as it being moved, resized, typed in, clicked...
xfburn
xfburn is an easy to use burning application based on the libburnia libraries. So far it features burning to CD, and DVD, as well as blanking rewritable discs....
xfce4-dict
xfce4-dict allows you to search different kinds of dictionary services for words or phrases and shows you the result. Currently you can query a "Dict"...
xfce4-mixer
xfce4-mixer is an audio mixer which allows you to adjust input and output volume levels on your sound card(s).
xfce4-notifyd-config
xfce4-notifyd-config will launch the configuration GUI for xfce4-notifyd.
xfce4-power-manager
xfce4-power-manager manages the power sources on the computer and the devices that can be controlled to reduce their power consumption (such as LCD brightness...
xfce4-power-manager-settings
xfce4-power-manager-settings is a utility that comes with the Xfce4 power manager to access/change its configuration. It is a separate program that uses xfconf...
xfce4-session
This manual page documents briefly the xfce4-session command. The xfce4-session program starts up the Xfce Desktop Environment and is typically executed by your...
xfce4-session-logout
This manual page documents briefly the xfce4-session-logout command. The xfce4-session-logout command allows you to programmatically logout from your Xfce...
xfce4-terminal
xfce4-terminal is what is known as an X terminal emulator, often referred to as terminal or shell. It provides an equivalent to the old-fashioned text screen on...
xfdesktop
xfdesktop manages the desktop itself in the Xfce 4 Desktop Environment. This includes drawing the desktop backdrop and providing a right-click applications menu...
xfreerdp
xfreerdp is an X11 Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) client which is part of the FreeRDP project. An RDP server is built-in to many editions of Windows. Alternative...
xgamma
xgamma allows X users to query and alter the gamma correction of a monitor via the X video mode extension (XFree86-VidModeExtension).
xgettext
Extract translatable strings from given input files. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too. Similarly for optional arguments.
xhost
The xhost program is used to add and delete host names or user names to the list allowed to make connections to the X server. In the case of hosts, this...
ximtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ximptoppm reads an Xim file as input and produces a PPM image as output. The Xim toolkit is included in the contrib tree of...
xinit
The xinit program is used to start the X Window System server and a first client program on systems that are not using a display manager such as xdm(1) or in...
xinput
xinput is a utility to list available input devices, query information about a device and change input device settings.
xjc-java-1.8.0-openjdk
Start the binding compiler with the appropriate xjc shell script in the bin directory for your platform. There is also an Ant task to run the binding complier....
xkbcomp
The xkbcomp keymap compiler converts a description of an XKB keymap into one of several output formats. The most common use for xkbcomp is to create a compiled...
xkibitz
xkibitz allows users in separate xterms to share one shell (or any program that runs in an xterm). Uses include:
xkill
Xkill is a utility for forcing the X server to close connections to clients. This program is very dangerous, but is useful for aborting programs that have...
xlsatoms
Xlsatoms lists the interned atoms. By default, all atoms starting from 1 (the lowest atom value defined by the protocol) are listed until unknown atom is found....
xlsclients
Xlsclients is a utility for listing information about the client applications running on a display. It may be used to generate scripts representing a snapshot...
xlsfonts
xlsfonts lists the fonts that match the given pattern. The wildcard character "*" may be used to match any sequence of characters (including none), and "?" to...
xminicom
Xminicom is a script wrapper around minicom. It tries to find a color capable xterm or rxvt on your system, and then runs minicom with the -c (color) flag in a...
xml2-config
xml-config is a tool that is used to determine the compile and linker flags that should be used to compile and link programs that use GNOME-XML.
xml2po
This manual page documents briefly the xml2po command. xml2po is a simple Python program which extracts translatable content from free-form XML documents and...
xmlcatalog
xmlcatalog is a command line application allowing users to monitor and manipulate XML and SGML catalogs. It is included in libxml(3).
xml_grep
xml_grep does a grep on XML files. Instead of using regular expressions it uses XPath expressions (in fact the subset of XPath supported by XML::Twig)
xmlif
xmlif filters XML according to conditionalizing markup. This can be useful for formatting one of several versions of an XML document depending on conditions...
xml_merge
`xml_merge' takes several xml files that have been split using `xml_split' and recreates a single file.
xml_pp
XML pretty printer using XML::Twig
xml-resolver
xml-resolver is a simple command-line resolver. It takes some parameters and passes them through the resolver, printing the result.
xml_spellcheck
xml_spellcheck lets you spell check the content of an XML file. It extracts the text (the content of elements and optionally of attributes), call a spell...
xml_split
`xml_split' takes a (presumably big) XML file and split it in several smaller files. The memory used is the memory needed for the biggest chunk (ie memory is...
xmlstarlet
XMLStarlet is a set of command line utilities (tools) which can be used to transform, query, validate, and edit XML documents and files using simple set of...
xmlto
The purpose of xmlto is to convert an XML file to the desired format using whatever means necessary. This may involve two steps:
xmlwf
xmlwf uses the Expat library to determine if an XML document is well-formed. It is non-validating. If you do not specify any files on the command-line, and you...
xml-xparse
xml-xparse is a simple command-line XML Parser. It's just a little wrapper around the JAXP Parser with support for catalogs.
xml-xread
xml-xread is a simple command-line XML Parser. It's just a little wrapper around the JAXP XMLReader with support for catalogs.
xmms
XMMS is the X Multimedia System. It is used to play audio and other kinds of media files. By default XMMS can play MPEG audio, Ogg Vorbis, RIFF wav, most module...
xmodmap
The xmodmap program is used to edit and display the keyboard modifier map and keymap table that are used by client applications to convert event keycodes into...
Xorg
Xorg is a full featured X server that was originally designed for UNIX and UNIX-like operating systems running on Intel x86 hardware. It now runs on a wider...
xpmtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) xpbtoppm reads an X11 pixmap (XPM version 1 or 3) as input and produces a PPM image as output.
xprop
For each of these properties, its value on the selected window or font is printed using the supplied formatting information if any. If no formatting information...
xrandr
Xrandr is used to set the size, orientation and/or reflection of the outputs for a screen. It can also set the screen size.
xrdb
Xrdb is used to get or set the contents of the RESOURCE_MANAGER property on the root window of screen 0, or the SCREEN_RESOURCES property on the root window of...
xrefresh
Xrefresh is a simple X program that causes all or part of your screen to be repainted. This is useful when system messages have messed up your screen. Xrefresh...
xscreensaver
The xscreensaver program waits until the keyboard and mouse have been idle for a period, and then runs a graphics demo chosen at random. It turns off as soon as...
xscreensaver-command
The xscreensaver-command program controls a running xscreensaver process by sending it client-messages.
xscreensaver-demo
The xscreensaver-demo program is a graphical front-end for setting the parameters used by the background xscreensaver(1) daemon. It is essentially two things: a...
xsd
xsd is a tool for intended to complement the XML serialization support of Mono. It can do the following tasks:
xsel.1x
Retrieve and set the X selection. The X server maintains three selections, called PRIMARY, SECONDARY and CLIPBOARD. The PRIMARY selection is conventionally used...
Xserver
X is the generic name for the X Window System display server. It is frequently a link or a copy of the appropriate server binary for driving the most frequently...
xset
This program is used to set various user preference options of the display.
xsetmode
Xsetmode sets the mode of an XInput device to either absolute or relative. This isn't appropriate for all device types.
xsetpointer
Xsetpointer sets an XInput device as the main pointer. When called with the -l flag it lists the available devices. When called with the -c/+c flag, it toggles...
xsetroot
The xsetroot program allows you to tailor the appearance of the background ("root") window on a workstation display running X. Normally, you experiment with...
xsetwacom
This program queries or changes properties on the devices loaded by the wacom driver. The modification of properties happens at runtime and is not persistent...
xsltproc
xsltproc is a command line tool for applying XSLT stylesheets to XML documents. It is part of libxslt(3), the XSLT C library for GNOME. While it was developed...
xstdcmap
The xstdcmap utility can be used to selectively define standard colormap properties. It is intended to be run from a user's X startup script to create standard...
xsubpp
This compiler is typically run by the makefiles created by ExtUtils::MakeMaker or by Module::Build or other Perl module build tools.
xterm
The xterm program is a terminal emulator for the X Window System. It provides DEC VT102/VT220 and selected features from higher-level terminals such as...
xvinfo
xvinfo prints out the capabilities of any video adaptors associated with the display that are accessible through the X-Video extension.
xvminitoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) xvminittoppm reads an XV 'thumbnail' picture (a miniature picture generated by the 'VisualSchnauzer' browser) as input and...
xwdtopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) xwdtopnm reads an X11 or X10 window dump file as input and produces a PNM image as output. The type of the output image...
xwininfo
Xwininfo is a utility for displaying information about windows. Various information is displayed depending on which options are selected. If no options are...
xxd
xxd creates a hex dump of a given file or standard input. It can also convert a hex dump back to its original binary form. Like uuencode(1) and uudecode(1) it...
xz
xz is a general-purpose data compression tool with command line syntax similar to gzip(1) and bzip2(1). The native file format is the .xz format, but the legacy...
xzdec
xzdec is a liblzma-based decompression-only tool for .xz (and only .xz) files. xzdec is intended to work as a drop-in replacement for xz(1) in the most common...
xzdiff
xzcmp and xzdiff invoke cmp(1) or diff(1) on files compressed with xz(1), lzma(1), gzip(1), bzip2(1), or lzop(1). All options specified are passed directly to...
xzgrep
xzgrep invokes grep(1) on files which may be either uncompressed or compressed with xz(1), lzma(1), gzip(1), bzip2(1), or lzop(1). All options specified are...
xzless
xzless is a filter that displays text from compressed files to a terminal. It works on files compressed with xz(1) or lzma(1). If no files are given, xzless...
xzmore
xzmore is a filter which allows examination of xz(1) or lzma(1) compressed text files one screenful at a time on a soft-copy terminal.
yapp
yapp is a frontend to the Parse::Yapp module, which lets you compile Parse::Yapp grammar input files into Perl LALR (1) OO parser modules.
ybmtopbm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) ymtopbm reads a file acceptable to the face and xbm programs by Bennet Yee (bsy+@cs.cmu.edu). and writes a PBM image as...
yes
Repeatedly output a line with all specified STRING(s), or 'y'. --helpdisplay this help and exit--versionoutput version information and exitGNU coreutils online...
youtube-dl
youtube-dl is a small command-line program to download videos from YouTube.com and a few more sites. It requires the Python interpreter, version 2.6, 2.7, or...
ypdomainname
See hostname(1)
yum-builddep
yum-builddep is a program which installs the RPMs needed to build the specified package. The source RPM for the specified package must be available in a Yum...
yum-changelog
yum-changelog(1) is a Yum plugin for viewing package changelogs before/after updating. yum will invoke yum-changelog(1) plugin if the --changelog option or the...
yum-config-manager
yum-config-manager is a program that can manage main yum configuration options, toggle which repositories are enabled or disabled, and add new repositories.
yum-debug-dump
yum-debug-dump is a program which creates a gzipped file containing a lot of information useful to developers trying to debug a problem.
yum-debug-restore
yum-debug-restore is a program which takes a gzipped file created by yum-debug-dump and acts on the information about installed packages contained within.
yumdownloader
yumdownloader is a program for downloading RPMs from Yum repositories.
yum-fs-snapshot
yum-fs-snapshot(1) is a Yum plugin for taking snapshots of your filesystems before running a yum transaction. By default it will take a snapshot of any...
yum-groups-manager
yum-groups-manager is used to create or edit a group metadata file for a yum repository. This is often much easier than writing/editing the XML by hand. The...
yum-utils
yum-utils is a collection of tools and programs for managing yum repositories, installing debug packages, source packages, extended information from...
yum-versionlock
yum-versionlock(1) is a Yum plugin that takes a set of name/versions for packages and excludes all other versions of those packages (including optionally...
yuvsplittoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) yuvsplittoppm reads three files, containing the YUV components, as input. These files are basename.Y, basename.U, and...
yuvtoppm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) yuvtoppm reads raw Abekas YUV bytes as input and produces a PPM image as output. The input file is just YUV bytes. You have to...
zbarcam
zbarcam scans a video4linux video source (eg, a webcam) for bar codes and prints any decoded data to the standard output. The video stream is also displayed to...
zbarimg
For each specified image file zbarimg scans the image for bar codes and prints any decoded data to stdout. Images may optionally be displayed to the screen.
zcat
See gzip(1)
zcmp
See zdiff(1)
zdiff
Zcmp and zdiff are used to invoke the cmp or the diff program on files compressed via gzip. All options specified are passed directly to cmp or diff. If only...
zeisstopnm
This program is part of Netpbm(1) zeisstopnm reads a Zeiss confocal file as input and produces a PNM image as output.
zenity
zenity is a program that will display GTK+ dialogs, and return (either in the return code, or on standard output) the users input. This allows you to present...
zenmap
Zenmap is a multi-platform graphical Nmap frontend and results viewer. Zenmap aims to make Nmap easy for beginners to use while giving experienced Nmap users...
zforce
zforce forces a .gz extension on all gzip files so that gzip will not compress them twice. This can be useful for files with names truncated after a file...
zgrep
Zgrep invokes grep on compressed or gzipped files. All options specified are passed directly to grep. If no file is specified, then the standard input is...
zip
zip is a compression and file packaging utility for Unix, VMS, MSDOS, OS/2, Windows 9x/NT/XP, Minix, Atari, Macintosh, Amiga, and Acorn RISC OS. It is analogous...
zipcloak
zipcloak encrypts all unencrypted entries in the zipfile. This is the default action. The -d option is used to decrypt encrypted entries in the zipfile.,...
zipcmp
zipcmp compares the zip archives zip1 and zip2 and checks if they contain the same files, comparing their names, uncompressed sizes, and CRCs. File order and...
zipdetails
Zipdetails displays information about the internal record structure of the zip file. It is not concerned with displaying any details of the compressed data...
zipgrep
zipgrep will search files within a ZIP archive for lines matching the given string or pattern. zipgrep is a shell script and requires egrep(1) and unzip(1L) to...
zipinfo
zipinfo lists technical information about files in a ZIP archive, most commonly found on MS-DOS systems. Such information includes file access permissions,...
zipmerge
zipmerge merges the source zip archives source-zip into the target zip archive target-zip. By default, files in the source zip archives overwrite existing files...
zipnote
zipnote writes the comments in a zipfile to stdout. This is the default mode. A second mode allows updating the comments in a zipfile as well as allows changing...
zipsplit
zipsplit reads a zipfile and splits it into smaller zipfiles.
ziptorrent
ziptorrent torrentzips archive. This is a restricted file format used for using bittorrent on zip files. Please see zip_set_archive_flag(3) for details on what...
zless
Zless is a filter which allows examination of compressed or plain text files one screenful at a time on a soft-copy terminal. It is the equivalent of setting...
zmore
Zmore is a filter which allows examination of compressed or plain text files one screenful at a time on a soft-copy terminal. zmore works on files compressed...
znew
Znew recompresses files from .Z (compress) format to .gz (gzip) format. If you want to recompress a file already in gzip format, rename the file to force a .Z...
zsoelim
zsoelim parses file arguments, or if none are specified, its standard input for lines of the form: .so < filename >
zvbi-atsc-cc
zvbi-atsc-cc captures ATSC TV transmissions using a Linux DVB device and decodes the enclosed Closed Caption data. It can record both NTSC caption (EIA 608-B)...
zvbi-chains
zvbi-chains is a small wrapper which executes the VBI application given on the command line while overloading several C library calls (such as open(2) and...
zvbid
zvbid is a proxy for VBI devices, i.e. it forwards one or more VBI data streams to one or more connected clients and manages channel change requests.
zvbi-ntsc-cc
zvbi-ntsc-cc reads vbi data from /dev/vbi and decodes the enclosed cc data. Start it with '-h' to get a list of cmd line options.